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Conclusion of the Battle of Atlantic file photo [6100]

Conclusion of the Battle of the Atlantic

25 May 1943 - 8 May 1945

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ww2dbaseAfter Allied successes in countering German submarine attacks against shipping, the Allies effectively declared victory in the Battle of the Atlantic in Jun 1943, although the German Navy would make attempts to regain the upper hand, its efforts would be made in vain. In 1944, Type XXI and XXIII submarines entered production, which were capable of running 17 knots submerged, but by the end of the war major German submarine bases in Western Europe successively fell one by one as the Allies successfully gained a foothold in France and expanded their territory. As the Allies pushed into Germany in 1945, over 200 submarines were scuttled to prevent capture, while a few fled aboard. Although the German Navy ceased to be a significant threat by this time, actions in the Atlantic War continued through the final days of the European War; the final engagement was sinking of Allied minesweeper NYMS 382 and freighters Sneland and Avondale Park by German submarines mere hours before the German surrender.

ww2dbase"The Battle of the Atlantic was the dominating factor all through the war", said Winston Churchill, recognizing the importance in this campaign over the sea that, through its victory, allowed Britain to become the staging point for the invasion onto continental Europe that marked the beginning of the end of the European War. "Never for one moment could we forget that everything happening elsewhere, on land, at sea, or in the air, depended ultimately on its outcome, and amid all other cares we viewed its changing fortunes day by day with hope or apprehension." The victory was achieved at a huge cost, however. Between 1939 and 1945, 3,500 Allied merchant ships (totalling 14.5 million gross tons) and 175 Allied warships were sunk and some 72,200 Allied sailors and merchant seamen were killed. Germany lost 783 submarines and 30,000 sailors in this campaign.

ww2dbaseAfter the war, 154 German submarines were captured by the Allies. 121 of them were scuttled during the late-1945 to early-1946 Operation Deadlight off Lisahally, Northern Ireland or Loch Ryan, Scotland in the United Kingdom. Some of remaining were kept in service, and two later became museum ships.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Update: Jul 2005

Conclusion of the Battle of the Atlantic Interactive Map

Conclusion of the Battle of the Atlantic Timeline

28 Dec 1943 British cruisers HMS Glasgow and HMS Enterprise intercepted a force of German destroyers off France; the German ships were responding to the Allied sinking of German merchant ships. By 1600 hours, German destroyers T25, T26, and Z27 were sunk.
3 Jan 1944 In the Atlantic Ocean, the destroyer USS Somers intercepted the German blockade-runner, Weserland, and opened fire with her 5-in guns at 7,000 yards; continuing to fire until the German vessel stopped, exploded scuttling charges, and sank with the loss of five lives and her precious cargo of rubber from Japan. 133 survivors were rescued.
16 Jan 1944 Aircraft from USS Guadalcanal's anti-submarine hunter-killer group sank German Type IXC/40 submarine U-544 in the U-Boat refueling zone northwest of the Azores. There were no survivors.
31 Jan 1944 The Royal Navy's Second Escort Group (Captain F. J. Walker) sank the German submarine U-592.
10 Mar 1944 HMS Asphodel (New Zealand Lieutenant M. A. Halliday) was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-575 whilst escorting convoy SL-150.
13 Mar 1944 The 4,695-ton unescorted Greek steam merchant ship Peleus was hit by two torpedoes from German submarine U-852 (Kapitšnleutnant Heinz-Wilhelm Eck) and sank rapidly about 500 miles north of Ascension Island. The submarine tried to destroy all evidences of the sinking by shooting at debris and rafts from the ship. During this action some survivors were killed and only four men were alive when the submarine left the area. One of them later died, but the three remaining would survive. On November 1945. Eck and two of his officers were later executed in Hamburg, Germany for their role in the killing of the Greek seamen.
13 Mar 1944 U-575, a German Type VII-C submarine, was sunk in the north Atlantic north of the Azores by depth charges and gunfire from the Canadian frigate HMCS Prince Rupert, the US destroyer USS Hobson, the US destroyer escort USS Haverfield, a British Wellington aircraft of No. 172 Squadron RAF, and two Fortress aircraft of Squadron 206 RAF and Squadron 220 RAF, and an Avenger aircraft of VC-95 squadron aboard the US escort carrier USS Bogue. 18 crew lost their lives; 37 were rescued.
9 Apr 1944 Depth charges from USS Guadalcanal's anti-submarine hunter-killer group escorts Pope, Pillsbury, Chatelain, and Flaherty brought German Type IXC submarine U-515 to the surface 650 miles off Casablanca where Guadalcanal's aircraft sank it with rockets. There were 44 survivors, including the U-Boat commander Korvettenkapitšn Werner Henke.
10 Apr 1944 Rockets and aerial depth charges from USS Guadalcanal's anti-submarine hunter-killer group TBM Avenger aircraft sank German Type IXC submarine U-68 650 miles off Casablanca. There was one survivor.
20 Apr 1944 After over a month drifting at sea, three survivors of Greek steam merchant ship Peleus, sunk by German submarine U-852 on 13 Mar 1944, was picked up by Portuguese steam merchant Alexandre Silva in the South Atlantic. They were taken to Lobito, Angola.
13 May 1944 US destroyer escort USS Francis M. Robinson of Task Group 22.2 sank Japanese submarine RO-501, formerly German submarine U-1224, off the Cape Verde islands, killing the entire crew of 52 including Lieutenant Commander Norita Sadatoshi. RO-501 had a cargo of mercury, lead, steel, aluminum drawings, optical glass, IXC-type submarine blueprints, and Me 163A Komet jet fighter blue prints on board. USS Francis M. Robinson would later receive the Presidential Unit Citation for this action.
12 Jun 1944 Canadian Destroyer HMCS Haida under Commander H. C. DeWolf sank the German submarine U-971.
17 Jul 1944 Off Narvik, Norway, a Liberator aircraft of No. 86 Squadron RAF sank German submarine U-347 (all 49 aboard were killed) and a Catalina aircraft of No. 210 Squadron RAF sank German submarine U-361 (all 52 aboard were killed). Off Bergen, No. 333 Squadron RAF (Norwegian pilots) damaged German submarine U-994 off Norway, wounding 5 men. U-994 would be able to sail to Bergen, Norway for repairs later on the same day.
2 Aug 1944 German submarine U-804 sank American destroyer escort USS Fiske with torpedoes in the central Atlantic.
27 Jan 1945 As Allied convoy HX-332 was off Cardigan Bay in the Irish Sea it formed two columns to enter the St. George's Channel. Two ships manoeuvring into their columns were hit when U-825 (Oberleutnant zur See Gerhard Stoelker) fired a spread of torpedoes. The motor tanker SolÝr, a Norwegian 8,262-ton tanker with 11,000 tons of fuel oil and 16 gliders as deck cargo and the American Liberty ship Ruben Dario were both hit by a single torpedo. The torpedo that hit the SolÝr badly damaged her stern killing 4 of the crew and she started to take on water, the tanker was abandoned an hour later. The British rescue tug Zamalek picked up the survivors. The ship was beached at Oxwich Bay on the Welsh coast where half the oil was unloaded and the gliders saved. SolÝr broke in two and declared a total loss; most of the ship was removed for scrap. The Ruben Dario was hit on the starboard side at the No. 2 hold and destroyed the bulkhead causing flooding. The engines were secured and after emergency repairs the ship restarted at 9 knots, arriving the following day at Liverpool, England, United Kingdom where more repairs were carried out and she returned to service. Only one crew member was injured in the attack, he had been off watch and sitting on the No. 2 hatch which was blown off by the blast. The cargo of grain and gliders was not damaged.
17 Feb 1945 HMS Bluebell (Lieutenant G. H. Walker) was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-711 in the Kola Inlet off Murmansk, Russia.
20 Feb 1945 HMS Vervain (Lieutenant Commander R. A. Howell) was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-1276 off the coast of Ireland.
12 Mar 1945 German submarine U-296 (Kapitšnleutnant Karl-Heinz Rasch) sent no messages after leaving Bergen, Norway to operate in the Firth of Clyde area in Scotland, United Kingdom and was posted as missing after she failed to return from patrol. The U-296 was possibly lost in the British deep anti-submarine minefields T1 and T2 laid on its route to the operational area. All 42 aboard were lost.
12 Mar 1945 German Type VII-C submarine U-260 was scuttled by her crew at 2230 hours after being mined at 80 metres depth, off the coast of County Cork, southern Ireland. The entire crew were interned in Ireland. The Irish recovered papers and code books from the commanding officer Oberleutnant zur See Klaus Becker together with his personal logbook.
12 Mar 1945 The 1,743-ton steam passenger ship Paris, seized by the Germans and used as troop transport for the Kriegsmarine since 21 Aug 1940 and then a minesweeper mother ship since 3 Jun 1941, was hit by two torpedoes from the Shetland-based motor torpedo boat MTB-711 (with Norwegian crew) and sank in seconds off KvalÝytŚ light, Haugesund, Norway. 86 were killed, some of whom were Norwegian, 70 were rescued.
12 Mar 1945 The 1,845-ton German steamship Rolandseck, used as a troop transport, was bombed by British aircraft and sank near Skagen on the east coast of the Skagen Odde peninsula in the far north of Denmark.
13 Mar 1945 The 2,878-ton Canadian steamship Taber Park, on a voyage from the Tyne to London in England, United Kingdom with convoy FS-1753 with coal, was sunk by mine or by a German Seehund midget submarine, off Aldeburgh, Suffolk coast. Twenty-four of her crew and four gunners were lost; the captain and three others were saved.
26 Mar 1945 The 362-ton Dutch motor merchant Pacific was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-399 four miles south west of the Lizard peninsula, Cornwall, south west England, United Kingdom while on route to Penryn, Wales, United Kingdom from Maryport, England. She was carrying 350 tons of coal. Five of the ten crewmen on board were killed.
29 Mar 1945 The 1,370-ton Canadian River-class frigate HMCS Teme (K 458) was torpedoed and fatally damaged by German submarine U-315 just off Land's End, England, United Kingdom. The frigate lost 60 feet of her stern and was towed to Falmouth, Cornwall, England and was declared a total loss.
12 Feb 1946 U-3514 became the last captured German submarine to be scuttled during Operation Deadlight at 1004 hours.

Photographs

Type IXC/40 U-Boat U-185 foundering in the mid-Atlantic after an aerial depth charge attack by a TBF-1 Avenger from Escort Carrier USS Core, 24 Aug 1943. 36 were rescued while 43 perished.German Type IX submarine U-848 under attack from US Navy PB4Y-1 Liberators from Bombing Squadron VB-107 in the South Atlantic, 5 Nov 1943. U-848 was sunk in this attack.
See all 6 photographs of Conclusion of the Battle of the Atlantic



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1. Willa Johnson says:
30 May 2005 08:34:43 PM

My cousand was a 17 year old Marine .Claud Bengaman stonestreete JR.He was killed on a island when he turned 21 Could I have moor imformation and how can I get it. Mrs. Willa Johnson

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Conclusion of the Battle of the Atlantic Photo Gallery
Type IXC/40 U-Boat U-185 foundering in the mid-Atlantic after an aerial depth charge attack by a TBF-1 Avenger from Escort Carrier USS Core, 24 Aug 1943. 36 were rescued while 43 perished.German Type IX submarine U-848 under attack from US Navy PB4Y-1 Liberators from Bombing Squadron VB-107 in the South Atlantic, 5 Nov 1943. U-848 was sunk in this attack.
See all 6 photographs of Conclusion of the Battle of the Atlantic


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