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World War II Database

23 Apr 1945
  • ww2dbase [Heinrich Himmler | CPC]
  • Soviet troops reached outskirts of Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Battle of Berlin | CPC]
  • US submarine USS Besugo sank German submarine U-183 in the Java Sea; only one German sailor survived the sinking. ww2dbase [Besugo | CPC]
  • US Navy PB4Y Privateer bombers launched Bat missiles against Japanese shipping off Balikpapen, Borneo; it was the first and only use of automatic homing missiles in WW2. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • ww2dbase [Hermann Göring | TH]
  • ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • George Marshall authorized Dwight Eisenhower to negotiate with the Germans in the Netherlands for a limited ceasefire in order to bring relief to the starving civilians. ww2dbase [Operations Manna, Chowhound, and Faust | Dwight Eisenhower | CPC]
Burma
  • The 150 officers and 3,000 men of the 1st Division of the Indian National Army, an anti-British resistance group aided by the Japanese, surrendered to the Allies at Pyu, Burma. Meanwhile, Lieutenant General Heitaro Kimura, despite having been given orders of defend Rangoon, Burma to the death, ignominiously abandoned the city without issuing any orders to the Burma Area army. ww2dbase [Battle of Rangoon | CPC, AC]
Germany
  • ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • British Second Army reaches the Elbe River near Hamburg, Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • After sundown, Albert Speer bid his final farewell to Adolf Hitler. He admitted to Hitler that he had sabotaged Hitler's scorched earth policies, and Hitler forgave him for disobeying the order. Speer toured the Chancellery in Berlin, Germany for the last time before leaving for Hamburg, Germany. ww2dbase [Reich Chancellery | Albert Speer | CPC]
  • Folke Bernadotte met Heinrich Himmler at the SS Hohenlychen sanatorium in Lychen, Germany for the last time. During this meeting, Bernadotte secured the release of some Scandinavian Jews, but refused to help seek a separate peace between Germany and the Western Allies. ww2dbase [Folke Bernadotte | CPC]
  • Theodor Morell departed Berlin, Germany by aircraft. ww2dbase [Theodor Morell | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler appointed General of Artillery Helmuth Weidling as commander of the Berlin Defence Area. ww2dbase [Battle of Berlin | Helmuth Weidling | AC]
Italy
  • US Fifth and British Eighth Armies reached the Po River north of Bologna, Italy. British Eighth Army captured Ferrara in the process, while the US Fifth Army captured La Spezia. Allied troops captured Bondeno, Italy. ww2dbase [Operation Grapeshot and Operation Roast | TH, CPC]
  • In Italy, remnants German 148th Infantry Division began advancing from the Genoa area toward Parma. ww2dbase [Battles of Collecchio and Fornovo di Taro | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Apr 1945
CBS war correspondent Tim Leimert and USMC pilot 1st Lt Herbert Groff, Yontan Airfield, Okinawa, Japan, 23 Apr 1945

23 Apr 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word. It is victory. Victory at all costs. Victory in spite of all terrors. Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival."

Winston Churchill