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World War II Database

17 Jul 1882
17 Jul 1897
  • Aaro Pajari was born in Asikkala, Finland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jul 1900

United States
  • Rear Admiral Albert S. Barker was named the commanding officer of New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

17 Jul 1900 Interactive Map

17 Jul 1907
17 Jul 1912
  • Tamon Yamaguchi was promoted to the rank of midshipman. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jul 1914

  • USS Idaho arrived at Villefranche-sur-Mer, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

17 Jul 1914 Interactive Map

17 Jul 1916

United States
  • Eleanor Hadley was born in Seattle, Washington, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jul 1917
  • After days of street fighting, Russia's Minister of War, Aleksandr Kerensky, took charge of the Provisional Government. Lenin went into hiding for the moment. ww2dbase [AC]
17 Jul 1918
  • Waterhen was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Omar Bradley was promoted to the temporary rank of major. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold's son William Bruce Arnold was born. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jul 1919
  • Bruce Fraser was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jul 1920
  • USS Arizona was given the designation BB-39. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Bolsheviks crossed into Polish territory and began their advance on Warsaw. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • USS R-5 was given the hull number of SS-82. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jul 1921

  • Hannah Szenes was born in Hungary. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jul 1927
  • Five US Marine Corps de Havilland DH-4 aircraft were used to make a strafing and dive bombing attack against bandits besieging the US Marine garrison at Ocotal, Nicaragua. Whilst US Marine aircraft had carried out dive-bomb attacks in Haiti in 1919, the mission at Ocotal, led by Major Ross Rowell, used the newly-established USMC doctrine for the first time. ww2dbase [AC]
17 Jul 1932

  • Clashes between Nazi Party protesters, communists, and the police in Hamburg, Germany resulted in 19 killed and 285 wounded. ww2dbase [CPC]
17 Jul 1933
  • A production order was placed by the Czechoslovakian Army for 146 B-534 biplane fighters. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
17 Jul 1935

  • Marseillaise was launched at Nantes, France. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jul 1937
  • The Soviet Union and the United Kingdom signed a naval agreement in which the USSR was allowed a Baltic Fleet equal in size to the German presence in the same region. This would lead to the independence of the Soviet Navy by Nov 1937; presently, the Soviet Navy was subservient to the Red Army. ww2dbase [CPC]
17 Jul 1938

Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1938
Hanna Reitsch with a DFS Habicht glider during an air show in Kassel-Waldau, Germany, 17 Jul 1938Hanna Reitsch with Technical Director of Fieseler Erich Bachem during an air show in Kassel-Waldau, Germany, 17 Jul 1938
17 Jul 1939
  • American destroyer Grayson was laid down. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine USS Spearfish was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Bristol Beaufighter multi-role aircraft took its first flight. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • British destroyer Havant was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
17 Jul 1940
  • The United Kingdom announced that the Burma Road would be closed as it diverted resources to deal with the war at home. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian bombers sank Finnish ship Wiiri 30 miles off of Malta; the entire crew of 26 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Admiral of the Fleet Roger Keyes became the first Director of Headquarters, Combined Operations, a War Office department tasked with organising raids against enemy occupied Europe. ww2dbase [AC]
  • After sundown, British bombers attacked Caen, France. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British mooring vessel HMS Steady struck a mine and sank off Newhaven in southern England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of British destroyer Beaufort was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The German Luftwaffe placed Colonel Josef Kammhuber in charge of organizing nightfighter units to counter British bombings. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer USS Plunkett was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The German OKW assigned forces for the invasion of Britain, planning to put 90,000 men on British shores on the first attack wave. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Lieutenant Colonel Dunford-Slater, Second Lieutenant Peter Young and Regimental Sergeant Major Harry Beesley landed on the German-occupied island of Guernsey in the first Commando raid of the war. ww2dbase [AC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-34 sank Greek ship Naftilos south of Ireland at 0110 hours (all 28 abandoned the ship, but 1 of them would later die of wounds suffered during this attack); 135 miles northwest of Bloody Foreland, Ireland at 1040 hours, U-43 sank British ship Fellside (12 were killed and 21 were rescued). 120 miles south of Ireland, German bombers sank Estonian ship Leola, killing 2. North of Scotland, United Kingdom, U-57 sank Swedish ship O. A. Brodin (at 0455 hours; 3 were killed and 21 were rescued) and British ship Manipur (at 2222 hours; 14 were killed and 65 were rescued). Meanwhile, 5 miles off the Netherlands, British submarine H31 sank German anti-submarine trawler Steiermark; other anti-submarine trawlers attacked with depth charges in response, but failed to destroy H31. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German bombers attacked Bristol in western England and Scottish industrial towns on the east coast of Britain. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Admiral James O. Richardson concluded the conferences in Washington DC, United States regarding the rentention of the US Fleet in Hawaiian waters. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1940
Fumimaro Konoe at a press conference at the Peerage Club House in Tokyo, Japan upon being asked to form a new government, 17 Jul 1940
17 Jul 1941
  • The first elements of the Spanish Volunteer Division arrived at the large training camp at Grafenwöhr in southern Germany. Spanish uniforms were exchanged for German; the only item of clothing retained being the Falangist dark blue shirt, from which the title "Blue Division" (officially the 250th Infantry Division) was derived. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Alfred Rosenberg officially took on the position of Reich Minister for Occupied Eastern Territories. Among his responsibilities were the Germanization of the occupied lands and the exploitation and extermination of Jews. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • After sundown, German bombers attacked Hull, Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom. 160 fires displaced 3,500 people and several factories were damaged. 111 were killed and 108 were seriously injured. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Corvette HMS Narcissus was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Heinz Guderian was awarded Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • German Navy placed an order for four submarines; this order would later yield U-487, U-488, U-489, and U-490. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-449 was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine was U-579 commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Italian Navy introduced a new cipher. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Political Commissars were re-introduced into the Soviet Army and Soviet Navy organizational structures. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Field Marshal Keitel's son Hans-Georg Keitel died from wounds received in combat. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Reinhardt Heydrich ordered the four SS Einsatzgruppen under his command to exterminate Jewish and Roma communities in his sphere of influence. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer USS Ingraham was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • George Marshall approved Leopard Gerow's recommendation to re-activate Douglas MacArthur from the retired list and plans regarding the Philippine Army; Marshall forwarded Gerow's proposals to US Secretary of War Henry Stimson for further review and implementation. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • James Lacey shot down a German He 59 seaplane. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Yasunori Yoshioka was named the chief of staff of Japanese 44th Army, also known as the Kwangtung Defense Army, based in Xinjing, northeastern China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMCS Grizzly was assigned to Prince Rupert, British Columbia, Canada to serve as a stationary defensive vessel. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Oflag IV-C prisoners of war camp at Colditz Castle in Germany hosted a visit from the Orthodox Bishop of Dresden, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Axis aircraft attacked airfields on Malta. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Soviet 3rd NKO Directorate was merged back into the NKVD, becoming NKVD's Special Departments Director (UOO). Viktor Abakumov was named UOO's chief and Solomon Milshtein was named the deputy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Armeegruppe Sud encircled 20 Soviet Army divisions near Uman, Ukraine. Further south, troops of the Romanian 3rd Army reached the Dniester River, captured a row of bunkers on the far bank, and repulsed a series of Soviet counterattacks. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
United States
  • US President Franklin Roosevelt and Secretary of State Cordell Hull met with Japanese Ambassador Kichisaburo Nomura in Washington DC, United States in an attempt to open negotiations bewteen the two countries regarding peace in the Pacific region. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Congress held a hearing on the construction of a new building for the US War Department. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1941
Knox observing maneuvers at New River Inlet, North Carolina, flanked by Marines, 17 Jul 1941

17 Jul 1941 Interactive Map

17 Jul 1942
  • USS Long Island resumed carrier pilot training operations. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • American submarine Hake was launched. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Whitley aircraft of No. 61 Squadron RAF and Lancaster aircraft of No. 502 Squadron RAF sank German submarine U-751 northwest of Cape Ortegal, Spain, killing all 48 aboard. 1,000 miles West of Angola, German armed merchant cruiser Michel, having pursued since the previous evening, caught up and sank Norwegian tanker Aramis at dusk; 20 were killed, 23 survived and were captured. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill warned Joseph Stalin that, in the aftermath of the convoy PQ-17 disaster, no further convoy missions were in the plans for northern Russia in the foreseeable future. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Libya, US Army Middle East Air Force launched B-24 bombers to attack Benghazi and B-17 bombers to attack Tobruk. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USAAF B-17 bombers attacked Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Minesweeper HMAS Castlemaine was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US 11th Air Force bombers attacked Japanese positions at Kiska, Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • American destroyer Satterlee was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawlers Bardsey and Rosevean and frigates Bentley, Keats, and Kempthorne were launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Dutch submarine Zwaardvisch was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Minesweeper HMS Aries was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-747 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-880 was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-478 was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-903 was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Francisco Franco made his annual Civil War anniversary speech. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Italy, about 280 American bombers attacked the rail marshalling yard at Naples while RAF bombers attacked Reggio di Calabria. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German occupation forces conducted an anti-patisan operation at Trifolo near Katerini, Greece, rounding up suspected resistance fighters and executing the suspects en masse. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German tanks stopped the Soviet advance north and west of Orel, Russia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Army, US Navy, and New Zealand Air Force aircraft attacked various Japanese bases and shiping in the northern Solomon Islands and New Guinea. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Troops of the Australian 3rd Division and US 41st Division marched from Nassau Bay toward Salamaua, New Guinea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of American destroyer escort Swenning was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of American destroyer escort Willis was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Anti-aircraft cruiser USS Oakland was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • A B-17 aircraft of US 435th Bombardment Squadron conducted a photograph reconnaissance mission over Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. USMC Lieutenant Colonel Merrill Twining and Major William McKean were on board the aircraft; upon seeing the Japanese progress on the Guadalcanal airfield, he noted "I hope they build a good one. We are going to use it." ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of Canadian frigate Longueil was laid down at Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Canadian frigate Valleyfield was launched at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of British minesweeper Providence was laid down at Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Australian 24th Brigade and British 44th Royal Tank Regiment, supported by RAF fighters, attacked Miteirya Ridge (also known as Ruin Ridge to Australians) between Tel el Eisa and Ruweisat near El Alamein, Egypt; the offensive initially overran the line held by Italian Trento Division and Italian Trieste Division, but would ultimately be driven back by German tanks and Italian Trento Division. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chinese 38th Division under Sun Liren arrived at Ramgarh Training Center, India. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Indian Ocean
  • German submarine U-178 sank transport City of Canton northeast of Beira, Mozambique at 0031 hours; 8 were killed, 76 survived (one of whom was taken prisoner by the Germans). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • B-17 bombers of the USAAF VIII Bomber Command planned attacks on Hannover and Hamburg, Germany, but both missions were recalled after launch due to poor weather. 33 of the bombers attacked targets of opportunity after receiving the recall order; 21 of them attempted to attack the Fokker factory at Amsterdam, the Netherlands but accidentally dropped bombs on civilian quarters, killing 150. On the same day, B-26 bombers of US VIII Air Support Command attacked Cayeux, France as a diversion to draw German fighters away from the primary targets in Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler visited Auschwitz-Birkenau camp in Poland for two days to inspect the construction of crematoriums, inspect the expansion of prisoner barracks, and observe the extermination of two trainloads of Dutch Jews. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • German 1st Panzer Army reached Voroshilovgrad (now Luhansk), Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • He 111 bombers of German Luftwaffe unit II./KG 55, with the new Lotfe 7D bombsights, flew tactical missions in support of German 5th Panzer Army near Rostov-on-Don in southern Russia, destroying the key bridge across the lower Don River. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler traveled from the Wolfsschanze headquarters in East Prussia, Germany to the headquarters in Vinnitsa, Ukraine. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • A detachment consisted of 225 men and 4 officers of the US Navy 5th Construction Battalion arrived at Midway Atoll. The remainder of the battalion would arrive during the following month. They were to build an airfield and an underground hospital on Sand Island. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1942
British troops at a defensive position near El Alamein, Egypt, 17 Jul 1942Aerial photograph of North Head Kiska Harbor, Kiska Island, Alaska during a bombing mission, 17 Jul 1942. Note the notations made by the photo analysts.

17 Jul 1942 Interactive Map

17 Jul 1943
  • From before dawn into the day, aircraft of the Allied Northwest African Tactical Air Force attacked Catania, Paterno, and other targets on Sicily, Italy. Meanwhile, the Allied Military Government for Occupied Territories was formed for Sicily with General Sir Harold Alexander at its helm. On the front lines, American troops captured Agrigento and Porto Empedocle. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • American light cruiser Vincennes was launched. ww2dbase [CPC, DS]
  • The survivors of Norwegian motor tanker B. P. Newton, sunk by German submarine U-510 9 days prior, were landed at Pernambuco, Brazil. ww2dbase [HM]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The US Army-Marine Corps joint offensive at Laiana Beach, New Georgia, Solomon Islands successfully penetrated the Japanese defensive line near Laiana Beach; Japanese troops of the 13th and the 229th Regiments attempted a counterattack; behind the front lines, 161st Infantry Regiment of the US Army 25th Division arrived as reinforcements. At Bougainville, 192 US aircraft struck the Japanese airfield at Buin. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Indian Ocean
  • Suffren rescued two survivors of British merchant ship City of Canton, which was sunk by torpedo in the Mozambique Channel. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Mediterranean Sea
  • Four British Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boats made a seemingly suicidal night attack on the Italian cruiser Scipione Africano off Messina, Sicily, Italy. During the action MTB 316 was hit by intense gunfire and was blown up. MTBs 260 and 313 suffered superficial damage before turning away. The British torpedoes failed to achieve an effective result. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1943
Cowpens underway, 17 Jul 1943, photo 1 of 2Cowpens underway, 17 Jul 1943, photo 2 of 2Remains of a merchant ship that exploded, causing a fire on another British freighter, off Algiers, Algeria, 17 Jul 1943F4U-1 Corsair of VF-17, “The Jolly Rogers,” landing aboard the carrier Bunker Hill south of Bermuda during her shakedown cruise, 17 July 1943. Photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 17 Jul 1943

17 Jul 1943 Interactive Map

17 Jul 1944
  • 44 Barracuda dive bombers, 18 Hellcat fighters, and 30 other fighters from carriers HMS Formidable, HMS Indefatigable, and HMS Furious attacked the German battleship Tirpitz in Norway in Operation Mascot, scoring no hits. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gabilan sank a Japanese minesweeper south of Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired; the victim was logged as a destroyer in a case of mis-identification. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Caiman was commissioned into service with Commander J. B. Azer in command. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Submarine USS Sea Owl was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Erwin Rommel was injured when his staff car was attacked by a British fighter in Sainte-Foy-de-Montgommery, Calvados, France at 1830 hours. The aircraft was piloted by Squadron-Leader J. J. Le Roux of No. 602 Squadron RAF. Rommel was en route from Bourguébus Ridge to his headquarters at La Roche-Guyon. The unconscious Rommel would be sent to the hospital at Bernay for treatment. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • An inspection of the Indian 111th Infantry Brigade, a Chindit formation, found that only 118 were completely fit for active service; many of the remaining about 2,200 men suffered from malaria, foot rot, septic sores, typhus, or other ailments related to the Burma jungles. Joseph Stilwell withheld the brigade to guard a Chinese artillery battery for two weeks until conditions improved. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the morning, 670 B-17 and B-24 bombers of the US Eighth Air Force, escorted by 433 fighters, attacked targets in France (1 B-17 bomber and 1 P-47 fighter were lost); in diversion, B-26B bombers of the US VIII Air Support Command attacked Cayeux, France to draw away German fighters. At Coutances, napalm was used for the first time. On the ground, American troops entered Saint-Lô. In the evening, 34 B-17 and 106 B-24 bombers, escorted by 209 P-51 fighters, attacked 12 German V-weapon launching sites in the Pas de Calais, France area. After sundown, 5 B-17 bombers dropped propagadan leaflets in France and the Netherlands while 16 B-24 bombers flew in support of French resistance activities. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer HMS Cambrian was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer HMS Leamington was transferred to the Soviet Union and was renamed Zhguchi. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In southern France, 162 B-24 bombers of the US Fifteenth Air Force based in Italy attacked targets in southern France, including the rail marshalling yard at Avignon and railroad bridges at Arles and Tarascon. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Soviet First Ukrainian Front encircled 40,000 German troops at Brody, Poland (now in Ukraine). Across the wider region, Soviet troops crossed the Bug River on a 40-mile front. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • 57,600 German prisoners of war were paraded through the streets of Moscow, Russia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Navy underwater demolition teams began destroying beach obstacles at Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Corvette HMCS Peterborough arrived at Bermuda. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • HMS/M Seawolf arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States for refitting. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Frigate HMCS Loch Morlich was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US President Roosevelt announced that he would allow the Democratic Convention to select a running mate for him rather than naming one himself. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • A British Catalina aircraft of No. 210 Squadron RAF flown by Flying Officer John Alexander Cruickshank attacked German submarine U-742, which fought back with her deck gun. One crew member aboard the Catalina aircraft was killed and three others were wounded, including Cruickshank. Despite his wounds, he brought the aircraft around for a second attack run with depth charges, which successfully sank the submarine. He would later win the Victoria Cross for this action. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Off Narvik, Norway, a Liberator aircraft of No. 86 Squadron RAF sank German submarine U-347 (all 49 aboard were killed) and a Catalina aircraft of No. 210 Squadron RAF sank German submarine U-361 (all 52 aboard were killed). Off Bergen, No. 333 Squadron RAF (Norwegian pilots) damaged German submarine U-994 off Norway, wounding 5 men. U-994 would be able to sail to Bergen, Norway for repairs later on the same day. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Corvette HMCS Barrie completed refitting at Liverpool, Nova Scotia, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
Dutch East Indies Finland
  • The Soviet offensive near Vuosalmi, Finland ground to a halt. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS New Mexico arrived in waters off Guam. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Indian Ocean
  • The Royal Navy submarine HMS/m Telemachus (Commander William King) torpedoed and sank the large Japanese submarine I-166 in the Malacca Strait. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Allied troops attacked toward Ancona, Italy, with Polish armored units capturing Monte della Crescia and Casenuove, and supporting British units capturing Montecchio and Croce di San Vincenzo. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Preston arrived off Guam. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Task Group 17.16 (USS Guardfish, USS Piranha, and USS Thresher) sank a freighter and a cargo ship in the South China Sea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla made a night time attack against a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, sinking an oiler and two transports, hitting them with 5 of 9 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • A major incident was declared when at 0530 hours a V-1 bomb blew up in Suffield Road, Walworth, south-east London, England, United Kingdom; 17 residents were killed, 40 houses demolished and 150 damaged by the blast. Many houses were damaged beyond repair to the south west in Brixton when another V-1 bomb landed in the middle of Brassey Square. The new defence system announced earlier on in the week came into effect at dawn, it was welcomed by the fight pilots who had been troubled by friendly fire whilst diving on the bombs. 41 Squadron at RAF Lympne lost two of its pilots in a collision above the airfield. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | HM]
United States
  • The Liberty ship A. E. Bryan exploded whilst loading ammunition and explosives at Port Chicago, California, United States, taking with her the Victory ship Quinalt Victory berthed nearby. Ninety-seven men on the two ships were vapourised and even a 12 ton locomotive on the dockside vanished without trace. In total, 320 men were killed and 290 injured. More than 200 of the dead were black sailors being used as loaders. Later many sailors refused to work until safety was improved. Fifty were court martialled, convicted of mutiny and jailed. A public outcry led to their release but they were still deprived of all veteran's benefits for the rest of their lives. The last surviving "mutineer" Freddy Meeks was finally pardoned by President Bill Clinton in 1999. Four years later he died, aged 83. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1944
Two waterfront gantry cranes that were destroyed by the Germans during their demolition of Cherbourg2nd Lieutenant P.H. ShuppDock facilities destroyed by the Germans before the city was captured by the Allies, Cherbourg, 17 Jul 1944Troops of German 4th Army, after being captured at Minsk in Byelorussia, being marched through the streets of Moscow, Russia, 17 Jul 1944
See all photos dated 17 Jul 1944

17 Jul 1944 Interactive Map

17 Jul 1945
  • UK Task Force 37 and US Task Force 38.2 launched their first strike on the Japanese home islands; it was the first British attack on Japan in the Pacific War. British Seafire carrier fighters were launched against Japanese airfields at Kionoke, Naruto, and Miyakawa. American warships bombarded Hitachi, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. 1,207 16-inch shells from battleships and 292 6-inch shells from cruisers were fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • At the Potsdam Conference in Germany, top Allied leadership set up a Control Council to administer occupied Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rescue tug HMS Athlete hit a mine and sank off Leghorn, Italy. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • 4 B-25 bombers of the 77th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 28th Bombardment Group (Composite), US Eleventh Air Force based in the Aleutian Islands searched for Japanese shipping in the northern Kurile Islands off Shumshu and Atlasov Islands. 2 of the bombers were forced to land in Kamchatka and became the last American airmen to be interned by the Russians. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • After sundown, in Japan, 27 B-29 bombers deployed naval mines in the Straits of Shimonoseki between the islands of Honshu and Kyushu, waters off the Nanao-Fushiki area on the northern coast of central Honshu, off Henashi Cape in northern Honshu, and off Iwase in eastern Honshu. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Canadian corvettes HMCS Trail and HMCS Dundas were decommissioned at Sorel, Quebec, Canada; corvette HMCS Athol was decommissioned at Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Over 200 American bombers attacked Jiangwan, Shanghai, China, which held the largest concentration of Japanese aircraft in China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii with 300 sacks of mail and 30 defective aircraft from Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Springer began patrolling the Kii Channel between Honshu and Shikoku islands of Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-14 departed Mutsu, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • I-14 departed Ominato Guard District in Mutsu, Aomori Prefecture, Japan at 1500 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Parche made rendezvous with USS Cero and took on three rescued aviators, then set sail for Midway Atoll. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Singapore Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1945
Harry Truman diary entry regarding meeting with Joseph Stalin, 17 Jul 1945Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman, and Winston Churchill during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 17 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 2Vyacheslav Molotov, James Byrnes, Charles Bohlen, Harry Truman, William Leahy, and Joseph Stalin in Potsdam, Germany, 17 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 5Vyacheslav Molotov, James Byrnes, Charles Bohlen, Harry Truman, William Leahy, and Joseph Stalin in Potsdam, Germany, 17 Jul 1945, photo 2 of 5
See all photos dated 17 Jul 1945

17 Jul 1945 Interactive Map

17 Jul 1946

  • Dragoljub Mihailovic was executed by firing squad in Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jul 1947
  • Raoul Wallenberg passed away in Soviet captivity to unknown cause. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jul 1957

  • Capitaine de vaisseau Dartigues was named the commanding officer of Jeanne d'Arc. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jul 1959

United States
  • Submarine Gunnel was sold to the firm Luria Bros. of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States for scrapping. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jul 1961

Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1961
USS Essex showing crash barrier, S2F-1 Tracker aircraft, and HSS-1 Seabat helicopters, 17 Jul 1961
17 Jul 1984
  • Captain Herndon A. Oliver III was made the commanding officer of USS Proteus, replacing Captain J. Stephen Perry. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945