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25 Nov 1898

Japan
  • Kenkichi Ueda graduated from the Japanese Army Academy. ww2dbase [Kenkichi Ueda | CPC]
25 Nov 1900
  • Rudolf H√∂ss was born in Baden-Baden, Germany. ww2dbase [Rudolf H√∂ss | CPC]
25 Nov 1917
25 Nov 1918
  • German Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, who had been conducting a successful campaign in east Africa since 1914, surrendered at the Zambezi River in southern Africa. ww2dbase [AC]
25 Nov 1927

United States
  • Having observed poor handling of sensitive codes by other officers in his destroyer squadron while he served aboard USS Macdonough, Joseph Rochefort submitted a report noting so and would soon make recommendations to secure communications. ww2dbase [Joseph Rochefort | CPC]
25 Nov 1935

Greece
  • King George II of Greece returned from exile and retained Georgios Kondylis as Prime Minister. ww2dbase [George II | AC]
Poland
  • The Polish Committee of Equipment and Armament accepted a new barrel for the karabin przeciwpancerny wz√≥r 35 anti-tank rifle design which increased barrel life from 30 shots to 300 shots. ww2dbase [Karabin przeciwpancerny wz√≥r 35 | CPC]
25 Nov 1936 Russia
  • In a major speech announcing the new Soviet Constitution, Joseph Stalin critically accused democracy in the capitalist countries as being "democracy for only the propertied classes", and further stated that the Soviet Union only needed to be a one-party state as "there was no longer any division between capitalists and workers, landlords and peasants". ww2dbase [Joseph Stalin | AC]
United States Photo(s) dated 25 Nov 1936
Joachim von Ribbentrop signing the Anti-Comintern Pact, Berlin, Germany, 25 Nov 1936; Japanese ambassador to Berlin Kintomo Mushakoji watching

25 Nov 1936 Interactive Map

25 Nov 1937
  • Błyskawica was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Błyskawica | CPC]
China
  • From Nanjing, China, German businessman John Rabe sent a message to Adolf Hitler, appealing for the German leader to voice concern over the atrocities committed by the Japanese in China. ww2dbase [Battle of Nanjing and the Rape of Nanjing | Nanjing | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Nov 1937
Goebbels and filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl, Germany, 25 Nov 1937
25 Nov 1938

Germany
  • German Major General Otto von Loosow passed away. Once the military commander of the region that included Bavaria, von Lossow had been one of the triumphirate appointed, in 1923, by Eugen von Knilling to enforce the state of emergency proclaimed in M√ľnchen (Munich), Germany which had led to the infamous Beer Hall Putsch. ww2dbase [AC]
25 Nov 1939
  • German submarine U-28 sank British merchant ship Royston Grange of Allied convoy SL-8B 50 miles southwest of Land's End, England, United Kingdom at 1319 hours. Between 2200 hours and midnight, German submarine U-43 attacked and sank British ship Uskmouth 120 miles northwest of Cape Finisterre, Spain with gunfire and torpedoes; 2 were killed, 22 survived and rescued by Italian merchant ship Juventus. ww2dbase [Start of the Battle of the Atlantic | CPC]
25 Nov 1940
  • During the night 5 British aircraft attacked battleship Tirpitz in bad weather conditions; they scored no hits. ww2dbase [Tirpitz | CPC]
  • A Hitler decree (the basic law of social housing construction) gave Robert Ley's German Labour Front the project of building 6 million homesteads, at the rate of 300,000 per year. Priority was given to providing homes for German families with children and Hitler alone kept personal responsibility for deciding how many houses should be built. The decree stated that houses were to have a minimum floor area of 62 square metres, a kitchen, two bedrooms, bathroom, hallway and balcony. Each home was also to have an air-raid shelter built to resist a direct hit and large enough to house everyone in the family. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | AC]
  • Jewish paramilitary group Irgun destroyed British liner Patria in Haifa Harbor, Palestine as Patria began to embark Central European Jewish refugees. 213 refugees were killed along with 50 of the 130 British crew. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler HMT Conquistador collided with another vessel and sank in the Thames Estuary in southern England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler HMT Kennymore hit a mine and sank in the Thames Estuary in southern England, United Kingdom, killing 4. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British motor launch ML-111 hit a mine and sank 10 miles off Grimsby in the Humber Estuary in England, United Kingdom, killing 2. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Talisman disabled a German tanker with a torpedo and captured the French trawler Le Clipper in the Bay of Biscay 10 miles south of Lorient, France. ww2dbase [CPC]
China Gibraltar
  • Operation Collar: British Royal Navy Force H under Admiral Somerville departed from Gibraltar to escort Allied convoy ME4 to Malta. ww2dbase [Malta Campaign | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • German armed merchant cruisers Orion and Komet, supported by supply ship Kulmerland, caught up with 546-ton New Zealand Holm Line coaster Holmwood off of the Chatham Islands 500 miles east of New Zealand. Captain Robert Eyssen of Komet ordered Holmwood to stop and not to use her radio. Holmwood's captain complied to safeguard the lives of the 17 crew and 12 passengers (all from the Chatham Islands) on board, four of whom were women and five were children. The ship was also carrying 1,370 sheep, 1 horse, and a cargo of wool from the island of Lyttelton, New Zealand. Eyssen briefly considered capturing the ship for use as a minelayer, but after realizing the ship's maximum speed was only 9 knots, he decided to sink her. The horse was shot, and then the passenger, crew, and some of the sheep were moved to the three German ships; a number of sheep remained on Holmwood. Komet and Orion then proceeded to fire on Holmwood for 30 minutes until its sinking. While the crews of all three ships welcomed the fresh sheep meat, not surprisingly, in no time at all, they came to detest the taste of mutton. ww2dbase [Orion | CPC, HM]
United Kingdom
  • The prototype of the de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito unarmed light bomber was flown for the first time from Hatfield Aerodrome, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom. The aircraft was flown by Geoffrey de Havilland, accompanied by engineer John E. Walker. ww2dbase [Mosquito | Hatfield, England | AC, CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 25 Nov 1940
A lance corporal of the British Army East Surrey Regiment posed with a Thompson sub-machinegun, Chatham in Kent, England, United Kingdom, 25 Nov 1940

25 Nov 1940 Interactive Map

25 Nov 1941
  • German 2nd Panzer Division was halted by British-built Matilda tanks of the Soviet 146th Tank Brigade at Peshki, 35 miles northwest of Moscow. 30 miles west of Moscow, German 10th Panzer Division and SS Reich Division attacked Istra, which was being defended by Soviet 78th Rifle Division. Finally, German XXIV Panzer Corps launched a new attack 100 miles south of Moscow, cutting the rail line to Moscow near Tula. ww2dbase [Battle of Moscow | TH]
  • Adolf Hitler met with Grand Mufti of Jerusalem Mohammad Amin al-Husayni, agreeing on the need for the elimination of the "Jewish element". ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | TH]
  • American submarines Triton and Tambor arrived at Wake Island on "simulated" war patrols. ww2dbase [Triton | CPC]
  • Indian 7th Brigade repulsed an attack by the German 5th Panzer Regiment at Sidi Omar, Libya. Australian troops from Tobruk linked up with advancing New Zealand forces at Ed Duda, Libya. After dark, Erwin Rommel conducted an inspection of the front, got lost, and was forced to wait until daybreak to find his way back. ww2dbase [Operation Crusader | CPC]
  • German submarine U-331 torpedoed British battleship HMS Barham in the Mediterranean Sea, which went down after a magazine ignited. Fewer than 400 of her crew of 1,258 survived. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Captain James Jackson was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for organising defences at Tobruk, Libya, where he was killed by a mortar splinter. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Soviet patrol vessel CKP-25 rammed German submarine U-578 in the Arctic Sea, causing light damage. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Jager Report (issued on 1 Dec 1941) noted that 9 adult male, 46 adult female, and 8 children, all Jews, were killed in Vilnius, Lithuania for a total of 63 people. Additionally, 1 Polish national was also executed for possession of arms. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Air Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder, the British RAF Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, informed Oliver Lyttelton, Winston Churchill's Minister of State for the Middle East, that General Alan Cunningham was not confident in winning the battle in Libya. The following day Cunningham was relieved as Eighth Army commander. Neil Ritchie would take his place on the following day. ww2dbase [AC]
Germany Libya
  • The first Italian Macchi C.202 Folgore fighters reached Libya. These Folgores (the most successful Italian fighter to see extensive wartime service) belonging to the 1¬į Stormo Caccia Terrestre, rapidly established, over the Western Desert, an ascendancy over the opposing RAF Hawker Hurricane and Curtis P-40 fighters. ww2dbase [C.202 Folgore | AC]
Taiwan United States
  • Henry Stimson noted in his diary that, during a cabinet meeting, Franklin Roosevelt thought Japan was likely to attack the United States in as soon as one week, and it would provide Roosevelt the reason to take the United States into the war. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | Washington | CPC]
  • USS New Mexico arrived at Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ww2dbase [New Mexico | Boston, Massachusetts | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Nov 1941
BarhamMemo from Australian Secretary to the War Cabinet Frederick Shedden to John Curtin, the first formal advice to the Prime Minister that the HMAS Sydney was believed lost, 25 Nov 1941

25 Nov 1941 Interactive Map

25 Nov 1942
  • Chuyo was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Chuyo | CPC]
  • Over the course of the past 3 days, aircraft of the Royal New Zealand Air Force 3rd Reconnaissance Squadron, US Navy Patrol Squadron 12, US Army 12th, 68th, and 70th Fighter Squadrons, and US Army 69th Bombardment Squadron arrived at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler ordered the seizure of the French fleet at Toulon, France. ww2dbase [Scuttling of the French Fleet | Adolf Hitler | CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Utmost (Lieutenant John Walter David Coombe) was depth charged and sunk by the Italian gunboat Groppo off Sicily, Italy. ww2dbase [AC]
Alaska
  • USS S-35 arrived at Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska, ending her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [S-35 | Unalaska | CPC]
Germany India
  • Ramgarh Trainin Center in India established a special units section; it was to absorb the previously established Chinese language section. ww2dbase [Ramgarh Training Center | Ramgarh, Bihar | CPC]
Norway Russia
  • He 111 aircraft from Tatsinskaya Airfield and Morozovskaya Airfield in Rostov Oblast, Russia flew 75 tons of supplies, mostly fuel, into Stalingrad, Russia. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | Tatsinskaya, Rostov | CPC]
United States

25 Nov 1942 Interactive Map

25 Nov 1943
  • The Battle of Cape St. George took place near Buka Island north of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands; three Japanese destroyers were sunk at the end of what was to be the final surface battle of the Solomon Islands campaign. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • At Cairo, Egypt, Chiang Kaishek decided to pull his support for a Chinese invasion of northern Burma due to his perception that the British and the Americans were not putting in their full effort in the theater. ww2dbase [Cairo Conference | CPC]
  • George Patton sent Dwight Eisenhower a cable apologizing for the public relations row that he had caused. ww2dbase [George Patton | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Father Joseph Lamarre witnessed two Australian and ten American captives, blindfolded and bounded at the wrists, being loaded onto trucks. While the Japanese said that they were being transported to Japan, Lamarre noted that the trucks did not stop by the wharves. Instead, they were taken to a field of volcanic ash near Tavurvur for their execution. US Lieutenant Marcus Mangett, Jr. and US Staff Sergeant Kenneth Vetter, who were wounded and could not stand, were executed by rifle fire. The remaining ten prisoners of war were executed by beheading at the hands of newly arrived junior officers as a test of their courage; the ten victims included Australian Warrant Officer John Bailey, Australian Flight Officer Charles Vincent, US Lieutenant John Rippy, US Lieutenant Philip Bek, US First Lieutenant Ernest Naumann, US Aviation Ordnanceman 2nd Class Harlan Burrus, US Lieutenant Leslie Neuman, US Staff Sergeant Ernest Burnside, US Corporal John Mulligan, and US Private Robert George. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 3 | New Britain | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 commanding officer Gregory Boyington was released from his arrest three days early. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMSB-236, equipped with SBD dive bombers, was transferred out of Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Henderson Field | Lunga Point, Guadalcanal | CPC]
France
  • Noor Inayat Khan attempted a failed escape attempt from her imprisonment at Sicherheitsdienst (SD) headquarters in Paris, France along with fellow Special Operations Executive agents John Renshaw Starr and Leon Faye. ww2dbase [Noor Inayat Khan | Paris | CPC]
Germany Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Two officers of ACORN-20; 11 officers of ACORN-21; 2 officers of CASU-30; 1 officer of ARGUS-18; 1 officer of ARGUS-21; and 1 officer of ARGUS-22 arrived on board. Parts of ACORN-17 and CASU-16 departed. Part of ARGUS-16 departed. Two officers of ACORN-22 and 1 officer of CASU-30 arrived on board. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | Ewa, Oahu | DS]
Japan Marshall Islands
  • Naka arrived at Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | Kwajalein | CPC]
Puerto Rico
  • Colonel Antulio Segarra was made the commanding officer of US Army 65th Infantry Regiment, a Puerto Rican unit. He was the first Puerto Rican Regular Army officer to command a Regular Army regiment. ww2dbase [CPC]
Taiwan
  • 6 B-25 bombers of 2nd Bomber Squadron of the Chinese-American Composite Wing and 8 B-25 bombers of US 11th Bomber Squadron, escorted by 8 P-51A and 8 P-38 fighters of US 23rd Fighter Group, attacked Japanese airfields in Taiwan, destroying 32 aircraft without any losses. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Aircraft of US Army 14th Air Force (14 B-25 bombers, 16 P-38 and P-51 fighters) attacked Shinchiku Airfield in Shinchiku (now Hsinchu), Taiwan. US claimed 50 Japanese aircraft destroyed, but Japanese records showed only 4 shot down and 13 destroyed on the ground. 25 Japanese servicemen were killed, and a further 20 were wounded. 2 US aircraft were damaged. US journalist Theodore Harold White observed this attack in one of the bombers. ww2dbase [Shinchiku Airfield | Shinchiku | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Colossus, the world's first all-electric computer, created by Post Office engineer Tommy Flowers, to assist in the reading of German Lorenz teleprinter traffic, was tested at the Post Office factory in Birmingham, England, United Kingdom. The huge machine would be able to process data five times faster than the earlier slower Robinson machine and process as many as fifteen signals a day. ww2dbase [Enigma Code Broken | Birmingham, England | AC]
  • USS Ancon arrived in Devonport, Plymouth, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Ancon | Plymouth, England | CPC]
United States
  • Russian Jew Jacob Golos died of a heart attack in his apartment in New York, New York, United States. Despite being under constant FBI surveillance, Golos and his long-time lover, Elizabeth Bentley, had built up the largest Soviet spy network in North America whose contacts and informers were able to furnish Moscow with large amounts of classified American material. After Golos' death Bentley was handled by NKVD agent Itzhak Akhmerov but after a while her increased alcohol consumption and signs of stress limited her further usefulness to the Communists. ww2dbase [New York | AC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Nov 1943
Wrecks of American LVT landing craft and Japanese Type 95 Ha-Go tank on the invasion beach at Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, Nov 1943Thanksgiving holiday dinner menu aboard USS Wake Island, 25 Nov 1943US flag on Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, late Nov 1943US Marines evacuating a wounded comrade, Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, late Nov 1943
See all photos dated 25 Nov 1943

25 Nov 1943 Interactive Map

25 Nov 1944
  • Yoshimi Minami passed away. ww2dbase [Yoshimi Minami | CPC]
  • French troops captured Belfort, France. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Hazel Lee died from the wounds received during the landing accident two days prior. ww2dbase [Hazel Lee | CPC]
  • USS Gar reported sinking a Japanese ship in daylight with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • USS Mingo sank a Japanese tanker in a night time torpedo attack, hitting her with three of six torpedoes fired. She also damaged an escorting vessel with one of four torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Mingo | CPC]
  • Yasoshima was sunk by American carrier aircraft west of Luzon, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Pinghai | CPC]
China
  • He Yingqin was named the commanding officer of all ground troops in the China War Area, with headquarters in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China. In this role he was responsible for all actions in southwestern China. ww2dbase [He Yingqin | Kunming, Yunnan | CPC]
Italy Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze departed Kure, Japan to escort battleship Nagato to Yokosuka, Japan. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | Kure, Hiroshima | CPC]
  • Landing ship No. 143 was completed. ww2dbase [No. 101/103-class | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Preston guarded carriers while the carriers launched strikes against Luzon, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Preston (Fletcher-class) | CPC]
  • The Japanese Army SB craft formerly known as Navy landing ship No. 113 was sunk by US aircraft in the South China Sea west of Luzon, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [No. 101/103-class | South China Sea | CPC]
  • Landing ship No. 142 was sunk by US aircraft in the South China Sea west of Luzon, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [No. 101/103-class | South China Sea | CPC]
  • Landing ship No. 161 was sunk by US aircraft in the South China Sea west of Luzon island, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [No. 101/103-class | South China Sea | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Ticonderoga launched Air Group 80 aircraft for strikes on Japanese positions in northern Luzon, Philippine Islands; 2 men and 2 aircraft were lost. ww2dbase [Ticonderoga | DS]
  • USS New Mexico sailed into Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [New Mexico | Leyte Gulf | CPC]
  • The already badly damaged cruiser Kumano was again attacked by United States carrier aircraft in Santa Cruz Harbor, Luzon, Philippines. A well-coordinated bombing and torpedo attack by planes from USS Ticonderoga sent four 1,000lb bombs through Kumano‚Äôs deck and six well-spaced torpedoes into her port side. Within six minutes of the attack, the cruiser rolled over and sank. ww2dbase [Philippines Campaign, Phase 1, the Leyte Campaign | Kumano | Ticonderoga | Santa Cruz, Luzon | DS]
United Kingdom
  • A German V-2 rocket hit near the intersection of High Holborn and Chancery Lane, Holborn, London, England, United Kingdom at 1115 hours, killing 6 and injuring 292. At 1225 hours, another V-2 rocket hit across the street from the Woolworths store in Deptford, London, destroying the store and many nearby building, killing 160 and injuring 199 (77 seriously). ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | Vergeltungswaffe 2 | London, England | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Nov 1944
A special attack aircraft exploded after hitting Intrepid, off Philippine Islands, 25 Nov 1944Intrepid smoking after being hit by Japanese special attack aircraft, seen from battleship New Jersey, 25 Nov 1944; note New JerseyAnti-aircraft crew member of USS New Jersey watching a special attack aircraft diving into USS Intrepid, 25 Nov 1944; note OS2U Kingfisher float plane on the port catapultUS Army Pfc. W. J. Kessler, Pfc. J. L. Proffitt, Pvt. B. Narter, Cpl. T. J. Barnewski, and Pfc. J. Stoll handling Christmas packages from home for their artillery unit, Germany, 26 Nov 1944
See all photos dated 25 Nov 1944

25 Nov 1944 Interactive Map

25 Nov 1945
  • The US Congress again voiced its opinion to withdraw US Marines from China. ww2dbase [CPC]
China
  • Soviet SMERSH operatives arrested Captain Yutaka Takeoka who had previously killed Russian defector Genrikh Lyushkov in Dalian, Liaoning, China (Lyushkov had refused to commit suicide in the face of defeat). ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Miami received orders to return to the United States. ww2dbase [Miami | CPC]
25 Nov 1946

China
  • The city government of Beiping, China renamed a road in honor of Zhao Dengyu. ww2dbase [Zhao Dengyu | Beiping | CPC]

25 Nov 1946 Interactive Map

25 Nov 1950

Photo(s) dated 25 Nov 1950
TrumanTrumanTrumanTruman
25 Nov 1960
  • Submarine Pompon was sold to Commercial Metals Company. ww2dbase [Pompon | CPC]
25 Nov 1987
  • USS Iowa transited the Suez Canal. ww2dbase [Iowa | CPC]
25 Nov 2010

Japan
  • Yasuji Kaneko passed away in Japan. ww2dbase [Yasuji Kaneko | CPC]
25 Nov 2014

Photo(s) dated 25 Nov 2014
Museum ship Pampanito, Fisherman

25 Nov 2014 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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"An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last."

Winston Churchill