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World War II Database

19 Aug 1878
19 Aug 1912

Japan
  • Kenkichi Ueda was made the chief of staff to the 16th Division. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Aug 1914
  • Franklin Roosevelt's son Franklin D., Jr. was born. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first war sortie of the British Royal Flying Corps took place with a reconnaissance patrol in support of the ground troops. ww2dbase [CPC]
19 Aug 1917
  • Chiaki Matsuda was assigned to battleship Haruna. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Aug 1929

Brunei
  • Seria Well Number Two (S-2) was drilled in Brunei. ww2dbase [CPC]
19 Aug 1933
  • Bolzano was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Aug 1933
Hitler Youth gathering at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 19 Aug 1933
19 Aug 1934
  • Hitler officially became the Führer und Reichskanzler of Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
19 Aug 1937

China
  • A rifle company of two officers and 102 enlisted men arrived in Shanghai, China from Cavite, Philippine Islands to reinforce the US 4th Marine Regiment. ww2dbase [CPC]
19 Aug 1938

China
  • Chinese 27th Army and the Chinese 59th Corps fell back from the defensive line at Huang River, Hubei Province, China. In Jiangxi Province, Japanese 101st Division began landing troops at Xinzi. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Aug 1939
  • Sir Malcolm Campbell set a new World Water Speed Record on Coniston waters in England, United Kingdom with a recorded speed of 141 miles per hour. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The German Navy ordered 21 submarines and two capital ships to prepare for sailing at any given time. The captains of Admiral Graf Spee and Deutschland received orders to go to Brazilian and North Atlantic waters, respectively. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • At 1910 hours, Berlin, Germany received the official response from the Soviet Union, via the German embassy in Moscow, Russia, for Joachim von Ribbentrop's visit; the proposed date of the conference was set for 26 Aug, but Ribbentrop would soon attempt to move up the date of the meeting. Shortly before Berlin received the message, Joseph Stalin announced to the Politburo his intention to befriend Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Aug 1940
  • Italian troops captured Berbera, British Somaliland. The 17 day conflict has cost the British 250 casualties but the Italians more than 2,000. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • German submarine U-48 sank Belgian passenger ship Ville de Gand off Ireland just after midnight; 15 were killed and 38 survived. Also off Ireland, at 0154 hours, U-101 sank British ship Ampleforth; 9 were killed and 29 were rescued by British destroyer HMS Warwick. U-A sank British ship Hungarian Kelet off Ireland at 1000 hours, killing 6, all of whom were survivors of the ship Clan Macphee that was sunk by U-30 on 16 Aug 1940; 33 crew and 35 other Clan Macphee survivors were rescued by Norwegian merchant ship Varegg. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The North American B-25 Mitchell medium bomber took its first flight. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Twelve A6M2 Model 11 Zero fighters escorted fifty four G3M2 Type 96 bombers on a mission against the Chinese city of Chongqing; this was the first combat mission of the Zero fighter. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Cloud and rain limited German reconnaissance capability in the morning. In the afternoon, German Luftwaffe changed its tactics, sending single aircraft, mainly Ju 88 bombers, to attack targets along the southern coast of England and Wales in the United Kingdom. The Germans lost 1 Bf 109 fighter and 4 Ju 88 bombers during the day, while the British lost 1 Spitfighter fighter in the fighting and 1 Blenheim fighter over southern Norway during a reconnaissance mission. Meanwhile, the government in London declared the entire United Kingdom a defense area. To reinforce the RAF, a Royal Canadian Air Force squadron arrived in Britain. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS R-5 was recommissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Aug 1940
Working on the rudder of battleship North Carolina, New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York, United States, 19 Aug 1940

19 Aug 1940 Interactive Map

19 Aug 1941
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop requested Japan to join in the attack on the Soviet Union by attacking Vladivostok in eastern Russia; Japan responded by saying that such a venture would require much time for deliberation and planning. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German X Corps narrowly averted being encircled near Lake Illmen in northern Russia, saved by a counterattack by LVI Corps. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
France
  • Replacement prosthetic leg for captured Douglas Bader was dropped by a British bomber over Saint-Omer, Pas-de-Calais, France with permission by German Luftwaffe leaders. After the delivery, the British bomber took the opportunity to surprise-attack a power station in occupied France (though the attack would fail to materialize due to weather). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • The first permanent military garrison was established at Wake Atoll, which consisted of 449 men of the US Marine Corps 1st Defense Battalion under the command of US Navy Commander Winfield Scott Cunningham. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Aug 1941
Humber armored cars of the Inns of Court Regiment, UK 9th Armoured Division on parade at Guisborough, Yorkshire, England, UK, 19 Aug 1941Cruiser Mk V Covenanter III tanks of Fife and Forfar Yeomanry, British 9th Armoured Division on parade at Guisborough, Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom, 19 Aug 1941
19 Aug 1942
  • Soviet troops in the Caucasus region of southern Russia launched the Novorossiysk Defensive Operation. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-507 stopped Brazilian sailing vessel Jacyra at 0530 hours, forced her crew of 6 to abandon ship, and scuttled her at 0800 hours with charges. At 0907 hours, U-510 sank British merchant ship Cressington Court 200 miles off French Guiana; 8 were killed, 36 survived. German submarine U-406 attacked Allied convoy SL-118 450 miles west of Portugal at 1622 hours, fatally damaging British ship City of Manila; 1 was killed, 95 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-162 attacked an Allied convoy 40 miles west of Grenada, sinking US ship West Celina at 0437 hours (1 was killed, 43 survived); at 1007 hours, U-564 joined in on the attack, sinking British ship Empire Cloud (3 were killed, 51 survived) and British tanker British Consul (2 were killed, 40 survived). German submarine U-217 sank British sailing vessel Sea Gull D. 75 miles southeast of Bonaire island in the southern Caribbean Sea at 2112 hours; 3 were killed, 71 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Japanese destroyers Kagero, Kagikaze, Maikaze, Urakaze, Isokaze, and Hamakaze landed 916 men at Taivu Point, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands at 0100 hours. Men of Company L, US 5th Marine Regiment attacked a Japanese construction battalion west of the Matanikau River at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands at midday. On the same day, Company I of the same regiment conducted an amphibious raid further west at Kokumbona. Out at sea, Japanese destroyer Hagikaze was damaged by a bomb during an attack by US B-17 bombers; 33 were killed, 13 were wounded. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • At Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, the forward echelon of Marine Aircraft Group 23 (19 F4F fighters and 12 SBD-3 dive bombers) arrived. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
France
  • 5,000 Canadian troops, 1,000 British Commandos, 50 US Rangers, and 58 British Churchill tanks landed at Dieppe, France at 0500 hours in Operation Jubilee via 9 landing ships, covered by 8 destroyers, many smaller warships, and many aircraft. British and Americans were successful in destroying a German battery near Varengeville, but British and Canadian troops on a nearby beach were pinned down, suffering 1,179 killed before the mission's end. As German aircraft counterattacked, British destroyer HMS Berkeley and several smaller ships were sunk. The operation was called off by 1100 hours in dismal failure. 2,190 Allied troops were captured along with all of the tanks and heavy equipment. The British RAF lost 106 aircraft. The Germans suffered only 311 killed and 48 aircraft shot down in the defense. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • James Johnson flew a mission over Dieppe, France, covering the amphibious operation. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • At Dieppe, France, Corporal Franklin Koons, 1st Ranger Battalion, becomes the first US infantryman to kill a German soldier in combat during WW2; at nearby Berneval, Lieutenant Edwin.D. Loustalot, 1st Ranger Battalion became the first Ranger and US infantry officer to be killed in action in Europe during WW2 as he fell while leading a charge against an enemy gun post. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Despite being wounded three times, Captain Pat Porteous, liaison officer with British No. 4 Commando, led a text book bayonet charge through a hail of machine-gun fire to eliminate (with deadly hand-to-hand combat) the Varengeville-sur-Mer battery in France which threatened the safety of the ships laying off the coast 0f Dieppe. For this gallant action, Captain Porteous would be awarded the Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Pilot Officer Hollis H. Hills, an American volunteer in the Royal Canadian Air Force, was credited with the first air-to-air victory with the North American Mustang (P-51) fighter when he shot down a Fw 190 fighter over Dieppe, France. Californian Hills would later serve in the US Navy flying F6F Hellcat fighters. ww2dbase [AC]
Netherlands
  • Walter Grabmann stepped down as the commanding officer of the Zerstörerschule 2 training unit based in Memmingen, Germany and was named the chief of all fighter units based in the Netherlands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviets launched the Sinyavino Offensive in the Leningrad region in northern Russia, with troops of the Leningrad Front capturing several bridgeheads across the Neva River. The Volkhov Front, however, failed to launch its offensive in concert. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-209 attempted to approach Belushya Guba in the Novaya Zemlya islands in northern Russia, but was spotted by Soviet motor boat Poliarny, minesweeper T-39, and minesweeper T-58, which drove off U-209. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Harder was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by Miss Helen M. Shaforth. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Aug 1942
A British DB-7B Boston Mk III bomber of RAF No. 88 Squadron over Dieppe Harbour, France, 19 Aug 1942German 24th Panzer Division en route to Stalingrad, Russia, circa Aug 1942British Churchill tanks and landing craft burning on the Dieppe beach, France, 19 Aug 1942Dead Canadian soldier on the beach after the failed raid on Dieppe, France, Aug 1942; note Daimler Scout Car and Churchill tank in background
See all photos dated 19 Aug 1942

19 Aug 1942 Interactive Map

19 Aug 1943
  • USS S-35 suffered mechanical issues in the port engine crankshaft and couplings and set sail for Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska to receive repairs. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback attacked several Japanese surface ships with gunfire east of Borneo, sinking one small patrol vessel. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • As discussed in the Quebec Conference between US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, British scientists, including Klaus Fuchs, were to join the Manhattan Project. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German defenses along the Mius River were breached near Stalino (now Donetsk), Ukraine. ww2dbase [TH]
  • German Luftwaffe Chief of Staff Oberstgeneral Hans Jeschonnek committed suicide. ww2dbase [TH]
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 was transferred to US Marine Aircraft Group 11 based in Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides. The pilots would not leave for Espiritu Santo until 3 Sep 1943. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The headquarters of USAAF 375th Troop Carrier Group was transferred to Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Paul von Kleist was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Netherlands
  • Robert Johnson scored his second kill over Woensdrecht, the Netherlands, shooting down a German Bf 109G fighter. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sighted a Soviet ship in the Sea of Okhotsk; she took no action. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • From Britain, Claude Auchinleck cabled Winston Churchill in Canada, attempting to convince the British Prime Minister to decrease the number of brigades to be assigned to Orde Wingate to only three; Wingate had requested eight. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Alabama completed a scheduled overhaul at Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Aug 1943
Wrecked Japanese aircraft, oil drums, and other rubble at Kiska, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 19 Aug 1943

19 Aug 1943 Interactive Map

19 Aug 1944
  • USS Segundo began taking on ammunition and supplies for a war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops in the Falaise pocket in France were ordered to break out. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet forces began an offensive toward the Balkan Peninsula. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Hauptmann Werner Schmidt of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. ww2dbase [CPC]
France
  • Field Marshal Günther von Kluge committed suicide by taking cyanide near Metz, France after being relieved of his command and recalled to Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC, AC]
  • In Paris, France Raoul Nordling, the Swedish Consul-General went to General Dietrich Choltitz, military Commander of Paris, with a proposal to barter 600 Germans captured by the Resistance for 4,213 French prisoners held by the Germans in the Paris area. This was something of a showpiece exchange designed to impress Berlin, for the French prisoners not only vastly outnumbered the German captives but, unlike them, were to be released immediately. Outside the city, American troops began to reach the Seine River. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, AC]
Italy
  • Italian 10th MAS Flotilla established the "Mataluno Column" at Sesto Calende, Italy. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • Landing ship No. 157 was completed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese transport and a Japanese oiler in the South China Sea, hitting them with 9 of 12 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 19 Aug 1944
Map depicting Operation Bagration, 22 Jun-19 Aug 1944Simone Segouin fighting in central France, 19 Aug 1944WAVES personnel at the bow of Missouri, Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, United States, during her shakedown period, 19 Aug 1944WAVES Yeoman Second Class Blanche Oswald and Yeoman Third Class Betty Martin in a 5in twin gun turret aboard Missouri, Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, United States, 19 Aug 1944
See all photos dated 19 Aug 1944

19 Aug 1944 Interactive Map

19 Aug 1945
  • USS Caiman arrived at Subic Bay, Zambales, Philippine Islands, ending her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Segundo reconnoitered waters off the Kurile Islands, monitoring Soviet activity. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The first public conference of the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League, which was held at the Naythuyain Theater on Kandawgyi Lake in Rangoon, Burma, came to a close. Aung San, who promised to unite the various anti-colonial groups in Burma, emerged the foremost leader of Burmese nationalists, especially as the communists broke away from the AFO. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC, CPC]
China
  • Soviet SMERSH operatives convinced General Otozo Yamada to surrender at Xinjing (Changchun), China. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • Hiroshi Nemoto was named the commanding officer of the Japanese North China Area Army while still retaining his command over the Japanese Mongolian Garrison Army. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Demchugdongrub and his followers departed Kalgan, Chahar Province (now Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province), China for Beijing, China as Soviet-backed Outer Mongolian troops neared the city from the north and communist Chinese troops approached from the south, thus effectively ending the Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US forces entered Shanghai, China to prevent Chinese communists from occupying the city. Chinese Nationalist forces would finally arrive in Shanghai on 3 Sep 1945. ww2dbase [CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • President Sukarno of the newly founded Republic of Indonesia announced the names of his cabinet ministers. Meanwhile, the Peta militia and Heiho volunteers, both of which pro-Japanese para-military war-time organizations, began to be disbanded. ww2dbase [CPC]
French Indochina
  • Ho Chi Mihn, backed by Vo Nguyen Giap's 30,000-strong Chu Luc force, took over control of Hanoi, Vietnam, French Indochina. ww2dbase [AC]
  • In Tonkin, French Indochina, tens of thousands of villagers in support of the Viet Minh marched from the countrysides into Hanoi. Amongst them was an armed unit of Viet Minh which dispersed the local police while Japanese forces refrained from interference. By 1100 hours, the crowd grew to about 200,000. Shortly after, the Viet Minh took over the Viceroy's Palace. A number of Japanese tanks approached with plans to maintain peace, but they departed after some negotiations. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hong Kong
  • A band of Chinese guerrilla fighters attacked a company of Japanese Army troops at Mui Wo, Lantau Island, Hong Kong. In retaliation, acting company commander Lieutenant Chozaburo Matsumoto ordered several civilians nearby to be tied to stakes and beaten. When company commander Lieutenant Yasuo Kishi returned to duty later that day, he ordered the arrest and beheading of village elders Tsang Sau and Lam Fook. Later in the evening, Matsumoto ordered further arrests. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese troops were told by their government that surrendering under the terms of a ceasefire would not be considered a loss of honour under the Bushido code which demanded fighting to the death. As a result thousands began laying down their arms. Meanwhile, more than 100 Allied warships waited off the coast of Japan for the order to enter her ports. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Malaya
  • Malayan nationalist leader and war time Japanese collaborator Ibrahim Yaacob and his family escaped British Malaya for Java, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • US Secretary of State James Byrnes declared that Thailand was "not an enemy but as a country to be liberated from the enemy", in response to Regent Pridi Phanomyong's declaration that Thailand's participation in WW2 was unconstitutional. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Aug 1945
African-American US Army Chaplain Wm Green presiding over wedding of Pfc Florence Collins (6888th Postal Directory Bn) and Cpl Wm Johnson (1696th Labor Supervision Co), Rouen, France, 19 Aug 1945USS Gar arriving Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 19 Aug 1945. Note the exceptionally long commissioning pennant with balloon known as a "Going Home" pennant that was common when heading home after the warJapanese delegation stopped at Ryukyu Islands en route to Manila for surrender, 19 Aug 1945, 01 of 10Japanese delegation stopped at Ryukyu Islands en route to Manila for surrender, 19 Aug 1945, 02 of 10
See all photos dated 19 Aug 1945

19 Aug 1945 Interactive Map

19 Aug 1947

Germany
  • Ilse Koch was found guilty of violating laws and customs of war, and sentenced to life imprisonment. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Aug 1950
  • USS Missouri set sail for Korea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Aug 1958

Germany
  • Artur Axmann was fined 35,000 German Marks by a court in West Berlin, Germany for indoctrinating German boys with Nazi Party ideology. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Aug 1961
  • USS Spot was recommissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Aug 1961
USS Wasp in formation with Gearing-class destroyers, S2F aircraft, AD-5W aircraft, and HSS-1 helicopters of Task Group Bravo, Mediterranean Sea, 19 Aug 1961

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years."

James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945