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World War II Database

25 Mar 1887
25 Mar 1892
25 Mar 1912
  • Yoshijiro Umezu was promoted to the rank of captain. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
25 Mar 1918
  • US Navy Ensign John F. McNamara, operating from RNAS Portland, Dorset, England, United Kingdom, became the first US naval aviator to make an attack on an enemy submarine. ww2dbase [AC]
25 Mar 1919
  • USS Arizona departed Trinidad. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
25 Mar 1924
  • Greece proclaimed itself a republic. ww2dbase [CPC]
25 Mar 1925

United Kingdom
  • John Logie Baird gave the first public demonstration of television at Selfridges department store in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 1925
Ford Island in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii looking East.  The Army’s Luke Field facilities are at left and the Navy’s Air Station at right, Mar 25, 1925.

25 Mar 1925 Interactive Map

25 Mar 1927
25 Mar 1928

Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 1928
Lexington off Panama City during her shakedown cruise, 25 Mar 1928
25 Mar 1936

Kazakhstan
  • Bauyrzhan Momyshuly was conscripted into military service for a second time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
25 Mar 1938
  • The Evian Conference, called for by US President Franklin Roosevelt, was held in Evian, France to discuss the arrangement of homes for Jewish refugees who had fled from Germany. Ultimately the conference would result in nothing. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler gave a speech at Königsberg, Germany; the approval of the annexation of Austria was his main concern. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Chinese troops stumbled upon the Japanese artillery position near Tai'erzhuang, Shandong Province and scattered Japanese gun crews, forcing the Japanese to move 1,000 men and 20 light tanks from the main assault force to deal with this surprise. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Submarine Scirè entered Italian Navy service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
25 Mar 1939
  • Lanciere was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British cruiser HMS Phoebe was launched by Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company in Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Slovakian forces resumed their counterattack against the invading Hungarian forces. Hungarian aircraft raided the Slovakian airfield at Spisská Nová Ves, killing 13. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German intelligence chief Wilhelm Canaris reported to Adolf Hitler that his agents had detected Polish troop movements on the Polish border with Danzig. Hitler met with Army chief Walther von Brauchitsch regarding this latest development in his attempt to acquire Danzig. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops defeated the Chinese 102nd Division west of Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS S-26 arrived at New London, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
25 Mar 1940
  • German submarine U-47 sank Danish steamer Britta 30 miles north of Scotland at 0540 hours, killing 13. 5 survivors were rescued by Danish steamer Nancy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hungarian Prime Minister Pál Teleki met with Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano; Teleki voiced neutrality for Hungary. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Swiss inteliigence warned Norway regarding evidence of a German invasion, but Norway chose to ignore the warning. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • French Prime Minister Reynaud wrote to the British War Cabinet, proposing ideas to undermine any possibility of further Soviet expansion in Scandinavia. British Prime Minister Chamberlain refused to cooperate as he refused to build hostility with the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The British government forbade captured servicemen to participate in enemy propaganda radio broadcasts. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-57 sank British tanker Daghestan 9 miles east of Orkney Islands, Scotland at 0811 hours, killing 3. 29 survivors were picked up by armed anti-submarine trawlers HMS Northern Wave and HMS Brontes. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The United States gave contractors to the US Army Air Corps the authority to sell to anti-Axis governments the most modern types of combat aircraft. ww2dbase [AC]
  • By this date, the strength of the Japanese counteroffensive near Wuyuan, Suiyuan Province, China had grown to 3,000 men with artillery and aircarft support. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
25 Mar 1941
  • British and Indian troops attacked Italian positions on the heights above the Dongolaas Gorge in Eritrea, Italian East Africa at 0300, capturing 2 small hills and 500 prisoners by 0530 hours, gaining control of the road through the gorge. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German armed merchant cruiser Thor sank British liner Britannia 750 miles west of Freetown, Sierra Leone, British West Africa. 203 crew and 281 passengers (most of which were British military personnel) took to lifeboats. Thor began to rescue the survivors, but after taking on only one man, Thor detected British radio transmissions and fled the area before British warship arrived (which never came). 255 survivors of Britannia would be lost. Later on the same day, Thor sank Swedish merchant ship Trolleholm, capturing the entire crew of 31. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German armed merchant cruiser Kormoran captured empty Canadian tanker Canadolite in the Mid-Atlantic about halfway between British West Africa and Brazil; Canadolite was sent to Brest, France as a prize ship. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Italian destroyers Crispi and Sella departed Leros, Dodecanese Islands in Greece, each carrying three 2-ton motor assault boats loaded with 300-kg explosives. At 2330 hours, the destroyers released the motor boats 10 miles off Suda Bay, Crete, Greece to attack British warships. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Rodolfo Graziani stepped down as the Governor-General of Italian Libya, succeeded by Italo Gariboldi. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
  • Two Swordfish aircraft squadrons of HMS Eagle were temporarily transferred to Port Sudan, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Austria
  • Prime Minister Dragisa Cvetkovic of Yugoslavia signed the Tripartite Pact at Vienna, Austria; in secret, Yugoslavia had also allowed German troops to travel on Yugoslavian railroads for an attack on Greece. Upon hearing of the signing of this document, anti-Axis demonstrations escalated in Belgrade. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
Japan Romania
  • Petre Dumitrescu was named the commanding officer of Romanian 3rd Army. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Jams and marmalade ration in Britain was reduced to 8 ounces per person per month and meat ration cut to 6 ounces per person per week. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 1941
Greek Army Major Ioannis Paparrodou in Voskopojë (Moscopole), Albania, 25 Mar 1941Pilot Officer Kennedy of No. 47 Squadron RAF Detachment inspecting his Wellesley bomber after engagement with two CR.42 fighters, Agordat, Eritrea, 25 Mar 1941; his gunner Sergeant German was killed
25 Mar 1942
  • US Navy Admiral King ordered a base to be established at Efate, New Hebrides. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US 1st Marine Brigade (Provisional) arrived in New York, United States from Iceland; the unit was disbanded immediately upon arrival. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Allied convoy PQ-9 ran into a storm west of Norway; ice accumulated on British whaler HMS Sulla, causing her to gain too much top weight, eventually capsizing her; all 21 aboard were killed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kurt Fricke was awarded Order of the Cross of Liberty 1st Class with Oak Leaves and Swords of Finland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-552 attacked Norwegian tanker Ocana 100 kilometers southwest of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada at 0413 hours; 53 were killed, 4 survived; Ocana would remain afloat and burning for several days until scuttled by gunfire. At 0609 hours, U-105 sank British tanker Narragansett 400 miles east of Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States, killing all 49 aboard. Far out to sea, 530 miles east of Newfoundland, U-94 attacked British tanker Imperial Transport, causing the crew to abandon ship, but the men would reboard the ship by 2030 hours and continue the journey. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • The main Japanese offensive against Taungoo, Burma began at 0800 hours, striking northern, western, and southern sides of the city nearly simultaneously. Fierce house-to-house fighting would continue through the night. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • 254 RAF Bomber Command aircraft (192 Wellington, 26 Stirling, 20 Manchester, 9 Hampden, and 7 Lancaster aircraft) attacked Krupp iron works and factories at Essen, Germany; 5 civilians were killed, 11 were wounded. The British lost 5 Manchester, 3 Wellington, and 1 Hampden aircraft. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • Joseph Rochefort's cryptanalytic team in Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii intercepted a Japanese Navy message that mentioned a campaign against a location with code name RZP. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Permit fired three torpedoes at a Japanese transport in the Dutch East Indies; all three torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Grayback fired a torpedo a Japanese patrol vessel in the Philippine Sea off Ryukyu Islands, Japan; the torpedo missed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Washington departed Casco Bay near Portland, Maine, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

25 Mar 1942 Interactive Map

25 Mar 1943
  • Lieutenant Ralph Marcus Wallace was named the commanding officer of HMCS Trillium. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Greek partisans captured Samos Island from the Italian garrison, albeit only temporarily. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The Spanish foreign ministry announced the closure of its border with France and stopped with refugee from cross into Spain without transit papers. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Indian 4th Division overran the Mareth Line in Tunisia. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Russian fighter Ace Grigori Rechkalov received his first (of two) award of Hero of the Soviet Union while serving as a senior lieutenant with the 16th GvIAP. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The Japanese offensive at Bougainville in the Solomon Islands was halted. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The No. 5 Column of the Chindits, under Bernard Fergusson, made rendezvous with Orde Wingate's main body at Shaukpin Chaung river bed in Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vasily Kuznetsov was promoted to the rank of colonel general. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • A Japanese reconnaissance flight over Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands discovered about 300 Allied aircraft at the base. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Nauru
  • US bombers attacked Nauru for the first time. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Wahoo sank freighter Satsuki Maru in the Yellow Sea with two torpedoes (both of which missed) and her deck gun. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Whale spotted a Japanese ship and began tracking her off Saipan, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Trinidad United States
  • The keel of submarine Barbero was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • George Kenney attended the posthumous Medal of Honor award ceremony for Brigadier General Kenneth Walker at the White House in Washington DC, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 1943
Johnston sliding down the building ways at the Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation shipyard, Seattle, Washington, United States, 25 Mar 1943AEC Mk II armored car, Lulworth, England, United Kingdom, 25 Mar 1943Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., Major General Terry Allen, and Lieutenant General George Patton observing the field near El Guettar, Tunisia, late Mar 1943

25 Mar 1943 Interactive Map

25 Mar 1944
  • USS Pollack sank Japanese Submarine Chaser No. 54 and damaged two freighters in the Nanpo Islands area, Japan; ten torpedoes were expended in this attack. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar fired six torpedoes on a Japanese ship; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hitler allowed German 1.Panzerarmee to break out west of Lvov, Ukraine. ww2dbase [TH]
  • US declared Manus, Admiralty Islands secure. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Churchill's recommendations to bomb German V-weapon sites were turned down by Eisenhower, who preferred to place priority on transportation and communications hubs. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Hungarian Council of Ministers approved several anti-Semitic policies, including a law requiring Jews to wear the yellow Star of David to be effective on 5 Apr 1944. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Germany
  • 811 RAF bombers raided Berlin, Germany; 122 aircraft were lost. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
India
  • The 3rd Battalion of the Japanese 60th Regiment attacked Allied positions at Sangshak, India. Meanwhile, Louis Mountbatten requested the Anglo-American Combined Chiefs of Staff for more aircraft to supply Imphal, India, which would be denied. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Landing ship No. 104 was launched. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale set sail for East China Sea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • 184 Jews who had been recently arrested from their hiding places in the Hague in the Netherlands arrived at Auschwitz Concentration Camp. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt arrived at Hyde Park, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 1944
Jewish women being rounded up, Ioannina, Greece, 25 Mar 1944AGP Oyster Bay tending PT boats in Seeadler Harbor, Admiralty Islands, 25 Mar 1944

25 Mar 1944 Interactive Map

25 Mar 1945
  • USS Tirante sank Japanese tanker Fuji Maru. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wake Island arrived about 100 kilometers south of Okinawa, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US First Army finally broke out of Remagen bridgehead in Germany. 140 kilometers to the north, British Second Army captured Wesel, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Retreating USAAF personnel blew up the Laohokow air base in China to prevent Japanese capture. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British General Montgomery issued a non-fraternization order as British troops entered Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Winston Churchill, accompanied by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, crossed the Rhine River in Germany, visiting HQ 21st Army Group and delivered a characteristic message to officers and men. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs stepped down as the commanding officer of German Armeegruppe F. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Springer arrived at Guam, Mariana Islands, ending her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Finback arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her twelfth and final war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Sargent Bay arrived in Okinawa, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Tadamichi Kuribayashi passed away on Iwo Jima, Japan. He reportedly committed ritual suicide, but his body was never found. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Taiwan
  • 18 US A-20 bombers from Luzon, Philippine Islands attacked a factory at Kyoshito District (now Qiaotou District), Takao (now Kaohsiung), Taiwan. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Whitfield Street in St Pancras, London, England, United Kingdom in the late afternoon, killing 9 and seriously injuring 46. The Whitfield Memorial Chapel at Tottenham Court Road was badly damaged. In the evening, at 2300 hours, another rocket hit Broadfield Square in Enfield, London, killing 7 and seriously injuring 100. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
United States
  • The second FR Fireball prototype aircraft was destroyed in a crash. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 1945
American troops crossing the Rhine under fire at Sankt Goar, Germany, late Mar 1945Large group of German prisoners of war sitting together in a compound after being captured by the Western Allies, 25 Mar 1945Winston Churchill and American generals on a balcony watching Allied vehicles crossing the Rhine River into Germany, 25 Mar 1945British Prime Minister Winston Churchill looking over the Rhine River from the ruins of the west end of the bridge at Wesel, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, circa 25 Mar 1945
See all photos dated 25 Mar 1945

25 Mar 1945 Interactive Map

25 Mar 1946
  • USS Iowa returned to the United States from Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Activity was sold to the civilian firm Glen Lines; she was to be renamed Breconshire. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Tranquility was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Rudolf Hess' attorney Dr. Alfred Seidl brought evidence concerning the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact to the war crimes trial in Nürnberg, Germany. The evidence would not be allowed to be entered. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

25 Mar 1946 Interactive Map

25 Mar 1953

Korea
  • USS Missouri bombarded Koja, Korea, which was her final gunfire support mission in Korea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 1953
M46 medium tank of US 1st marine Tank Battalion, Korea, 25 Mar 1953; note bulldozer attachment and anti-rocket wire screen
25 Mar 1961

United States
  • Milton Miles passed away of cancer at the National Naval Medical Center in Maryland, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

25 Mar 1961 Interactive Map

25 Mar 1969

Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 1969
Battleship New Jersey bombarding enemy positions near Tuyho, South Vietnam, late Mar 1969
25 Mar 1973

United States
  • Edward Steichen passed away in West Redding, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
25 Mar 2005

Photo(s) dated 25 Mar 2005
Instrument panel of B-24J Liberator bomber

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943