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World War II Database

23 Oct 1892

Ukraine
  • Pavel Rybalko was born in the Kharkov Governorate of the Russian Empire. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 1897

Russia
  • Dmitry Pavlov was born in Vonyukh (now Pavlovo), Kologrivsky District, Kostroma Governorate, Russian Empire. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 1911

United Kingdom
  • Chinese cruiser Zhaohe was launched at Elswick, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 1913

United States
  • Arthur Chin was born in Portland, Oregon, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Oct 1913
Texas making 15.151 knots during the 9th run of her standardization trials, 23 Oct 1913
23 Oct 1914
  • German troops attacked the towns of Escobecques, Englos, and Capingham in Belgium south of Ypres. ww2dbase [CPC]
23 Oct 1917
  • In Petrograd, Russia the central committee of the Bolshevik Party decided that the time was ripe for an armed insurrection to seize power from the Provisional Government. ww2dbase [AC]
23 Oct 1918

Germany
  • Robert Greim was awarded the Military Order of Max Joseph, which added the honorific Ritter and the style von to his name, ie. Robert Ritter von Greim. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 1927

Russia
  • Leon Trotsky, already expelled from the Politburo, denounced Joseph Stalin on the floor of the Plenum, publicly accusing Stalin as being the real danger to the Leninist party. He received little support from the other Soviet delegates. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
23 Oct 1933

France
  • The keel of Marseillaise was laid down by A. C. de la Loire in Nantes, France. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 1934
  • Italian pilot Francesco Agelio set a new world speed record of 440.682 mph (709.209 km/h) in a Macchi MC 72 racing seaplane. Remarkably this still remains the unbeaten speed record for piston-engined seaplanes. ww2dbase [AC]
23 Oct 1935

United Kingdom
  • In England, portions of the prototype Hurricane fighter were transported from Kingston upon Thames to Brooklands for assembly for a soon to be held test flight. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 1937

China
  • Yingrui was sunk by Japanese carrier aircraft from Kaga off Jiangyin, Jiangsu Province, China; 15 were killed, 40 were wounded. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Skipjack was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by Miss Frances Cuthbert Van Keuren. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
23 Oct 1938

China
  • Japanese troops captured Humen, Guangdong Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 1939
  • HMS Edinburgh departed Rosyth, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British light cruiser HMS Orion and Canadian destroyer HMCS Saguenay intercepted German tanker Emmy Friedrich; Emmy Friedrich's crew scuttled the ship to avoid capture. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Oct 1939
Scharnhorst and U-47 at Kiel, Germany, 23 Oct 1939
23 Oct 1940

Canada
  • Ten WW1-era American destroyers were transferred to the British Royal Navy at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, including destroyer USS Twiggs which was renamed HMS Leamington. ww2dbase [CPC]
France
  • Adolf Hitler met with Francisco Franco on the Franco-Spanish border at Hendaye, France. Franco promised Spain will fight at Germany's side, but refused to commit his nation to war. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • Germans only mounted small raids against southern England, United Kingdom due to poor weather; no aircraft were shot down on either side during the day. Overnight, light bombing hit London, England and Glasgow, Scotland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Oct 1940
Adolf Hitler and Francisco Franco, Hendaye train station, France, 23 Oct 1940, photo 1 of 2Adolf Hitler and Francisco Franco shaking hands, Hendaye train station, France, 23 Oct 1940Adolf Hitler and Francisco Franco, Hendaye train station, France, 23 Oct 1940, photo 2 of 2
23 Oct 1941
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Honolulu, US Territory of Hawaii at 1000 hours and disembarked American nationals who wished to return to the US due to the rapidly deteriorating US-Japan relations. Two Japanese intelligence agents who carried instructions for the consulate and a supply of radios for civilian spies already in place on Oahu, Hawaii were also disembarked. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • In Odessa, Ukraine, as reprisals to the previous day's bombing, 5,000 Jews were murdered by shooting, 19,000 Jews were murdered by burning, and 20,000 civilians (mostly Jews) were arrested. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Charles de Gaulle met with leaders of resistance movements, asking them to bide their time and protect the lives of innocents. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • German merchant raider Kormoran completed taking on 4,000 tons of diesel oil and 6 months of supply from supply ship Kulmerland off Cape Leeuwin, Australia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Soviet attempt to break out of Leningrad, Russia south of Lake Ladoga was halted by the Germans. Meanwhile, 120 kilometers to the east, two divisions of the Soviet 54th Army were dispatched to reinforce Tikhvin, which had been under attack by the Germans. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The 3rd Panzer Division of the German Panzergruppe 2 outflanked Soviet troops at Mtensk, Russia, 100 kilometers south of Moscow. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Four crew members of German submarine U-106, on watch on the deck, were swept overboard in the Bay of Biscay and were all lost. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Soviet submarine SC.323 sank German merchant ship Baltenland in the Baltic Sea. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British cruisers HMS Ajax, HMS Neptune, and HMS Hobart, escorted by destroyers HMS Eridge and HMS Avonvale, departed Alexandria, Egypt and bombarded Bardia, Libya. Meanwhile, also from Alexandria, British destroyers HMS Napier, HMS Nizam, HMS Jupiter, and HMS Hasty bombarded Sollum, Egypt. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • The German government banned the emigration of Jews. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Poland
  • 2,014 German Jews originally from Cologne, Germany arrived at the Lodz Ghetto in Poland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 1942
  • Tirpitz departed Bogen near Narvik, Norway for refitting at Fættenfjord/Lofjord near Trondheim. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Enterprise and USS South Dakota arrived at Nouméa, New Caledonia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Operation Lightfoot was launched by the British in Egypt, attempting to penetrate the extensive Axis minefield with a major offensive. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied convoy UCF 1, containing troops and equipment for the invasion of French North Africa, departed Chesapeake Bay, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Amidst heavy mortar and artillery barrages, Japanese tanks attempted to cross the Matanikau River on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands; while some successfully crossed, all were eventually driven back by US Marines. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-333 arrived at La Pallice, France. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 7 US B-17 Flying Fortress bombers launched from Port Moresby, Australian Papua at 0145 hours, followed by another 7 shortly after. As they reached Rabaul, New Britain, ,most of them conducted conventional bombing against Simpson Harbor while 3 of them skip-bombed; the skip-bombing damaged 2 submarine chasers. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • Auschwitz-bound prisoners in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Germany staged a revolt that resulted in failure. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • RAF bombers attacked Genoa and Turin, Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt arrived in London, England, United Kingdom for a three-week visit as guest of King George VI. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS S-28 arrived at San Diego, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Pollack arrived at Midway Atoll, refueled, and departed for her fourth war patrol in the Truk, Caroline Islands area. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
23 Oct 1943
  • Lieutenant General Brehon Somervell visited India and offered US Army railway troops to support the British Bengal and Assam Railway. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Banking tycoon William Averell Harriman replaced William H. Standley as the United States ambassador to the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Italy
  • British elements of US 5th Army capture Sparanise, Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands Newfoundland
  • U-537 departed Martin Bay, Labrador, Newfoundland after installing Weather Station Kurt and repairing the submarine's storm damage. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback fired her deck gun at a small boat in the East China Sea, causing no damage. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • A transport of prisoners from Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp arrived at Gas Chamber II of Auschwitz Concentration Camp. In the undressing room, one of the Jewish women seized SS man Josef Schillinger's pistol and shot Schillinger and another guard, Wilhelm Emmerich. Other prisoners joined in to attack other guards, but the SS eventually took control of the situation. Schillinger died on the way to the hospital; Emmerich survived the wound, but became permanently disabled. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Ukraine
  • Soviet forces captured Melitopol, Ukraine after 10 days of combat; meanwhile, Malinovsky's forces captured Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. ww2dbase [TH]
United Kingdom
  • Two years after the death of his first wife, Margaret, former British Liberal Prime Minister David Lloyd George (aged 80) married his secretary and mistress, Francis Stevenson, much to the disapproval of his children. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Oct 1943
F4F-4 Wildcats of Marine Fighting Squadron VMF-441 on Nanumea Airfield, Ellice Islands, Oct 23, 1943
23 Oct 1944
  • HMS Activity arrived in Trincomalee, Ceylon. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Franklin launched strikes in the Manila Bay area at Luzon, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Croaker sank a Japanese freighter with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired and damaged a schooner. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Snook attacked a Japanese convoy over the course of the day, firing a total of 20 torpedoes. Scoring 7 total hits, she sank passenger-cargo ship Shinsei Maru Number 1, tanker Kikusui Maru, and passenger ship Arisan Maru (which was carrying 1,800 American prisoners of war, many of whom did not survive). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tang attacked an escorted Japanese convoy consisted of three tankers, one transport, and one freighter. She penetrated to the center of the convoy without being detected and fired nine torpedoes, eight of which found targets. All five ships were sunk, and Tang was able to escape unharmed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • After dark, USS Guitarro spotted the Japanese Center Force sailing toward the Philippine Islands and tracked this fleet through the Mindoro Strait. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Trepang arrived at Majuro, Marshall Islands, ending her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Charles Alfred Evelyn Stanfield was named the commanding officer of HMS Mauritius. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first unmanned flight of the prototype Ohka aircraft was conducted over Sagami Bay, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Six TDR drones were flown against beached Japanese ships in Moisuru Bay, Bougainville and off the south end of the Kahili airstrip. Two TDRs scored a direct hits on a beached Japanese freighter serving as an antiaircraft gun platform at Kahili, and one hit another beached merchantman in Moisuru Bay. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | DS]
Hungary
  • German III.Panzer Korps launched a counter attack near Debrecen, Hungary. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Hungarian and German soldiers rounded up Jews in the city of Budapest, Hungary. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • British 78th Division captured Monte Spaduro, Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Japanese Navy landing ship No. 161 was completed and was transferred to the Army as SB No. 101. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita transferred his flag aboard Yamato after his former flagship Atago was sunk by submarine USS Darter. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Sunfish arrived at the Yellow Sea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US submarines Darter and Dace detected a Japanese fleet in the Palawan Strait and reported the movement. Darter sank cruisers Atago and Maya. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines Taiwan
  • A passenger aircraft crashed near the Taiwan Grand Shrine on Yuanshan Mountain in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan, destroying a torii gate and other important structures of the shrine. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • A Japanese passenger transport plane that had just taken off from Matsuyama Airfield (now Songshan Airport) in Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan lost control and crashed atop the mountain where the Taiwan Grand Shrine was located. The accident and resulting fires destroyed the Torii ceremonial archway, stone toro lanterns, and other structures. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Prototype of the Welkin II nightfighter took its maiden flight. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Oct 1944
MacArthur and Osmeña en route to Leyte liberation ceremony, 23 Oct 1944MacArthur, Osmeña, Kreuger, Sutherland at Leyte liberation ceremony, Tacloban, Leyte, Philippines, 23 Oct 1944Guerilla leader Kangleon reports to MacArthur at Leyte liberation ceremoney, 23 Oct 1944Japanese 25mm dual mount anti-aircraft gun in its revetment on the causeway to Cabras Island, Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands, 23 Oct 1944
See all photos dated 23 Oct 1944
23 Oct 1945
  • USS Missouri arrived at New York, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Farragut was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Whale arrived at Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche departed Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Oct 1945
USS Anzio in San Francisco Bay, California, United States, 23 Oct 1945
23 Oct 1946

Korea
  • The US Army military government in Korea issued the Name Restoration Order, which provided means for Koreans to change their surnames back to their Korean surnames if they or their families had adopted Japanese surnames during the Japanese occupation. ww2dbase [CPC]
23 Oct 1951

Japan
  • Prince Takahito's daughter Princess Masako was born. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Oct 1951
US President Harry Truman and Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh, 23 Oct 1951
23 Oct 1957
  • Chen Cheng was named the Deputy Chairman of the Nationalist Party of China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Wasp arrived at Boston Naval Shipyard, Massachusetts, United States for a major overhaul. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 1963

Japan
  • Shigeru Yoshida retired from the Japanese Diet. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 1970

Japan
  • Marquis Hironobu passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 1984
  • Günther Altenburg passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 2003

United States
  • Song Meiling passed away in her sleep in New York, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"Since peace is now beyond hope, we can but fight to the end."

Chiang Kaishek, 31 Jul 1937