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28 Sep 1871
28 Sep 1889

  • Prince Hiroyasu arrived in Germany. ww2dbase [Hiroyasu | CPC]
28 Sep 1906

  • Prince Hiroyasu was promoted to the rank of commander. ww2dbase [Hiroyasu | CPC]
28 Sep 1907
  • Isoroku Yamamoto was promoted to the rank of sub-lieutenant. ww2dbase [Isoroku Yamamoto | CPC]
28 Sep 1909

Dutch East Indies
  • Captain F. J. P. Sachse arrived at Numbay on the northern coast of New Guinea. The town would be renamed Hollandia by the Dutch occupiers less than four months later. ww2dbase [Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea | CPC]
28 Sep 1910

28 Sep 1912

  • General Koichiro Tachibara was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Chosen Army in occupied Korea. ww2dbase [CPC]
28 Sep 1914
  • Franklin Roosevelt's bid for US Senate was defeated in the Democratic primary. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
United States
  • Rear Admiral Nathaniel R. Usher was named the commanding officer of New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York, United States. ww2dbase [New York Navy Yard | Brooklyn, New York | CPC]

28 Sep 1914 Interactive Map

28 Sep 1918
  • Ernst Udet was wounded in the thigh. ww2dbase [Ernst Udet | CPC]
28 Sep 1919

  • A referendum in Luxembourg determined that Luxembourg would remain a monarchy. ww2dbase [CPC]
28 Sep 1924

United States
  • Shortly after 0000 hour, while Joseph Rochefort was acting as the officer of the deck, tanker Cuyama and the several destroyers attached to her began drifting into the San Francisco Bay in California, United States, causing minor damage to various ships but causing no casualties. Rochefort would escape blame in the resulting inquiry, receiving only a minor reprimand on his file. ww2dbase [Joseph Rochefort | San Francisco, California | CPC]
28 Sep 1926

28 Sep 1927

South Africa
  • Lieutenant Dick Bently of the South African Air Force landed his D.H.60X Moth aircraft after making the first solo flight from Great Britain to Cape Peninsula, South Africa. He had left London on 1 Sep 1927. ww2dbase [Cape | AC]
28 Sep 1928

Photo(s) dated 28 Sep 1928
Wedding photograph of Prince Yasuhito and Princess Setsuko, 28 Sep 1928, photo 1 of 2Wedding photograph of Prince Yasuhito and Princess Setsuko, 28 Sep 1928, photo 2 of 2
28 Sep 1929

  • Joseph Rochefort reported in to the United States Embassy in Tokyo, Japan. ww2dbase [Joseph Rochefort | Tokyo | CPC]
28 Sep 1935

China France
  • Gloire was launched at the Forges et Chantiers de la Gironde shipyard in Lormont, Aquitaine, France. ww2dbase [Gloire | Lormont, Aquitaine | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Sep 1935
Launching ceremony of cruiser Pinghai, Shanghai, China, 28 Sep 1935

28 Sep 1935 Interactive Map

28 Sep 1936
  • Arturo Riccardi was made Grand Officer of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus. ww2dbase [Arturo Riccardi | CPC]
  • Albatros began her second patrol during the Spanish Civil War. ww2dbase [Albatros | CPC]
28 Sep 1937

  • Zhaohe was sunk by Japanese aircraft off Guangdong Province, China. ww2dbase [Zhaohe | Guangdong | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Sep 1937
Goebbels speaking during Mussolini
28 Sep 1938
  • Neville Chamberlain proposed to Adolf Hitler a conference between European powers to resolve the issue of Czechoslovakia; Hermann Göring convinced Hitler to accept such an offer rather than waging war. Meanwhile, Chamberlain sent Czechoslovakian President Edvard Beneš a message to express that Britain was to represent Czechoslovakia in the upcoming conference with Germany, and Britain would keep Czechoslovakia's best interest in mind. ww2dbase [Munich Conference and the Annexation of Sudetenland | AC]
  • Franz Halder went to see German Army chief Walther von Brauchitsch and gained some support for his planned overthrow of Adolf Hitler should there be a war over the Sudetenland crisis. At the end of the day, with Neville Chamberlain visiting Munich, Germany, and thus dramatically lessening the possibility of war between Britain and Germany, Halder called off the revolt. ww2dbase [Franz Halder | CPC]
  • Air Vice-Marshal Ranald Reid was made the commanding officer of British Forces Aden, succeeding Wilfred McClaughry. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Italian Naval Staff (Stato Maggiore Marina) formed a special research and development section at La Spezia, Italy; it was to report to 1a Flottiglia MAS, a torpedo boat flotilla. ww2dbase [La Spezia, Liguria | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British cruiser HMS Apollo was recommissioned as Australian cruiser HMAS Hobart. ww2dbase [Hobart | CPC]
United States

28 Sep 1938 Interactive Map

28 Sep 1939

  • The Australian 6th Infantry Division was established under the command of Lieutenant General Thomas Blamey for service overseas. ww2dbase [Thomas Blamey | AC]
  • Estonia and the Soviet Union signed a 10-year mutual assistance pact which allowed Soviet troops to be stationed in Estonia. ww2dbase [Annexation of the Baltic States | CPC]
Poland Russia
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop arrived in Moscow, Russia, where would announce jointly with the Soviets an attempt to negotiate for peace with the western powers; should Britain and France reject this peace offer, Germany then could not be blamed for the aggression, he reasoned. ww2dbase [Joachim von Ribbentrop | Moscow | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Sep 1939
German troops marched through Warsaw, Sep 1939German General Blaskowitz accepting the surrender of Polish troops at the Skoda factory building in Warsaw, Poland, 28 Sep 1939Vyacheslav Molotov and Joachim von Ribbentrop shaking hands, Moscow, Russia, 28 Sep 1939Map attached to the German-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Demarcation of 28 Sep 1939; note signatures of Joseph Stalin and Joachim von Ribbentro
28 Sep 1940
  • The first of the purchased US destroyers arrived in Britain. ww2dbase [TH]
  • German submarine U-32 sank British ship Empire Ocelot 350 miles west of Ireland at 1609 hours; 2 were killed and 32 were rescued by British destroyer HMS Havelock. German submarine U-37 sank the already-abandoned British ship Corrientes at 2000 hours; she was damaged by U-32 on 26 Sep. German destroyers Eckholdt, Riedel, Lody, Galster, Ihn, and Steinbrinck departed Brest, France and laid mines in Falmouth Bay at the western end of the English Channel. Meanwhile, British anti-submarine trawler Recoil hit a mine and sank in the English Channel off Portland Bill in southern England, United Kingdom; 25 were killed. ww2dbase [First Happy Time | CPC]
  • German tanker Shell II was sunk by British bombers in the River Scheldt in the Netherlands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Australian destroyer HMAS Stuart and British aircraft sank Italian submarine Gondar 12 miles off Egypt. Gondar was carrying three piloted torpedoes intended for use against the British Mediterranean Fleet, thus this plan to attack on the fleet at Alexandria was thwarted. Gondar's entire crew of 43 and the 4 torpedo pilots were rescued by HMAS Stuart. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Pandora sank Italian ship Famiglia 10 miles off Libya between Benghazi and Tobruk. Italian torpedo boat Enrico Cosenz counterattacked unsuccessfully. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille shot down his 7th kill, a British Spitfire fighter, over the English Channel. His fighter received damage in the engagement, but he was able to crash land in France. ww2dbase [Hans-Joachim Marseille | CPC]
  • Battleship Bismarck departed Kiel, Germany for Gotenhafen (Gdynia), occupied Poland and then into the Baltic Sea for her trials. ww2dbase [Bismarck | Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • At 1000 hours, over 120 German aircaft crossed the coast of Kent in southern England, United Kingdom in two waves; British fighters intercepted most of them, and only 6 bombers were able to reach London to release their bombs. At 1330 hours, 35 German bombers escorted by 125 fighters attacked targets in Kent; this group was turned back by 1410 hours. At 1415 hours, 60 German aircraft flew toward Portsmouth, southern England from Cherbourg, France; they were intercepted over the English Channel, released their bombs into the water, and returned to base. Although most German missions failed to reach their targets, the kill ratio of the day favored the Germans; 16 British fighters were shot down with 9 pilots killed, while the Germans only lost 6 fighters. Overnight, London was heavily bombed, while Liverpool was also attacked; meanwhile, German aircraft mined the Thames Estuary. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | England | CPC]
  • Nearly half a million mothers and children began evacuating London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [London, England | AC]
United States
  • Sumner Welles, US Under-Secretary of State, in a statement said that the overwhelming majority of the American nation was determined to render all material support and assistance to the people of Britain "successfully defending their homes with a heroism which is worthy of the finest traditions of that proud people". ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Sep 1940
German Bf 109 fighter after force-landing on a French beach, 1940-1941; this might have been Hans-Joachim MarseillePeter Drummond speaking to journalists, 28 Sep 1940Submarine Gar under construction, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 28 Sep 1940, photo 1 of 2; topside stern view looking forwardSubmarine Gar under construction, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 28 Sep 1940, photo 2 of 2; topside bow view looking aft

28 Sep 1940 Interactive Map

28 Sep 1941
  • US and British representatives traveled to Moscow, Russia to discuss the matter of western aid to the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The Second Battle of Changsha commenced. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Changsha | CPC]
  • The British transferred the airfield RAF Bassingbourn in Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom to the US Army. The airfield would soon house the USAAF 91st Bombardment Group, which would remain until the end of the war. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Oak Leaves and Swords to the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross award, and Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, were both established in Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Tetrarch damaged German ship Yalova 20 miles south of Naples, Italy; Yalova was beached to prevent sinking. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British corvette HMS Hyacinth sank Italian submarine Fisala 35 miles west of Palestine. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • HMS Edinburgh arrived at Malta. ww2dbase [Edinburgh | CPC]
  • Light carrier Hosho became the temporary flagship of Carrier Division 3. ww2dbase [Hosho | CPC]
  • Georgy Zhukov announced to his troops that family members of those who become captured by the enemy would be arrested and shot. ww2dbase [Georgy Zhukov | CPC]
  • A uprising against Bulgarian occupation began in Macedonia region of Greece. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hawaii Malta
  • The Allied Operation Halberd convoy arrived in Malta and began to disembark 50,000 tons of supplies aboard its ships. ww2dbase [Malta Campaign | CPC]
  • Allied convoy QP-1, which was consisted of 14 British and Soviet merchant ships escorted by British cruiser HMS London and four minesweepers, departed Arkhangelsk, Russia at about 1200 hours for Britain. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Arkhangelsk | CPC]
Ukraine Photo(s) dated 28 Sep 1941
UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill inspecting the ruins of the Coventry Cathedral, England, United Kingdom, 28 Sep 1941Soviet soldiers in Leningrad, Russia, 28 Sep 1941

28 Sep 1941 Interactive Map

28 Sep 1942
  • USS Sculpin hit Japanese seaplane carrier Nisshin with torpedoes east of Kokoda Island, Bismarck Archipelago. ww2dbase [Sculpin | CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Jinichi Kusaka was named the commanding officer of the Japanese Navy 11th Air Fleet. ww2dbase [Jinichi Kusaka | CPC]
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille was telephoned by Erwin Rommel, who wanted him to accompany him to Berlin, Germany for a speech at the Berlin Sportpalast. Marseille rejected the offer, citing his wish to save his leave time to marry Hanne-Lies Küpper later in the year. ww2dbase [Hans-Joachim Marseille | CPC]
  • USS S-31 arrived at Dutch Harbor, US Territory of Alaska, ending her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [S-31 | Unalaska | CPC]
  • Irako transited the Bungo Strait between Shikoku and Kyushu, Japan. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
New Caledonia
  • USS Copahee arrived at Nouméa, New Caledonia. ww2dbase [Copahee | Nouméa | CPC]
  • Chester Nimitz arrived at Nouméa, New Caledonia, which was his first stop in a front-line inspection tour of the Solomon Islands area. ww2dbase [Chester Nimitz | Nouméa | CPC]
  • In Stalingrad, Russia, Sergeant Jacob Pavlov and three others assaulted the much shelled apartment block facing Solechnaya street, expelling the incumbent Germans with hand-grenades. In the cellar they found several badly wounded Soviet soldiers still holding out. "Pavlov's House" would become a boundary fortification, and a symbol of resistance. The handful of men defended the outpost for 58 days, against infantry, artillery and tank assaults. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | Stalingrad | AC]
United Kingdom
  • German bombers attacked Colchester and Broadstairs, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | England | CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 28 Sep 1942
Major General Richard Sutherland, Admiral Chester Nimitz, Vice Admiral Robert Ghormley, and Major General Millard Harmon meeting aboard USS Argonne at Nouméa, New Caledonia, 28 Sep 1942
28 Sep 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Makassar, Celebes and departed later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Germans recaptured Split, Dalmatia, Yugoslavia from the partisans. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The US submarine Cisco was sunk by Japanese aircraft west of Mindanao, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Cisco | AC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS Grouper unloaded supplies for coast watchers on New Britain. She also picked up downed airman Captain Arthur Post of US 8th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron, who had been shot down three months prior. ww2dbase [Grouper | New Britain | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Edmund Herring and his staff officers R. B. Sutherland and R. Bierwirth boarded a USAAF B-25 bomber at Dobodura Airfield on New Guinea island for transport to Milne Bay. The undercarriage of the aircraft collapsed during takeoff, causing the propeller to break pieces off of the Marston Mat; Sutherland was struck and killed by one such piece. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | Edmund Herring | Dobodura | CPC]
  • The body of Brigadier General Nathan Forrest, who was killed when the B-17 bomber within which he traveled was destroyed in Jun 1943, was wash up near a seaplane base at Ruegen Island in Germany. ww2dbase [Pommern | CPC]
  • US 3rd Infantry Division captured Avellino, Italy. ww2dbase [Operation Avalanche | Avellino, Campania | CPC]
  • Italian resistance fighters and German occupation troops clashed in the Materdei district, the Vomero district, the Porta Capuana city gate, the Castel Nuovo fortress, the Sant'Anna dei Lombardi church, and other locations in Naples, Italy. ww2dbase [Naples Uprising | Naples, Campania | CPC]
  • USS Harder attacked a Japanese transport off Japan; both torpedoes missed. Later in the day, she set sail for the Hawaiian Islands. ww2dbase [Harder | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bluefish sank a Japanese transport in the Banda Sea, hitting her with 2 of 2 torpedoes fired., ww2dbase [Bluefish | Banda Sea | CPC]
US Pacific Islands

28 Sep 1943 Interactive Map

28 Sep 1944
  • USMC landed on Ngesebus of Palau Islands to eliminate a Japanese artillery position. ww2dbase [Palau Islands and Ulithi Islands Campaigns | CPC]
  • RAF bombers dropped 909 tons of bombs on Kaiserslautern, Germany, destroying 36% of the town. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • Apart from a few isolated pockets of resistance, the Germans surrendered Calais Citadel in France after further intensive bombing raids by British bombers. ww2dbase [AC]
Australian New Guinea China
  • The grand Shinto shrine in Lushun, puppet nation of Manchukuo (Liaoning Province, China), its contruction completed in Mar 1944, held its opening ceremony. ww2dbase [Lushun, Liaoning | CPC]
  • B-25 bombers of US 14th Air Force attacked Tianhe Airfield in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. ww2dbase [Tianhe Airfield | Guangzhou, Guangdong | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Alabama arrived in Saipan, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Alabama | Saipan | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale patrolled waters south of Taiwan. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Kete departed the Panama Canal Zone. ww2dbase [Kete | CPC]
  • Kamoi took on food and disembarked heavy oil while at Manila, Philippines. ww2dbase [Kamoi | Manila | CPC]
  • Beginning on this date and through the following month, about 18,402 prisoners from Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia were transferred to Auschwitz Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Auschwitz Concentration Camp | Oswiecim | CPC]
  • The Polish underground political group Council of National Unity sent another message to Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, and Franklin Roosevelt requesting supply drops and air strikes on German positions. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
  • Allied convoy RA-60 departed the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Murmansk | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • During a speech in the House of Commons, Winston Churchill condemned Bulgaria, reminding the members that Bulgarians have been responsible for many war crimes in Greece and Yugoslavia, and that (as far as Great Britain was concerned) they were not welcome as co-belligerents, until they demonstrate atonement for their former misdeeds. ww2dbase [Winston Churchill | London, England | AC]
  • German Air Force III/KG3 flew 20 sorties and lost two of their aircraft. The only other contacts were with a Royal Navy Avenger aircraft that was intercepted by Flight Officer Henley and a Warwick recognised in good time by Squardon Leader Humphrey, he continued on his patrol and claimed his first flying bomb over The hague, The Netherlands. All 7 of the bombs that got through the defence fell in the East Anglia region of England, United Kingdom, most landed in farmland and there were no injuries caused. ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | Vergeltungswaffe 1 | England | HM]
  • In the United Kingdom, US airmen were awarded by the Polish government-in-exile for having dropped supplies to Polish resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland during Operation Frantic 7. Colonel Karl Truesdell, Jr. received the Virtuti Militari 5th Class personally awarded by Commander-in-Chief General Kazimierz Sosnkowski, while nine other airmen received the Cross of Valor. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Operation Frantic | England | CPC]
  • In Moscow, Russia, Josip Tito formally authorized Soviet troops to enter Yugoslavia. Soviet 57th Army began marching toward Belgrade, Yugoslavia in three columns, with 64th Rifle Corps crossing the Morava River at Paracin, 68th Rifle Corps advancing from Vidin toward Mladenovac, and 75th Rifle Corps advancing from Turnu toward Pozarevac. ww2dbase [Belgrade Strategic Offensive Operation | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Sep 1944
Chiang KaishekB-17G Fortress “Lost Angel” Belly landed at RAF Kimbolton after being damaged over Magdeburg, Germany, 28 Sep 1944. Note that the crew had unbolted and dropped the ball turret to keep it from breaking the airframe’s back

28 Sep 1944 Interactive Map

28 Sep 1945
  • US Coast Guard Lieutenant (jg) John Murchison relieved G. E. Oliver as the commanding officer of US Army ship FS-390. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In Kandy, Ceylon, Louis Mountbatten ordered British troops en route to Indonesia to be limited to key areas, thus avoiding the Indonesian-Dutch political tensions. ww2dbase [Louis Mountbatten | Kandy | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Rioting took place in Indonesia against the Dutch. ww2dbase [CPC]
French Indochina
  • Chinese General Lu Han accepted the surrender of Japanese 38th Army at Hanoi, French Indochina. The French delegation boycotted the ceremony due to the Chinese-Vietnamese joint attempt to place the French delegation far from the main ceremonies during the planning process. ww2dbase [Japan's Surrender | Lu Han | Hanoi, Tonkin | CPC]
  • George Patton was summoned to Frankfurt, Germany by Dwight Eisenhower, who scolded him for repeatedly stirring up controversies and transferred him to the US 15th Army in the rear, which was tasked with compiling a history of the European War. ww2dbase [George Patton | Frankfurt | CPC]
Japan Photo(s) dated 28 Sep 1945
San Francisco off Korea, 28 Sep 1945; note SOC aircraft on catapultsJapanese tank crew bringing a Type 95 Ha-Go light tank to men of Australian 2/4 Armoured Regiment after surrendering Rapopo Airfield, New Britain, Solomon Islands, 28 Sep 1945Tokyo, Japan in ruins, 28 Sep 1945Tokyo, Japan in ruins, 28 Sep 1945
See all photos dated 28 Sep 1945

28 Sep 1945 Interactive Map

28 Sep 1946
  • Danae was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Danae | CPC]
28 Sep 1950

Photo(s) dated 28 Sep 1950
Submarines Dragonet, Menhaden, Mapiro, Seahorse, Sand Lance, Batfish, Capitaine, Pipefish, and Manta at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, California, United States, 28 Sep 1950

28 Sep 1950 Interactive Map

28 Sep 1951

United States
28 Sep 1957

United States

28 Sep 1957 Interactive Map

28 Sep 1963
  • Captain Gerald Norton was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul. ww2dbase [Saint Paul | CPC]
28 Sep 1965

  • USS Ticonderoga began a tour in Asian waters. ww2dbase [Ticonderoga | CPC]
28 Sep 1997

United States

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"Since peace is now beyond hope, we can but fight to the end."

Chiang Kaishek, 31 Jul 1937

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