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19 Jan 1890

French Indochina
  • Prince Petsarath Ratanavongsa was born in Luang Phrabang, Kingdom of Luang Phrabang (now Laos). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Jan 1895

Australia
  • Arthur Coningham was born in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Jan 1905

United States
  • Oveta Culp was born in Killeen, Texas, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Jan 1915

United Kingdom
  • Two German Navy Zeppelins made the first airship attack on the United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]
19 Jan 1918

France
  • Joseph Stilwell disembarked USMS New York at Le Havre, France and was assigned to the AEF General Headquarters in Chaumont, France. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • The German battlecruiser Goeben and cruiser Breslau (both under the Turkish flag) and screened by four torpedo boats, under the command of Admiral von Rebeur Paschwitz sortied out of the Bosphorus (Istanbul Strait) into the Mediterranean Sea with the intent on bombarding the British naval base of Mudros bay on the island of Lemnos, Greece. Within half an hour of leaving the Dardanelles the Goeben struck a mine. The damage was not that serious but did force the accompanying torpedo boats to turn back. ww2dbase [AC]
19 Jan 1919

Germany
  • In the German elections, Chancellor Ebert's Social Democrats won a large plurality with 38 percent of the total vote. ww2dbase [AC]
19 Jan 1920

United States
  • The United States Senate voted against joining the League of Nations. ww2dbase [CPC]
19 Jan 1921

Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Arizona arrived at Colón, Panama Canal Zone and entered the canal. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Jan 1932

Germany
  • Joseph Goebbels and Adolf Hitler travelled to Munich, Germany together; en route, Goebbels attempted to convince Adolf Hitler to run for the office of the President of Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Jan 1935
  • The US Marine Corps' Fleet Marine Force units began their participation in the Fleet Landing Exercise No. 1 at Culebra, Puerto Rico under Brigadier General Charles H . Lyman and in the joint exercises with the Special Service and Training Squadrons of the US Fleet in the Caribbean area. ww2dbase [CPC]
19 Jan 1938

China
  • George Fitch, an American missionary, departed Nanjing, China for Shanghai with 16-millimeter film containing scenes of Japanese atrocities secretly sewn into the lining of his jacket. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Nikolai Voznesensky became the Chairman of the State Planning Committee of the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Jan 1940

Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-9 torpedoed and sank Swedish merchant ship Patricia, which escaped U-9's first attack on two hours prior, in the North Sea at 0145 hours. 19 men were killed; 4 survivors were later picked up by Swedish merchant ship Frigg. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-55 sank Norwegian vessel Telnes off the Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom; 18 lives were lost. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-59 torpedoed and sank French steamer Quiberon off Great Yarmouth, England, United Kingdom at 2100 hours. All men aboard were killed. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-44 began tracking Greek steamer Ekatontarchos Dracoulis at 2200 hours in the Bay of Biscay. Around midnight, U-44 fired a torpedo at the Greek ship, but the torpedo detonated prematurely before reaching the target. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British submarine Sunfish fired 4 torpedoes at German submarine U-14 off Helgoland, Germany; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • Kanemasa Akiyama was attached to the staff of the Japanese Army Technical Research Institute. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British destroyer Grenville hit a naval mine and sank in the Thames Estuary in southern England, United Kingdom at 1250 hours, killing 77. 108 survivors were rescued by two destroyers that braved the minefield. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • Senator William Borah, leader of the isolationists in the United States, died suddenly of cerebral hemorrhage in Washington DC. ww2dbase [AC]
19 Jan 1941

Abyssinia
  • Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia crossed the border between Sudan and Italian Eritrea, traveling toward his home country behind advancing British and Commonwealth troops. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
  • British and Commonwealth troops attacked Italian Eritrea. 4th and 5th Indian Infantry Divisions captured the railway junction at Kassala, Sudan, on the border with Italian Eritrea. This allowed the column led by British General William Platt to march south. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Benito Mussolini visited Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden in Germany, accepting German assistance in North Africa, but not Albania. Hitler noted that he would launch an invasion of Greece if British troops there began to threaten the oil refineries at Ploiesti, Romania. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
Greece
  • British transport ships Clan Cumming, Clan MacDonald, and Empire Song departed Pireaus, Greece for Alexandria, Egypt at 0800 hours. At 1153 hours, 25 miles south of Pireaus, Italian submarine Neghelli attacked, damaging Clan Cumming with a torpedo. Escorting destroyer HMS Greyhound sank Neghelli with depth charges, killing the entire crew of 46. Escorting destroyer HMS Janus escorted Clan Cumming back to Pireaus while the rest of the convoy sailed on. ww2dbase [CPC]
Malta
  • German Luftwaffe Stuka dive bombers attacked Valletta Harbour, Malta for the fourth consecutive day in their attempt to finish off the damaged British carrier HMS Illustrious, which was only further damaged with near missed. Destroyers HMS Imperial and HMS Decoy were also damaged by the attack. One Stuka aircraft was shot down by a Fulmar aircraft, which was also shot down later in the battle. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German Luftwaffe aircraft bombed RAF Feltwell in England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Jan 1942
  • US Secretary of War Henry Stimson formally asked Chiang Kaishek to approve a US commander for Chinese troops fighting in Burma; Chiang agreed, albeit with ambiguous language. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-66 sank Canadian ship Lady Hawkins 150 miles off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, United States at 0743 hours; 251 were killed, 71 survived. On the same day, German submarine U-123 sank US ship City of Atlanta (43 were killed, 3 survived) and US ship Norvana in the same general area, killing 43 of 46 aboard; US tanker Malay was damaged in the same attack. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Japanese troops captured the airfield at Tavoy (now Dawei), Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Jaroslav Krejcí was named the prime minister of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. ww2dbase [CPC]
Egypt
  • Returning from the United States, the nationalist Prime Minister of Burma, U Saw, was arrested by the British police in Egypt after being detected communicating with the Japanese while at Lisbon, Portugal. He would spend the next four years a prisoner in the British Protectorate of Uganda. ww2dbase [AC]
Germany
  • Robert von Greim was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht radio report. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Astoria departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Pensacola arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Iceland
  • Dispersed ships of Allied convoy QP-5 began to arrive in Allied waters. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Malaya
  • Japanese troops landed at Sandakan, British North Borneo unopposed at 0700 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • The headquarters of the Indian 45th Brigade in Malaya was destroyed by a Japanese air raid at 1000 hours, wounding General Duncan and killing all of his staff officers. Elsewhere in British Malaya, Australian 8th Division withdrew from Gemas to prevent being cut off by a Japanese flanking maneuver. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Soviet 3rd and 4th Shock Armies advanced toward Toropets and Kholm, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Seven US airmen set up the VIII Bomber Command at RAF Daws Hill in Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • The US 2nd Marine Brigade (detached from 2nd Marine division) with 8th Marines arrived in American Samoa. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jan 1942
Broadside view of Biscayne in her original configuration with a large crane and clear fantail, Boston Navy Yard, Massachusetts, United States, 19 Jan 1942; note OS2U Kingfisher aircraft on tailPort bow view of Biscayne in her original configuration with a large crane and clear fantail, Boston Navy Yard, Massachusetts, United States, 19 Jan 1942; note OS2U Kingfisher aircraft on tailPort quarter view of Biscayne in her original configuration with a large crane and clear fantail, Boston Navy Yard, Massachusetts, United States, 19 Jan 1942; note OS2U Kingfisher aircraft on tail
19 Jan 1943
  • USS Grampus completed her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ranger launched USAAF P-40 aircraft off Accra, Gold Coast to reinforce Allied forces fighting in North Africa. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gar ended her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Filipp Golikov was promoted to the rank of colonel general. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Bruce Fraser was made a Grand Officer of the Dutch Order of Orange-Nassau. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Japanese troops landed at Wewak, New Guinea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Parkash Singh of Indian 14th Division daringly rescued wounded comrades on the Mayu Peninsula in Burma. For his, and similar deeds on 6 Jan 1943, he was to be awarded the Victoria Cross medal. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down two Hurricane fighters over Akyab (now Sittwe), Burma, his 17th and 18th victories. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hong Kong
  • Tatsuta Maru departed Hong Kong at 1300 hours with 1,180 men aboard, including 663 Canadian prisoners of war from the Sham Sui Po prisoner of war camp. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Haddock fired 4 torpedoes at a six-ship convoy, sinking a transport 5 miles southeast of Shima, Mie Prefecture, Japan with 2 hits. She was counterattacked by depth charges by aircraft. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Pollack sank a Japanese cargo ship off Honshu, Japan with one of two torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Wahoo transited Vitiaz Strait between New Guinea island and New Britain island. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jan 1943
Henri Giraud and Franklin Roosevelt at Casablanca, French Morocco, 19 Jan 1943US Army honor guard presenting the colors outside the President’s villa ‘Dar es Saada’ in the Anfa neighborhood of Casablanca, French Morocco during the Casablanca Conference, Jan 1943.
19 Jan 1944

Australia
  • The three-day ANZAC Conference began in Canberra, Australia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Resistance fighters blew up the Usines Ratier airscrew works, in southwetern France, wrecking it so thoroughly that it never resumed production in wartime. The charges with 30-minute fuses, laid while German guards patrolled the yards outside, detonated with such force that one 30-ton press was sent 25ft into the air. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS San Juan arrived off Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii and rejoined USS Saratoga's task group. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Ireland
  • The Irish government announced the arrest of two Irish traitors, parachuted in from German aircraft. ww2dbase [TH]
Italy
  • British 46th Infantry Division attacked German positions near the junction of the Garigliano River and the Liri River in Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • An Italian motor torpedo boat raid on Allied-held Naples, Italy was aborted. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Haddock fired 6 torpedoes on a Japanese warship convoy 100 miles east of Guam, Mariana Islands, damaging carrier Unyo with 3 hits. Unyo would sail to Saipan, Mariana Islands for temporary repairs. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • German troops managed to avoid being encircled at Novgorod, Russia. ww2dbase [TH]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jan 1944
Drawing of Measure 32 Design 7A for Iowa-class battleships, 19 Jan 1944, page 1 of 2 (starboard-side view)Drawing of Measure 32 Design 7A for Iowa-class battleships, 19 Jan 1944, page 2 of 2 (port-side view)Commodore Leslie Gehres standing at attention while Vice Admiral Jack Fletcher presents him with the Legion of Merit award, Adak, Alaska, 19 Jan 1944. Photo 1 of 2.Commodore Leslie Gehres standing at attention while Vice Admiral Jack Fletcher presents him with the Legion of Merit award, Adak, Alaska, 19 Jan 1944. Photo 2 of 2.
19 Jan 1945
  • The Germans began evacuating civilians from Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Burma
  • Allied aircraft attacked Japanese positions at Monywa, Burma while the Indian 20th Division assaulted the port city on the Chindwin River. Meanwhile, Indian 4th Corps began its secret march southward for Meiktila, Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Czechoslovakia
  • Richard Bienert was named the prime minister of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler ordered that any attacks or retreats by divisions or larger units must be approved by him beforehand. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Alexander Löhr was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Parche attacked two Japanese ships east of Taiwan, damaging a tanker and a freighter with 1 torpedo each; 10 torpedoes were expended during this attack. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Spot sank a Japanese cargo ship and a tanker in the Yellow Sea, hitting them with 3 of 13 torpdoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Red Army captured Kraków and Lódz, Poland and entered Ostpreußen (East Prussia), Germany from the south. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit Town Quay, Barking, London, England, United Kingdom at 2300 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jan 1945
Men of the US 1st Infantry Division checking out a gasoline truck that had skidded off the road due to snow and ice, Sourbrodt, Belgium, 19 Jan 1945With her deck loaded with aircraft, Light Carrier USS Belleau Wood riding at anchor off Hunters Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco, California, United States, 19 Jan 1945
19 Jan 1946

Japan
  • General Douglas MacArthur established the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo, Japan to try Japanese war criminals. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Mero departed the Panama Canal Zone. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Stilwell stepped down from his position at the War Equipment Board in Washington, DC, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Jan 1961

United States
  • USS Springer completed a period of training with a Chilean crew. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jan 1961
Guided missile cruiser USS Canberra at sea, 19 Jan 1961
19 Jan 1977

United States
  • Iva Toguri D'Aquino was pardoned by Gerald Ford on Ford's final day in office as the US President. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944