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9 Jul 1896
9 Jul 1917

United Kingdom
  • The Vickers-built Dreadnought HMS Vanguard was lost through an internal explosion at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom with the loss of 804 crew. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | AC]

9 Jul 1917 Interactive Map

9 Jul 1918
  • Quintin Brand was appointed the commanding officer of No. 151 Squadron RAF. ww2dbase [Quintin Brand | CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt departed Washington Naval Shipyard in Washington DC, United States aboard USS Dyer. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
9 Jul 1919

  • Settsu hosted Emperor Taisho during a naval review off Yokohama, Japan. ww2dbase [Settsu | CPC]
9 Jul 1921

United States
  • USS Arizona departed New York City, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Arizona | CPC]
9 Jul 1924
  • Whitehall was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Whitehall | CPC]
9 Jul 1929

United States
  • Joseph Stilwell ended a period of leave in the United States. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
9 Jul 1932

United States
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at San Pedro, Los Angeles, California, United States and disembarked athletes participating in the 1932 Olympics. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
9 Jul 1934

Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1934
USS Astoria entering Honolulu harbor during her shakedown cruise, US Territory of Hawaii, 9 Jul 1934

9 Jul 1934 Interactive Map

9 Jul 1935

United States
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. ww2dbase [Tatsuta Maru | CPC]
9 Jul 1936

  • The French Army started its first evaluation of the Lorraine 37L armored tracked carrier. ww2dbase [37L | CPC]
  • The keel of of M1 was laid down by St?lcken at the H. C. St?lcken Sohn shipyard in Hamburg, Germany. ww2dbase [H. C. Stülcken Sohn | M1 | CPC]

9 Jul 1936 Interactive Map

9 Jul 1937

9 Jul 1939

  • A Soviet counterattack defeated the southern prong of the Japanese offensive in the Mongolia Area of China. ww2dbase [Battle of Khalkhin Gol | CPC]
9 Jul 1940
  • RAF considered this date the official start of their night bombing campaign against Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • British submarine HMS Salmon was lost 60 miles off of Stavanger, Norway; the entire crew of 39 was never heard from again. She was presumed to have hit a naval mine. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The German raider Komet left Bergen, Norway for operations in the Pacific Ocean via the Northern Sea Route in the Arctic Ocean assisted by Russian icebreakers. ww2dbase [Komet | TH]
  • British government implemented rationing on tea: each person was allowed 2 ounces of tea per week. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British House of Commons passed a ?1,000,000,000 war credit. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • During the night, 11 British Hampden aircraft (out of 14 dispatched) attacked battleship Tirpitz to little effect. ww2dbase [Tirpitz | CPC]
  • German Luftwaffe aircraft attacked shipping in the English Channel and off the British coast. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | CPC]
  • USS O'Brien arrived at Par?, Brazil. ww2dbase [O'Brien | CPC]
  • German Nachtjagdgeshchwader 1 wing scored its first kill. ww2dbase [AC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-34 sank Estonian ship Tiiu southwest of Ireland at 1232 hours; the crew of 20 were rescued by a British trawler. In the same general area, at 2119 hours, German submarine U-43 sank British ship Aylesbury; the crew of 35 were rescued by destroyers HMS Harvester and HMS Havelock. ww2dbase [First Happy Time | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • At 1515 hours, 50 miles south of Italy, heavily escorted Italian convoy for Benghazi, Libya ran into an equally powerful British convoy for Malta. British battleship HMS Warspite hit Italian battleship Giulio Cesare at the range of 24 kilometers, making it one of the longest naval gun hits of the war. Although Italian ships withdrew first, Italian aircraft forced the British ships back by 1700 hours. ww2dbase [Malta Campaign | Warspite | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Douglas Bader's No. 242 Squadron RAF, based at RAF Coltishall at Norwich, England, United Kingdom, was declared fully operational. ww2dbase [Douglas Bader | CPC]
  • HMS Dianthus was launched at Leith, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Dianthus | CPC]
  • King George VI made a royal visit to RAF Digby during which he presented a Distinguished Flying Cross to Flying Officer Guy Gibson, the future leader of the Dambusters Squadron. ww2dbase [George VI | AC]
  • Flying Officer Guy Gibson, who would later win the Victoria Cross for leading the daring attack on the Ruhr dams in Germany in May 1943, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) after completing 34 operations in five months with No. 3 Squadron RAF. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • US Coast Guard cutter Campbell arrived at Boston, Massachusetts, United States with US Consul to Greenland James K. Penfield, Governor of North Greenland E. Brun, and a group of Danish officials on board. They came to Boston to discuss commerce and trade of Greenland as an independent entity due to the German occupation of Denmark. ww2dbase [CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • US Marine Corps Captain Kenneth W. Benner was ordered to continue the survey of Midway Atoll with another officer, 8 enlisted Marines, and 2 US Navy corpsmen. He was to relieve Captain Samuel G. Taxis who had been been there since early Jun 1940 on the same mission. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1940
Zara firing during the Battle of Calabria, 9 Jul 1940

9 Jul 1940 Interactive Map

9 Jul 1941
  • The US Congress authorized the funding of $14,990,000 for the construction of Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point over 32 square-kilometers of land in North Carolina, United States. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Troops of the German 3.Panzergruppe captured Vitebsk, Byelorussia. ww2dbase [Operation Barbarossa | TH]
  • The British Air Ministry instructed Bomber Command to concentrate its efforts against the German transportation system and breaking the morale of the civilian population. At about 0130 hours, British bombers attacked M?nster, Germany; the reading room of the state archive, warehouse of the state theater, the post office at the Domplatz, and the eastern wall of the cathedral were destroyed. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | AC]
  • The head of Gosplan, the young economist Nikolai Voznesensky, was given responsibility for drafting a new war production plan for the whole Soviet economy. ww2dbase [Nikolai Voznesensky | AC]
  • A British report noted that, for the week ending at 0600 hours on 9 Jul 1941, an estimated 78 people were killed by German bombing while an estimated 67 people had been seriously injured. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt announced that American troops were to relieve British troops in the occupation of Iceland. Adolf Hitler responded by publicly noting that it was a clear act of aggression against Germany; however, when Erich Raeder asked Hitler whether it was time for the German Navy to deliberately attack American vessels, Hitler still rejected the request. ww2dbase [Invasion of Iceland | CPC]
  • The French High Commissioner in Syria, General Henri Dentz, applied to the British authorities for discussions to begin which would lead to an armistice. ww2dbase [Campaigns in the Middle East | AC]
  • Douglas Bader claimed one probable German aircraft shot down and another damaged. ww2dbase [Douglas Bader | CPC]
  • Soviet aircraft engineers met to compile a report on their rocket-powered fighter development, which was to be forwarded to Joseph Stalin. ww2dbase [BI | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Flying Fish was launched at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Kittery, Maine, United States, sponsored by the wife of US Navy Admiral Husband Kimmel. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1941
Launching of submarine Flying Fish, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, United States, 9 Jul 1941, photo 1 of 2Launching of submarine Flying Fish, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, United States, 9 Jul 1941, photo 2 of 2Submarine Flying Fish shortly after launching, with tugs Yaqui and Pennacook, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, United States, 9 Jul 1941Astoria

9 Jul 1941 Interactive Map

9 Jul 1942
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Ambon, Molucca Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Cruiser K?ln departed for Oslo, Norway, laying mines en route. ww2dbase [Köln | CPC]
  • The submarine that would later be named USS Blenny was ordered. ww2dbase [Blenny | CPC]
  • U-575 sank British ship Empire Explorer 100 kilometers east of Grenada at 0247 hours; 3 were killed, 75 survived. U-571 sank Honduran ship Nicholas Cuneo with her deck gun 50 miles north of Havana, Cuba at 1601 hours; 1 was killed, 19 survived. Again 100 kilometers east of Grenada, at 2305 hours, U-203 sank British ship Cape Verde; 2 were killed, 40 survived. ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | CPC]
  • Italian submarine Perla attacked British corvette HMS Hyacinth with torpedoes off Beirut, Lebanon. After all torpedoes missed, Hyacinth counterattacked with depth charges, forcing Perla to dive, but mechanical failures forced the submarine to surface and become captured. Perla would later be pressed into British and then Greek service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German 4th Panzer Army captured Voronezh, Russia while German 6th Army reached Rossosh 100 miles to the south. Iin Ukraine, German 1st Panzer Army crossed the Donets River. The German advances made in the past few days forced Joseph Stalin to allow the Soviet Southwest and Southern Fronts to fall back. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | CPC]
  • Soviet submarine S-7 attacked Swedish coastal freighter Noreg 10 miles off Sweden in the Baltic Sea at 1617 hours; all torpedoes missed. At 1958 hours, she attacked and sank Swedish coastal freighter Margareta in the same area, killing 14. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German Ju 88 bombers attacked Allied convoy PQ-17 in the Barents Sea at 2000 hours, damaging Panamanian freighter El Capitan (all 67 aboard survived), US freighter Hoosier (all 53 aboard survived), US Liberty Ship Samuel Chase, and rescue ship Zamalck; 4 German aircraft were shot down in the attack. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
  • Seven German torpedo boats attacked Allied convoy WP-183 south of Lyme Bay, England, United Kingdom at 0100 hours. S67 sank British tanker Pomella; S48, S109, and S70 sank Norwegian freighters Kongshaug (8 were killed), R?sten (5 were killed), and Bokn (12 were killed); S50 sank Dutch ship Reggestrom; and S63 sank British armed trawler HMT Manor (19 were killed, 1 survived). German bombers arrived to conduct a follow-up attack, sinking British ship Gripfast (7 were killed). ww2dbase [CPC]
Baltic Sea
  • Submarine S-7 attacked Swedish transport Noreg east of Ark?sund, Sweden at 1617 hours; the torpedo missed. At 1958 hours, she sank Swedish transport margareta in the same area. ww2dbase [S-7 | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories Finland
  • Finnish forces attacked the Soviet beachhead on the island of Someri, Finland, while Finnish and German vessels sank four Soviet torpedo boats off the coast. At about noon time, after suffering 126 deaths, the remaining 149 Soviet troops surrendered. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Lieutenant General Junjiro Ihara was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Chosen Army in occupied Korea. ww2dbase [CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Thresher sank Japanese torpedo recovery vessel Shinsho Maru off Kwajalein, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Thresher | CPC]
United States
  • Survivors of German submarine U-701, sunk by a US Hudson aircraft two days prior off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, United States, were rescued by a US Navy flying boat; they were delivered to the naval hospital at Portsmouth, Virginia, United States for treatment. In the North Atlantic, U-172 sank US ship Santa Rita at 1624 hours; 4 were killed, 59 survived. In the middle of the Atlantic Ocean between Florida, United States and Morocco, U-66 sank Yugoslavian ship Triglav at 2042 hours; 24 were killed, 19 survived. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | CPC]
  • The US Navy issued an order for the future submarine Spot. ww2dbase [Spot | CPC]

9 Jul 1942 Interactive Map

9 Jul 1943

British Western Pacific Territories
  • In the Solomon Islands, the US New Georgia Occupation Force advanced westward in the Munda-Barike region, toward the airfield at Munda. Nearby, 1st Raider Battalion attacked the island of Enogai. To reinforce New Georgia, the Japanese 13th Regiment began transferring 3,700 men from Kolombangara to Bairoko on the northwestern shore of New Georgia; this reinforcement would be conducted over the following 3 days. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yukikaze escorted a troop transport run to Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | CPC]
  • Shokaku departed Kure, Japan for Truk, Caroline Islands where she was to join her sister ship Zuikaku. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
  • A. A. Avseevich stepped down as GUKR SMERSH's chief in the Northwestern Front. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1943
German Panzer VI/Tiger I tanks passing burning buildings during the Battle of Kursk in Orel (Oryol), Russia, mid-Jul 194340mm Bofors mounts on the main deck of USS Iowa, New York Navy Yard, New York, United States, 9 Jul 194340mm Bofors mounts on turret No. 3 of USS Iowa, New York Navy Yard, New York, United States, 9 Jul 1943View from atop turret No. 2 of USS Iowa, looking forward, New York Navy Yard, New York, United States, 9 Jul 1943
See all photos dated 9 Jul 1943

9 Jul 1943 Interactive Map

9 Jul 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Palau and departed later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • British and Canadian forces entered the rubble that was Caen, France. Meanwhile, US XIX Corps began advancing toward Saint-L?, France. ww2dbase [Normandy Campaign, Phase 1 | TH]
  • Aiming to cut off German Armeegruppe Nord, Soviet 2nd Byelorussian Front attacked from Vitebsk, Byelorussia, Soviet 3rd Byelorussian Front attacked from Psovsk, and the Soviet Leningrad Front attacked toward Narva, Estonia. ww2dbase [Operation Bagration | TH]
  • Raoul Wallenberg boarded the 1721 train from Berlin, Germany for Budapest, Hungary, arriving later that night. ww2dbase [Raoul Wallenberg | CPC]
  • Major Frank Blaker of the British Royal Gurkha Rifles regiment won the Victoria Cross at Taunghi, Burma. Charging Japanese positions he was hit three times but continued to urge his men forward even as he lays dying. ww2dbase [AC]
  • British Royal Navy Captain F. J. Walker of the Second Escort Group died of a stroke brought on by heavy strain and overwork. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Adolf Hitler departed the Wolfsschlucht II headquarters in Margival, France for the Wolfsschanze headquarters in East Prussia, Germany. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | CPC]
  • A message was sent to USS Golet, but the submarine did not respond. ww2dbase [Golet | CPC]
  • USS Ray departed Fremantle, Australia for her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Ray | CPC]
  • Finnish troops withdrew from the ?yr?p?? ridge near Vuosalmi, Finland. On the Soviet side, a number of formations began to be withdrawn from the nearby Tali-Ihantala region for the campaign in Estonia. ww2dbase [Battle of Tali-Ihantala and Battle of Vuosalmi | CPC]
  • The British The North Staffordshire Regiment captured the fortified village of Malan, Italy. Facing dug-in Tiger tanks, the Staffords suffer 25% casualties in the battle. ww2dbase [Advance to the Gothic Line | AC]
  • Japanese Navy landing ship No. 155 was completed and was transferred to the Army as a SB craft. ww2dbase [No. 101/103-class | CPC]
  • The keel of landing ship No. 161 was laid down by Hitachi Zosen. ww2dbase [No. 101/103-class | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sunfish sank Japanese cargo ship Taihei Maru in the Kurile Islands, hitting her with 4 of 6 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Sunfish (Gato-class) | CPC]
  • USS New Mexico began guarding aircraft carriers off the Mariana Islands area. ww2dbase [New Mexico | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Segundo departed Balboa, Panama Canal Zone. ww2dbase [Segundo | CPC]
  • Five trains carrying 14,212 Hungarian Jews (3,065 from Monor, 3,072 from ?buda, 3,072 from Budakal?sz, 3,079 from Monor, and 1,924 from B?kesmegyer) acrossed the border into occupied Poland, destined for Auschwitz Concentration Camp. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Torpedo Squadron 80 aboard USS Ticonderoga resumed flight training off Trinidad. ww2dbase [Ticonderoga | DS]
United Kingdom
  • The South Metropolitan Gas Company's gasholder in Kennington, south-east London, England, United Kingdom received a direct hit from a V-1 flying bomb causing a huge explosion and a large amount of damage to local houses. ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | Vergeltungswaffe 1 | HM]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1944
A British soldier with Lee-Enfield No. 4 rifle on a street in Caen, France, 9 Jul 1944

9 Jul 1944 Interactive Map

9 Jul 1945
  • USS Cod rescued the crew of the grounded Dutch submarine O-19. Upon completion, she scuttled the grounded boat by gunfire. ww2dbase [Cod | CPC]
  • The Brazilian cruiser Bahia exploded and sank in the North Atlantic, with the loss of nearly 300 men. Whilst most likely an accident a theory persisted that she had been torpedoed by a German U-boats fleeing to South America. ww2dbase [AC]
Dutch East Indies
  • The US Coastal minesweeper YMS-84 struck a mine and sank off Balikpapan, Borneo. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Dragonet departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Dragonet | CPC]
Hawaii Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sea Robin sank a small Japanese patrol craft with one torpedo in the East China Sea and took on one survivor. ww2dbase [Sea Robin | CPC]
  • USS Spot sank two Japanese boats with her deck gun in the Yellow Sea. ww2dbase [Spot | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel attacked a Japanese submarine south of Japan; all 4 torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Gunnel | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1945
Columbushaus and other buildings at Potsdamer Platz in ruins, Berlin, Germany, 9 Jul 1945WAVES Aviation Metalsmith 2nd Class Kathryn A. Wolny repairing an inflatable liferaft for use on patrol planes, Naval Air Station Kaneohe, US Territory of Hawaii, 9 Jul 1945WAVES Aviation MachinistEstimated Japanese troop depositions in Kyushu, Japan, 9 Jul 1945

9 Jul 1945 Interactive Map

9 Jul 1946

United States
  • Joseph Rochefort's request for retirement was approved by the US Navy. ww2dbase [Joseph Rochefort | CPC]
9 Jul 1947

  • Ward Hermans' sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. ww2dbase [Ward Hermans | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • 21-year-old Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom announced her engagement to Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, the former Prince of Greece and Denmark. ww2dbase [AC]
9 Jul 1957

Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1957
USS Menhaden underway in the Pacific Ocean, 9 Jul 1957
9 Jul 1965

United States
9 Jul 1968

French Indochina
  • USS Ticonderoga's air group scored its first kill against a MiG aircraft. ww2dbase [Ticonderoga | CPC]
9 Jul 1969

  • Raizo Tanaka passed away in Japan. ww2dbase [Raizo Tanaka | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1969
Spanish diplomat ?ngel Sanz-Briz with singer Lenny Kuhr, 9 Jul 1969
9 Jul 1985

  • Charlotte passed away from cancer in Fischbach Castle, Fischbach, Luxembourg. ww2dbase [Charlotte | CPC]

9 Jul 1985 Interactive Map

9 Jul 2003

Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 2003
Conning tower of submarine Pintado on display at the National Museum of the Pacific War, Fredericksburg, Texas, United States, 9 Jul 2003
9 Jul 2008

United States
  • Wang Guangfu passed away in Dallas, Texas, United States. ww2dbase [Wang Guangfu | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."

Winston Churchill, on the RAF