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World War II Database

3 Apr 1882

United States
  • Charles Burnett was born in Browns Valley, Minnesota, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Apr 1888
3 Apr 1902
3 Apr 1917
  • King Karl of Austria-Hungary and his Foreign Minister Ottokar Czernin visited the German Kaiser, ostensibly to complain about the declaration of unrestricted U-boat warfare, but secretly to press for the need for peace. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • USS Arizona completed post-shakedown overhaul and departed Brooklyn Navy Yard, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Apr 1918
  • Kurt Fricke was awarded Friedrich August Cross 1st Class of Oldenburg. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Apr 1922
  • Joseph Stalin was appointed the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Apr 1924
  • S-18 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Roza Shanina was born in the village of Yedma, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Apr 1929

United Kingdom United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt gave a 30-minute-long radio address as the governor of New York, United States; he would come to use this medium to communicate with his supporters for the remainder of his career. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Apr 1935

China
  • Jiang Dingwen was promoted to the rank of general second class. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Apr 1938
  • Lerida, Catalonia, Spain surrendered to Spanish Nationalist forces. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
China
  • Major fighting in Tai'erzhuang, Shandong Province, China caused hundreds of civilian deaths. Unable to secure permission to withdraw from the city, Chinese General Sun Liren promised his men that he would remain in the city with the rest of the troops. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Apr 1939
  • The US Congress granted US$300,000,000 for the purchase of 3,200 new military aircraft over the next two years. ww2dbase [AC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler, on his own authority, ordered the armed forces to prepare "Case White" for the invasion and occupation of the whole of Poland later in the summer. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Apr 1939
XF4F-3 prototype Wildcat in flight, 3 Apr 1939
3 Apr 1940
  • Submarine Orzel departed Rosyth, Scotland, United Kingdom to patrol the coast off Kristiansand, Norway. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Katyn Massacre: Over 20,000 Polish police, military officers, and intellectuals were massacred by the Soviet NKVD. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Winston Churchill was appointed to chair a committee for war policy in Neville Chamberlain's cabinet. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • A pro-Axis government came to power in Iraq. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Flight Lieutenant Ryder of No. 41 Squadron RAF became the first RAF pilot to be shot down on home defence duties when he ditched his Spitfire fighter in the sea off Redcar, England, United Kingdom after bringing down a Heinkel 111 bomber. Ryder and the German crew were picked up safely. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Chinese troops secured the Wuyuan region in Suiyuan Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • A British Short Sunderland flying boat on patrol off Norway attacked by six Junkers Ju 88 aircraft successfully shot one down, forced another to land immediately and drove the rest off. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Germany
  • German supply ships began departing Hamburg, Germany for the invasion of Norway; in all 7 freighters of 28,693 tons would set sail. The British cabinet was warned of this action and the German concentration of troops within hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC, HM]
United States
  • The keel of submarine Grayback was laid down by the Electric Boat Company in Groton, Connecticut, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Apr 1940
Experimental A-17A aircraft at the National Advisory Committee for AeronauticsExperimental A-17A aircraft at the National Advisory Committee for AeronauticsExperimental A-17A aircraft at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

3 Apr 1940 Interactive Map

3 Apr 1941
  • Overnight, RAF unsuccessfully attacked German cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau at Brest, France, but some German naval officers were killed when a bomb struck the Continental Hotel in the city. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Axis troops marched toward Benghazi, Libya. British troops evacuated the city per General Philip Neame's orders. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German aircraft conducted a heavy raid on Bristol, England during the night. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Pál Teleki passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italian Admiral Mario Bonetti's fleet of 5 destroyers and smaller warships, which had sailed out of Massawa, Italian East Africa on the previous day, was detected and attacked by a force of British aircraft. Without air cover, one by one the Italian ships became so damaged by bomb hits that they had to be abandoned. The last survivor, the torpedo boat Orsini, tried to flee back to Massawa but being badly damaged by the British air attacks, she eventually settled and had to be scuttled before reaching the port. With British ground forces only an hour away from entering the port the remaining Italian ships there (Acerbi and half a dozen small MAS boats) were destroyed with demolition charges. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Winston Churchill recommended Richard O'Connor as the new British commander in Libya, but O'Connor declined. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-76 sank Finnish ship Daphne 150 miles south of Iceland, killing both crew members. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Tigris sank German tanker Thorn 100 miles southwest of Saint-Nazaire, France. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German bombers sank British munitions ship Northern Prince 17 miles west of Crete, Greece. All crew members survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Iraq
  • The Iraqi Parliamentary government was overthrown by the military coup d’état that began two days prior. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • HMS Argus and HMS Ark Royal, ferrying 12 Hurricane fighters and 3 Skua dive bombers, successfully launched them to reinforce Malta, completing Operation Winch. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill warned Joseph Stalin (via the Soviet ambassador in London, England, United Kingdom) German troop movements into Poland detected by British intelligence. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Of the ten Norwegian Kvarstad ships that had escaped captivity from Gothenburg, Sweden two days prior, only two of them successfully reached Leith, Scotland, United Kingdom. They were B. P. Newton and Lind. B. P. Newton had carried on board 71 people. ww2dbase [HM]
3 Apr 1942
  • German submarine U-552 sank US collier David H. Atwater with her deck gun 10 miles off Chincoteague Inlet, Virginia, United States at 0340 hours; 24 were killed, 3 survived. German submarine U-754 sank US freighter Otho 150 kilometers east of Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States, killing 31 of 53 aboard. In the South Atlantic, German raider Thor forced the crew of Norwegian ship Aust to abandon ship and sank her with gunfire. At 2331 hours, U-505 sank US ship West Irmo 200 miles off Ivory Coast, French West Africa; 10 were killed, 90 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • Aviation pioneer Charles Lindbergh began working on Ford's B-24 Liberator production line at Detroit, Michigan, United States as a consultant. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Admiral Chester Nimitz was confirmed as the Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Ocean Area. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-17 sank British ship Glenshiel in the Indian Ocean at 0340 hours; all aboard survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Soviet destroyer Shaumian ran aground and was wrecked off Gelendzhik in southern Russia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Allied convoy QP-9 arrived at Reykjavik, Iceland without any losses. At Murmansk, Russia, German aircraft sank British merchant ship Empire Starlight, British merchant ship New Westminster City, and Polish merchant ship Tobruk; Soviet ship was also damaged in the attack. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German Type IXC U-Boat U-505 torpedoed and sunk the American freighter West Irmo off the British Gold Coast (Ghana). 10 were killed and 99 were rescued. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | DS]
  • German submarine U-702 became missing in the North Sea 100 miles off the Norwegian coast; all 44 aboard were never seen again. ww2dbase [CPC]
Burma
  • Six B-17 bombers of the US 10th Air Force based in Asansol, India attacked Rangoon, Burma, setting three warehouses on fire; one aircraft was lost in this attack. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Indian Ocean Italy
  • The 10th MAS Flotilla special forces unit of the Italian Navy was relocated from La Spezia, Italy to nearby Muggiano. ww2dbase [CPC]
Philippines
  • After a heavy artillery and aerial bombardment from 0900 to 1500 hours, Japanese troops launched an attack on the Bataan Peninsula in Philippine Islands, penetrating the lines held by the Filipino 41st Infantry Division. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Russia
  • German bombers attacked Murmansk, Russia, sinking Polish ship Tobruk and British ships New Westminster City and Empire Starlight in the harbor. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Israel Fisanovich was made a Hero of the Soviet Union and was awarded the Order of Lenin. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Apr 1942
HMS Edinburgh underway in the Atlantic Ocean while escorting USS Wasp, 3 Apr 1942; side 1 of photoHMS Edinburgh underway in the Atlantic Ocean while escorting USS Wasp, 3 Apr 1942; side 2 of photoHMS Edinburgh and the cruiser USS Tuscaloosa underway in the Atlantic Ocean while escorting USS Wasp, 3 Apr 1942; side 2 of photoHMS Edinburgh and the cruiser USS Tuscaloosa underway in the Atlantic Ocean while escorting USS Wasp, 3 Apr 1942; side 1 of photo

3 Apr 1942 Interactive Map

3 Apr 1943
  • The US submarine Pickerel was depth charged and sunk by Japanese warships north of Honshu, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Tunny set sail for Namonuito, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki rescued the survivors of sunken tanker Arima Maru. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Fw 190 fighters strafed Eastbourne, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 1st Infantry Division captured Hill 369 near El Guettar, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Indian Army Medical Corps was formed by amalgamating the Indian Medical Services, the Indian Medical Department and the Indian Hospital Corps. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Oberleutnant Josef Luxenburger, Hauptmann Wilhelm Mylius, and Oberfeldwebel Fraz Placzek of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Admiral Yamamoto and his staff departed Truk, Caroline Islands for Rabaul, New Britain on two Kawanishi H8K flying boats to supervise Operation I-GO from 7 to 14 Apr 1943, expecting to return to flagship Musashi on 19 Apr 1943. They arrived at Rabaul at 1340 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Sunfish arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Haddock fired 4 torpedoes at converted fleet oiler Arima Maru carrying 7,880 tons of oil, sinking her with 3 hits in the Philippine Sea. Her conning tower and radar system was damaged by depth charges from destroyer Yuzuki. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

3 Apr 1943 Interactive Map

3 Apr 1944
  • Operation Tungsten: 41 British Barracuda dive bombers attacked German battleship Tirpitz, scoring 15 hits. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Light carrier Ryuho departed Saipan, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Arctic Ocean
  • Aircraft from HMS Activity and HMS Tracker sank German submarine U-288 in the Barents Sea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • USS Cero departed Brisbane, Australia for her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Germany
  • The keel of U-2501 was laid down at the Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
India
  • USS Wake Island departed Karachi, India. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Montagu Stopford ordered Major General R. P. L. Ranking to move the Indian 161st Brigade from Kohima to Dimapur in India. Ranking believed this was a bad move as Kohima would be a Japanese target, and appealed to William Slim; Slim sided with Stopford. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Pollack damaged passenger-cargo ship Tosei Maru in the Nanpo Islands area, Japan, hitting her with two of four torpedoes. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Evelyn Sharp passed away near Middleton, Pennsylvania, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Condemning the oppression of the Stalin regime, Viktor Kravchenko, a member of the Soviet Lend-Lease Purchasing Commission, announced his defection to the New York Times. ww2dbase [AC]

3 Apr 1944 Interactive Map

3 Apr 1945
  • USS Wake Island was struck by two or three Japanese special attack aircraft, causing damage but little casualties. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Special attack boats of Japanese Navy Shinyo Squadron 22 sank American gunboat LCI(G)-82 at Okinawa, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front penetrated the German defensive lines between Wiener Neustadt and Neusiedler Lake, advancing toward Vienna, Austria. Major Carl Szokoll, a leader of the Austrian resistance, met with Soviet authorities about cooperation in Vienna to prevent the city's destruction. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • General of Infantry Wilhelm Hasse replaced Walther Nehring as the commander of the German 1.Panzerarmee. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British Second Army arrived at Münster, Germany while the US Ninth Army captured Recklinghausen. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • US First Army captured Fulda and Kassel, Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • German rocket troops were converted to regular troops and joined the German 5th Army Corps. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Allied troops captured Hengelo, the Netherlands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-71 struck a mine and sunk off Sanga Sanga, Borneo. ww2dbase [AC]
Germany
  • While under repair at Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, Emden had her forward funnel destroyed by a direct hit of an Allied aerial bomb. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • US 45th Infantry Division captured Aschaffenburg, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Guam
  • USS Sennet departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Hawaii
  • USS Franklin arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Italy
  • Troops of British Special Boat Service and Italian 28th Garribaldi Brigade captured islands in Lake Comacchio in northern Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • USS Ancon was ordered to move further away from Okinawa, Japan due to dangers from Japanese aircraft. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • 68 American B-29 bombers attacked the Koizuimi aircraft factory and the urban areas of Tokyo, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Singapore Taiwan
  • 16 B-25 bombers of USAAF 3rd Bombardment Group and B-24 bombers of USAAF 90th Bombardment Group, escorted by 8 P-38 fighters, attacked the butanol plant, rail marshalling yards, and the military airfield at Kagi, Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 3 Apr 1945
United States Army Engineers construct a “Bailey Bridge” while a WC54 ambulance and a Jeep ford the Mag-Ampon River, San Pablo, Luzon, Philippines, 3 Apr 1945. Note the machine gun mounted in the Jeep.Kagi butanol plant under attack by B-25 bombers of 3rd Bombardment Group, USAAF 5th Air Force, Kagi (now Chiayi), Taiwan, 3 Apr 1945, photo 1 of 5Kagi butanol plant under attack by B-25 bombers of 3rd Bombardment Group, USAAF 5th Air Force, Kagi (now Chiayi), Taiwan, 3 Apr 1945, photo 2 of 5Kagi butanol plant under attack by PV-1 aircraft of US Navy squadron VPB-137, Kagi (now Chiayi), Taiwan, 3 Apr 1945, photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 3 Apr 1945

3 Apr 1945 Interactive Map

3 Apr 1946
  • Masaharu Homma passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Australian-Thai Peace Treaty was signed. ww2dbase [CPC]
3 Apr 1949
  • Israel signed an armistice with Jordan to de-escalate the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Israeli Independence War. ww2dbase [CPC]
3 Apr 1956

United States
  • USS Wasp departed San Diego, California, United States with Carrier Air Group 15 aboard. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Apr 1970

United States
  • USS Wasp arrived at Naval Air Station Quonset Point, Rhode Island, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
3 Apr 2017

Germany
  • The merge of ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems and Atlas Elektronik of Bremen, Germany was completed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

3 Apr 2017 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945