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World War II Database

19 Oct 1892
19 Oct 1897

Russia
  • Ivan Susloparov was born in the village of Krutikhints, Vyatka Governorate (now Kumyonsky District, Kirov Oblast), Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Oct 1901
19 Oct 1913

Germany
  • Future German submarine ace Kapitänleutnant Hans Jenisch was born at Gerdauen, East Prussia, Germany. He would command U-32 which would be responsible for sinking seventeen vessels and damaging three more (including HMS Fiji) before being captured on 30 Oct 1940. ww2dbase [AC]
19 Oct 1915
  • Barham was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Oct 1921

United Kingdom
  • Harry Dimoline was promoted to the rank of second lieutenant with the 59th (4th West Lancashire) Medium Brigade, Royal Garrison Artillery, British Territorial Army. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Oct 1922

United Kingdom
  • A rebellion by Conservative Party Members of Parliament at the Carlton Club in London, England, United Kingdom resulted in a decision to end the Coalition government of Lloyd George. The Prime Minister, who had already lost the support of his influential Foreign Minister, Lord Curzon, was forced to resign, never to return as a major figure in party politics. ww2dbase [AC]
19 Oct 1923
  • Harry Dimoline was promoted to the rank of lieutenant. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Oct 1926

Japan
  • Prince Hironobu was awarded Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Oct 1936

Photo(s) dated 19 Oct 1936
German military recruit reporting to a sergeant, Berlin, Germany, 19 Oct 1936German cadet with two recruits, Berlin, Germany, 19 Oct 1936
19 Oct 1937
  • 769th Regiment of Chinese 120th Division attacked the Yangmingbao airfield in Shanxi, China, destroying 24 aircraft on the ground. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Elizabeth "Betty" Carver-Montgomery, wife of the future Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery and sister of Major-General Sir Percy Hobart, passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
19 Oct 1938

Japan
  • Prince Hiroyasu's first child, Prince Hiroyoshi, passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Oct 1939

Pacific Ocean
  • American gunboat Erie arrived off Manzanillo, Mexico on neutrality patrol to monitor movements of German freighter Havelland. ww2dbase [CPC]
Poland
  • Western Poland was incorporated into the Großdeutsches Reich, but not Germany itself, as the General Government. ww2dbase [TH, CPC]
19 Oct 1940
  • German submarines U-38, U-46, U-47, and two others attacked Allied convoy HX-79 200 miles west of Ireland, sinking 5 ships and damaging tanker Shirak. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • German submarines U-99, U-100, U-101, and U-123 continued to attack Allied convoy SC-7 100 miles northwest of Ireland. U-123 sank British ship Shekatika as Shekatika received her fifth torpedo hit. U-99 sank Norwegian ship Snefjeld; the entire crew of 21 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British destroyer HMS Venetia hit a mine and sank in the Thames Estuary 10 miles north of Herne Bay, Kent in southern England; 35 were killed and 18 were wounded. ww2dbase [CPC]
Canada
  • While escorting Romanian freighter Ingener N. Vlassopol Canadian auxiliary minesweeper HMCS Bras d'Or sank during a storm in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence in northeastern Canada, killing the entire crew of 30. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • During the day, a German Ju 88 bomber was shot down near Maidstone, Kent and another near Falmouth, Cornwall in England, United Kingdom. A raid of 60 German fighters and fighter-bombers for London was intercepted by 5 RAF squadrons over Kent at 1430 hours; 2 British fighters were shot down during the battle with 1 pilot killed. Overnight, London, Bristol, Liverpool, Manchester, and Coventry were bombed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Oct 1940
Prime Minister Mackenzie King visiting a Canadian Navy warship, 19 Oct 1940
19 Oct 1941
  • German submarine U-126 torpedoed and sank American freighter Lehigh 100 miles west of Freetown, British West Africa at 1051 hours; all 38 aboard survived. U-126 had misidentified the American ship as a Greek vessel. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-204 sank British tanker Inverlee carrying 35 miles southwest of Tangier, Spanish Morocco at 0300 hours; 22 were killed, 21 survived. In the same region, German submarine U-206 sank British ship Baron Kelvin at 0614 hours; 26 were killed, 16 survived. British corvettes from Gibraltar were dispatched to hunt for these submarines; HMS Mallow was able to find and sink U-204 at 2146 hours with depth charges. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British gunboat HMS Gnat bombarded a German artillery battery near Tobruk, Libya after sundown. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German troops began rounding up men over the age of 16 in the Serbian town of Kragujevac in Yugoslavia. Of the 2,324 gathered, about 300 of them were students from the First Boys High School. ww2dbase [CPC]
Russia
  • German troops defeated the Soviet forces within the Vyazma pocket in Russia and captured 670,000 men, 1,000 tanks, and 4,000 artillery pieces. At Volokolamsk, the northwest end of the Mozhaysk defensive line, newly arrived Soviet 316th Rifle Division halted the attack by German 4th Panzer Army. In Moscow, Lavrentiy Beria advised the Soviet GKO to evacuate the capital "or they will strangle us like chickens", but it was rejected by Joseph Stalin; however, Stalin did order the Politburo (less Stalin, Beria, and Georgy Malenkov) to evacuate. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Oct 1941
USS Kearny at Reykjavík, Iceland, 19 Oct 1941, two days after she was torpedoed by the German submarine U-568. USS Monssen is alongside. Note the torpedo hole in Kearny

19 Oct 1941 Interactive Map

19 Oct 1942
  • USS Gar laid 32 naval mines off Bangkok, Thailand. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Gunnel started her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British King's African Rifles regiment captured 800 Vichy French troops in Madagascar without incurring a single casualty of their own. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Joseph Stilwell convinced Archibald Wavell to commit to an offensive in Burma in cooperation with the Sino-American forces. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands Switzerland
  • British officers Major Ronnie Littledale and Lieutenant-Commander Billie Stephens, having escaped from Oflag IV-C prisoners of war camp at Colditz Castle in Germany on 14 Oct 1942, successfully made it to Switzerland. ww2dbase [CPC]
19 Oct 1943
  • Light carrier Ryuho arrived at Seletar, Singapore. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • US Navy communiqué revealed that, since 7 Dec 1941, American submarines had sunk 319 Japanese vessels and damaged at least 81. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Louis Mountbatten met with Chiang Kaishek for the second day in a row. Mountbatten offered Chiang 10,000 tons of supplies to be flown over the Hump to China each month, while Chiang allowed Mountbatten to launch guerrilla operations into northern Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • F-5 aircraft of US 8th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron detected more than 200 Japanese aircraft gathered at the four airfields in and near Rabaul, New Britain. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 strafed Kara Airfield (Bougainville), Kahili Airfield (Bougainville), and Ballale Airfield (Shortland Islands) in the Solomon Islands. They caused only minor damage. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Twenty-two officers and 500 men of CASU-17; 12 officers and 175 men of ACORN-14; 22 officers and 132 men of ARGUS-12; 2 officers and 190 men of CASU-18; 19 officers and 139 men of ARGUS-15; 5 officers and 383 men of ACORN-16; and one staff officer of Task Group 19.14 arrived on board. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
Italy
  • US Fifth Army's Volturno River offensive in Italy was stalled by resistance and weather. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
Marshall Islands

19 Oct 1943 Interactive Map

19 Oct 1944
  • USS Franklin launched an attack on the Japanese on Manila Bay, Philippine Islands sinking several ships and downing 11 aircraft. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Feldmarschal Model called off the attempts to relieve Aachen, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • German 4.Armee withdrew from around Tilsit, East Prussia, Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • A state funeral was held in Budapest, Hungary for the 26 Hungarian and German personnel killed during the kidnapping of Miklós Horthy, Jr. four days prior. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt relieved Joseph Stilwell from all commands in China and recalled him to the United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Two TDR drones were launched against Japanese gun positions west of Ballale Island south of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. One missed its target, the other dropped two of its four 100-pound bombs on the target before it crashed. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler ordered the complete and total destruction of the city of Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
Japan
  • Landing ship No. 141 was completed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Whale set sale for Midway Atoll. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Portland shells the east side of Leyte Island, Philippines in advance of the landings to take place the following day. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | DS]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions on Luzon, Philippine Islands; Manila was attacked by US aircraft for the first time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Takijiro Onishi met with the senior staff officers of Japanese 201st Kokutai at Mabalacat airfield north of Manila, Philippine Islands, and asked for volunteers to form a special attack unit. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Yugoslavia
  • German troops evacuated Belgrade, Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Walter Stettner von Grabenhofen was killed by Yugoslavian partisan fighters in Montenegro, Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Oct 1944
Damaged tail plane of an F6F-5 Hellcat of Fighting Squadron VF-10 on the hangar deck of USS Enterprise off the Philippines, 19 Oct 1944. Note the solid castor type tail wheel necessary for carrier operations.

19 Oct 1944 Interactive Map

19 Oct 1945
  • S-32 was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Maury was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-31 was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Communist forces in China attacked US Marine trains and aircraft. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • USS Parche arrived at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Oct 1945
Men on JunyoSubmarine Ha-230 and Junyo at Sasebo, Japan, 19 Oct 1945Signalman aboard carrier Junyo, Sasebo, Japan, 19 Oct 1945The island of carrier Junyo as viewed from the flight deck, Sasebo, Japan, 19 Oct 1945
See all photos dated 19 Oct 1945

19 Oct 1945 Interactive Map

19 Oct 1951

Photo(s) dated 19 Oct 1951
Churchill, Eisenhower, and Montgomery at a reunion of the British 8th Army, 19 Oct 1951
19 Oct 1952

Korea
  • USS Missouri provided gunfire support in the Tanchon area in Korea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Oct 1956
  • Soviet Union and Japan entered into the Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration which finally ended the state of war between the two countries. Formal peace agreement could not be reached, however, due to disputes over the southern Kurile Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Oct 1958

Thailand
  • Sarit Thanarat informed his generals his plans for a revolution. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Oct 1961
19 Oct 1966

Photo(s) dated 19 Oct 1966
USS Ticonderoga preparing to depart Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, United States for Vietnam, 19 Oct 1966
19 Oct 1968
  • Submarine Cabrilla was designated a museum ship at Galveston, Texas, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
19 Oct 1990

Photo(s) dated 19 Oct 1990
US Navy Chiefs of Naval Operations: Trost, Hayward, Zumwalt, Burke, Kelso, Moorer, Holloway, and Watkins at the Pentagon, Arlington, Virginia, United States, 19 Oct 1990

19 Oct 1990 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"Since peace is now beyond hope, we can but fight to the end."

Chiang Kaishek, 31 Jul 1937