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World War II Database

18 Jun 1868
18 Jun 1884

France
  • Édouard Daladier was born in Carpentras, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

18 Jun 1884 Interactive Map

18 Jun 1916
  • German pilot Oberleutnant Max Immelmann, "The Eagle of Lille", was killed when his Fokker E.III aircraft was shot down by a British Fe.2b aircraft of No. 25 Squadron RFC flown by Second Lieutenant McCubbin and Corporal J. H. Walker. ww2dbase [AC]
18 Jun 1918
  • British Major General Maynard and his command embarked on the ship City of Marseilles at Newcastle, England, United Kingdom for Russia. ww2dbase [AC]
France
  • Robert Greim achieved his 15th kill over France. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Carrier Eagle was towed to Armstrong-Whitworth's High Walker yard on the Tyne River in England, United Kingdom for fitting out. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1930
  • Nobutake Kondo was attached to the Navy General Staff. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1932

Japan
  • Joseph Rochefort received the order to detach from the United States Embassy, effective 4 Oct 1932. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Rear Admiral Toyonaka Yamauchi was named the commanding officer of the Mako naval port at Pescadores islands, Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

18 Jun 1932 Interactive Map

18 Jun 1934
  • Farragut was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1935
  • The Anglo-German Naval Agreement was signed, limiting the German Navy to 35% of the British Navy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1936

Japan
  • Pinghai completed the fitting of weapons at Aioi, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1937
  • General Mariano Gamir Ulibarri and his troops abandoned Bilbao, Spain. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
18 Jun 1938
  • Adolf Hitler ensured his military leaders that there was no danger of a pre-emptive attack by the British over the matter of Czechoslovakia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Rensuke Isogai was named the chief of staff of Kenkichi Ueda (Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China). ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort was assigned to heavy cruiser New Orleans as the navigator. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1940
  • The German 7th Panzer Division under Rommel advanced another 75 miles since the prior date, reaching Cherbourg, France but not before most of the Allied personnel had already evacuated the city; also on this date, Le Mans, Belfort, Metz, and Dijon fell under German control. Elsewhere, the Allies completed the Operation Ariel evacuation of La Pallice and Saint-Nazaire, but all the heavy equipment were left behind in the latter location. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Sweden allowed passage of German troops between Oslo, Norway, and Trelleborg, Sweden, on Swedish rail lines, with the only demand being that the number of troops coming from Germany must equal to the number being evacuated, so that it could not be said that Sweden was helping Germany reinforce the front lines. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Charles de Gaulle made the "Appeal of June 18" speech, asking the French people to resist German occupation. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Brest, French cruisers El Djezair, El Kantara, El Mansour, Ville d'Oran, and Ville d'Alger departed 1,200 tons of French gold for Casablanca, French Morocco while the cruiser Victor-Schoelcher transported 198 tons of Belgian gold (originally held in French banks) from Lorient to the port of Dakar in French West Africa; the French gold would arrive in Casablanca on 21 Jun 1940, but the Belgian gold would be captured by the Germans. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-28 sank Finnish ship Sarmatia southwest of Ireland. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-32 sank Spanish trawler Sálvora, Spanish trawler Nuevo Ons, and Norwegian ship Altair southwest of Ireland. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Secretary of State Cordell Hull directed Deputy US Ambassador to France Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. to inform the French government that if France failed to keep its fleet out of German hands, France would "permanently lose the friendship and goodwill of the Government of the United States". French Minister for Foreign Affairs Baudouin reiterated that the French fleet "would never be surrendered to Germany". ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Minister in Uruguay Edwin C. Wilson reported that Uruguayan government had arrested eight Nazi leaders and that Uruguay's Chamber of Deputies, in secret session the day before, had begun considering a report on Nazi Party activities in their country. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met in Munich, Germany to discuss the French peace request. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • British Prime Minister Winston Churchill made the "the Battle of France is over... I expect that the Battle of Britain is about to begin" speech before the House of Commons. "Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties, and so bear ourselves that, if the British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years, men will still say, 'This was their finest hour'." On the same day, Churchill wrote to the Commander-in-Chief Home Forces asking for ideas for the creation of "Storm Troops" to be "ready to spring at the throat of any small landing or descent"; secretly he intended to use such a force as the basis for Commando raids on the continent. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC, AC]
  • The British War Office placed an order for 300 Canal Defence Light (CDL) tanks, Matilda tanks mounting a large searchlight in the turret that had been suggested by a Mr. Mitzakis in September 1939. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]

18 Jun 1940 Interactive Map

18 Jun 1941
  • The keel for the civilian ship Steel Architect was laid down at Tacoma, Washington, United States by Todd Pacific Shipyards. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British press reported details of development of radiolocation technology (later more popularly known by its American acronym RADAR) and its use in Battle of Britain. ww2dbase [TH]
  • German submarine U-552 sank British ship Norfolk 150 miles northwest of Ireland at 0438 hours; 1 was killed, 70 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British destroyers HMS Faulknor, HMS Fearless, HMS Forester, HMS Foresight, and HMS Foxhound sank U-138 with depth charges 100 miles west of Gibraltar; all 27 German crew members of U-138 survived and were all taken prisoner. ww2dbase [CPC]
Libya
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille was granted medical leave; he would depart Libya for Berlin, Germany shortly. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jun 1941
Benito Mussolini at Lubiana, Italy (occupied Ljubljana, Yugoslavia), 18 Jun 1941

18 Jun 1941 Interactive Map

18 Jun 1942
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Taroa, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS S-28 fired on a Japanese destroyer but it failed to hit the target. She was attacked by the destroyer with depth charges but it caused no damage. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Robie Ellis Palmer was named the commanding officer of USS Pollack. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • American bombers raided Japanese shipping in Kiska harbor in the Aleutian Islands, sinking fleet tanker Nissan Maru. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-124 attacked Allied convoy ONS-102 with 6 torpedoes 500 miles east of Newfoundland at 0622 hours, seriously damaging US ship Seattle Spirit (4 were killed, 51 survived), which was later scuttled by Canadian corvette HMCS Agassiz with gunfire. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-159 sank Dutch ship Flora 12 miles off Colombia at 0245 hours; all 37 aboard survived, but one of them would die before reaching land. At 0500 hours, U-172 sank British tanker Motorex with gunfire 80 miles off Panama in the Caribbean Sea; 1 was killed, 20 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British destroyer HMS Albrighton, gun boat SGB 7, and gun boat SGB 8 attacked a German convoy in the Baie de la Seine off France; SGB 7 sank one German supply ship with a torpedo, but was destroyed by a counterattack (4 were killed; 7 were survivors captured). ww2dbase [CPC]
Black Sea
  • Italian midget submarine CB-2 sank a Soviet submarine in the Black Sea; according to Soviet sources, the victim was ShCh-213, but according to Italian sources, the victim was ShCh-306. ww2dbase [CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The first Allied air photographic reconnaissance mission over Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands was conducted by US 435th Bombardment Squadron. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Libya
  • Axis troops captured the supply road between Bardia and Tobruk in Libya; to the west, Axis troops captured RAF Gambut 40 miles west of Tobruk. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille boarded a Ju 52 aircraft at Benghazi, Libya for Naples, Italy, where he was to transfer to Rome, Italy for his final destination of Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • German 132nd Infantry Division attacked Soviet Coastal Battery No. 12 near Sevastopol, Russia at 1100 hours, capturing it by 1900 hours. Nearby, German 24th Infantry Division overran Soviet defenses at Bartenyevka. At the docks, Italian torpedo boats performed a raid, damaging landing craft. Out at sea, destroyer leader Kharkov was damaged by German aircraft. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USAT Ancon arrived in San Francisco, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-584 landed four German saboteurs at Ponte Vedra Beach near Jacksonville, Florida, United States; the four men would soon board trains for Chicago, Illinois and Cincinnati, Ohio. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jun 1942
Decoy aircraft at Kiska, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 18 Jun 1942Doolittle Raiders John Hilger, Charles Greening, Thomas White, Donald Smith, Dean Davenport, W. R. Pound, William Bower, James Macia, and Denver Trulove in Washingoton DC, United States, 18 Jun 1942German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel observing the field near El Alamein, Egypt, 18 Jun 1942

18 Jun 1942 Interactive Map

18 Jun 1943
  • USS Gar began her eighth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The word RADAR, from Radio Detection and Ranging, was made the official British name for the technology. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller was awarded the German Cross in Gold. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: More of Photographic Squadron 3 (VD-3) on board. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
Libya
  • Two men of Italian Air Force Assault Engineer Battalion penetrated into Benina airfield in Libya and destroyed two B-24 and two Wellington aircraft; both men were captured after the mission. ww2dbase [CPC]
Poland
  • Jürgen Stroop was awarded Iron Cross 1st Class at Lazienki Park, Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Fritz Ritterbusch was assigned to Majdanek Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United States
  • Aircraft designer Clarence Johnson met with Lockheed President Robert Gross and chief engineer Hal Hibbard at the company's headquarters in Burbank, California, United States. Johnson informed the two that US Army Air Force representatives from Wright Field had requested Lockheed to design a jet fighter. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jun 1943
Elderly Ukranian man and his ruined home, Tschernigow region, Ukraine, 18 Jun 1943

18 Jun 1943 Interactive Map

18 Jun 1944
  • Carrier Shokaku sailed in company with flagship Taiho and sister ship Zuikaku for the Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Mingo departed Manus, Admiralty Islands for her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US First Army isolated Cherbourg, France. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division arrived in Normandy, France. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Gurkha troops of the Chindits made contact with Chinese troops at the village of Lakum in northern Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • In China, the strategic city of Changsha, 200 miles south of Hankou, fell to the Japanese, having successfully defied them three times before. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC, AC]
France
  • British No. 617 Squadron attacked the 20-foot thick concrete dome containing V-2 rockets at Wizernes, France without success. They would return to this target on multiple occasions in the following month. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | AC]
Hawaii
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Air Group 11 arrived on board. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
Italy Japan
  • The keel of landing ship No. 138 was laid down by Kawanami Kogyo. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) rejoined Task Force 58 in the Mariana Islands and waited for the approaching Japanese Fleet. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | DS]
United Kingdom
  • A V-1 flying bomb struck the Guards Chapel across from Buckingham Palace in London, England, United Kingdom during worship services, killing 119. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Winston Churchill impressed on Dwight Eisenhower that there must be no change of plans as a result of the V-1 attacks; London and the South-east would endure the bombardment as long as was necessary. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Glenn Miller arrived in England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • Submarine Chub was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by Mrs. T. A. Risch. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jun 1944
American soldiers constructing a landing ramp as part of the Mulberry A artificial harbor at Omaha Beach, Normandy, circa mid-Jun 1944StuG III assault gun of German 303 Assault Gun Brigade in Finland, possibly near Tali-Ihantala, Finland, circa Jun 1944Wrecked German Tiger I heavy tank near Rome, Italy, 18 Jun 1944Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. in his Jeep
See all photos dated 18 Jun 1944

18 Jun 1944 Interactive Map

18 Jun 1945
  • The US submarine Bonefish was sunk by Japanese naval vessels in Toyama Wan, Honshu, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • USS Pompon departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her ninth and final war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Hawkbill arrived at Subic Bay, Zambales, Philippine Islands, ending her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Parche was relieved from her lifeguard station south of Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • While inspecting the front lines at Okinawa, Japan, Simon Buckner was killed by shrapnel. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese resistance on Mindinao, Philippine Islands ceased. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • The British demobilization began. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • 25 American B-29 bombers laid naval mines in several areas including waters near Kobe, Japan. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur offered Joseph Stilwell the position as his chief of staff, but Stilwell turned it down, citing that he preferred to command troops. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-50 was destroyed by the light cruiser USS Denver after striking a Japanese mine during the landings at Balikpapan, Borneo. ww2dbase [AC]
Germany
  • General Nikolai Berzarin, the Soviet commander in Berlin, Germany, was killed in a car crash in the city. ww2dbase [AC]
Japan
  • Prince Kotohito was given a state funeral in Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Guitarro arrived at San Franciso, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Jun 1945
Browning M1917A1 machine gun crew of US 96th Division on the top of Yaeju-Dake Hill, Okinawa, Japan, 18 Jun 1945; note yellow cloth front lines marker on rightDwight and Mamie Eisenhower in a car, United States, 18 Jun 1945Dwight Eisenhower, Mamie Eisenhower, and George Marshall, Washington DC, United States, 18 Jun 1945, photo 1 of 2George Marshall with his wife Katherine and Dwight Eisenhower with his wife Mamie, Washington National Airport, Arlington, Virginia, United States, 18 Jun 1945
See all photos dated 18 Jun 1945

18 Jun 1945 Interactive Map

18 Jun 1950

Taiwan
  • Yi Chen was executed for the crime of treason in Taipei, Taiwan Province, Republic of China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1952

Hawaii
  • US Marine Corps Air Station Ewa in US Territory of Hawaii was decommissioned; the grounds were absorbed into US Naval Air Station Barbers Point. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Marine Corps Air Station Ewa closed with the facility absorbed into the adjacent NAS Barbers Point. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]

18 Jun 1952 Interactive Map

18 Jun 1954

Russia
  • Karl von Le Suire passed away at a prisoner of war camp in Stalingrad, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1956

United States
  • George Murray passed away in San Francisco, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1960

Photo(s) dated 18 Jun 1960
US President Eisenhower and Chinese President Chiang in an open-top car in Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China, 18 Jun 1960US President Eisenhower and Chinese President Chiang in Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China, 18 Jun 1960Dwight Eisenhower, Song Meiling, and Chiang Kaishek in Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China, 18 Jun 1960Dwight Eisenhower speaking in front of the Presidential Building, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China, 18 Jun 1960

18 Jun 1960 Interactive Map

18 Jun 1970

United States
  • Submarine Parche was sold for scrap. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1974

Russia
  • Georgy Zhukov passed away in Moscow, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1982
  • Captain J. Stephen Perry was made the commanding officer of USS Proteus, replacing Captain Michael Colley. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1983

China
  • Ulaan Huu was made the Vice President of Communist China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 1988
  • Archibald Cochrane passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Jun 2006

Photo(s) dated 18 Jun 2006
US Marine Corps War Memorial, 18 Jun 2006, photo 1 of 5US Marine Corps War Memorial, 18 Jun 2006, photo 2 of 5US Marine Corps War Memorial, 18 Jun 2006, photo 3 of 5US Marine Corps War Memorial, 18 Jun 2006, photo 4 of 5
See all photos dated 18 Jun 2006
18 Jun 2009

Photo(s) dated 18 Jun 2009
PV-2 Harpoon aircraft on display at the US National Museum of Naval Aviation, NAS Pensacola, Florida, United States, 18 Jun 2009

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word. It is victory. Victory at all costs. Victory in spite of all terrors. Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival."

Winston Churchill