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16 Jan 1904

Japan
  • Prince Hiroyasu returned to the Fushimi branch of the Japanese Imperial Family. ww2dbase [Hiroyasu | CPC]
16 Jan 1908

Germany
16 Jan 1910

Germany
16 Jan 1919

Japan
  • Prince Hiroyasu's second child, Princess Yasuko, passed away. ww2dbase [Hiroyasu | CPC]
16 Jan 1921

Japan
  • In the Japanese Navy, all ships except for battleships, battlecruisers, and cruisers were now named by the Minister of the Navy without the need for Emperor's approval. ww2dbase [Naming Convention of Japanese Navy Ships | CPC]
16 Jan 1931

China
  • Seiji Tsukamoto succeeded Masahiro Ota as the Governor-General of Kwantung Leased Territory in northeastern China. ww2dbase [CPC]
Taiwan
  • Masahiro Ota was named the governor-general of Taiwan. ww2dbase [CPC]
16 Jan 1937

Photo(s) dated 16 Jan 1937
Himmler, Heydrich, Daluege, and Adolf H├╝hnlein at a memorial ceremony on German Police Day, Horst-Wessel-Platz, Berlin, Germany, 16 Jan 1937
16 Jan 1939

Sweden Photo(s) dated 16 Jan 1939
View of North Carolina

16 Jan 1939 Interactive Map

16 Jan 1940
  • Kichisaburo Nomura stepped down as Foreign Minister of Japan. ww2dbase [Kichisaburo Nomura | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • After penetrating Heligoland Bight, the British submarines Seahorse, Undine, and Starfish were reportedly sunk by the Germans. ww2dbase [Heligoland Bight, North Sea | CPC]
  • German submarine U-44 torpedoed and sank the Greek ship Panachrandos in the Bay of Biscay at 0611 hours. She sank within three minutes, killing all 31 aboard. ww2dbase [Bay of Biscay | CPC]
Germany Japan
  • Hachiro Arita was named the Minister of Foreign Affairs. ww2dbase [Hachiro Arita | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • British tanker Inverdargle, with 12,000 tons of aviation fuel aboard, struck a naval mine in the Bristol Channel at 1619 hours. All 49 aboard were killed. ww2dbase [Bristol Channel, England | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jan 1940
US Navy NAS Jacksonville (Florida, United States) commanding officerPrime Minister Mitsumasa Yonai and his cabinet, Tokyo, Japan, 16 Jan 1940Oiler Patoka off the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 16 Jan 1940; note SOC floatplane amidships, with its wings folded
16 Jan 1941

Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-96 sank British troopship Oropesa with three torpedoes 150 miles northwest of Ireland at 0616 hours; 106 were killed. Survivors drifted in 6 lifeboats, but only 5 lifeboats, containing 143, were found and rescued. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Italian submarine Luigi Torelli attacked an Allied convoy 350 miles west of Ireland, sinking Greek ship Nicolas Filinis (3 killed, 26 survived). ww2dbase [CPC]
French Indochina
  • French troops launched a successful counterattack against Thai troops at the villages of Yang Dang Khum and Phum Preav in Cambodia, French Indochina, but poor intelligence forced the French to back off from any territory gained. The Thais were unable to pursue the retreating French, as their forward tanks were kept in check by the guns of the French Foreign Legion. ww2dbase [Franco-Thai War | CPC, AC]
Germany Malta
  • 80 German Luftwaffe Stuka dive bombers attacked Valletta Harbor, Malta, trying to finish off damaged British aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious. HMS Illustrious, British destroyer HMS Decoy, and Australian cruiser HMAS Perth, and British ship Essex were damaged, but none sank. 10 German aircraft were lost. ww2dbase [Malta Campaign | Valletta | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The Women's Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) was founded in Britain. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British minesweeping trawler HMT Desiree hit a mine and sank in the Thames estuary in southern England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [England | CPC]

16 Jan 1941 Interactive Map

16 Jan 1942
  • At Murmansk, HMS CUMBERLAND, Embarked Foreign Secretary, Sir Stafford Cripps, for return passage to UK and escorted return Convoy QP5 from Murmansk, Russia with HM Destroyers ICARUS and TARTAR. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Cumberland | DS]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-402 attacked British troop transport Llangibby Castle of Allied convoy WS15 north of the Azores islands at 1115 hours, blowing off the rudder and killing 26. Despite follow-up attacks by Fw 200 aircraft, Llangibby Castle would reach Horta, Azores for temporary repairs. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Japanese aircraft attacked Rabaul, New Britain, destroying fuel stores, bomb stockpiles, and other facilities at Vunakanau Airfield. Two Wirraway fighters were scrambled to intercept, but they failed to reached the Japanese aircraft in time. 6 hours later, several flying boats followed up with an attack with fragmentation bombs. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 1, Bismarck Islands | Rabaul, New Britain | CPC]
Bermuda
  • Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound, and Charles Portal departed Bermuda for Britain by air (Boeing 314 Clipper Flying Boat "Berwick", operated by the British Overseas Airways Corporation). ww2dbase [Winston Churchill | CPC]
Burma
  • The first clash between Japanese and British forces within Burma occurred when a column of the 3rd Battalion of the Japanese 112th Infantry Regiment was engaged by the British 6th Burma Rifles (plus two companies of the 3rd Burma Rifles and elements of the Kohine battalion BFF) at the town of Tavoy (population 30,000 and strategically important as it was the start of a metal road to Rangoon). By the 18th the Japanese had taken the town, having lost 23 dead and 40 wounded, but the morale of the defenders had been badly damaged and the Japanese column was able to move on to Mergui without serious opposition. ww2dbase [Invasion of Burma | Tavoy | AC]
Caroline Islands
  • Shokaku departed Truk, Caroline Islands and took part in Operation R. ww2dbase [Shokaku | Truk | CPC]
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | Truk | CPC]
Hawaii Malaya
  • Japanese 4th and 5th Imperial Guards Regiments crossed the Muar River in British Malaya before dawn, forcing the Indian 45th Brigade to withdraw from Muar. ww2dbase [Invasion of Malaya and Singapore | CPC]
Norway
  • Tirpitz arrived at Trondheim, Norway and anchored in F├Žttenfjord. ww2dbase [Tirpitz | Trondheim | CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS S-44 arrived at Balboa, Panama Canal Zone. ww2dbase [S-44 | Balboa | CPC]
Philippines
  • Japanese and Filipino-American forces both raced to capture Morong on Bataan Peninsula, Luzon, Philippine Islands. Both sides reached the town around the same time, but the Allies had detected the Japanese first. Taking the opportunity for a surprise attack, more than 20 American cavalry troops charged on their horses, dispersing Japanese troops. It was the last combat charge of horse-mounted American cavalry troops. ww2dbase [Invasion of the Philippine Islands | Morong, Bataan | CPC]
Russia United Kingdom
  • German bombers sank British minesweeping trawler HMS Irvana off Yarmouth, England, United Kingdom, killing 2. ww2dbase [Yarmouth, England | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jan 1942
German troops in the Demyansk Pocket unloading supplies from a Ju 52 transport, Russia, Jan 1942

16 Jan 1942 Interactive Map

16 Jan 1943

Australia
  • USS Wahoo conducted sonar tests in Moreton Bay near Brisbane, Australia. Later on the same day, she departed friendly waters for her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Wahoo | Brisbane, Queensland | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Submarine USS Growler torpedoed and sank the 5,857-ton cargo ship Chifuki Maru 11 miles north of Waton Island between New Britain and New Ireland in the Bismarck Islands. Growler then endured an intense depth charge attack. ww2dbase [Growler | Bismarck Sea | DS]
China
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a P-40 fighter over Yunnan Province, China, his 15th victory. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | Yunnan | CPC]
Germany Iraq
  • Iraq declared war on the Axis powers. ww2dbase [AC]
Japan
  • Shokaku's assignment was shifted from Main Unit, Mobile Force to the Maintenance Force, Mobile Force. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback fired six torpedoes at a Japanese transport in the Solomon Sea; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Grayback | Solomon Sea | CPC]
Russia United States Photo(s) dated 16 Jan 1943
T-34 tank and infantry of Soviet 12th Armored Corps in Rossosh, Russia, 16 Jan 1943

16 Jan 1943 Interactive Map

16 Jan 1944

Atlantic Ocean
  • Aircraft from USS Guadalcanal's anti-submarine hunter-killer group sank German Type IXC/40 submarine U-544 in the U-Boat refueling zone northwest of the Azores. There were no survivors. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Battle of the Atlantic | DS]
Australian New Guinea Caroline Islands
  • Irako supplied food to transport Heian Maru at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Irako | Truk | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Yamato arrived at Kure, Japan and docked in No. 4 drydock for repairs. Yamato would also receive a sloping plate fitted at a 45-degree angle across the lower corner of the upper void compartment between the two longitudinal inboard bulkheads. This modification, proposed to run the full length of the citadel, was installed only in Yamato in the area affected by the torpedo damage received in the previous month. ww2dbase [Kure Naval Arsenal | Yamato | Kure, Hiroshima | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • Gloire entered the Mediterranean Sea. ww2dbase [Gloire | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Seahorse sank Japanese cargo ship Nikko Maru off the Mariana Islands, hitting her with three of four torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Seahorse | CPC]
  • USS Whale made contact with a Japanese convoy she had been searching for for the past two days in the Philippine Sea, sinking Denmark Maru with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired, but suffered damage from depth charges. USS Seawolf herded Tarushima Maru toward USS Whale, and USS Whale successfully sank Tarushima Maru with torpedoes. ww2dbase [Whale | Philippine Sea | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • General Eisenhower assumed the post as Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Dwight Eisenhower | England | TH]
United States US Pacific Islands
  • USS Flier ran aground near Midway Atoll. USS Macaw attempted to pull Flier free, but Macaw would also run aground in the process, causing her to sink. She was eventually pulled free and put into Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for repairs. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Flier | Midway | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jan 1944
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and Lieutenant Colonel George Friedrich von Tempelhoff at Barneville, France, 16 Jan 1944Ships at Pearl HarborÔÇÖs repair piers, 16 Jan 1944. Note the camouflage paint on the buildings.

16 Jan 1944 Interactive Map

16 Jan 1945

Belgium
  • US First and Third Armies linked up near Houffalize, Belgium, while British Second Army attacked near Maas River. The Germans were pushed back to the line prior to the launch of the Ardennes Offensive. ww2dbase [Battle of the Bulge | Houffalize | TH]
Ceylon China Germany
  • Adolf Hitler arrived in Berlin, Germany, and would remain here until the end of his life. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | Berlin | CPC]
  • Roza Shanina wrote in her diary "What I've actually done? No more than I have to as a Soviet man, having stood up to defend the motherland." ww2dbase [Roza Shanina | Ostpreu├čen | CPC]
Hong Kong
  • US aircraft attacked Hong Kong harbor. Japanese sources noted 1,000 civilian deaths and 3,000 wounded, although these numbers were likely to be inflated. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Kamoi, at anchor off Kennedy Town in Hong Kong, was heavily damaged at 1240 hours during an air raid by aircraft of US Navy Task Force. The direct bomb hit destroyed the engine room and disabled her. Later in the day, she was strafed by a P-51 fighter of USAAF 14th Air Force. ww2dbase [Kamoi | Kennedy Town | CPC]
Hungary
  • Soviet foreign office in Budapest, Hungary told Sweden that Raoul Wallenberg was in Soviet custody. ww2dbase [Raoul Wallenberg | Budapest | CPC]
Japan
  • Landing ship No. 119 was completed and was transferred to the Japanese Army. ww2dbase [No. 101/103-class | CPC]
Latvia
  • ShCh-307 sank German merchant ship Henrietta Schulze southwest of Liepaja, Latvia. ww2dbase [ShCh-307 | Liepaja | CPC]
Philippines
  • USS Luce arrived at San Pedro Bay, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Luce | San Pedro Bay | CPC]
Poland Portuguese Macau Photo(s) dated 16 Jan 1945
Jeeps, Dodge WC54 3/4-ton field ambulances, and US troops on a street in the heavily damaged town of Foy, Belgium, 16 Jan 1945M8 armored car of US 11th Armored Division with men of US 84th Infantry Division in Noville, Belgium, 16 Jan 1945Strike photo showing bomb hits on Kiungshan Airstrip near Hoi-How (now Haikou) in northern Hainan, China, Jan 16, 1945. The bombing attack was made by Bombing Squadron 80 flying from the carrier USS TiconderogaTaikoo Dockyard facilities under American aerial attack, Hong Kong, 16 Jan 1945. Photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 16 Jan 1945

16 Jan 1945 Interactive Map

16 Jan 1946

Australian New Guinea
  • Allied repatriation ship Hikawa Maru departed Wewak, New Guinea. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | Wewak | CPC]
Russia
  • Alexander Novikov submitted plans for a reorganization of the Soviet Air Force to Joseph Stalin. ww2dbase [Alexander Novikov | CPC]
16 Jan 1947
  • Bernard Montgomery was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class of the Soviet Union and the Grand Cross of the Order of the Dutch Lion of the Netherlands. ww2dbase [Bernard Montgomery | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jan 1947
Aerial view of RAF Kings Cliffe airfield, England, United Kingdom, 16 Jan 1947
16 Jan 1950

Austria
  • Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach passed away at the Bl├╝hnbach Castle in Werfen, Salzburg, Austria. ww2dbase [Gustav Krupp | Werfen, Salzburg | CPC]
Netherlands
  • Dutch destroyer Garland was renamed Marnix. ww2dbase [Garland | CPC]
16 Jan 1951

United States
16 Jan 1956

United States
  • Monterey was decommissioned from service. ww2dbase [Monterey | CPC]
16 Jan 1965
  • Captain Robert H. Gulmon was made the commanding officer of USS Proteus, replacing Captain Lindsay McCarty. ww2dbase [Proteus | CPC]
16 Jan 1966

United States
16 Jan 1981

France

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944