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9 Aug 1884
9 Aug 1902

Russia
9 Aug 1907

United States
  • Joseph Stilwell returned to the United States. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
9 Aug 1916

United States
9 Aug 1919

United States
9 Aug 1921

Canada
9 Aug 1924
  • The US airship Shenandoah proved that dirigibles could operate at sea by mooring to a mast on the USS Patoka while the ship was under way off the east coast of the United States. It remained docked for nearly 24 hours. Later in the month, Shenandoah carried out the first fleet operation by an American rigid airship, locating an "enemy" force 200 miles out to sea. ww2dbase [AC]
9 Aug 1929
  • Quintin Brand was appointed Senior Engineering Officer, RAF Depot, Middle East. ww2dbase [Quintin Brand | CPC]
9 Aug 1935

United States
  • The Headquarters of the Fleet Marine Force of the US Marine Corps was transferred from Quantico, Virginia, United States to San Diego, California, United States. ww2dbase [San Diego, California | CPC]
9 Aug 1936
  • A Spanish Republican expeditionary force of Catalan and Valencian troops, commanded by Air Force Captain Alberto Bayo and Guardia Civil Captain Manuel Uribarri, landed on the iland of Ibiza, Spain in the Mediterranean Sea. With the help of local people the expeditionary force quickly overcame the Nationalist garrison, and the island returned to Republican rule. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
Germany
  • During the Summer Olympic Games in Berlin, Germany, Jesse Owens won his fourth gold medal, becoming the first American to win four medals in one Olympiad. Owens commented that Adolf Hitler, although biased against people of African descent, rose and waved at him as he paraded with other medal winners before the German leader; Franklin Roosevelt, however, "didn't even send me a telegram." ww2dbase [Berlin | CPC]
9 Aug 1937

China
  • Chinese Peace Preservation Corps troops shot and killed Japanese Special Naval Landing Forces Lieutenant Isao Oyama as he attempted to enter Hongqiao Airport, Shanghai, China without authorization. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Shanghai | Shanghai | CPC]
  • A special national assembly was called at Nanjing, China, with representatives of both Nationalist and Communist Parties present, to discuss the war with Japan. ww2dbase [Nanjing | CPC]

9 Aug 1937 Interactive Map

9 Aug 1938
  • Soviet troops drove Japanese out of the Lake Khasan region on the northeastern Chinese border. ww2dbase [Battle of Lake Khasan | CPC]
9 Aug 1939
  • Germany sent a message to Poland noting that its uncooperativeness to work with Germany, ie. its refusal of German demands to annex Danzig, might lead to war, and Germany would not hold the responsibility for starting an armed conflict. ww2dbase [The Danzig Crisis | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1939
Émile Bertin underway, 9 Aug 1939
9 Aug 1940
  • Hermann Göring believed Luftwaffe had control of the air having successfully attacked many convoys and excluded Royal Navy ships from the English Channel during daylight. Overestimated downed RAF planes and underestimated Luftwaffe losses further convinced him the RAF was almost beaten; in reality, RAF was stronger than a month ago, with losses (84 fighters) less that half the Luftwaffe's (227 aircraft). Göring ordered new tactics to destroy RAF's fighting capacity by attacking their airfields, control centers and radar. These tactics could not be put into effect, however, as cloudy weather allowed only reconnaissance patrols; 1 He 111 aircraft was shot down. At 1645 hours, R. D. Ritchie of No. 605 Squadron crashed his Hurricane fighter into the sea and died off Dunbar on the east coast of Scotland. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | AC]
  • Orion was ordered to make rendezvous with supply ship Regensburg in the Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Orion | CPC]
  • Heavy cruisers USS Wichita and USS Quincy arrived at Pernambuco, Brazil. ww2dbase [Quincy (New Orleans-class) | CPC]
  • Destroyers USS Walke and USS Wainwright departed Santos, Brazil for Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic was officially incorporated into the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Annexation of the Baltic States | CPC]
  • Friederich Schumacher was named the civilian administrator of the Channel Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • It was announced that British troops were to be withdrawn from Shanghai and North China. ww2dbase [AC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-30 sank Swedish merchant ship Canton 70 miles west of Ireland at 2032 hours; 16 were killed and 16 survived. Canton was carrying 7,900 tons of cargo (including iron) from India and South Africa to Britain. ww2dbase [First Happy Time | AC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • After sundown, Italian minelayer Scilla deployed 200 mines west of the Italian island of Pantelleria. ww2dbase [HM]
  • Italian torpedo boats Antares and Sagittario provided escort for minelaying vessels operating off of the Italian island of Pantelleria. ww2dbase [HM]
Panama Canal Zone
  • Gunboat USS Erie, with Rear Admiral H. Kent Hewitt aboard, departed from the Panama Canal Zone for Ecuador. ww2dbase [CPC]
9 Aug 1941
  • Atlantic Charter Conference began between US and UK leadership. ww2dbase [Atlantic Charter Conference | CPC]
  • The Soviet Shchuka-class submarine ShCh-307 (Treska) commanded by N. I. Petrov torpedoed and sank the German submarine U-144 west of Hiiumaa Island in the Baltic Sea. ww2dbase [ShCh-307 | AC]
France
  • Battle of Britain ace Wing Commander Douglas Bader was involved in a mid-air collision with a German Bf 109 fighter over northern France. He parachuted from his crippled aircraft by releasing and leaving behind in his Spitfire fighter one of his two artificial legs. ww2dbase [Douglas Bader | AC]
Ukraine
  • Romanian 30th Dorobanti Regiment captured the village of Ponyatovka, Ukraine while other Romanian units captured the railway town of Razdelnaya. ww2dbase [Siege of Odessa | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1941
Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and RooseveltWinston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and RooseveltPresident Franklin Roosevelt and his dinner guests aboard the cruiser USS Augusta at the Atlantic Conference, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, 9 Aug 1941.

9 Aug 1941 Interactive Map

9 Aug 1942
  • USS Hornet patrolled waters near US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Hornet (Yorktown-class) | CPC]
  • Armed resistance was met by the Germans during the liquidation of the Mir ghetto in western Byelorussia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Mahatma Gandhi was arrested in Bombay, India by British forces for launching the Quit India Movement. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Navy Admiral Richmond Turner put the HQ 2nd Marines ashore on Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides. Unfortunately the rest of the regiment was on Tulagi and Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. To make matters worse the Marines then forgot all about them until the 29 Oct 1942 when a boat was sent to collect them. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The United States Navy retreated from the Guadalcanal area due to Japanese air attacks without being able to unload all supplies for the Marines on shore. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • Mutsu was assigned to Japanese Navy Second Fleet. ww2dbase [Mutsu | CPC]
  • German submarine U-155 sank British tanker San Emiliano 450 miles east of Trinidad at 0324 hours; 40 were killed, 8 survived. At 0649 hours, U-176 sank the already-abandoned British merchant ship Radchurch of Allied convoy SC-94 485 hours southeast of the southern tip of Greenland. German submarine U-752 sank Dutch ship Mendanau 400 miles southwest of Freetown, British West Africa at 2113 hours; 69 were killed, 16 survived. At 2237 hours, 750 miles west of Free town, U-130 sank Norwegian tanker Malmanger; 2 were killed, 32 survived but 2 were taken prisoner. ALso on this day, German armed merchant cruiser Stier attacked British freighter Dalhousie with gunfire; all 37 aboard were captured before Stier scuttled Dalhousie with torpedoes. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | Stier | CPC]
  • USS Astoria sank at 1216 hours from damage sustained during the Battle of Savo Island. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | Astoria (New Orleans-class) | CPC]
  • James Johnson shot down a German Bf 109 fighter. ww2dbase [James Johnson | CPC]
  • In the Solomon Islands, damaged US destroyer USS Jarvis was sunk by Japanese torpedo bombers from Rabaul, New Britain at 1300 hours; all 233 aboard were killed. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
Australia
  • George Marshall gave George Kenney his permission to create an all-American numbered air force in Australia. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 6 US B-17 Flying Fortress bombers attacked Rabaul, New Britain, causing little damage; 2 bombers were lost on this mission. ww2dbase [Rabaul, New Britain | CPC]
Australian Papua British Western Pacific Territories
  • Northwest of Savo Island in the Solomons, destroyer USS Ralph Talbot was fired upon by a friendly ship shortly after midnight. Two men were killed. Minutes later, Ralph Talbot exchanged gunfire with Japanese cruiser Furutaka that killed ten men aboard Ralph Talbot, wounded 23, and left two men missing. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | Furutaka | Ralph Talbot | Solomon Islands | DS]
French Indochina Germany Gibraltar
  • HMS Lightning disembarked the 39 survivors of Norwegian tanker Tankexpress (sunk by German submarine U-130 on 25 Jul) at Gibraltar. ww2dbase [HM]
Japan
  • Irako transited the Bungo Strait between Shikoku and Kyushu, Japan. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
  • German tanker Rossbach, formerly Norwegian tanker Madrono captured by German armed merchant cruiser Thor in the Indian Ocean on 4 Jul 1942, arrived in Japan. ww2dbase [Thor | CPC]
Russia
  • Troops of the German 17.Armee captured Krasnodar on the Kuban River in southern Russia. Nearby, troops of the 1.Panzerarmee reached the Maikop oil fields, though most of the fuel stores were burned before capture. Meanwhile, Soviet cruiser Krasny Krym and destroyer Nezamozhnik evacuated troops from Novorossiysk, Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH, CPC]
  • German 4.Panzerarmee reached the eastern shore of the Don River bend west of Stalingrad, Russia, threatening to envelope Soviet 62nd Army and 64th Army on the western shore. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1942
USS Blue and USS Patternson removing the crew from the fatally damaged Canberra 9 Aug 1942Chicago maneuvered off Tulagi, 9 Aug 1942, as seen from destroyer ElletQuincy illuminated by Japanese searchlights during Battle of Savo Island, 9 Aug 1942Track of the cruiser night action of 9 Aug 1942 off Savo Island, Solomon Islands where three United States cruisers and one Australian cruiser were lost. Track is taken from the USS Astoria damage report.
See all photos dated 9 Aug 1942

9 Aug 1942 Interactive Map

9 Aug 1943
  • German officer Georg Jantschi voluntarily surrendered to the Soviets. ww2dbase [CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • TBF-1 Avengers and F4F-4 Wildcats from escort carrier USS Card attacked German submarine U-664 in the mid-Atlantic using 500-pound bombs, depth charges, and machine gun fire. The submarine was crippled and began to sink. Seven or eight of her crew were killed (sources differ) and 44 abandon ship. Once darkness fell, seven hours after the attack, one of Card’s escorts, destroyer USS Borie, picked up all 44 survivors. During the recovery operation, Borie’s log reported five different torpedo wakes passing close aboard the ship. The U-664 survivors would be transferred to USS Card the following day. ww2dbase [F4F Wildcat | TBF Avenger | Conclusion of the Battle of the Atlantic | Card | DS]
Australian New Guinea
  • A party of German officers departed Rabaul, New Britain. They had inspected Japanese facilities and spoke to American prisoners of war prior to their departure. ww2dbase [Rabaul, New Britain | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • The main body of the Japanese Southeast Detached Force was moved to Kolombangara, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. Elsewhere on New Georgia, the two groups of the American New Georgia Occupation Force (Northern Landing Group and Southern Landing Group) made contact at a roadblock southwest of Triri. Also on New Georgia, a light anti-aircraft artillery battery of the US Marine Corps 11th Defense Battalion arrived at Enogai. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | New Georgia | CPC]
Canada China
  • Dong Zhao was named the Deputy Commander of the Border Region of Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Suiyuan under General Deng Baoshan. ww2dbase [Dong Zhao | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Nobutake Kondo was appointed to the Japanese Supreme War Council. ww2dbase [Nobutake Kondo | CPC]
United States US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1943
US Army Private First Class Harvey White administering plasma to wounded Private Roy Humphrey, Sicily, Italy, 9 Aug 1943German submarine U-664 lying dead in the water and sinking by the stern as her crew abandoned ship following an air attack from USS Card aircraft in the mid-Atlantic, 9 Aug 1943. Photo 2 of 2.German submarine U-664 lying dead in the water and sinking by the stern as her crew abandoned ship following an air attack from USS Card aircraft in the mid-Atlantic, 9 Aug 1943. Photo 1 of 2.M.19 Master II aircraft at RAF Bodney, England, United Kingdom, 9 Aug 1943
See all photos dated 9 Aug 1943

9 Aug 1943 Interactive Map

9 Aug 1944
  • US President Franklin Roosevelt informed Douglas MacArthur that MacArthur's plan to invade the Philippine Islands had been approved, which necessarily meant that Chester Nimitz's plan to land on Taiwan, thus bypassing the Philippine Islands, was rejected. ww2dbase [Pacific Strategy Conference | CPC]
  • The Vyborg-Petrozavodsk Offensive, the largest Soviet offensive against Finland, ended in a strategic stalemate. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Forest Service and the US Wartime Advertising Council released posters featuring Smokey Bear for the first time. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Austin Doyle became the commanding officer of USS Hornet, relieving William Sample. ww2dbase [Hornet (Essex-class) | CPC]
Alaska Caroline Islands
  • USS Pollack attacked a Japanese destroyer with four torpedoes west of the Caroline Islands; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Pollack | CPC]
France Hawaii Poland
  • After sundown, No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF dropped supplies in the Kampinos Forest outside of Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • A V-1 flying bomb exploded in the air above the town of Lamberhurst, Kent, England, United Kingdom after being shot at by a fighter, the bomb scattered 1-kilogram incendiary bombs. 91 squadron was officially taken off anti-V-1 operations and moved to RAF Hawkinge in Kent to re-equip with Spitfire LFIX fighters. The squadron had accounted for 184 of the bombs, and 2 more would be added whilst they trained in their new aircraft. The squadron's Spitfire XIV fighters were handed to 402 Squadron (RCAF) who commenced anti-V-1 operations three days later. ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | Vergeltungswaffe 1 | Hawkinge, England | HM]
United States
  • USS Tirante was launched at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, United States. ww2dbase [Tirante | Kittery, Maine | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt assigned Patrick Hurley to as an intermediary between Chiang Kaishek and Joseph Stilwell. ww2dbase [Patrick Hurley | Washington | CPC]
  • Following the Port Chicago munitions explosion, the surviving members of the ordnance battalion were assigned to resume loading munitions at nearby Mare Island. 258 African-American sailors told their officers that they would obey any other order, but not that one. All faced charges, 50 for mutiny. ww2dbase [Port Chicago Naval Munitions Explosion | Vallejo, California | DS]
Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1944
A Hitler Youth soldier captured by Canadian soldiers, Caen, France, 9 Aug 1944US Army CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 cargo truck pulling rear half of another, forming the Mobile Optical Section of the 12th Medical Depot Company, US 5th Army, Volterro, Italy, 9 Aug 1944British PIAT team, Normanie, France, 9 Aug 1944B-24G Liberator “Fertile Myrtle” with the 724th Bomb Squadron flying over the burning oil refinery at AlmĂĄsfĂŒzitő, Hungary on the banks of the Danube, 9 Aug 1944.

9 Aug 1944 Interactive Map

9 Aug 1945
  • 258 British Avenger, Corsair, Hellcat, Firefly, and Seafire carrier aircraft of Task Force 37 expended more than 120 tons of bombs and cannon shells on targets in and near the Japanese home islands. Meanwhile, American battleships USS South Dakota, USS Indiana, and USS Massachusetts bombarded Kamaishi, Iwate, Japan. 850 16-inch shells from battleships, 1,440 8-inch shells from cruisers, and 2,500 5-inch shells from destroyers were fired. ww2dbase [Preparations for Invasion of Japan | CPC]
  • At one minute after midnight, Soviet troops crossed the border into northeastern China, which was administered by the Japanese-sponsored puppet state of Manchukuo. ww2dbase [Manchurian Strategic Offensive | CPC]
  • Canadian Lieutenant Robert Hampton Gray won the last Victoria Cross of the war (posthumously) when his Corsair fighter-bomber was shot down in flames off the Japanese mainland during an attack on the destroyer, Amakusa, which he sank. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Hawkbill arrived at Borneo, Dutch East Indies and destroyed the Japanese radio station at Tambelan. ww2dbase [Hawkbill | CPC]
  • USS Sennet ended her fuorth war patrol. ww2dbase [Sennet | CPC]
  • USS Chub sank a small Japanese vessel in the Java Sea with her deck gun. ww2dbase [Chub | CPC]
  • Medical staff aboard USS Alabama visited destroyers USS Ault and USS Borie to provide medical assistance. ww2dbase [Alabama | CPC]
China
  • Du Yuming arrived at Chongqing, China to meet with Chiang Kaishek, planning for a campaign against General Long Yun of Yunnan Province, China. ww2dbase [Du Yuming | Chongqing | CPC]
  • Emperor Kangde of the puppet nation of Manchukuo was advised that his capital would soon be relocated from Xinjing (Changchun), Jilin Province, China to Tonghua, Andong Province, China as a response to the Soviet invasion. ww2dbase [Manchurian Strategic Offensive | Puyi | Changchun, Jilin | CPC]
  • Chinese Communist leadership toyed with the notion of moving the New Fourth Army into Shanghai, China ahead of the arrival of US or Nationalist Chinese troops, but the notion was quickly abandoned when it was realized that the New Fourth Army would be far too weak to embark on such a mission. ww2dbase [CPC]
French Indochina
  • A small nationalist coup failed in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ww2dbase [Phnom Penh, Cambodia | CPC]
  • Sukarno, Mohammad Hatta, and Radjiman Wediodiningrat flew to Saigon, Cochinchina, French Indochina to meet with Field Marshal Terauchi Hisaichi. Sukarno was made the head of the Indonesian independence committee. ww2dbase [Hisaichi Terauchi | Saigon, Cochinchine | CPC]
Hawaii Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Blenny reported sinking three small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. ww2dbase [Blenny | South China Sea | CPC]
  • USS Whale made rendezvous with USS Blackfish in the Pacific Ocean and received 16 rescued aviators. ww2dbase [Whale | CPC]
  • USS Wasp was nearly hit by a Japanese special attack aircraft off Japan. ww2dbase [Wasp (Essex-class) | CPC]
Philippines
  • On Mindanao in the Philippines, captured Japanese Army officer Minoru Wada flew with US Marine Mitchell bombers to guide them to the Japanese Army 100th Infantry Division headquarters. The complex was destroyed and the fighting on Mindanao ended. ww2dbase [Philippines Campaign, Phase 2 | Minoru Wada | DS]
Taiwan United States Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1945
Captain McVay of Indianapolis spoke of the sinking at Guam, Aug 1945Battleship Massachusetts firing a full main battery salvo at Kamaishi, Iwate, Japan, 9 Aug 1945; note projectiles in flight at upper leftBattleship Massachusetts bombarding Kamaishi, Iwate, Japan, 9 Aug 1945Telegram from Samuel Cavert to Harry Truman regarding the use of atomic bombs on Japan, 9 Aug 1945, 1 of 2
See all photos dated 9 Aug 1945

9 Aug 1945 Interactive Map

9 Aug 1946

Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1946
Victory Ship SS Waterbury Victory docked at Sand Island, US Territory of Hawaii, 9 Aug 1946; she had just brought back Japanese-American troops from EuropeReturning Japanese-American troops lining up at the rails of Victory Ship SS Waterbury Victory, Honolulu, US Territory of Hawaii, 9 Aug 1946US 442nd Regimental Combat Team, consisted of Japanese-Americans, displaying their slogan Hula dancers entertain returning Japanese-American veterans of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team aboard Victory Ship USS Waterbury Victory, Honolulu, US Territory of Hawaii, 9 Aug 1946; photo 1 of 7
See all photos dated 9 Aug 1946

9 Aug 1946 Interactive Map

9 Aug 1947

Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1947
Emperor Showa (Hirohito) visiting Koiwai Farm, Iwate, Japan, 9 Aug 1947
9 Aug 1948

Japan
  • The first American-authorized atomic bomb commemoration ceremony took place in Nagasaki, Japan. Colonel Victor Delnore, the commanding officer of the occupation government in the city, in a speech promised a partnership between Japan and the United States for rebuilding and for future peace. ww2dbase [Nagasaki | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1948
Cruiser USS Pasadena entering Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on a summer NROTC midshipmen’s cruise, 9 Aug 1948.
9 Aug 1950
9 Aug 1961
9 Aug 1966

United States
9 Aug 1968

Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1968
Hornet underway, 9 Aug 1968
9 Aug 1977

United States
9 Aug 1980
9 Aug 2010

United States
  • Museum ship Cassin Young was drydocked at Historic Dry Dock #1 at the Boston National Historical Park in Boston, Massachusetts, United States for repairs after 30 years in the water. ww2dbase [Boston Navy Yard | Cassin Young | Boston, Massachusetts | CPC]

9 Aug 2010 Interactive Map

9 Aug 2011

Japan
  • Deputy chief of the US embassy in Tokyo James Zumwalt became the first US official to attend the annual atomic attack memorial ceremony at Nagasaki, Japan. He offered a wreath of flowers to Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan. ww2dbase [Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki | Nagasaki | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Foreign Minister, Aug 1939


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