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13 Mar 1945
  • USS Bailey arrived at Mindoro. ww2dbase [Bailey | DS]
  • USS Nicholas arrived at Mangarin Bay, Mindoro, refueled, and departed bound for Subic Bay, Luzon, Philippines. ww2dbase [Nicholas | DS]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The 331-ton German submarine chaser UJ-1414 (ex-whaler TREFF I) was sunk off Lorient, France. ww2dbase [HM]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Franklin arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Franklin | Ulithi | CPC]
  • USS St. Louis arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [St. Louis | Ulithi | DS]
  • USAAF B-24 and B-25 bombers conducted anti-shipping sweeps off the Chinese coast between Fuzhou and Hong Kong. Japanese convoy KAI-311 was attacked, and Aikoku Maru No. 12, Kokoku Maru No. 37, Tarumizu Maru No. 18, Tarumizu Maru No. 34, Coast Defense Vessel No. 66, and transport Masajima Maru were sunk. The latter two were sunk by B-24 bombers just off of Shantou, Guangdong Province, China. ww2dbase [Shantou, Guangdong | HM]
  • In Operation Undertone, US 3rd and 7th Armies advanced toward Rhine River in Germany. ww2dbase [Advance to the Rhine | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler abandoned his command with Army Group Vistula; he would later claim that it was due to sickness. ww2dbase [Heinrich Himmler | CPC]
  • RAF Wellington bombers of No. 40 Squadron attacked Trevisio, Italy with 4,000 lb "cookie" bombs. ww2dbase [Trevisio, Veneto | AC]
  • 274 US aircraft bombed and destroyed 8.1 square miles of Osaka, Japan. ww2dbase [Bombing of Tokyo and Other Cities | Osaka | CPC]
  • USS Tunny conducted a special reconnaissance mission off the Ryukyu Islands in preparation of the invasion of Okinawa, Japan. ww2dbase [Tunny | Okinawa | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • A British No. 617 Squadron RAF Lancaster bomber test-dropped a 22,000-lb Grand Slam bomb in the Ashley Range in the New Forest in Hampshire, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Lancaster | New Forest, Hampshire | AC, CPC]
  • In a statement to Parliament, Sir James Grigg, the British Secretary of State for War, praised the achievements of the British Army over the previous months but announced that it will be necessary for another call up, for military service, men from civilian life (including from those previously in reserved occupations) in order to continue the war against Japan once Germany has been defeated. ww2dbase [London, England | AC]
  • The 2,878-ton Canadian steamship Taber Park, on a voyage from the Tyne to London in England, United Kingdom with convoy FS-1753 with coal, was sunk by mine or by a German Seehund midget submarine, off Aldeburgh, Suffolk coast. Twenty-four of her crew and four gunners were lost; the captain and three others were saved. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Battle of the Atlantic | Type XXVII | Aldeburgh, England | HM]
United States Photo(s) dated 13 Mar 1945
Landing Signal Officer Ensign R. J. Grant guiding in a F6F Hellcat fighter aboard USS Enterprise, 13 Mar 1945USS Shannon steaming through Ulithi anchorage, Caroline Islands, 13 Mar 1945; note USS Flint at left, USS Miami at right, carriers USS Enterprise, USS Intrepid, USS Essex, and USS Bunker Hill, and battleship Tennessee behind Intrepid.13 Mar 1945 photo of the Essex-class carrier USS Randolph with damage to her flight deck as the result of a Japanese Yokosuka P1Y Ginga

13 Mar 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal

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