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World War II Database

12 Mar 1945
  • USS Croaker departed Fremantle, Australia for her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Third Army crossed Moselle River near Koblenz, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Heinrich Himmler signed orders to surrender concentration camps to the Allies, which contradicted Adolf Hitler's prior order. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 1,108 RAF bombers attacked Dortmund, Germany, dropping 4,851 tons of bombs. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German Jew Anne Frank died in Belsen Concentration Camp. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Küstrin, Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German troops cut off elements of Soviet 5th Guards Army in Silesia, Germany (now Poland) before dawn. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Aden
  • Air Vice-Marshal Harold Lydford was made the commanding officer of British Forces Aden, succeeding Frank McNamara. ww2dbase [CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-296 (Kapitänleutnant Karl-Heinz Rasch) sent no messages after leaving Bergen, Norway to operate in the Firth of Clyde area in Scotland, United Kingdom and was posted as missing after she failed to return from patrol. The U-296 was possibly lost in the British deep anti-submarine minefields T1 and T2 laid on its route to the operational area. All 42 aboard were lost. ww2dbase [Main Article | HM]
  • German Type VII-C submarine U-260 was scuttled by her crew at 2230 hours after being mined at 80 metres depth, off the coast of County Cork, southern Ireland. The entire crew were interned in Ireland. The Irish recovered papers and code books from the commanding officer Oberleutnant zur See Klaus Becker together with his personal logbook. ww2dbase [Main Article | HM]
  • The 1,743-ton steam passenger ship Paris, seized by the Germans and used as troop transport for the Kriegsmarine since 21 Aug 1940 and then a minesweeper mother ship since 3 Jun 1941, was hit by two torpedoes from the Shetland-based motor torpedo boat MTB-711 (with Norwegian crew) and sank in seconds off Kvaløytå light, Haugesund, Norway. 86 were killed, some of whom were Norwegian, 70 were rescued. ww2dbase [Main Article | HM]
Baltic Sea
  • The 1,845-ton German steamship Rolandseck, used as a troop transport, was bombed by British aircraft and sank near Skagen on the east coast of the Skagen Odde peninsula in the far north of Denmark. ww2dbase [Main Article | HM]
  • The 1,761-ton German steamship Gerrit Fritzen (formerly the Swedish Bohus, captured in 1940 by German destroyer Paul Jacobi and renamed) was bombed by Russian aircraft and sank off Schlopin, Fehmarn Island in the Baltic Sea. ww2dbase [HM]
Burma
  • Japanese troops launched a counteroffensive aimed at recapturing Meiktila, Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Danzig
  • German patrol boat V-315 sank in collision with cargo steam ship Henrik Fisser in the Gulf of Danzig. ww2dbase [HM]
French Indochina
  • The 540-ton La Pérouse, the largest vessel of the French Indochina hydrographic group, became the was the last ship to be scuttled in Can Tho, Cochinchina, French Indochina (now Vietnam) during the Japanese invasion. ww2dbase [HM]
Germany
  • Soviet and Polish troops launched a renewed assault on Kolberg, Germany (now Kolobrzeg, Poland). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • SS General Ernst Kaltenbrunner agreed to allow Red Cross delegates to visit concentration camps. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • German steam merchant ships Hilde (384-ton) and Adross (2,995-ton) were sunk in an air raid on Swinemünde, Germany. 570 people were killed by the fires or went down with the ships. ww2dbase [HM]
Pacific Ocean
  • Japanese guard boats Hinode Maru No. 1 and Shosei Maru, were sunk by US aircraft east of the Ryukyu Islands. ww2dbase [HM]
United Kingdom
  • HMS Colossus departed Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Jack Heyn arrived at Omaha, Nebraska, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Mar 1945
B-17 Fortresses of the 301st Bomb Group over the Italian Alps on their way to the rail yards in Vienna, Austria, 12 Mar 1945. Note the B-17 in the center with its ball turret replaced with the H2X ground scanning radar.What is left of an SB2C Helldiver on the heavily damaged flight deck of the USS Randolph after a P1Y Ginga special attack bomber crashed into the ship while at anchor in Ulithi Lagoon, Caroline Islands, 11 Mar 1945.USS Randolph Captain Felix Baker (pointing) showing Admiral Raymond Spruance damage to the flight deck after a P1Y Ginga special attack bomber crashed into the ship at Ulithi, Caroline Islands, 11 Mar 1945.An underside view of the USS Randolph flight deck 12 Mar 1945, the day after a Yokosuka P1Y Ginga (Frances) special attack aircraft crashed into Randolph’s stern as she rode at anchor in the Ulithi lagoon.
See all photos dated 12 Mar 1945

12 Mar 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945