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31 Jan 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul, New Britain and departed later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Americans landed on Kwajalein and Majuro atolls in the Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Marshall Islands Campaign | AC]
  • Fleet aircraft carrier USS Franklin was commissioned into service with Captain James M. Shoemaker in command. ww2dbase [Franklin | AC]
  • The Royal Navy's Second Escort Group (Captain F. J. Walker) sank the German submarine U-592. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Battle of the Atlantic | AC]
  • USS Seahorse sank Japanese cargo ship Toei Maru south of Japan, which she had been chasing for many hours, hitting her with two of eight torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Seahorse | CPC]
  • J. J. Clark was selected for promotion to Rear Admiral. ww2dbase [J. J. Clark | DS]
  • USS Luce completed a period of anti-submarine patrol off Attu in the Aleutian Islands. ww2dbase [Luce | CPC]
Hawaii Italy
  • US 34th Division crossed the Rapido River in Italy. Nearby, French Moroccan colonial troops were halted by troops of German 5th Mountain Division near Cassino and Monte Belvedere, Italy. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | TH, CPC]
Marshall Islands Pacific Ocean
  • USS Finback sank a fishing trawler with gunfire in the East China Sea. ww2dbase [Finback | East China Sea | CPC]
Russia United States Photo(s) dated 31 Jan 1944
British soldier preparing ammunition for a M7 Priest self-propelled gun, Anzio, Italy, 31 Jan 1944British Priest self-propelled gun in action, Anzio, Italy, 31 Jan 1944

31 Jan 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Winston Churchill, on the RAF

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