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2 Mar 1876

  • Pius XII was born in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Pius XII | Rome | CPC]
8 Jan 1930

  • Princess Marie-JosĂ© of Belgium married Prince Umberto of Piemonte in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Rome | AC]
15 Apr 1939

  • Hermann Göring arrived in Rome, Italy to meet with Benito Mussolini. ww2dbase [Hermann Göring | Rome | CPC]
16 Apr 1939

10 Aug 1939

  • Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano departed Rome, Italy for Salzburg in southern Germany (occupied Austria) to meet with his German counterpart Joachim von Ribbentrop. ww2dbase [Galeazzo Ciano | Rome | CPC]
24 Jun 1940

  • The Franco-Italian armistice was signed at Villa Olgiata near Rome, Italy by French General Huntziger and Italian General Badoglio. Fighting would continue until the following day when the agreement would take effect. ww2dbase [Invasion of France and the Low Countries | Rome | TH]
22 Jul 1941

  • Italian Count Galeazzo Ciano noted in his diary that Benito Mussolini had staged a mock air raid over Rome, Italy on this date, with anti-aircraft positions firing. The purpose of this production was to give the citizens the impression that a serious war was going on. ww2dbase [Galeazzo Ciano | Rome | CPC]
23 Nov 1941

  • The Italian High Command in Rome, Italy agreed to put the Italian XX Mobile Corps, which included the Ariete Division and the Trieste Division, under Erwin Rommel's direct command. On the same day, at the Battle of Totensonntag, Axis troops outflanked British forces south of Sidi Rezegh, Libya, inflicting heavy casualties and forcing the British 7th Armored Division to withdraw 20 miles. ww2dbase [Operation Crusader | Rome | CPC]
6 Feb 1942

  • Hermann Göring departed Rome, Italy. Galeazzo Ciano noted in his diary that during this visit, Göring was seen wearing expensive jewelry and furs. ww2dbase [Hermann Göring | Rome | CPC]
20 Jul 1942

16 Aug 1942

  • Benito Mussolini presented Hans-Joachim Marseille the Gold Medal of Military Valor (Medaglia d'oro al Valore Militare) in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Hans-Joachim Marseille | Rome | CPC]
21 Aug 1942

25 Oct 1942

  • Erwin Rommel visited Rome, Italy to press for more supplies for the war in North Africa. He arrived in Egypt to assume command of all Axis units in North Africa by the evening. ww2dbase [Erwin Rommel | Rome | CPC]
5 Feb 1943

  • Benito Mussolini personally took over the Italian Foreign Ministry after firing his son-in-law Galeazzo Ciano. ww2dbase [Benito Mussolini | Rome | TH]
19 Jun 1943

  • The Italian Minister of Transport, Vittorio Cini, openly criticised Benito Mussolini during a Cabinet meeting. Normally Cini would have been arrested inmmediately and faced a firing squad; but Mussolini had already seen the red light and had tried to put out peace soundings to Anthony Eden, the British Foreign Secretary. ww2dbase [Benito Mussolini | Rome | AC]
25 Jun 1943

  • The first Italian "M" armored division was formed near Rome, Italy as Mussolini's bodyguard unit. ww2dbase [Rome | CPC]
18 Jul 1943

19 Jul 1943

  • The Italian capital of Rome experienced its first air raid by the USAAF, which resulted in 1,500 civilian deaths; 157 B-17 and 112 B-24 aircraft embarked on this attack, 5 of which were lost. Most of the bombers focused on rail marshalling yards in or around the city. ww2dbase [Operation Avalanche | Rome | TH, CPC]
24 Jul 1943

  • The Fascist Grand Council in Rome, Italy voted 19 to 7 for King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy to retake command of Italian military from Mussolini; Count Ciano, Mussolini's son-in-law, also voted against him. Upon relieving his duties, King Vittorio Emanuele III ordered Mussolini arrested. ww2dbase [Benito Mussolini | Rome | CPC]
28 Jul 1943

  • Otto Skorzeny arrived in Rome, Italy and visited Albert Kesselring at the Tusculum II villa outside of the city. ww2dbase [Otto Skorzeny | Rome | CPC]
30 Jul 1943

4 Aug 1943

  • Otto Skorzeny learned from the German Police AttachĂ© that Benito Mussolini had been transported in an ambulance from the Royal Palace in Rome, Italy to one of the carabinieri barracks in Rome back on 25 Jul 1943. ww2dbase [Joachim von Ribbentrop | Rome | CPC]
13 Aug 1943

  • The US IX Bomber Command attacked the Lorenzo marshaling yards near Rome, Italy with 106 B-17 bombers, 66 B-25 bombers, and 102 B-26 bombers, escorted by 140 P-38G Lightning fighters. Heavy damage was inflicted on the yards and although two B-26Cs were downed the Italians lost five modern fighters in combat with the P-38 fighters. ww2dbase [Bombing of Rome, Naples, and Other Cities | Rome | AC]
14 Aug 1943

2 Jun 1944

  • Allied forces overran the German Caesar C Line south of Rome, Italy; Adolf Hitler ordered Albert Kesselring that the Italian capital would be abandoned. ww2dbase [Battle of Anzio | Rome | CPC]
3 Jun 1944

4 Jun 1944

  • Mark Clark and the US 5th Army entered Rome, Italy unopposed; Clark immediately held a press conference on the steps of the Town Hall on the Capitoline Hill. Some fellow Allied generals thought Clark had failed to trap the German 10th Army. Nearby, the Italian motor torpedo boat base at Terracina was evacuated. ww2dbase [Battle of Anzio | Rome, Lazio | AC, CPC]
12 Oct 1945

  • Anton Dostler was sentenced to death in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Anton Dostler | Rome | CPC]
31 Oct 1946

  • Israeli terrorists bombed the British Embassy in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Rome | AC]
25 Jul 1957

20 Dec 1966

11 Jun 1980

25 Oct 1980

  • Prince Philipp passed away in Rome, Italy. ww2dbase [Philipp | Rome | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944

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