|Born||10 Dec 1883|
|Died||18 Dec 1968|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseGiovanni Messe was born near Brindisi. A veteran of WW1, in the next great war he led Italian troops in Ethiopia, Albania, and Greece. From 17 Jul 1941 to 9 Jul 1942, he led a corps of Italian soldiers (Corpo di Spedizione Italiano in RÃ¹ssia) in the Eastern Front. During the fighting in Russia, he received the Knight's Cross on 23 Jan 1942. In 1943, he was placed in command of the beleaguered First Italian Army in North Africa. He scored a few tactical victories, but ultimately he was unable to change the tide of the war. He surrendered to the Allies alongside of his German allies on 13 May 1943, a day after his promotion to the rank of Field Marshal.
ww2dbaseAfter Italy exited WW2 in Sep 1943, Messe acted as the chief of staff of the Royal Italian Army until 1945. He retired from the military in 1947 and entered politics, serving as a senator from 1953 to 1955 and then the president of the Italian Veteran Association.
ww2dbaseHe passed away in Rome at the age of 85.
Last Major Revision: Aug 2005
Giovanni Messe Timeline
|10 Dec 1883Â||Giovanni Messe was born.|
|2 Feb 1943Â||Ettore Bastico stepped down as the Governor-General of Italian Libya, succeeded by Giovanni Messe.|
|18 Dec 1968Â||Giovanni Messe passed away.|
Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.
Share this article with your friends:
Stay updated with WW2DB:
Visitor Submitted Comments
All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.
Â»Â Invasion of Abyssinia
Â»Â Balkans Campaign
Â»Â Operations Pugilist and Supercharge II
Â»Â Conclusion of the Desert War
- Â» 1,106 biographies
- Â» 334 events
- Â» 39,146 timeline entries
- Â» 1,155 ships
- Â» 339 aircraft models
- Â» 192 vehicle models
- Â» 356 weapon models
- Â» 120 historical documents
- Â» 228 facilities
- Â» 464 book reviews
- Â» 27,800 photos
- Â» 362 maps
George Patton, 31 May 1944