×
Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About
     

World War II Database

122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) file photo [7835]

122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) Field Gun

Country of OriginRussia
TypeField Gun
Caliber121.920 mm
Length5,900.000 mm
Barrel Length2,800.000 mm
Weight2250.000 kg
Ammunition Weight21.76 kg
Rate of Fire5 rounds/min
Range11,795 m
Muzzle Velocity500 m/s

Contributor:

ww2dbaseThe 122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) field guns were designed by F. F. Petrov of the design bureau of Motovilikha Plants in the late 1930s to replace the recently modernized 122-millimeter howitzers in the Russian arsenal that were of pre-WW1 designs. The design was accepted in Sep 1939 after defeating rival designs. The design addressed the shortcomings of the WW1-era predecessors directly: their advanced split trail carriages with leaf spring suspension systems and rubber tires greatly improved the towing capabilities, while the longer barrel increased the effective range. Mass production began in 1940 at No. 9 in Sverdlovsk and after 1940 also in Plant No. 92 in Gorky, both in Russia. Barrels of this design were mounted on T-34 hulls to create the SU-122 self-propelled assault guns. Marshal G. F. Odintsov commented "[n]othing can be better" after witnessing firing practices involving these guns.

When Germany invaded Russia in Jun 1941, 1,667 The 122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) field guns were in service, which was still a minority. However, increased production meant that by 1943 they would become the most numerous howitzers of the Russian Army. They were mainly used as indirect fire weapons against troop concentrations and field fortifications, though when necessary they also fired directly against advancing German tanks after High explosive anti-tank shells were developed in 1943.

A number of these guns were captured by the Germans, who pressed them into service with the designation 12.2 cm s.F.H.396(r) heavy howitzers. Finnish forces captured 41 guns of this type and employed them under the designation 122 H 38; Finnish troops reported great liking to these guns, and kept them in service until the mid-1980s.

After WW2, Russia supplied 122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) field guns to friendly nations such as Egypt and Syria. Communist China's Type 54 howitzers were reportedly developed based on the M-30 design given by Russia.

Between 1940 and 1945, a total of 17,526 122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) field guns were built. An additional 1,740 were built between 1946 and 1955, bring the grand total to 19,266. Detailed production figures are show below.

Year1940194119421943194419451946194719481949195019511952195319541955
Quantity639276242403770348526302102002002500300100100280100

In 1960, they were replaced by the 122 mm Howitzer D-30.

Source: Wikipedia.

ww2dbase

Last Major Revision: May 2009

Photographs

Soviet STZ-3 tractors towing 122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) guns, Jun 1941Russian 122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) field gun at rest, date unknown




Did you enjoy this article? Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook
 Reddit
 Twitter

Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds


Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code
 

 

Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) Field Gun Photo Gallery
Soviet STZ-3 tractors towing 122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) guns, Jun 1941Russian 122 mm Howitzer M1938 (M-30) field gun at rest, date unknown


Famous WW2 Quote
"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944