|Ship Class||Tennessee-class Battleship|
|Builder||Mare Island Navy Yard|
|Commissioned||1 Aug 1921|
|Sunk||1 Feb 1947|
|Displacement||32,300 tons standard|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseUSS California, a 32,300-ton Tennessee class battleship, was built at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, and commissioned in August 1921. During the 1920s and 1930s, she actively participated in the activities of the United States Battle Fleet, often acting as flagship. In 1925, California was one of the ships that conducted a major trans-Pacific cruise to Australia and New Zealand.
ww2dbaseWith most of the fleet, California deployed to Hawaii in 1940 and was based there as tensions rose in the Pacific over the next year. When Japanese carrier planes raided Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, she was badly damaged by torpedoes and bombs, slowly settling to the harbor bottom over the next few days. Her salvage, repair and modernization represented a major undertaking by the Pearl Harbor and Puget Sound Navy Yards and was not completed until January 1944.
ww2dbaseOver two and a half years after she was sunk, California reentered combat, providing heavy gunfire support for the invasions of Saipan, Guam and Tinian during June and July 1944. In October and November, she took part in the Leyte Campaign, including the 25 October 1944 Battle of Surigao Strait, history's last fight between opposing battleships. In January 1945, California participated in the Lingayen Gulf invasion. Damaged by a "Kamikaze" suicide plane on 6 January, she remained in action for more than two weeks before steaming to the U.S. for repairs and an overhaul.
ww2dbaseCalifornia returned to the Western Pacific in June 1945, in time to take part in the final stages of the Okinawa campaign. She covered occupation activities in the wake of Japan's surrender, then sailed for the Atlantic by way of the Indian Ocean and the Cape of Good Hope. After her arrival at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in December 1945, the battleship was generally inactive until her formal decommissioning in February 1947. After twelve years in the Reserve Fleet, USS California was sold for scrapping in July 1959.
ww2dbaseSource: Naval Historical Center
Last Major Revision: Jan 2005
Battleship California (BB-44) Interactive Map
California Operational Timeline
|1 Aug 1921Â||California was commissioned into service.|
|20 Oct 1942Â||USS California arrived at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard for extensive repairs following the Pearl Harbor Attack.|
|31 Jan 1944Â||USS California departed Puget Sound Naval Shipyard.|
|5 May 1944Â||Battleships USS Maryland, Colorado, Washington, and California escorted by destroyers USS Mugford, Bagley, Sterett, Wilson, Shaw, Helm, Ross, and Selfridge departed San Francisco, California bound for Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.|
|10 May 1944Â||Battleships USS Maryland, Colorado, Washington, and California escorted by destroyers USS Mugford, Bagley, Sterett, Wilson, Shaw, Helm, Ross, and Selfridge arrived at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii from San Francisco.|
|1 Nov 1944Â||A battleship force on station at the northern entrance to Surigao Strait consisting of battleships USS Mississippi, California, and Pennsylvania screened by cruisers USS Phoenix, Boise, Nashville, and HMAS Shropshire along with destroyers Ammen, Bush, Leutze, Newcomb, Bennion, Heywood L. Edwards, Robinson, Richard P. Leary, Bryant, and Claxton came under an intense Japanese air attacking force that included special attack aircraft. USS Ammen sustained a glancing blow from a Yokosuka P1Y 'Francis' that caused considerable topside damage and killed 5 men. An Aichi D3A 'Val' crashed across Abner Read's main deck as it dropped a bomb down one the destroyer's stacks that exploded in the engine room. Abner Read jettisoned her torpedoes which immediately began their runs toward other ships in the group. Abner Read began sinking by the stern and 20 minutes after the attack, she rolled over and sank. 24 were killed. Meanwhile, Mississippi and Nashville had to take emergency evasive actions to avoid the torpedoes.|
|15 Feb 1945Â||USS California arrived at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard to repair battle damage and an overhaul.|
|24 Apr 1945Â||USS California departed Puget Sound Naval Shipyard.|
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Â»Â Cates, Clifton
Â»Â Leahy, William
Â»Â Rochefort, Joseph
Â»Â Turner, Richmond
Â»Â Attack on Pearl Harbor
Â»Â Philippines Campaign, Phase 1, the Leyte Campaign
Â»Â Okinawa Campaign
Â»Â US Navy Report of Japanese Raid on Pearl Harbor, Enclosure E, USS California (1)
Â»Â US Navy Report of Japanese Raid on Pearl Harbor, Enclosure E, USS California (2)
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James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945