×
Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About
     

World War II Database

Tsushima Maru file photo [11664]

Tsushima Maru

CountryJapan
BuilderRussell & Company, Greenock, Scotland, United Kingdom
Sunk22 Aug 1944
Displacement6,754 tons standard
Length446 feet

Contributor:

ww2dbasePassenger ship Tsushima Maru of the shipping company Nippon Yusen Kaisha was carrying a large number of Japanese civilians evacuating from Okinawa to Kagoshima when the convoy she was sailing with, Namo 103, was detected by American submarine USS Bowfin on 22 Aug 1944. Tsushima Maru was sunk near the island of Akusekijima some time between 2200 and 2230 hours, killing 2,251, which included 767 of the 826 children aboard. None of the surviving ships in the convoy stopped to rescue the survivors in fear of continued attacks by the enemy submarine. Tsushima Maru's wreck was located and identified in Dec 1997.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Revision: Dec 2010

Tsushima Maru Interactive Map

Tsushima Maru Operational Timeline

22 Aug 1944 American submarine USS Bowfin attacked Japanese convoy Namo 103 and sank passenger ship Tsushima Maru near the island of Akusekijima. 2,251 aboard were killed, including 767 children; most of those killed were civilian evacuees from Okinawa.




Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook
 Reddit
 Twitter

Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds




Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Christine Jacobson says:
28 Jul 2021 12:55:04 PM

I cannot find any reason for the sinking of this ship. Why did the United States do it? Did they know it had so many children on board? Who was the person that ordered it?
2. Commenter identity confirmed David Stubblebine says:
28 Jul 2021 05:15:14 PM

Christine Jacobson (above):
Tsushima Maru was certainly a victim of the doctrine of unrestricted submarine warfare, practiced by all sides in World War II. The policy was controversial at the time and would probably not find its way into the rules of engagement today. Tsushima Maru’s cargo and passenger compliment was almost certainly unknown to Commander Corbus, commander of submarine USS Bowfin. The Bowfin action report is quite detailed and devotes far more attention to evading detection and setting up the attack than to what the nature of the targets were. He recognized that the convoy’s two large ships were cargo or troop ships but paid little attention to their types beyond that. He was there to sink Japanese shipping and that’s what he did. These were the rules of engagement that were equally well-understood by the Japanese. If placing so many civilians on one ship to ply these waters was putting them in such peril, part of the responsibility for their loss rests with those who placed them there.

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
 

Notes:

1. We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

2. For inquiries about military records for members of the World War II armed forces, please see our FAQ.

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943


Support Us

Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!

Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!