×
Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About
     

World War II Database

18 Aug 1945
  • Americans began parachuting medical and aid teams into selected prisoners of war camps in the Japanese home islands. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Soviet First Deputy Commissar for Foreign Affairs Andrei Vyshinsky submitted a list of names of Germans who could be sent to the Nuremberg Trials to his superior Vyacheslav Molotov. The list consisted of Ferdinand Schörner, Hans Fritzche, Hans-Erich Voß, Adolf Beckerle, and Reiner Stahel. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • I-14 departed Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Nearly 4,000 Japanese troops surrendered along the Hailar River in Liaobei Province, China, effectively ending organised resistance. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC, CPC]
  • Guo Fengwu, the deputy commander of the 24th Pursuit Squadron of the Chinese Air Force, flew over Guisui, Suiyuan (now Hohhot, Inner Mongolia), China and dropped leaflets containing a transcript of Emperor Showa's 15 Aug 1945 radio address. He was shot down by Japanese anti-aircraft fire and became the final Chinese Air Force casualty of the war. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Eastern Mongolian Branch of the Inner Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party, based in the town of Wangin (now Ulan Hot), Rehe Province, China and consisted of several bureaucrats of the former puppet nation Manchukuo, declared Inner Mongolia a part of the secessionist Mongolian People's Republic. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In Chongqing, China, French and Chinese representatives signed a document that officially returned Kouang-Tchéou-Wan (Chinese: Guangzhouwan) back to China. This treaty port has been forcibly leased by Qing Dynasty China to France in Nov 1899, who placed it under the administration of French Indochina. ww2dbase [CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • The Preparatory Committee for the Independence of Indonesia endorsed the constitution drafted in Jun 1945, though with two changes. The special position for Islam was deleted, and the office of the president received virtually dictatorial powers for the transitional period before a legislative assembly could be elected. Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta was named the President and Vice President of the new republic. ww2dbase [CPC]
Hong Kong
  • Chinese communist rebels attacked the Japanese garrison in Hong Kong, hoping to take control of the port city before either the Chinese Nationalist government or the British colonial administration took it; the Japanese successfully repulsed the communist attack. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • The last air conflict of WW2 took place over Tokyo, Japan. Two US reconnaissance aircraft were attacked by fighters and flak. One American crewman was killed and two fighters were shot down. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Soviet troops landed on Paramushiro, Kurile Islands, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Japanese Home Ministry secretly sent radio messages to local police chiefs, ordering them to organize comfort women facilities for incoming US occupation troops as an attempt to safeguard Japanese women. On this topic, Prince Fumimaro Konoe told the national police commissioner "Please defend the young women of Japan". ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines
  • The British fleet carrying bureaucrats and troops for Hong Kong reached the Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
Singapore
  • At the headquarters of the Japanese 7th Area Army in Singapore, General Seishiro Itagaki informed his lieutenants and colonial administrators that Japan had surrendered. He ordered the men to maintain public order and to plan for the transition of power when the British colonial administration would arrive. He also ordered the construction of an internment camp in Jurong in western Singapore for Japanese civilians, who would wait there until repatriation. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Subhash Chandra Bose boarded a Japanese passenger aircraft at Matsuyama Airfield (now Songshan Airport) at Taihoku (now Taipei), Taiwan for a trip to Japan. The aircraft crashed immediately after takeoff and Bose was seriously burned. He was rushed to a military hospital near the airfield, but the doctors were not able to save him. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]

18 Aug 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




Did you enjoy this article? Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook
 Reddit
 Twitter

Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
Famous WW2 Quote
"You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word. It is victory. Victory at all costs. Victory in spite of all terrors. Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival."

Winston Churchill