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15 Apr 1945
  • Allied troops captured Zutphen, Leeuwarden, and Zoutkamp in the Netherlands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US First Army captured Leuna and Merseburg, Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • In Czechoslovakia, Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front assaulted toward the MĂĽhrisch-Ostrau industrial region of Moravia, while Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front moved towards Brno. ww2dbase [TH]
  • USAAF bombers dropped napalm bombs on the German stronghold in Royan, France. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German ships evacuated 20,000 people from East Prussia, Germany. ww2dbase [East Prussian Offensive | CPC]
  • USS Charr completed minelaying off Pulo Island, Vietnam. ww2dbase [Charr | CPC]
  • Troops of F Company, 2nd Battalion, 405th Regiment, US 102nd Infantry Division discovered the aftermath of the massacre committed by German SS and Luftwaffe troops two days prior near Gardelegen, Saxony, Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Operation Kikusui No. 3 was launched off Okinawa, Japan, participated by about 120 Japanese Navy and 45 Japanese Army special attack and escorting aircraft. ww2dbase [Okinawa Campaign | CPC]
  • About 200 aircraft of the US 14th Air Force attacked Japanese targets across a large area of eastern China, targeting bridges, river traffic, railroads, gun positions, warehouses, and troop concentrations. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Field Marshal Model, Commander-in-Chief of German Army Group B, ordered all young soldiers and old soldiers to be discharged from the army. As civilians they were to make their own way home. ww2dbase [Walter Model | AC]
  • Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front advanced toward Graz in occupied Austria. ww2dbase [Battle of Vienna | CPC]
  • USS Iowa arrived at Okinawa, Japan. ww2dbase [Iowa | CPC]
  • Pierre Barjot was promoted to the rank of counter admiral. ww2dbase [Pierre Barjot | CPC]
  • Cruiser USS Phoenix with destroyers USS Nicholas and USS O’Bannon conducted a pre-invasion bombardment of Carabao Island at the entrance to Manila Bay, Philippines. ww2dbase [Philippines Campaign, Phase 2 | Phoenix | Nicholas | DS]
Czechoslovakia France Germany
  • French First Army captured Kehl and Offenburg, Germany. On the same day, Dwight Eisenhower ordered US 3rd Army under George Patton and US 6th Army Group under Jacob Devers to make a thrust toward Austria. ww2dbase [Southern Germany Campaign | TH, CPC]
  • British troops liberated Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp in Germany, which had about 40,000 prisoners at the time. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp | Bergen, Ost-Hannover | CPC]
  • Eva Braun arrived in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Eva Braun | Berlin | CPC]
  • Oberstleutnant Gerhard Prawitt, the commandant of the Oflag IV-C prisoner of war camp at Colditz Castle in Germany, received the order to transfer the prisoners in his charge toward the east. As he moved to carry out the order, the prisoners refused to cooperate as they knew the European War was coming to an end. By the evening, as US 9th Armored Division neared Colditz, SS guards began to flee without orders. ww2dbase [Colditz Castle | Colditz, Sachsen | CPC]
  • Hermann Florstedt, former Majdanek Concentration Camp commandant, was executed at Buchenwald Concentration Camp in Germany by a SS firing squad. He had been found guilty for having embezzled wealth left behind by murdered Jews. ww2dbase [Buchenwald Concentration Camp | Hermann Florstedt | Weimar | CPC]
  • Oberleutnant zur See Heinrich Niemeyer was named the commanding officer of U-1233, relieving Hans-Joachim Kuhn. ww2dbase [U-1233 | CPC]
Hawaii Italy Japan
  • American carrier aircraft struck Japanese airfields in southern Kyushu, Japan while 300 US Army B-29 bombers conducted raids on Kawasaki and Tokyo. ww2dbase [Preparations for Invasion of Japan | CPC]
Korea Mariana Islands
  • USS Ancon arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Ancon | Saipan | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Shamrock Bay launched four FM-2 Wildcat fighters, which shot down six Japanese aircraft 50 miles north of Okinawa, Japan; some of the six aircraft might have been special attack aircraft aiming for destroyer USS Laffey. ww2dbase [Shamrock Bay | CPC]
  • Destroyer USS Shaw entered Auxiliary Repair Dock ARD-2 for underwater inspection and removal of port propeller. ww2dbase [Shaw | San Pedro Bay, Leyte | DS]
  • At a conference in Moscow, Russia to discuss the war in the Far East, Joseph Stalin told Ambassador Averell Harriman that the forthcoming Soviet offensive will be aimed at Dresden, not Berlin, as he had already told Dwight Eisenhower. ww2dbase [Joseph Stalin | Moscow | AC]
  • US B-24 bombers based in the Philippine Islands struck Shinchiku Airfield (now Hsinchu), Taiwan. ww2dbase [Shinchiku Airfield | Shinchiku | CPC]
United States Photo(s) dated 15 Apr 1945
Precious metals, paintings, and other loot hidden by Germans in a salt mine near Merkers, Germany, 15 Apr 1945US Army Corporal Donald Ornitz examining a looted painting in the Merkers salt mine, Germany, Apr 1945Supervised by American soldiers, German civilians from the town of Nordhausen, Germany bury the corpses of prisoners found at the Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp in mass graves, mid-Apr 1945DUKW of US 7th Army being loaded with gasoline jerrycans for a quick transfer across the Rhine, circa Apr 1945
See all photos dated 15 Apr 1945

15 Apr 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"All that silly talk about the advance of science and such leaves me cold. Give me peace and a retarded science."

Thomas Dodd, late 1945

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