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Deutschland file photo [3728]

Deutschland

CountryGermany
Ship ClassDeutschland-class Heavy Cruiser
Builder NameDeutsche Werke Kiel
Yard Number219
Slip/Drydock NumberI
Ordered10 Aug 1928
Laid Down5 Feb 1929
Launched19 May 1931
Commissioned1 Apr 1933
Decommissioned4 May 1945
Displacement12,100 tons standard; 16,200 tons full
Length610 feet
Beam71 feet
Draft24 feet
Machinery8 MAN diesel engines
Power Output52,050 SHP
Speed28 knots
Range8,900nm at 20 knots
Crew1150
Armament6 11-in guns (2 triple turrets), 8 5.9-in guns, 8 21-in torpedo tubes (2 quadruple)
Armor5.5-in turret face, 2.3-in midships belt, 1.6-in deck
Aircraft2 Arado 196 seaplanes

Contributor:

ww2dbaseThe pocket battleship Deutschland, later re-named Lützow, was the first large armored ship built after WW1. The ship was later re-classified a heavy cruiser. She was a treaty ship (her displacement was dressed down in order to fall within treaty limits), hence the small size for a "battleship". She was the model for two later pocket battleships the Admiral Graf Spee and Admiral Scheer, though all designs were fairly different. The ship was renamed Lützow at the start of WW2, avoiding the possible negative morale her potential sinking may incur had she retained the name of her nation.

ww2dbaseAs the Lützow, she participated in the invasion of Norway, and later acted as a raider of British Merchant ships in the Atlantic. She was torpedoed by the British submarine Spearfish north of Jutland and sustained heavy damage, but was able to limp back to Germany for repairs. When she emerged from the docks again in late 1941, she served as a gun platform against land targets along the Baltic. At Swinemünde, she came under attack by Royal Air Force in Apr 1945, and was once again heavily damaged and undergone repairs. She saw some minor duties supporting German army retreats near the end of the war before she was scuttled on 4 May 1945.

ww2dbaseShe was raised by the Soviet navy after the war and used as a target ship.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: Jul 2005

Heavy Cruiser Deutschland Interactive Map

Deutschland Operational Timeline

19 May 1931 The German pocket battleship Deutschland was launched at Kiel, Germany.
1 Apr 1933 Deutschland was commissioned into service.
11 Apr 1934 The pocket battleship Deutschland sailed from Kiel, Germany as a part of the spring manoeuvres. On board were Hitler and his leading army and navy commanders. It was thought that during the voyage Minister of Defence Blomberg nominated Hitler as a candidate for the Presidency (and thus making him Supreme Commander of the Army).
29 May 1937 The German pocket battleship Deutschland was bombed by Spanish Republican aircraft off the Spanish coast. Thirty-one German sailors were killed and 101 were injured.
24 Aug 1939 German warship Deutschland departed Germany on a raiding mission against British shipping.
11 Apr 1940 British submarine HMS Spearfish damaged the German pocket battleship Lützow, knocking it out of action for one year as one of the six torpedoes fired nearly ripped off the German ship's stern. Not realizing Lützow was unescorted, Spearfish fled from the action as soon as she fired her torpedoes.
8 Jul 1940 British bombers attacked German heavy cruiser Lützow in dock at Kiel, Germany. Lützow, under repair for extensive torpedo damage to her stern caused by HMS Spearfish on 11 Apr 1940, was hit by a bomb that failed to detonate.
11 Jun 1941 German heavy cruiser Lützow departed Kiel, Germany for Norway, escorted by light cruisers Emden and Leipzig and six destroyers.
12 Jun 1941 German heavy cruiser Lützow, light cruiser Emden, light cruiser Leipzig, and destroyers passed through the Kattegat between Denmark and Sweden.
13 Jun 1941 German heavy cruiser Lützow, light cruiser Emden, light cruiser Leipzig, and destroyers passed through the Skagerrak between Denmark and Norway. Despite aerial cover by Bf 110 fighters, a British force of Beaufort torpedo bombers with fighter escort was still able to get through and attack, damaging Lützow with a torpedo hit in the engine room. Lützow was forced to return to Kiel, Germany for repairs.
15 May 1942 Lützow departed Kiel, Germany for Ofotfjord in northern Norway.
16 Apr 1945 Eighteen British Lancaster bombers of No. 617 Squadron RAF attacked the German heavy cruiser Lützow at Swinemünde, Germany (now Swinoujscie, Poland). All but two of the aircraft were hit, although only one was lost (becoming No. 617 Squadron's last loss of the war). A near miss by a "Tallboy" 12,000-lb bomb tore a large hole in the bottom of the Lützow, crippling her.
4 May 1945 Deutschland was decommissioned from service.

Photographs

Erich Raeder, Werner von Blomberg, and Adolf Hitler aboard German cruiser Deutschland in the North Sea, Apr 1934Gneisenau, Admiral Graf Spee, Admiral Scheer, and Deutschland steamed in a line during the German Naval Review of Aug 1938
See all 3 photographs of Heavy Cruiser Deutschland



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More on Deutschland
Personnel:
» Wenneker, Paul

Event(s) Participated:
» Annexation of Klaipeda
» Start of the Battle of the Atlantic
» Invasion of Denmark and Norway
» Battle of the Barents Sea
» East Pomeranian Offensive

Heavy Cruiser Deutschland Photo Gallery
Erich Raeder, Werner von Blomberg, and Adolf Hitler aboard German cruiser Deutschland in the North Sea, Apr 1934Gneisenau, Admiral Graf Spee, Admiral Scheer, and Deutschland steamed in a line during the German Naval Review of Aug 1938
See all 3 photographs of Heavy Cruiser Deutschland


Famous WW2 Quote
"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935