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Pinghai file photo [15776]

Pinghai

CountryChina
Ship ClassNinghai-class Light Cruiser
Builder NameJiangnan Arsenal
Laid Down28 Jun 1931
Launched28 Sep 1935
Commissioned18 Jun 1936
Sunk25 Nov 1944
Displacement2,383 tons standard
Length360 feet
Beam39 feet
Draft13 feet
MachineryFour coal boilers, one oil boiler, two shafts
Power Output7,488 SHP
Speed21 knots
Range5,000nm at 12 knots
Crew340
Armament3x2x140mm Krupp guns, 3x76.2mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns, 8x20mm guns, 2x2x535mm torpedo tubes, 8 torpedoes, depth charge throwers, 9 naval mines
ArmorNone

Contributor:

ww2dbaseAlthough the construction of the lead ship of the Ninghai-class light cruisers was outsourced to Japan, the second ship, Pinghai, was laid down by the Jiangnan Shipyard in Shanghai, China four months after the keel-laying of Ninghai after Jiangnan had received the proper modernization for such work; the parts and the chief engineer were brought in from Japan, however. The planned cost for the light cruiser 4,588,000 Yuan. The launching date was originally planned to coincide with the 10 Oct National Day celebration of 1933, but the Sino-Japanese tension of 1931 delayed the delivery of necessary material for the final phase of the construction. After the 1935 launch, she sat idle for some time before she was sent to Aioi, Japan for the fitting of weapons; although she was originally planned to receive the same Japanese-built weaponry, Japan refused to sell China heavy weapons; the Chinese turned to European firms Krupp and Bofors to purchase replacements. In Apr 1937, Pinghai was placed under the command of Captain Gao Xianshen and was assigned to the 1st Fleet as the flagship. After the Second Sino-Japanese War began in 1937, she participated in the Battle of Jiangyin, attempting to block the mouth of the Yangtze River from Japanese warships; during this battle, she was attacked by Japanese aircraft repeatedly, finally sunk in shallow water by carrier aircraft from Kaga on 23 Sep 1937. In 1938, she was raised and towed to Sasebo, Japan for repairs. In 1944, she was modernized and pressed into service under the new name Yasoshima as a convoy escort ship, serving in that role in the summer of 1944. Between Sep and Nov 1944, she was converted into a light cruiser. In late Nov 1944, she was sunk by carrier aircraft of the US Third Fleet west of Luzon, Philippine Islands.

ww2dbaseSources:
Baidu Baike
US Navy Naval Historical Center

Last Major Revision: Jan 2005

Light Cruiser Pinghai Interactive Map

Pinghai Operational Timeline

28 Jun 1931 The keel of light cruiser Pinghai was laid down at the Jiangnan Arsenal in Shanghai, China with Chinese Secretary of the Navy Chen Shaokuan in attendence.
28 Sep 1935 Light cruiser Pinghai was launched at the Jiangnan Arsenal in Shanghai, China.
18 Jun 1936 Pinghai completed the fitting of weapons at Aioi, Japan.
10 Jun 1944 Former Chinese light cruiser Pinghai was renamed Yasoshima.
25 Sep 1944 Yasoshima received orders to move to the front.
25 Nov 1944 Yasoshima was sunk by American carrier aircraft west of Luzon, Philippine Islands.

Photographs

Launching ceremony of cruiser Pinghai, Shanghai, China, 28 Sep 1935Chinese cruiser Pinghai, Jun 1936
See all 9 photographs of Light Cruiser Pinghai



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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Commenter identity confirmed David Stubblebine says:
10 Feb 2009 06:40:15 PM

Yasoshima was sunk by bombs and torpedoes from Air Group 80 flying off USS Ticonderoga.

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Event(s) Participated:
» Second Battle of Shanghai

Light Cruiser Pinghai Photo Gallery
Launching ceremony of cruiser Pinghai, Shanghai, China, 28 Sep 1935Chinese cruiser Pinghai, Jun 1936
See all 9 photographs of Light Cruiser Pinghai


Famous WW2 Quote
"The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years."

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