Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About

World War II Database

Westerbork Concentration Camp

Type   59 Prison Camp
Historical Name of Location   Hooghalen, Drenthe, Netherlands
Coordinates   52.917500000, 6.607222000


ww2dbaseThroughout the 1930s, many German Jews left Germany to neighboring countries such as the Netherlands, some legally and some without permission. In 1939, the Dutch government established the Central Refugee Camp in Hooghalen near the town of Westerbork in the northeastern part of the country to house the refugees who had arrived without permission. The first Jewish refugees moved in during the month of Oct 1939.

ww2dbaseIn May 1940, Germany occupied neutral Netherlands, and the camp continued to function; by 1941, it had a population of about 1,100. The camp facilities were taken over by the Germans in 1942, who enlarged the camp for the purpose of a transit camp. Between Jul 1942 and 3 Sep 1944, weekly trains brought Jews from Westerbork to labor and extermination camps to the east. 65 trains carrying 60,330 Jews went to Auschwitz in occupied Poland (most killed), 19 trains carrying 34,313 Jews went to Sobibór in occupied (all killed), 9 trains carrying 4,894 Jews to Theresienstadt in occupied Czechoslovakia (more than 2,000 killed), and a number of trains to Bergen-Belsen in Germany. In total, about 107,000 Jews had passed through Westerbork, and only about 5,200 survived the Holocaust. Anne Frank, of diary fame, was an inmate at Westerbork between Aug and Sep 1944.

ww2dbaseThe camp was liberated by the Canadian 2nd Infantry Division on 12 Apr 1945.

ww2dbaseAfter the war, the former Westerbork Concentration Camp was used as a prison camp to hold accused Nazi collaborators. Later, under the new name of Kamp Schattenberg, it was used as a refugee camp for people who fled from the turmoil in Indonesia, or Dutch East Indies. In the 1970s, most of the camp facilities were demolished, save for a small number that would be converted into a museum.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Update: Nov 2017

Westerbork Concentration Camp Interactive Map

Westerbork Concentration Camp Timeline

1 Jul 1942 The Westerbork transit camp in the Netherlands began operations.
11 Jan 1943 A transport of 750 Dutch Jews departed from Westerbork Concentration Camp in the Netherlands for Sobib√≥r Concentration Camp in Poland.
12 Apr 1945 The Westerbork Concentration Camp at Hooghalen in the Netherlands was liberated by the Canadian 2nd Infantry Division.

Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Michael Fried (Wartelsky) says:
11 Apr 2019 08:12:27 AM

I was 10 years old in April 1945 when the Canadian 2d Inf Div rolled in to Westerbork. I served 42 years in the US Army. My mom, sister and I were in the Camp for 5 years. Our Dad was killed in the bombing of Rotterdam. Not many of us left.

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments


1. We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

2. For inquiries about military records for members of the World War II armed forces, please see our FAQ.

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB
Modern Day Location
WW2-Era Place Name Hooghalen, Drenthe, Netherlands
Lat/Long 52.9175, 6.6072
Famous WW2 Quote
"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal

Support Us

Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!

Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!