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World War II Database

1 Jul 1942
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Davao, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Jews were massacred in Byelorussian cities of Minsk, Lida, and Slonim. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • General Montgomery informed General Paget that Operation Rutter, the attack on Dieppe, was to take place on 4 Jul. ww2dbase [Attack on Dieppe | CPC]
  • US Navy Admiral Robert Ghormley relinquished his command army troops as US Army Major General Millard Harmon arrived to the theater. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek formally submitted his "Three Demands" to Joseph Stilwell to forward on to Washington DC, United States. This request included 5,000 tons of supplies, 500 war planes, and 3 US divisions for the Chinese theater of war. US President Franklin Roosevelt would superficially agree to the demands, but would stall the delivery indefinitely. ww2dbase [Chiang Kaishek | CPC]
  • USS Flying Fish attacked a Japanese transport off Taiwan; all 3 torpedoes fired missed. ww2dbase [Flying Fish | CPC]
  • USS Sturgeon sank Japanese passenger ship Montevideo Maru off northern Philippine Islands before dawn; 1,124 were killed, 17 survived. The crew of Sturgeon did not realize that most of those aboard were Australian prisoners of war, which constituted 1,053 of the 1,124 killed. ww2dbase [Sturgeon | CPC]
  • German submarine U-202 sank US passenger-cargo ship City of Birmingham 250 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, United States at 0127 hours; 9 were killed, 374 survived. At 1831 hours, U-126 sank US ship Warrior 125 miles east of Trinidad; 7 were killed, 49 survived; the 10,080 tons of Lend-Lease supplies bound for the Soviet Union via Iran were lost. Also on this date, Allied convoy departed Liverpool, Englad, United Kingdom with 41 merchant ships in its midst. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | CPC]
  • German 4th Panzer Army advanced toward Voronezh, Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-16 sank Swedish ship Eknaren in the Mozambique Channel. In the same area, I-18 sank Dutch ship De Weert. ww2dbase [Raids into the Indian Ocean | CPC]
  • German submarine U-97 sank British ship Marilyse Moller 66 miles east of Port Said, Egypt at 1343 hours; 35 were killed, 4 survived; British anti-submarine trawler HMS Burra counterattacked with three depth charges, causing no damage. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-456 and a German Bv 138 aircraft spotted Allied convoy PQ-17 in the Barents Sea and began shadowing it. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
  • Yasunori Yoshioka stepped down as the chief of staff of Japanese 44th Army, also known as the Kwangtung Defense Army, based in Xinjing, northeastern China. ww2dbase [Yasunori Yoshioka | CPC]
  • ww2dbase [Hartwig von Ludwiger | CPC]
  • ww2dbase [Ferdinand Schörner | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean China
  • Korechika Anami was made the commanding officer of the 2nd Area Army in northeastern China. ww2dbase [Korechika Anami | CPC]
Egypt
  • German 90th Light Division began to advance for El Alamein, Egypt at 0300 hours; meanwhile, German and Italian tanks covered the southern flank. Allied troops in the area were a mix of British, Australian, New Zealand, Indian, and South African nationalities. Axis forces suffered heavy casualties on this first day of assault. ww2dbase [First Battle of El Alamein | TH, CPC]
Netherlands Russia
  • As the German bridgehead north of Sevastopol, Russia appeared to be too strong to be eliminated, Joseph Stalin ordered top Soviet leaders to evacuate the city by submarine. ww2dbase [Battle of Sevastopol | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • HMS King George V arrived at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | King George V | CPC]
  • B-17E Flying Fortress bomber "Jarring Jenny" landed at Prestwick, Scotland, United Kingdom having flown the 3,000 miles from Maine, United States via Greenland and Iceland. It was the first of hundreds of sister aircraft to be flown to Great Britain to form the US Eighth Air Force. ww2dbase [B-17 Flying Fortress | AC]
United States
  • Wasp departed San Diego, California, United States for Tonga Islands, escorting transports carrying men of the US 5th Marine Regiment. ww2dbase [Wasp (Wasp-class) | CPC, DS]
  • The keel of submarine Seahorse was laid down at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California, United States. ww2dbase [Mare Island Navy Yard | Seahorse | CPC]
  • Chief Engineer of the Manhattan District Colonel James C. Marshall and his deputy Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth Nichols surveyed the Knoxville, Tennessee, United States region for suitable sites for Manhattan Project manufacturing, but they were not entirely satisfied by the sites presented to them by the Tennessee Valley Authority. ww2dbase [Operation Trinity and Manhattan Project | Clinton Engineer Works | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Jul 1942
Japanese-American boys reading comic books in Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California, United States, 1 Jul 1942Japanese-American women making camouflage nets for the US War Department, Manzanar Relocation Center, California, United States, 1 Jul 1942Northwest side of the Pentagon building while under construction, Arlington, Virginia, United States, 1 Jul 1942USS Helena off Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, United States, 1 Jul 1942
See all photos dated 1 Jul 1942

1 Jul 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945