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12 Aug 1944
  • The Soviet minesweeper T.118 (formerly the USS Armada) was sunk by the German submarine U-365 in the Kara Sea. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Pompon attacked a Japanese convoy off Sakhalin island during the night, damaging a tanker and sinking transport Mikage Maru No. 20; she expended 14 torpedoes and observed 4 hits. During the attack, one of her own torpedoes circled back and nearly struck her. ww2dbase [Pompon | CPC]
  • USS Puffer attacked an escorted Japanese convoy of ten freighters and tankers off the Philippine Islands, sinking tanker Teikon Maru and a freighter, and damaging another tanker; she expended 6 torpedoes and observed 5 hits. ww2dbase [Puffer | CPC]
  • German submarine U-365 sank Russian freighter Marina Raskova and Soviet trawler T-114 of Soviet convoy BD-5 in western Kara Sea off northern Russia; a total of 362 were killed and 256 survived. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
  • The Operation Frantic shuttle-bombing mission UK-USSR-Italy-UK is completed. 72 B-17s took off from bases in Italy and bombed the Toulouse-Francazal Airfield, France before flying on to England. 62 P-51s (part of the shuttle-mission force) and 43 from the UK provide escort; no aircraft are lost. ww2dbase [Operation Frantic | P-51 Mustang | B-17 Flying Fortress | Toulouse | DS]
Hawaii Japan
  • Irako collided with Teia Maru off Ryukyu Islands, Japan, suffering superficial damage. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
  • The keel of landing ship No. 115 was laid down by Osaka Zosen. ww2dbase [No. 101/103-class | CPC]
  • The first transport of civilians arrested in Warsaw, Poland after the start of Warsaw Uprising reached Auschwitz II-Birkenau concentration camp via Pruszk√≥w transit camp. 1,984 males and over 3,800 females were in this transport. ww2dbase [Auschwitz Concentration Camp | Oswiecim | CPC]
  • German Luftwaffe wing KG 55 flew its final eastern front bombing mission as its He 111 bombers attacked bridges on the Vistula River near Warsaw, Poland. The wing would later be converted into a fighter unit under the new designation of KG(J) 55. ww2dbase [Warsaw | CPC]
  • After sundown, 5 aircraft of No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF and 6 aircraft of No. 148 (Special Duties) Squadron dropped supplies for the resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland. There were Allied no losses. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
  • The first transport of civilians arrested in Warsaw, Poland after the start of Warsaw Uprising reached Auschwitz II-Birkenau concentration camp via Pruszk√≥w transit camp. 1,984 males and over 3,800 females were in this transport. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Oswiecim | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill sent another message to Joseph Stalin, relaying Polish request for machine guns and ammunition for the resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Joseph Stalin | Winston Churchill | Warsaw Uprising | London, England | CPC]
  • No. 402 Squadron RCAF, flying Spitfire XIV fighters, began anti-V-1 flying bomb operations in Britain. The squadron was based at RAF Hawkinge in Kent, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Vergeltungswaffe 1 | V-Weapons Campaign | Hawkinge, England | HM]
  • Lieutenant Joseph Kennedy, Jr., the older brother of future US President John F. Kennedy, was killed in a flying accident involving an Operation Aphrodite aircraft over East Suffolk, England, United Kingdom. His flight engineer, Lieutenant Wilford John Willy, was also killed. ww2dbase [England | AC, HM]
United States Photo(s) dated 12 Aug 1944
Nurses of a field hospital who arrived in France via England and Egypt after three years service, 12 Aug 1944Map depicting US Army VII Corps advancing into Brittany, France, 1-12 Aug 1944A soldier of the US Army looks at a German half-track camouflaged with branches near Le Neufbourg, France, Aug 12 1944. The half-track SdKfz 251 Ausf D, SS 926256 is from the 1.SS-Panzer-Division Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler. Note the soldiers M3 Grease GunBritish Beaufighters of RAF 236 Squadron and RCAF 404 Squadron making a rocket attack on the heavily armed German mine detector ship Sauerland off La Pallice France, 12 Aug 1944. Photo 1 of 2
See all photos dated 12 Aug 1944

12 Aug 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945

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