×
Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About
     

World War II Database

13 Apr 1896

Poland
  • Wanda Gertz von Schliess was born in Warsaw, Russian Poland. ww2dbase [Wanda Gertz | Warsaw | CPC]
14 Dec 1911

Poland
10 Jun 1920

Poland
  • In Warsaw the Polish cabinet collapsed causing political turmoil and widespread panic; it would be two weeks before a new government was formed. Some factions pressed for peace negotiations with the Bolsheviks, but Pilsudski clung to the hope that the western Allies would come to Poland's assistance. ww2dbase [Warsaw | AC]
2 Aug 1920

Poland
  • J├│zef Pilsudski's Polish Army withdrew to Warsaw, Poland. Meanwhile Mikhail Tukhachevsky announced his intention that the Red Army would occupy the Polish capital on 12 Aug 1920. ww2dbase [Warsaw | AC]
10 Nov 1936

Photo(s) dated 10 Nov 1936
Rydz-Smigly receiving the title of Marshal of Poland from Ignacy Moscicki, Warsaw, Poland, 10 Nov 1936
26 Jan 1939

Poland
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop arrived in Warsaw, Poland and spoke to Polish leaders regarding the German wish to annex Danzig and to have Poland sign the Anti-Comintern Pact. ww2dbase [The Danzig Crisis | Warsaw | CPC]
5 Sep 1939

Photo(s) dated 5 Sep 1939
A girl holding her dog, 8 Żelazna Street, Warsaw, Poland, 5 Sep 1939
7 Sep 1939

Poland
8 Sep 1939

Poland
  • German troops neared the suburbs of Warsaw, and the Polish government evacuated to Lublin. ww2dbase [Invasion of Poland | Warsaw | TH]
9 Sep 1939

Photo(s) dated 9 Sep 1939
Policeman Frank Kotlewski speaking with Julien Bryan through an interpreter, Warsaw, Poland, 9 Sep 1939
10 Sep 1939

Poland
  • Soviet ambassador to Poland Nikolai Szaranow was recalled from Warsaw. ww2dbase [Warsaw | TH]
Photo(s) dated 10 Sep 1939
Polish family huddling before the Grand Theatre, Warsaw, Poland, Sep 1939
11 Sep 1939

Photo(s) dated 11 Sep 1939
Boy with caged canary in ruins, Warsaw, Poland, Sep 1939, photo 1 of 2Boy with caged canary in ruins, Warsaw, Poland, Sep 1939, photo 2 of 2
12 Sep 1939

Photo(s) dated 12 Sep 1939
Polish volunteer policemen watching German aircraft in the sky, Grand Theatre, Warsaw, Poland, Sep 1939
13 Sep 1939

Photo(s) dated 13 Sep 1939
Ten-year-old Polish girl Kazimiera Mika mourning the death of her sister, caused by strafing German aircraft, near Jana Ostroroga Street, Warsaw, Poland, 13 Sep 1939, photo 1 of 3Photographer Julien Bryan comforting ten-year-old Polish girl Kazimiera Mika whose sister had just been killed by strafing German aircraft, near Jana Ostroroga Street, Warsaw, Poland, 13 Sep 1939Ten-year-old Polish girl Kazimiera Mika mourning the death of her sister, caused by strafing German aircraft, near Jana Ostroroga Street, Warsaw, Poland, 13 Sep 1939, photo 2 of 3A young boy sitting next to his dead mother, recently killed by strafing German aircraft, near Jana Ostroroga Street in Warsaw, Poland, 13 Sep 1939
See all photos dated 13 Sep 1939
15 Sep 1939

Photo(s) dated 15 Sep 1939
Nine-year-old Ryszard Pajewski sitting in a pile of rubble after a German raid on Warsaw, Poland, Sep 1939Julien Bryan filming in Warsaw, Poland, Sep 1939View of US Consulate, Warsaw, Poland, Sep 1939Interior of the damaged Catholic Hospital of the Transfiguration, Praga District, Warsaw, Poland, Sep 1939
See all photos dated 15 Sep 1939
17 Sep 1939

Photo(s) dated 17 Sep 1939
The Royal Castle in Warsaw, Poland burning after being hit by German shellfire, 17 Sep 1939
19 Sep 1939

Poland
  • West of Warsaw, Poland, at the bend of the Vistula River, German troops imprisoned 170,000 Polish troops as they surrendered. ww2dbase [Invasion of Poland | Warsaw | TH]
21 Sep 1939

Poland
22 Sep 1939

Poland
  • Former German Army Commander-in-Chief Werner von Fritsch was mortally wounded by a Polish bullet whilst on a tour of inspection at Praga, Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Werner von Fritsch | Warsaw | AC]
  • Following the Battle of Bzura, Polish General Tadeusz Kutrzeba arrived in Warsaw, Poland where he was briefly appointed as the Deputy Commander of the Warsaw Army. However, his valiant efforts proved futile. The commander of the Warsaw Army, Juliusz R├│mmel, could see the writing on the wall and implored his colleague to begin surrender talks with the Germans. Kutrzeba, later captured by the Germans, spent the rest of the war in various prisoners of war camps until he was liberated by the Americans in Apr 1945. ww2dbase [Invasion of Poland | Warsaw | AC]
25 Sep 1939

Poland
  • Warsaw, Poland suffered heavy Luftwaffe bombing and artillery bombardment as Adolf Hitler arrived to observe the attack. To the east, Soviet troops captured Bialystok, Poland. Meanwhile, Joseph Stalin proposed to the Germans that the Soviet Union would take Lithuania which was previously within the German sphere of influence; in exchange, the Soviets would give the portions of Poland near Warsaw which were previously within the Soviet sphere of influence but had already been overrun by German troops. ww2dbase [Invasion of Poland | Warsaw | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Sep 1939
Refugees returning to Warsaw, Poland, Sep 1939
26 Sep 1939

Poland
  • Armia Krajowa, or Polish Home Army, was established in Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Warsaw | TH]
5 Oct 1939

Poland
6 Nov 1939

Poland
  • German occupation forces in Poland arrested the professors of University of Krakow. ww2dbase [Warsaw | CPC]
15 Mar 1940

Poland
  • British RAF bombers dropped propaganda leaflets over Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Warsaw | CPC]
12 Oct 1940

Poland
16 Oct 1940

Poland
15 Nov 1940

Poland
20 Dec 1940

Photo(s) dated 20 Dec 1940
A freshly-constructed wall across a street in the city center defines the boundary of the Warsaw Ghetto for the cityÔÇÖs approximately 500,000 Jews, 20 Dec 1940.
22 Jul 1942

Poland
  • At a meeting of the Judenrat, the Jewish Council which the Germans had set up to relay their orders to the people of the ghetto, SS Sturmbannf├╝hrer Hermann H├Âfle, the Resettlement Commissar, announced that all Jews living in Warsaw, Poland, regardless of age or sex, were to hold themselves in readiness for "resettlement on the east", ie. deportation. It was an order without appeal. For nine weeks the Ghetto Jews were herded onto cattle trucks and transported to Belzec and Treblinka Concentration Camps, where, on arrival, they were marched to the gas chambers and killed in their thousands. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Treblinka Concentration Camp | Warsaw | TH, AC]
4 Dec 1942

Poland
  • In Warsaw, Poland, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Krahelska-Filipowicz set up the Zegota anti-German resistance organization. ww2dbase [Warsaw | CPC]
9 Jan 1943

Poland
  • German SS Reichsf├╝hrer Heinrich Himmler visited Warsaw, Poland, and ordered that 8,000 Jewish inhabitants be deported from the ghetto. ww2dbase [Heinrich Himmler | Warsaw | CPC]
18 Jan 1943

Poland
  • The first armed resistance against deportation began in Warsaw Ghetto in Poland. ww2dbase [Warsaw | CPC]
17 Apr 1943

Poland
  • J├╝rgen Stroop was transferred to Warsaw, Poland by Heinrich Himmler to suppress the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. ww2dbase [J├╝rgen Stroop | Warsaw | CPC]
19 Apr 1943

Poland
  • Waffen-SS used tanks and other heavy weapons to counter the uprising at the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw, Poland, killing and deporting at least 50,000 during the following 27 days. ww2dbase [Warsaw Ghetto Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
24 Apr 1943

Photo(s) dated 24 Apr 1943
Arrested Jewish department heads of the Brauer helmet factory, Warsaw, Poland, shortly after 1700 hours on 24 Apr 1943, photo 1 of 2Arrested Jewish department heads of the Brauer helmet factory, Warsaw, Poland, shortly after 1700 hours on 24 Apr 1943, photo 2 of 2
25 Apr 1943

Poland
26 Apr 1943

Poland
  • J├╝rgen Stroop reported that, in the effort to liquidate the Warsaw ghetto in Poland, 1,330 Jews had been pulled out of their strongholds and killed, 662 were killed in combat, and 30 were captured and sent to concentration camps. ww2dbase [Warsaw Ghetto Uprising | J├╝rgen Stroop | Warsaw | CPC]
28 Apr 1943

Photo(s) dated 28 Apr 1943
Burning buildings in the Warsaw Ghetto, seen from Zoliborz district, Poland, late Apr 1943
14 May 1943

Photo(s) dated 14 May 1943
German officer (possibly SS General Maximilian von Herff) questioning Jews in Warsaw, Poland, 14-15 May 1943; note J├╝rgen Stroop (with goggles) and Karl Kaleske (or Erich Steidtmann; first from right) in background
16 May 1943

Poland
  • The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ended in Poland with the destruction of the Warsaw synagogue at 2015 hours. In J├╝rgen Stroop's final daily report, he noted that 180 Jewish fighters were killed on this final day. ww2dbase [Warsaw Ghetto Uprising | J├╝rgen Stroop | Warsaw | TH]
3 Jun 1943

Poland
18 Jun 1943

Poland
  • J├╝rgen Stroop was awarded Iron Cross 1st Class at Lazienki Park, Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [J├╝rgen Stroop | Warsaw | CPC]
28 Jan 1944

Poland
  • Polish AK resistance fighters planned an assassination of German SS commander Franz Kutschera in Warsaw, Poland, but the operation was called off when the target failed to appear as expected. ww2dbase [Operation Kutschera | Warsaw | JR]
1 Feb 1944

Poland
  • Polish AK resistance fighters assassinated German SS commander Franz Kutschera at the intersection of Aleje Ujazdowskie and Piusa XI Street in Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Operation Kutschera | Warsaw | JR]
2 Feb 1944

Poland
  • In Poland, the Warsaw area HSSPF, SS-Brigadef├╝hrer Franz Kutschera, was assassinated at the gate to his headquarters. ww2dbase [Warsaw | TH]
7 Mar 1944

Poland
  • 38 Jews hiding at 84 Grojecka Street, Warsaw, Poland were arrested. The 6 Polish non-Jews who provided them food and shelter were also arrested. Historian Emmanuel Ringelblum, among those arrested, was executed within the next few days. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Warsaw | CPC]
20 Jun 1944

Poland
  • The underground Directorate of Civil Defense in Warsaw, Poland sent a radio message to London, England, United Kingdom: "Since May 15, mass murders have been carried out in Auschwitz. Jews are taken first, then Soviet prisoners of war, and the so-called sick. Mass transports of Hungarian Jews arrive. Thirteen trains per day, 40-50 cars each. Victims convinced [that] they will be exchanged for [German] POWs or resettled in the East. Corpses are burned in crematoria and out in the open. Over 100,000 people from Hungary have been gassed to date." ww2dbase [Warsaw | CPC]
1 Aug 1944

Poland
  • Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front under Konstantin Rokossovsky arrived in the suburbs of Warsaw, Poland. In concert, at 1700 hours, an uprising consisted of 50,000 resistance fighters began to disrupt the German preparations against the Soviet attack. Most of the 50,000 fighters belonged to the Home Army, but there were also some communist partisans, Boy Scouts, and Girl Guides in the ranks. Roughly 80-90% of the fighters began the uprising without firearms. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | TH, CPC]
2 Aug 1944

Photo(s) dated 2 Aug 1944
Polish insurgent fighter positioning himself on a roof, Evangelic Cemetery, Warsaw, Poland, 2 Aug 1944Wounded Polish insurgent fighter being evacuated from the Evangelical Cemetery, Warsaw, Poland, early Aug 1944A school destroyed during the uprising, Warsaw, Poland, 2 Aug 1944
3 Aug 1944

Poland
4 Aug 1944

Poland
  • After sundown, the Allies launched their first airdrop to aid resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland. Four crews of the No. 148 (Special Duties) Squadron RAF were lost. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Aug 1944
Polish resistance fighters with PIAT anti-tank launchers, Warsaw, Poland, Aug 1944
5 Aug 1944

Poland
  • Polish resistance fighters of Battalion Zoska, under the command of Waclaw Micuta) captured Warsaw Concentration Camp in the ghetto of Warsaw, Poland. Though small in size, this camp was the first camp with live prisoners to be captured by a military unit fighting for the Allied war effort. Some of the liberated Jewish prisoners immediately took up arms and joined the resistance. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
8 Aug 1944

Poland
  • Under the direct order of Archibald Sinclair, Commander-in-Chief RAF Mediterranean and Middle East John Slessor dispatched No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF to Warsaw, Poland. Supplies were successfully dropped in designated zones without any losses. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
11 Aug 1944

Photo(s) dated 11 Aug 1944
German 5 cm PaK 38 gun captured by Polish fighters, gardens outside of Krasinski Palace, Warsaw, Poland, 11 Aug 1944, photo 1 of 2German 5 cm PaK 38 gun captured by Polish fighters, gardens outside of Krasinski Palace, Warsaw, Poland, 11 Aug 1944, photo 2 of 2
12 Aug 1944

Poland
  • German Luftwaffe wing KG 55 flew its final eastern front bombing mission as its He 111 bombers attacked bridges on the Vistula River near Warsaw, Poland. The wing would later be converted into a fighter unit under the new designation of KG(J) 55. ww2dbase [Warsaw | CPC]
  • After sundown, 5 aircraft of No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF and 6 aircraft of No. 148 (Special Duties) Squadron dropped supplies for the resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland. There were Allied no losses. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
13 Aug 1944

Poland
  • After sundown, 20 aircraft from No. 205 Bomber Group RAF, 4 aircraft from No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF, and 4 aircraft from No. 148 (Special Duties) Squadron RAF dropped supplies for resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland. 1 British aircraft of No. 178 Squadron and 2 South African aircraft of No. 31 Squadron SAAF were lost. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
14 Aug 1944

Poland
  • 26 Allied aircraft attempted to drop supplies for resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland. All of them failed to drop in their primary destinations. 3 aircraft of No. 178 Squadron RAF. 1 aircraft of No. 148 (Special Duties) Squadron RAF, 3 aircraft of No. 31st Squadron RAAF, and 1 aircraft of No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF were lost. The supplies, seemingly dropped in inconvenient locations, were mostly retrieved by Polish resistance fighters. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 14 Aug 1944
Polish resistance fighter Captain Cyprian Odorkiewicz holding a German Army cap, Ok├│lnik gardens, Warsaw, Poland, 14 Aug 1944; note captured MP 40 submachine gunPolish fighters Andrzej Maringe, Stanislaw Potworowski, and others of Battalion Czata 49 with PIAT launchers, Aug 1944Capitan Cyprian Odorkiewicz (second from left) inspecting ammunition for PIAT launcher of Rafalki unit of resistane fighters, Okolnik gardens, Warsaw, Poland, 14 Aug 1944Polish resistance fighters with PIAT anti-tank launchers, Tamka 46, Warsaw, Poland, circa 14 Aug 1944
See all photos dated 14 Aug 1944
16 Aug 1944

Poland
  • After sundown, 18 Allied aircraft dropped supplies in the Kampinos Forest outside of Warsaw, Poland. 3 aircraft of No. 31 Squadron SAAF and 2 aircraft of No. 1586th (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF were lost. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
17 Aug 1944

Poland
  • After sundown, 1 aircraft of No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF successfully dropped supplies in the Kabacki Forest near Warsaw, Poland; the other 3 aircraft launched for the same mission could not deliver their cargo for various reasons. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
20 Aug 1944

Poland
  • Members of the Armia Krajowa attacked the State Telephone Exchange high-rise building in Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
  • After sundown, aircraft of No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF successfully made one supply drop in Warsaw, Poland and two drops in nearby Kampinos Forest. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
21 Aug 1944

Poland
  • After sundown, repeating the same missions as the previous night, aircraft of No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF successfully made one supply drop in Warsaw, Poland and two drops in nearby Kampinos Forest. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
23 Aug 1944

Poland
  • Aircraft of No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF dropped supplies to resistance fighters in the Kampinos Forest near Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Aug 1944
Remains of a German soldier killed during the Warsaw Uprising, Poland, 23 Aug 1944
25 Aug 1944

Poland
  • The headquarters of NKVD rear guard troops of Soviet 3rd Byelorussian Front ordered Soviet troops to disarm and detain all Polish Home Army troops who were attempting to pass through Soviet lines toward Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
26 Aug 1944

Poland
  • Two aircraft of No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF were lost while attempting to drop supplies for resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
27 Aug 1944

Poland
  • After sundown, Allied aircraft dropped supplies to resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland. Two aircraft were lost. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
28 Aug 1944

Photo(s) dated 28 Aug 1944
Prudential building in Warsaw, Poland exploding as it was hit by a shell from a German Karl-Ger├Ąt self-propelled howitzer, 28 Aug 1944
30 Aug 1944

Photo(s) dated 30 Aug 1944
An unexploded shell from German Karl-Ger├Ąt self-propelled howitzer, basement of Prudential building, Warsaw, Poland, 30 Aug 1944
1 Sep 1944

Poland
  • After sundown, aircraft of No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF dropped supplies to the Radom-Kielce district south of Warsaw, Poland as well as the Kampinos Forest. Four crews were lost. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
10 Sep 1944

Poland
  • After sundown, 5 aircraft of No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight, 8 aircraft of No. 148 (Special Duties) Squadron RAF and No. 178 Squadron RAF, and 10 aircraft of Nos. 31 and 34 Squadrons SAAF dropped supplies on Warsaw, Poland and nearby Kampinos Forest. 1 Polish, 1 South African (of No. 34 Squadron SAAF), and 1 British (of No. 148 (Special Duties) Squadron RAF) were lost. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
11 Sep 1944

Photo(s) dated 11 Sep 1944
German 7.5 cm PaK 40 anti-tank gun and its crew fighting in the streets of Warsaw, Poland during the Warsaw Uprising, 11 Sep 1944; note heavily damaged buildingsGerman soldiers at Theater Square during the uprising in Warsaw, Poland, 11 Sep 1944; note National Theater in background
13 Sep 1944

Poland
  • After sundown, two aircraft of No. 1586 (Polish Special Duties) Flight RAF took flight to drop supplies on Warsaw, Poland. One of them was shot down over Hungary, while the other successfully made its delivery. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
14 Sep 1944

Poland
  • Soviet troops reached the suburbs of Warsaw, Poland and began air dropping supplies to the Armia Krajowa. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | TH]
18 Sep 1944

Poland
  • After sundown, 5 aircraft of No. 34 Squadron SAAF launched to deliver supplies for resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland. Only two successfully delivered their cargo, outside city proper. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
21 Sep 1944

Poland
  • After sundown, 12 Polish, British, and South African air crews dropped supplies for resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
27 Sep 1944

Poland Photo(s) dated 27 Sep 1944
Polish insurgent fighter surrendered from his position in the sewers under Warsaw, Poland, 27 Sep 1944, photo 1 of 2; note MP 40 submachine gunPolish insurgent fighter surrendered from his position in the sewers under Warsaw, Poland, 27 Sep 1944, photo 2 of 2
28 Sep 1944

Poland
  • The Polish underground political group Council of National Unity sent another message to Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, and Franklin Roosevelt requesting supply drops and air strikes on German positions. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
1 Oct 1944

Poland
  • General Tadeusz Komorowski sent a message to the Polish military leadership in London, England, United Kingdom noting that he had made the decision to lay down arms as his resistance fighters were running out of supplies to continue the fighting. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
2 Oct 1944

Poland
  • The Warsaw Uprising ended in failure after 63 days of fighting largely due to lack of food and ammunition. 15,200 insurgents and 200,000 civilians were killed, while the German occupation forces suffered 16,000 killed. Many buildings were destroyed in the fighting. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
12 Jan 1945

Poland
  • Soviet forces launched an offensive with 2,000,000 men from bridgeheads of the Vistula River in Poland toward the Oder River in eastern Germany. On the same day, three Soviet armies encircled Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Vistula-Oder Offensive | Warsaw | TH]
30 Jul 1946

Poland
11 Mar 1947

Poland
18 Jul 1951

Poland
  • J├╝rgen Stroop was put on trial at the Warsaw Criminal District Court in Poland for his leadership role in the brutal suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of 1943. ww2dbase [J├╝rgen Stroop | Warsaw | CPC]
28 Feb 1952

Poland
  • Albert Forster was executed by hanging in Warsaw, Poland. ww2dbase [Albert Forster | Warsaw | CPC]
6 Mar 1952

Poland
  • J├╝rgen Stroop was executed by hanging at the Mokot├│w Prison in Warsaw, Poland at 1900 hours. ww2dbase [J├╝rgen Stroop | Warsaw | CPC]
23 Jul 1953

Poland
  • The People's Republic of Poland sentenced J├╝rgen Stroop to death by hanging for the brutal suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of 1943 and other crimes. ww2dbase [J├╝rgen Stroop | Warsaw | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




Did you enjoy this article? Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook
 Reddit
 Twitter

Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
Famous WW2 Quote
"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944