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23 Feb 1945
  • Fortress Posen (now Poznan, Poland) was captured by Soviet troops after a month-long siege. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Fighting at the Intramuros district of Manila, Philippine Islands began. On the same day, the US 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, freed the captives of the Los BaƱos internment camp in the Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Philippines Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
  • 23 German Ju-88 bombers attacked an Allied convoy from Murmansk in northern Russia to Scotland, United Kingdom. American liberty ship Henry Bacon shot down three and damaged two, setting a liberty ship record, but was eventually hit by a torpedo and sank. 23 men, including the skipper Alfred Carini, were killed. She became the last Allied vessel to be sunk by the Germans. ww2dbase [AC]
  • South African pilot Captain Edwin Swales with the 582 squadron of the RAF Bomber Command held steady his heavily damaged Lancaster bomber so that the crew could parachute out of the doomed bomber. He was awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously, the last to receive this reward posthumously from the Bomber Command. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Wake Island refueled east of Iwo Jima, Japan. ww2dbase [Wake Island | CPC]
  • Troops of Soviet 6th Army entered southern districts of Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland). ww2dbase [Silesian Offensive and the Siege of Breslau | CPC]
  • Oberleutnant zur See Joachim Sauerbier was made the commanding officer of U-56, relieving Heinrich Miede. ww2dbase [U-56 | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek unexpectedly withdrew all Chinese forces from Burma. ww2dbase [Chiang Kaishek | CPC]
Germany Italy
  • The Verona Philharmonic Theatre in Italy was bombed by Allied forces. ww2dbase [Verona, Veneto | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Hoe collided with USS Flounder underwater at the depth of 60 feet, incurring light damage. ww2dbase [Hoe | Flounder | CPC]
  • Otoemon Hiroeda and Liu Wei-tian refused to carry out their orders to perform a suicide attack with Taiwanese soldiers under his command in Manila, Philippines. Hiroeda surrendered to the Americans, and ensured that his men were treated well. ww2dbase [Otoemon Hiroeda | Philippines Campaign, Phase 2 | Manila | CPC]
  • Turkey declared war on Germany and Japan, effective 1 Mar 1945. ww2dbase [TH, AC]
United States Uruguay
  • Uruguay declared war against Germany and Japan. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Feb 1945
German paratroopers moving a 7.5 cm PaK 40 gun into position in muddy terrain, Italy, 23 Feb 1945Raising the US flag atop Mount Suribachi by Joe Rosenthal, Iwo Jima, Japan, 23 Feb 1945American flag atop Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, Japan, Feb 1945Men of 28th Regiment, US 5th Marine Division putting up the first flag on Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, Japan, at 1020 hours on 23 Feb 1945; note M1 Carbine
See all photos dated 23 Feb 1945

23 Feb 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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