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World War II Database

19 Feb 1942
  • Vichy government in France tried General Gamelin, Leon Blum, and Paul Reynaud for being responsible for 1940 defeat, but the trial would not be carried through. ww2dbase [TH]
  • US President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, allowing the US military to relocate Japanese-Americans to internment camps. ww2dbase [Internment of Japanese-Americans and Japanese-Canadians | CPC]
  • The Canadian Parliament voted for military conscription. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Mandalay, Burma came under aerial attack for the first time. Meanwhile, the Japanese 143rd Regiment, having crossed the Bilin Estuary arrived at Taungzon, effectively bypassing the British and Indian positions along the Bilin River; Lieutenant General Hutton had no option but to permit a withdrawal to the Sittang. ww2dbase [Invasion of Burma | AC]
  • Georg von Bismarck was promoted to the rank of Generalmajor. ww2dbase [Georg von Bismarck | CPC]
  • Mitsuo Fuchida led the first of two waves of attacks during a raid on Darwin, Australia. ww2dbase [Mitsuo Fuchida | CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps 9th Defense Battalion arrived at Guantanamo Bay on the island of Cuba from Norfolk, Virginia, United States via USS Biddle. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Skipjack attacked a Japanese ship east of Borneo; both torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Skipjack | CPC]
  • Tanikaze began escorting carriers toward Darwin, Australia. ww2dbase [Tanikaze | CPC]
Australia
  • Japanese carriers launched 152 bombers and 36 fighters at 0845 hours. The attack force reached Darwin, Australia at 0958 hours and attacked the port city for the subsequent 42 minutes, sinking US destroyer USS Peary (93 killed, 49 survived), US transport USAT Meigs, merchant ship Zealandia, US merchant ship Mauna Loa, British freighter Neptuna, British tanker British Motorist, and coal storage hulk Kelat. 7 Japanese aircraft were lost in this first raid, while 7 American P-40 fighters were destroyed (4 in combat, 3 on the ground). Later in the day, 54 land-based bombers based in Kendari, Celebes, Dutch East Indies arrived for a second raid, destroying 6 Australian Hudson light bombers, 1 US B-24 Liberator bomber, and 2 US P-40 fighters. ww2dbase [Attack on Darwin | TH, CPC]
  • US Army 14th Reconnaissance Squadron pilot Major Richard Carmichael, leading a flight of 12 B-17 bombers, arrived at Townsville, Queensland, Australia. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • The Japanese base at Truk, Caroline Islands reported sightings of US destroyers nearby. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Tenryu arrived at Truk, Caroline Islands to receive additional anti-aircraft weaponry. ww2dbase [Tenryu | CPC]
Ceylon
  • HMS Hermes departed Colombo, Ceylon to receive Swordfish torpedo bombers of 814 Naval Air Squadron in the Indian Ocean. ww2dbase [Hermes | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Japanese troops landed at Denpasar, Bali in the Dutch East Indies unopposed before dawn. At 0700 hours, as the Japanese troops transports departed Bali and began to sail for their home ports, 20 American aircraft attacked the convoy, damaging transport Sagami Maru. At 2200 hours, as the Japanese convoy sailed through the Badung Strait, it was engaged by Dutch cruiser De Ruyter, Dutch cruiser Java, and 3 US and Dutch destroyers; Dutch destroyer Piet Hein was sunk by Japanese torpedoes in the battle, killing 64. ww2dbase [Dutch East Indies Campaign, Java | CPC]
Hawaii Japan
  • Yamato departed Hashirajima island in Hiroshima Bay, Japan with Battleship Division 1 for training in the Iyo Nada. She returned later on the same day. ww2dbase [Yamato | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Akagi's aircraft participated in the raid on Port Darwin, Australia and saw 9 ships damaged and 18 aircraft destroyed. ww2dbase [Akagi | CPC]
Philippines
  • Naka departed Jolo, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Naka | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Major changes were made to the British War Cabinet. Sir Stafford Cripps became Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons. Mr. Clement Atlee became Secretary for the Dominions and Mr. Oliver Lyttleton was appointed Minister of State with special responsibilities for all branches of production. Outgoing Ministers of the Cabinet were Lord Beaverbrook, Sir Kingsley Wood and Mr. Arthur Greenwood. ww2dbase [Clement Attlee | AC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Feb 1942
20mm ready service and clipping room on the main deck of USS North Carolina, New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York, United States, 19 Feb 1942Crew mess hall aboard USS North Carolina, New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York, United States, 19 Feb 194220mm Oerlikon cannon aboard USS North Carolina, New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York, United States, 19 Feb 194230cal gun mount aboard USS North Carolina, New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York, United States, 19 Feb 1942

19 Feb 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years."

James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945