Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About

World War II Database

Brittany Campaign file photo [257]

Brittany Campaign

1 Aug 1944 - 11 May 1945


ww2dbaseWhile the bulk of the Allied forces moved eastward toward Paris, General Troy Middleton's VIII Corps (of George Patton's Third Army) moved in the opposite direction to secure the Brittany Peninsula after breaking German formation at Avranches. By removing German control of Brittany, additional ports would become available for the Allies' use. Middleton's first move called for the Fourth Armored Division to move southward, taking Rennes on August 4th and Nantes on August 6th. This initial move trapped four German divisions at the peninsula. Then the Americans turned back north, taking the small port of St. Malo on 14 Aug after three days of fierce German resistance.

ww2dbaseAt this point, realizing that the combination of Allied bombing and German sabotage had already rendered many ports in the region useless, General Omar Bradley ordered Middleton to simply besiege the remaining major ports of Brest, Lorient, and St. Nazaire, and avoided major confrontations that would cause unnecessary casualties.

ww2dbaseAt Brest, Middleton slowly wore down General Ramcke and his airborne troops with a series of small attacks, while Allied bombers from Britain bombed the city. Brest fell to the Allies on 19 Aug, though still at a cost of 10,000 casualties. Lorient and St. Nazaire were under siege for the remainder of the war. General Fahrmbacher held on to Lorient until 10 May 1945, and General Junck surrendered his garrison at Saint Nazaire on 11 May.

ww2dbaseSource: Crusade in Europe, the World at War.

Last Major Update: Aug 2005

Brittany Campaign Interactive Map


Men of Cannon Company, 9th Infantry, US Army 2nd Infantry Division shelled Brest, France with their howitzer, 1944German prisoners of war, Saint-Malo, France, late Aug 1944
See all 16 photographs of Brittany Campaign


Map depicting US Army VII Corps advancing into Brittany, France, 1-12 Aug 1944

Brittany Campaign Timeline

6 Aug 1944 In France, US 4th Armored Division advanced to Lorient and US 6th Armored Division advanced toward Brest.
1 Sep 1944 US troops began their attack on Brest, France.
13 Sep 1944 The German garrison at Brest, France maintained heavy resistance against US Ninth Army.
18 Sep 1944 US Ninth Army captured Brest, France.

Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Anonymous says:
16 Aug 2021 11:12:47 AM

Looking for info regarding Roy Harmon Brasfield, killed near Cheveries, France on 11 April 1945 in a train accident along with another American Soldier. A large locomotive flipped over and ti should have made local newspapers or there should have been photography of the event. Any info would be helpful.

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments


1. We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

2. For inquiries about military records for members of the World War II armed forces, please see our FAQ.

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Brittany Campaign
» France

Ship Participant:
» Mauritius

Brittany Campaign Photo Gallery
Men of Cannon Company, 9th Infantry, US Army 2nd Infantry Division shelled Brest, France with their howitzer, 1944German prisoners of war, Saint-Malo, France, late Aug 1944
See all 16 photographs of Brittany Campaign

Famous WW2 Quote
"We no longer demand anything, we want war."

Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Foreign Minister, Aug 1939

Support Us

Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!

Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!