Degtyaryov Pekhotny 'DP' Machine Gun
|Country of Origin||Russia|
|Barrel Length||604.500 mm|
|Rate of Fire||550 rounds/min|
|Muzzle Velocity||840 m/s|
Contributor: C. Peter Chenww2dbaseThe Ruchnoy Pulemyot Degtyaryova Pekhotny gas-operated light machine guns, designed by Vasily Degtyaryov, were made the standard light machine gun for the Russian Army in 1927. These guns were sometimes known as "DP" light machine guns, with "DP" meaning Degtyaryov Pekhotny, or "infantry machine gun". The greatest appeal of these light machine guns was that they were very cheap to build while still possessing acceptable stopping power. They were also known for their reliability, being able to withstand a rather great amount of dirt without jamming. While the machine guns were reliable, the original bipods broke easily; this issue was resolved with the 1943 DPM variant, which, aside from the bipod redesign, also had relocated springs and new pistol grips.
The DT and DTM variants of the DP light machine guns were used aboard vehicles, and the DA variant aboard aircraft.
WW2 experience showed that the 47-round pan magazines were too small to sustain a high rate of fire in combat situations. In 1946, the belt-fed variant RP-46 ("RP" for Rotnyj Pulemet, or "company machine gun") machine guns began to enter service to resolve this issue. Although having belts of 200 or 250 rounds resolved the problem, the design of this new variant dictated that the RP-46 light machine guns be unloaded of ammunition before moving, which introduced a new disadvantage to the gun. Nevertheless, communist countries used these guns in great quantities; Communist China acquired a license to mass-produce them locally as the Type 58 machine guns.
DP light machine guns remained in use in Soviet militaries until the 1960s. Over the design's production life, about 795,000 were built.
Source: Wikipedia. ww2dbase
Last Major Revision: Jan 2008
Did you enjoy this article? Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.
Share this article with your friends:
Stay updated with WW2DB:
- » WW2DB's 15th Anniversary (29 Dec 2019)
- » Japan and Russia to continue negotiations on the Kuriles territorial dispute (22 Nov 2019)
- » Wreck of Akagi Found (21 Oct 2019)
- » Wreck of Kaga Found (18 Oct 2019)
- » USMC corrected Iwo Jima flag raiser identification (18 Oct 2019)
- » See all news
- » 1,082 biographies
- » 331 events
- » 37,411 timeline entries
- » 1,071 ships
- » 335 aircraft models
- » 188 vehicle models
- » 352 weapon models
- » 106 historical documents
- » 215 facilities
- » 463 book reviews
- » 26,585 photos
- » 316 maps
Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945