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PPS submachine gun file photo [23554]

PPS Submachine Gun

Country of OriginRussia
TypeSubmachine Gun
Caliber7.620 mm
Capacity35 rounds
Length820.000 mm
Barrel Length243.000 mm
Weight3.040 kg
Rate of Fire600 rounds/min
Range150.000 m
Muzzle Velocity500 m/s


ww2dbaseWeapon designer A. I. Sudaev's PPS (Pistolet Pulemyot Sudayeva) submachine guns were introduced into service in 1942 (as PPS-42) as a response to a Soviet Army requirement for a lightweight weapon (3 kilograms or less) that was shorter in length and more accurate than the PPSh-41 submachine guns. The trials for the new weapon lasted from Feb 1942 to Jul 1942, at the end of which the PPS design defeated Georgy Shpagin's PPSh-2 which was an improved version of the proven PPSh-41. Among the key reason was that a PPS submachine gun required only 2.7 hours of machining using 6.2 kilograms of metal, the latter of which represented half of what a PPSh-41 weapon required. The technique of steel sheet stamping contributed to the efficient manufacturing. The initial design, designated PPS-42, was first manufactured at the Sestroryetsk Arsenal near Leningrad in northern Russia; these weapons were first available for units in the Leningrad area in Dec 1942. 46,572 PPS-42 weapons were made in 1943. In mid-1943, PPS-43 entered production. This new variant featured improved safety mechanism, reduced length, further-angled magazines for ease of reloading, and rubber (rather than wood) grips. PPS-43 was further simplified to further decrease manufacturing time. Between 1943 and 1946, about 2,000,000 PPS-43 weapons were built. Front line troops praised PPS-43 for the hinge (which was similar to PPSh-41) that allowed the weapons to be field-cleaned very easily.

After WW2, PPS-43 submachine guns were license-built in Poland (PPs wz. 1943/1952), Communist China (Type 54), Finland (M44), Spain (Dux M51), and Germany (M53).

Chris McNab, Soviet Submachine Guns of World War II

Last Major Revision: Jul 2008


Men of the Polish 5th Wilenska Infantry Brigade, Poland, 1945Red Army soldiers celebrating the victory in Berlin, Germany, May 1945
See all 3 photographs of PPS Submachine Gun

PPS Timeline

25 Feb 1942 The Soviets began trials for a new submachine gun to succeed the proven PPSh-41 design.
26 Apr 1942 The PPS submachine gun began to be tested.
12 May 1942 The PPS submachine gun's testing completed.

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PPS Submachine Gun Photo Gallery
Men of the Polish 5th Wilenska Infantry Brigade, Poland, 1945Red Army soldiers celebrating the victory in Berlin, Germany, May 1945
See all 3 photographs of PPS Submachine Gun

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