Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About

World War II Database

Garland file photo [19005]


Ship ClassG-class Destroyer
BuilderFairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering, Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom
Laid Down22 Aug 1934
Launched24 Oct 1935
Commissioned3 May 1940
Decommissioned24 Sep 1946
Displacement1,370 tons standard; 1,913 tons full
Length323 feet
Beam33 feet
Draft12 feet
MachineryParsons geared steam turbines, three Admiralty 3-drum water-tube boilers, two shafts
Bunkerage480t fuel oil
Power Output34,000 shaft horsepower
Speed36 knots
Range5,530nm at 15 knots
Armament4x120mm 45cal Mk IX guns, 2x4x12.7mm Vickers Mk III machine guns, 2x4x533mm torpedo tubes, 44 depth charges, 1 depth charge rail, 2 depth charge throwers; 4x20mm Oerlikon cannon added in 1942


ww2dbaseDestroyer Garland (later, Marnix) saw service with the British, Polish, and Dutch navies during her career. She was launched in Scotland, United Kingdom in 1935, and saw service flying the British Royal Navy ensign during the Spanish Civil War enforcing the blockade. In Jul 1939, she briefly patrolled off Cyprus. The European War began while she was underway between Aden and Alexandria, Egypt. Upon arrival, she began escorting convoys sailing between Alexandria and Malta. On 17 Sep 1939, she suffered an accidental explosion of her own depth charges; she was towed to Alexandria for temporary repairs, and then towed to Malta for permanent repairs. Just prior to the completion of her repairs, she was loaned to the navy of the Polish government-in-exile in Britain. Operating under the Polish banner, she escorted convoys in the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, participating in Operation Hats in Aug-Sep 1940, Operation Halberd in Sep 1941, PQ-16 in May 1942, and others. In Nov 1943, she was transferred to Freetown, British West Africa, where she would continue to escort convoys. In May 1944, she was assigned to the 14th Destroyer Flotilla of the British Mediterranean Fleet, sharing the credit for the sinking of German submarine U-407 during this time. She was recalled to Britain for refitting at the end of 1944. Her final operations of the European War saw her delivering emergency supplies for the civilians of coastal Belgian and Dutch towns. In late 1945, she participated in Operation Deadlight, the scuttling of captured German submarines. Until Jun 1946, she was a part of the Polish Squadron based at Rosyth, Scotland, United Kingdom. In Jul 1946, Poland returned Garland to Britain. Four months later, after a brief time in Category C reserve, she was sold to the Netherlands, where she would serve as a anti-submarine training ship until 1948. In 1950, she was renamed Marnix by the Royal Netherlands Navy. In 1952, she was reclassified as a frigate. She underwent an extended overhaul between 1955 and 1956. She was decommissioned from Dutch service and scrapped in 1964.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Revision: Aug 2013


Polish destroyer Garland underway, 7 Apr 1945

Garland Operational Timeline

5 Mar 1934 The order for the construction of destroyer Garland was issued to the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering of Scotland, United Kingdom.
22 Aug 1934 The keel of Garland was laid down by the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering in Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom.
24 Oct 1935 Garland was launched at Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom.
24 May 1937 Garland entered drydocks at Sheerness, England, United Kingdom for a scheduled overhaul.
5 Jul 1937 Garland exited drydocks at Sheerness, England, United Kingdom.
31 May 1938 Garland entered drydocks at Sheerness, England, United Kingdom for a scheduled overhaul and repairs on her low-pressure turbines.
28 Jul 1938 Garland exited drydocks at Sheerness, England, United Kingdom.
6 Sep 1939 Garland arrived at Alexandria, Egypt.
17 Sep 1939 Garland suffered an accidental detonation of her own depth charges while underway in the Mediterranean Sea, badly damaging the aft end.
3 May 1940 British destroyer Garland, under repair in Malta, was loaned to the Polish Navy, which commissioned the destroyer on the same date.
8 May 1940 Garland exited drydocks at Malta.
31 Aug 1940 While escorting the Operation Hats convoy toward Malta, Garland was lightly damaged by Italian aircraft in the Mediterranean Sea.
11 Oct 1940 Garland entered drydocks at Malta for repairs.
13 Nov 1940 Garland was seriously damaged by a storm while escorting battleship HMS Revenge in the Atlantic Ocean. Two men were killed.
28 Feb 1942 Garland was refitted at Middlesbrough, England, United Kingdom.
5 May 1942 Garland completed her refitting at Middlesbrough, England, United Kingdom.
4 Jul 1942 Garland completed her temporary repairs at Murmansk, Russia and departed for Troon, Scotland, United Kingdom with convoy QP-13.
21 Sep 1942 Garland completed her permanent repairs at Troon, Scotland, United Kingdom.
8 Sep 1943 Garland completed her refitting and returned to service.
19 Sep 1944 Garland and two other British destroyers jointly sank German submarine U-407 off Santorini, Greece.
20 Nov 1944 Garland set sail from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea for Britain.
31 Mar 1945 Garland completed her refitting at Devonport, England, United Kingdom.
23 Jul 1946 Polish destroyer Garland was decommissioned from service and was returned to Britain.
14 Nov 1946 British destroyer was sold to the Royal Netherlands Navy.
16 Jan 1950 Dutch destroyer Garland was renamed Marnix.
31 Jan 1964 Marnix was decommissioned from Dutch naval service.

Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments


1. We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

2. For inquiries about military records for members of the World War II armed forces, please see our FAQ.

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB
More on Garland
Event(s) Participated:
» The Spanish Civil War
» Malta Campaign
» Arctic Convoys

Destroyer Garland Photo Gallery
Polish destroyer Garland underway, 7 Apr 1945

Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944

Support Us

Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!

Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!