|Ship Class||Zuiho-class Light Carrier|
|Builder Name||Yokosuka Naval Arsenal|
|Laid Down||3 Dec 1934|
|Launched||1 Jun 1935|
|Commissioned||30 Nov 1941|
|Sunk||7 May 1942|
|Displacement||11,262 tons standard; 13,950 tons full|
|Machinery||Geared turbines, two shafts|
|Power Output||52,000 SHP|
|Range||7,800nm at 12 knots|
|Armament||8x100mm, 8x25mm, 12x13.2mm|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseShoho was the name-sake ship of the class of two light carriers. When Shoho and her sister ship Zuiho were laid down, they were of a flexible design that could eventually be completed as a light carrier, an oil tanker, or a submarine tender. She was originally launched in 1935 as the submarine tender Tsurugisaki, but was converted into a light carrier in 1941. On 30 Nov 1941, she was assigned to Carrier Division 4 and was placed under the command of Captain Ishinosuke Izawa. In May 1942, she participated in Operation MO, which aimed at Port Moresby in New Guinea; her mission was to guard troop transports against potential American air or submarine attacks. The Japanese fleet was intercepted in the Coral Sea on 7 May, and was attacked at 0755 by 53 dive bombers, 22 torpedo bombers, and 18 fighters from American carriers Lexington and Yorktown. Shoho was sunk after being hit by 7 torpedoes and 13 bombs. She sank at 0835 on 7 May 1942 with the loss of 631 men. 203 men, including Captain Izawa, were rescued by destroyer Sazanami.
ww2dbaseShoho was the first Japanese carrier to be sunk in the Pacific War.
ww2dbaseSources: Interrogations of Japanese Officials, Naval Historical Center, Wikipedia.
Last Major Revision: Mar 2007
Shoho Operational Timeline
|30 Nov 1941||Shoho was commissioned into service.|
|7 May 1942||Shoho sank in the Coral Sea at 1135 hours after an hour-long carrier aircraft attack that saw 13 bomb and 5 torpedo hits; 631 were killed, 203 survived.|
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James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945