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Ramón Magsaysay file photo [23414]

Ramón Magsaysay

SurnameMagsaysay
Given NameRamón
Born31 Aug 1907
Died17 Mar 1957
CountryPhilippines
CategoryResistance
GenderMale

Contributor:

ww2dbaseRamón del Fierro Magsaysay was born to blacksmith Exequiel Magsaysay y de los Santos and teacher Perfecta del Fierro y Quimson in Iba, Zambales Province in western Luzon in the Philippine Islands in 1907. He attended Zambales Academy at San Narciso, Zambales, University of the Philippines, and then José Rizal College. He married Luz Banzon in Jun 1933; they would later have three children. When Japan invaded the Philippine Islands, he was working as an automobile mechanic in Florida, Philippine Islands. He joined the motor pool of the Philippine Army 31st Infantry Division, which was trapped on the Bataan Peninsula in early 1942, but he was able to avoid capture. He became one of the founders of the resistance group Western Luzon Guerrilla Forces with the rank of captain. Through the end of the war, he led actions against Japanese occupation forces at Sawang, San Marcelino, Zambales. When the US forces landed at Zambales in Jan 1945, the Western Luzon Guerrilla Forces had grown to 10,000 members, and Magsaysay's men played an instrumental part in pre-invasion attacks. After the war, he was elected to the Philippine House of Representatives, which began his political career. In 1948, President Manuel Roxas dispatched Magsaysay to the United States as the Chairman of the Committee on Guerrilla Affairs. In 1949, he was re-elected. In Sep 1950, after offering guerrilla strategies to President Elpidio Quirino, who was fighting Communist Hukbalahap guerrillas at the time, Quirino made Magsaysay the Secretary of National Defense. In Jun 1952, he toured the United States and Mexico. In Feb 1953, he resigned as the Secretary of National Defense in preparation of a political campaign for the presidency, which he won in Nov 1953, becoming the 7th President of the Philippines. His popularity and stern anti-Communist stance earned him support from the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the US government in general. In the realm of foreign policy, his presidency was best known for the founding of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization in 1954; domestically, it was remembered for agrarian reforms and for being one with minimal corruption. In 1955, his foreign ministry successfully negotiated a new reparations agreement with Japan which greatly reduced burdens on the Japanese. In Mar 1957, the C-47 aircraft in which Magsaysay was a passenger crashed on Mount Manunggal in Balamban, Cebu, Philippine Islands while he was traveling from the capital of Manila toward Cebu City, killing all but 1 (newspaperman Néstor Mata) of 25 aboard. About 2,000,000 people attended Magsaysay's burial ceremony at the Manila North Cemetery in Santa Cruz, Manila.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Revision: Jul 2015

Ramón Magsaysay Timeline

31 Aug 1907 Ramón Magsaysay was born in Iba, Zambales, Philippine Islands.
16 Jun 1933 Ramón Magsaysay married Luz Banzon in the Philippines.
5 Apr 1942 Western Luzon Guerrilla Forces fighter Ramón Magsaysay was made a captain of the Philippine Army.
28 May 1946 Ramón Magsaysay was elected to the Philippine House of Representatives.
31 Aug 1950 Ramón Magsaysay was named the Secretary of National Defense of the Philippines; he would officially take office on the following day.
1 Sep 1950 Ramón Magsaysay assumed his position as the Secretary of National Defense of the Philippines and resigned his position in the Philippine House of Representatives.
28 Feb 1953 Ramón Magsaysay resigned as the Secretary of National Defense of the Philippines and began a political campaign for the presidency.
10 Nov 1953 Ramón Magsaysay was elected the 7th President of the Philippines.
1 Jan 1954 Philippine President Ramón Magsaysay took on a concurrent role as the Secretary of National Defense.
14 May 1954 Philippine President Ramón Magsaysay relieved himself of his concurrent role as the Secretary of National Defense, naming Sotero Cabahug the next secretary.
17 Mar 1957 Ramón Magsaysay passed away in an air accident in Balamban, Cebu, Philippine Islands.
31 Mar 1957 Ramón Magsaysay's burial ceremony was held at the Manila North Cemetery in Santa Cruz, Manila, Philippines; about 2,000,000 people attended.

Photographs

Philippine guerrilla leader Ramón Magsaysay, 1940sInauguration ceremony of President Ramón Magsaysay and Vice President Carlos Garcia, Independence Grandstand (now Quirino Grandstand), Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines, 30 Dec 1953
See all 5 photographs of Ramón Magsaysay



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More on Ramón Magsaysay
Event(s) Participated:
» Invasion of the Philippine Islands
» Philippines Campaign, Phase 2

Ramón Magsaysay Photo Gallery
Philippine guerrilla leader Ramón Magsaysay, 1940sInauguration ceremony of President Ramón Magsaysay and Vice President Carlos Garcia, Independence Grandstand (now Quirino Grandstand), Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines, 30 Dec 1953
See all 5 photographs of Ramón Magsaysay


Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943