Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About

World War II Database

Xi Qia file photo [15695]

Xi Qia

SurnameAisin Gioro
Given NameXi Qia
HouseAisin Gioro


ww2dbaseAisin Gioro Xi Qia was born into the Manchurian Aisin Gioro royal clan in Mukden, Liaoning Province, China in 1883. He was a descendant of Surhaci, the brother of Nurhaci who laid the foundation for the rise of the Qing Dynasty in the early 1600s, and he was a member of the Plain Blue Banner in the Manchurian military caste system. Xi Qia studied in Japan in his youth and attended the Japanese Army Academy, graduating as a cavalry officer. During the 1911 revolution, he served on the side of his fellow Manchurians, which were unable to quell the rebel forces, and the Qing Dynasty was overthrown. Admitting defeat, he would soon join the Republic of China, becoming an officer in northeastern China, serving in various field and staff positions, including serving as the commandant of a military academy. He rose to command the Jilin Province army at the rank of lieutenant general by the late 1920s. Deep down, however, he had never shaken his grudge against he republic. In Sep 1931, the Japanese staged the Mukden Incident, and Xi Qia immediately wrote a letter of his distant cousin Puyi, the overthrown Emperor Xuantong of Qing, asking him to lead the Manchurians back to glory. Under the guidance of the Japanese, Xi Qia declared Jilin Province to be independent from the Republic of China (which would soon to be merged into the Japanese-sponsored puppet state of Manchukuo, nominally under the rule of Puyi). In Jan 1932, at the request of the Japanese, he assaulted the forces of Chinese generals Ma Zhanshan and Ding Chao; en route, his forces were unexpectedly attacked by Ma and Ding on 25 Jan, requiring the Japanese to dispatch troops in support, which ultimately led to the completion of the Japanese conquest of northeastern China. In Feb 1932, he was named the governor of Jilin Province of Manchukuo. In Mar 1932, his troops were defeated by General Li Haiching's resistance group Anti-Japanese Army For The Salvation Of the Country at Nong'an, 35 miles from Xinjing, the capital of Manchukuo, again requiring Japanese support in order to secure victory. Shortly after, he was relieved of military duties. In 1935 and 1936, respectively, he became the Imperial Household Minister and Interior Minister. In 1945, he was captured Soviet troops and was imprisoned in Siberia, Russia. Extradited to Communist China in 1950, he died at the Fushun War Criminals Management Center in Liaoning Province, China, where he was held alongside of other former Japanese collaborators.

Baidu Baike

Last Major Revision: Jul 2012


Portrait of Xi Qia, 9 Mar 1932Governor Xi Qia (center) and his subordinates, early 1930s
See all 6 photographs of Xi Qia

Xi Qia Timeline

9 Mar 1932 Xi Qia was named the Director of Finance of the Japanese-sponsored puppet state of Manchukuo.
29 Mar 1932 Xi Qia's forces was defeated by General Li Haiching's Anti-Japanese Army For The Salvation Of the Country at Nong'an, 35 miles from Xinjing, the capital of the Japanese-sponsored puppet state of Manchukuo.
1 Mar 1934 As the Manchukuo Department of Finance was reformed as the Finance Ministry, Xi Qia was named its first minister.
21 May 1935 Xi Qia stepped down as the Minister of Finance of the Japanese-sponsored puppet state of Manchukuo and became the Imperial Household Minister of the Aisin Gioro royal clan.

Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments


1. We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

2. For inquiries about military records for members of the World War II armed forces, please see our FAQ.

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB
More on Xi Qia
Event(s) Participated:
» Mukden Incident
» Battle of Harbin and Establishment of Manchukuo

Famous WW2 Quote
"Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."

Winston Churchill, on the RAF

Support Us

Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!

Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!