×
Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About
     

World War II Database

Crutchley file photo [3366]

Victor Crutchley

SurnameCrutchley
Given NameVictor
Born2 Nov 1893
Died24 Jan 1986
CountryUnited Kingdom
CategoryMilitary-Sea
GenderMale

Contributor:

ww2dbaseVictor Alexander Charles Crutchley was born at 28 Lennox Gardens, Chelsea, London. His father was Percy Edward Crutchley and his mother was Frederica Louisa Fitzroy, daughter of 3rd Baron Southampton Charles Fitzroy. His godmother was Queen Victoria. He entered the Royal Naval College at Osborne in 1906. He served aboard dreadnought Centurion, cruiser Brilliant, cruiser Vindictive, and destroyer Sikh during WW1, seeing action at Jutland and Ostend, among other engagements. He received the Distinguished Service Cross and the Victoria Cross for WW1 service.

ww2dbaseAfter WW1, Crutchley served in a variety of sea-going positions with ships of size ranging from yacht to battleship. In 1930, he married Joan Elisabeth Loveday, sister of Air Chief Marshal Alec Coryton. Between 1930 and 1933, he served aboard cruiser Diomede in New Zealand, and in 1935 aboard minesweeper Halcyon as the senior officer of the 1st Minesweeper Flotilla. Between Nov 1936 and May 1937, he served at Alexandria, Egypt with the Mediterranean Fleet. In May 1937, he took command of the battleship Warspite, flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet as her captain. He also served as the flag captain to fleet commanders Dudley Pound and then Andrew Cunningham.

ww2dbaseWhen the European War began in Sep 1940, Crutchley took Warspite back to Britain to join the Home Fleet. In Apr 1940, Warspite served off Norway and participated in the Narvik naval engagements which sank 3 German destroyers and damaged 5 others (all 5 were scuttled to avoid capture). After the Norwegian campaign, he was promoted to the rank of commodore and was given responsibility of the Royal Naval Barracks at Devonport.

ww2dbaseIn early 1942, Crutchley was promoted to the rank of rear admiral and was transferred to the Royal Australian Navy. He took command of Task Force 44 on 13 Jun 1942 then Task Force 62.2 in Aug 1942. During the Guadalcanal campaign, he was second-in-command to American Admiral Richmond Turner, devising naval missions to support ground operations. He was the commander of Task Force 74 until the end of the Pacific War. He was awarded the honor of the Chief Commander of the Legion of Merit by Franklin Roosevelt in Sep 1944; that honor was typically reserved for heads of states.

ww2dbaseAfter WW2, Crutchley served as the flag officer at Gibraltar until his retirement in 1947. He passed away in Nettlecombe, Britain, in 1986.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: Apr 2007

Victor Crutchley Timeline

2 Nov 1893 Victor Crutchley was born in Chelsea, London, England, United Kingdom.
24 Jan 1986 Victor Crutchley passed away.




Did you enjoy this article? Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook
 Reddit
 Twitter

Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds




Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code
 

 

Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Victor Crutchley
Event(s) Participated:
» Invasion of Denmark and Norway
» Guadalcanal Campaign

Ship(s) Served:
» Warspite

Famous WW2 Quote
"You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word. It is victory. Victory at all costs. Victory in spite of all terrors. Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival."

Winston Churchill