Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About

World War II Database

Longhua Civilian Assembly Center

Type   169 Prison Camp
Historical Name of Location   Shanghai, China
Coordinates   31.141308000, 121.437324000


ww2dbaseThe Kiansu Middle School was heavily damaged during the Second Battle of Shanghai in 1937 and remained semi-abandoned for the subsequent years. In Mar 1943, the Japanese occupation administration used the school buildings to form the Longhua Civil Assembly Center (alternate spellings: Lunghua, Lunghwa) for the internment citizens of various European nations and citizens of the United States. Most, but not all, of the internees were residents of the former international concession zone in Shanghai. Five wooden buildings, originally built as stables, augmented the seven concrete buildings, increasing the capacity of prisoners to 1,988. One notable internee was the author James Graham "J. G." Ballard, whose childhood experience at Longhua inspired the semi-autobiographical novel Empire of the Sun, which was later made into a film. The camp closed as the war ended in 1945. Today the 42-acre site of the former internment camp is occupied by a variety of buildings, including those belonging to the Shanghai High School and the Shanghai World Foreign Language Middle School.

ww2dbaseSources: Wikipedia

Last Major Update: Apr 2016

Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code



1. We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

2. For inquiries about military records for members of the World War II armed forces, please see our FAQ.

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
Modern Day Location
WW2-Era Place Name Shanghai, China
Lat/Long 31.1413, 121.4373
Famous WW2 Quote
"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944

Support Us

Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!

Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!