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20 Dec 1942
  • Japanese aviation units began four days of bombarding on Calcutta, India. ww2dbase [TH]
  • RAF used Oboe, an aid to bombing radar, operationally for the first time. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Hiroaki Abe was relieved of his command of Japanese Navy Battleship Division 11 for his lack of aggressiveness during the First Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. He would be forced to retire within months. ww2dbase [Hiroaki Abe | CPC]
  • USS Gar fired three torpedoes at a Japanese ship; all torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • The United States Marine Corps redesignated the Marine Barracks at New River, North Carolina, United States as Camp Lejeune. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • All of five of USAAF 59th Fighter Squadron's P-40F fighters were transferred to a French squadron in North Africa. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Satoru Anabuki, flying Ki-43 fighter "Fubuki", shot down a Hurricane and a Blenheim aircraft over Magwe, Burma, his sixth and seventh victories. He sustained injury during combat. ww2dbase [Satoru Anabuki | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • Kamoi took on food from auxiliary storeship Kitakami Maru at Taroa, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Kamoi | CPC]
  • Ships of Allied convoy JW-51A began to arrive at Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Dec 1942
Hendrik Elias, 20 Dec 1942Chicago off the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, at the end of her last overhaul, 20 Dec 1942

20 Dec 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal