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1 Oct 1944
  • U-530 was assigned to the 33. Unterseebootflottille (33th Submarine Flotilla). ww2dbase [U-530 | CPC]
  • Cruiser Köln conducted convoy operation between Norway and Denmark over the following two months. ww2dbase [Köln | CPC]
  • USS Trepang attacked a Japanese convoy, sinking freighter Takunan Maru. ww2dbase [Trepang | CPC]
  • Finnish troops attacked German troops in Tornio, Finland. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Joseph Stilwell's diary entry for this date noted that he felt he was about to be ousted by Franklin Roosevelt. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
  • Oberstleutnant Wilhelm Antrup stepped down as the commanding officer of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Nicholas departed Morotai, Maluku Islands escorting a convoy bound for Hollandia, New Guinea. ww2dbase [Nicholas | DS]
Australian New Guinea British Western Pacific Territories
  • Eight TDR drones were launched against positions on Ballale and Poporang Islands south of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands with mixed results. ww2dbase [TDR | Bougainville | DS]
Caroline Islands
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-385 was mined and sunk in the Zowariau Channel, Ulithi, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Ulithi | AC]
  • USS Alabama arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Alabama | Ulithi | CPC]
  • Five miles northwest of Peleliu, USS Bailey came under a nighttime strafing attack that left 9 dead, 16 wounded, and damage to many systems aboard the ship. ww2dbase [Bailey | Palau Islands and Ulithi Islands Campaigns | Peleliu, Palau | DS]
  • Emperor Showa's personal representative arrived in Lushun, puppet nation of Manchukuo (Liaoning Province, China) to perform a blessing ceremony for the newly opened grand Shinto shrine. ww2dbase [Lushun, Liaoning | CPC]
  • B-25 bombers of US 14th Air Force attacked Tianhe Airfield in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. ww2dbase [Tianhe Airfield | Guangzhou, Guangdong | CPC]
  • The Slovakian resistance fighters named themselves the Czechoslovakian 1st Army in Slovakia. ww2dbase [Slovak National Uprising | CPC]
  • The German garrison at Calais, France capitulated. The 3rd Canadian Division had suffered just 300 casualties in the siege of the town but had captured 7,500 Germans bringing their toll of prisoners taken in clearing the Channel ports to almost 30,000. Wreckage to the dock facilities were however extensive and the port would not be available for shipping until Nov 1944. ww2dbase [Normandy Campaign, Phase 2 | Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais | AC]
  • Karl von Le Suire was awarded the Kuban Shield medal. ww2dbase [Karl von Le Suire | CPC]
Italy Japan
  • Most of the crew of Shinano boarded the carrier at Yokosuka, Japan by this date. ww2dbase [Shinano | Yokosuka, Kanagawa | CPC]
  • The German-occupied island of Jersey was declared a Fortress. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Cabrilla attacked a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, sinking two transports with 4 of 10 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Cabrilla | South China Sea | CPC]
  • 60 miles west of Palau, US Navy PBM-3D Mariner from Patrol-Bombing Squadron VPB-16 flown by Lt Floyd Wardlow launched a Mark 24 FIDO acoustic homing torpedo on the diving Japanese submarine I-177. The submarine was damaged severely and was sunk 2 days later in a Hedgehog attack from destroyer escort USS Samuel S. Miles. ww2dbase [PBM Mariner | Mark XXIV | DS]
  • General Tadeusz Komorowski sent a message to the Polish military leadership in London, England, United Kingdom noting that he had made the decision to lay down arms as his resistance fighters were running out of supplies to continue the fighting. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw | CPC]
Russia United Kingdom
  • Operation Frantic 8, a USAAF air mission to supply Polish resistance fighters in Warsaw, Poland scheduled for this date, was postponed to 2 Oct 1944 due to weather. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | Operation Frantic | England | CPC]
United States Yugoslavia Photo(s) dated 1 Oct 1944
Type 97 light machine gun with telescopic sight, magazine, and jacket guard, as seen in Handbook on US War Department Japanese Military Forces (TM-E 30-480), 1 Oct 1944Japanese Type 96 light machine gun with Type 99 shield; seen in figure 292 of US War DepartmentAerial view of the Manzanar Airstrip, Inyo County, California, United States showing a portion of the Manzanar Relocation Center across the highway, 1 Oct 1944.

1 Oct 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944

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