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World War II Database

31 Aug 1943
  • Hitler authorized limited withdrawals in Ukraine. ww2dbase [TH]
  • USS S-31 made a daylight attack on a Japanese submarine; three torpedoes were fired, but none hit the target. ww2dbase [S-31 | CPC]
  • The first combat mission of the US Navy's latest fighter aircraft occurred when F6F-3 Hellcat fighters of VF-5 operating from the carrier USS Yorktown assisted in an attack on Japanese installations on Marcus Island. This was a mere eighteen months after the prototype's first flight. Altogether some 2,545 examples of the F6F-3 aircraft were delivered during 1943. ww2dbase [F6F Hellcat | AC]
  • USS Langley was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Langley (Independence-class) | CPC]
  • Velite was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Velite | CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein was awarded Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross. ww2dbase [Heinrich | CPC]
  • Lieutenant Commander Bernard Bowick was named the commanding officer of HMS Dianthus. ww2dbase [Dianthus | CPC]
Germany Hawaii New Zealand
  • Eleanor Roosevelt arrived at Rotorua, New Zealand and visited Whakarewarewa with the famous guide Rangitiria Dennan. ww2dbase [Eleanor Roosevelt | Rotorua | CPC]
Norway
  • German submarine U-703 arrived at Narvik, Norway and dropped off four survivors of Russian freighter Dekabrist. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Narvik | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and TF 15 arrived at the launching point about 128 miles from Marcus Island in the early morning, spent most of that day launching fighter and bomber strikes on Marcus Island before beginning the retirement to Hawaii that evening. ww2dbase [J. J. Clark | Yorktown (Essex-class) | Marcus Island | DS]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS Ray arrived at the submarine base of Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone. ww2dbase [Ray | Coco Solo | CPC]
Russia
  • Marcel Albert, flying a Yak-9 fighter, shot down a Ju 87 aircraft over Yelnya, Smolensk, Russia. ww2dbase [Yelnya, Smolensk | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Aug 1943
Carrier Chitose at Sasebo, Japan, 31 Aug 1943B-17 Fortresses of the 91st Bomb Group nearing the Dornier Assembly Plant at Meulan, France at dawn, 31 Aug 1943.US Navy pilot Lieutenant Commander James H. FlatleySBD Dauntless scout bomber in the landing pattern preparing to come aboard USS Essex following the raid on Marcus Island, Pacific Ocean, 31 Aug 1943.

31 Aug 1943 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years."

James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945