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13 Aug 1942
  • Lieutenant General Harukichi Hyakutake of the Japanese Seventeenth Army based at Rabaul, New Britain was ordered to take command of ground forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Harukichi Hyakutake | CPC]
  • German submarine U-752 sank US ship Cripple Creek 400 miles southwest of Freetown, British West Africa at 0740 hours; 1 was killed, 51 survived. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | U-752 | CPC]
  • British submarine HMS Unbroken damaged cruisers Bolzano and Muzio Attendolo 21 miles north of Capo d'Orlando, Sicily, Italy. ww2dbase [Bolzano | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-658 sank Dutch ship Medea of Allied convoy WAT-13 between Cuba and Haiti at 0507 hours; 5 were killed, 23 survived. German submarine U-171 sank US tanker R. M. Parker, Jr. with two torpedoes and her deck gun 25 miles off Louisiana, United States at 0750 hours; all 44 aboard survived. At 0948 hours, U-600 attacked Allied convoy TAW-12 between Cuba and Haiti, sinking Latvian ship Everlza (23 were killed, 14 survived) and US passenger-cargo ship Delmundo (8 were killed, 50 survived). ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | Gulf of Mexico | CPC]
  • Several attempts to tow F-class destroyer HMS Foresight (Lieutenant Commander Robert Augustus Fell RN), hit by an Italian aerial torpedo on the previous date, were made. When it was observed that an Axis attack might be likely, Tribal-class destroyer HMS Tartar (F43) took on the 181 survivors and scuttled Foresight with torpedoes at 0955 hours. ww2dbase [Malta Campaign | HM]
  • Reginaldo Giuliani attacked American freighter California by torpedo and gunfire in the Atlantic Ocean. The ship was en route from Cape Town, South Africa to Trinidad. All 38 aboard abandoned the sinking ship, and one of them would later die of exposure before being rescued. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | Reginaldo Giuliani | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS S-44 suffered some minor damage to bow planes due to rough seas in the New Britain-New Ireland region. ww2dbase [S-44 | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Japanese Army troops attacked Australian positions at Deniki, Australian Papua. Behind the front lines, Japanese transports landed additional troops at Buna after dark. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
  • After dark, USS S-39 grounded on submerged rocks off Yela (Rossel) Island of Louisiade Archipelago and developed a 30-degree list. ww2dbase [S-39 | Yela | CPC]
  • Bernard Law Montgomery officially took command of the British Eighth Army in North Africa after the original choice commander, William Gott, was killed. ww2dbase [Bernard Montgomery | Cairo | TH, CPC]
France Japan
  • Destroyer Yukikaze began a period of training in the Inland Sea in Japan. ww2dbase [Yukikaze | Inland Sea | CPC]
Mediterranean Sea
  • In the Strait of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea, 7 German and 8 Italian torpedo boats attacked the Allied Pedestal convoy, sinking freighters Wairangi, Glenorchy, Almeria Lykes, and Santa Elisa shortly after midnight. At 0100 hours, Italian torpedo boats MAS16 and MAS22 fatally damaged British cruiser HMS Manchester 4 miles off Kellibia, Tunisia, kiling 10. At dawn, German dive bombers sank freighters Waimarama (80 were killed) and Dorset. Later in the morning, already-damaged tanker Ohio was disabled by further bomb hits; she would be abandoned after nightfall. Finally, British fighters from Malta arrived, allowing three Pedestal convoy freighters to sail into Malta between 1730 and 1830 hours; the successful RAF fighter coverage which drove away German air attacks would also force the 6 Italian cruisers and 17 destroyers which had sailed from Messina, Sicily, Italy on the previous day to abandon their mission to intercept the Pedestal convoy. ww2dbase [Malta Campaign | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • USS Tuscaloosa, USS Rodman, USS Emmons, and HMS Onslaught departed Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom with ammunition, aircraft parts, and other war goods for the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Glasgow, Scotland | CPC]
United States
  • US Marine Corps established the Marine Corps Air Station, Santa Barbara, California, United States; it was placed under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Livingston B. Stedman, Jr. ww2dbase [Santa Barbara, California | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Aug 1942
A Grant tank being loaded onto a Diamond T tank transporter, North Africa, 13 Aug 1942A Grant tank being transported by a Diamond T tank transporter, North Africa, 13 Aug 1942

13 Aug 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943

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