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1 Aug 1943
  • Amon Göth was promoted to the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer. ww2dbase [Amon Göth | CPC]
  • Hitler ordered the Orel, Russia salient evacuated. ww2dbase [TH]
  • USAAF bombed the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania; 30% of the raid force was lost. ww2dbase [Operation Tidal Wave | TH]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein shot down three Soviet aircraft, increasing his victories to 46. ww2dbase [Heinrich | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Americans captured the Munda airfield on New Georgia in the Solomon Islands. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • The puppet Burmese government declared war on Britain and the United States. ww2dbase [AC]
Caroline Islands
  • Shokaku remained at Truk, Caroline Islands throughout the month of Aug 1943, except for two short sorties on 3 Aug and 25 Aug. ww2dbase [Shokaku | CPC]
  • Lin Sen passed away in Chongqing, China. ww2dbase [Lin Sen | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek was made temporary head of state upon his predecessor Lin Sen's death. ww2dbase [Chiang Kaishek | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Marine Fighting Squadron 223 (VMF-223) departed. A & R building usably complete. Telephone system usably complete. ww2dbase [Barbers Point Naval Air Station | DS]
  • Irako transited the Bungo Strait between Shikoku and Kyushu, Japan and arrived at Kure, Japan. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Finback damaged a Japanese transport in the South China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
  • Over Ukraine, the Red Air Force's leading female pilot Lydia Litvyak shot down the German Bf 109G-6 fighter piloted by Feldwebel Hans-Jörg Merkle and another Bf 109G-6 fighter while flying a Yak-1b fighter. She was in turn shot down in this engagement. Her body was never found, and the Soviet Union presumed her to have been killed. ww2dbase [Lydia Litvyak | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • USS Alabama was detached from the British Royal Navy Home Fleet and departed Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Scapa Flow | Alabama | CPC]
United States
  • Submarine Golet was launched at Manitowoc, Wisconsin, United States, sponsored by the wife of Senator Alexander Wiley. ww2dbase [Golet | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Aug 1943
Ploiesti oil tanks and refineries aflame after American raid, 1 Aug 1943Map depicting front lines in Eastern Europe and the Battle of Kursk, 4 Jul-1 Aug 1943Map depicting the Battle of Kursk, 4 Jul-1 Aug 1943A Soviet soldier walking along a road in Russia, 1 Aug 1943; note field gun in background
See all photos dated 1 Aug 1943

1 Aug 1943 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."

Winston Churchill, on the RAF