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19 Jul 1942
  • German submarine U-84 sank Honduran ship Baja California off the Florida Keys archipelago; 3 were killed, 34 survived. In the same area at 1912 hours, U-129 sank Norwegian ship Port Antonio; 13 were killed, 11 survived. ww2dbase [Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico Campaigns | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler ordered "Aktion Reinhard", the deportation of Jews in the General Government, was to be completed by 31 Dec 1942. ww2dbase [Heinrich Himmler | CPC]
  • German submarine U-564 attacked Allied convoy OS-34 200 miles north of the Azores islands at 0230 hours, sinking British ship Lavington Court (7 were killed, 41 survived) and Empire Hawksbill (all 47 aboard were killed). German submarine U-332 attacked transport Leonidas M. south of Newfoundland at 1655 hours, but the torpedo missed; at 1711 hours she opened fire with her deck gun, followed by another torpedo at 1725 hours and another at 1742 hours; Leonidas M. was hit by the third torpedo, sinking her (all 31 aboard survived and 2 were captured). ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | CPC]
  • USS S-31 was ordered to move toward the Japanese-occupied Aleutian island of Kiska. ww2dbase [S-31 | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell devised the X-Y Plan for 20 to 30 Chinese divisions to invade northern Burma with the ultimate goal being Rangoon in the south. ww2dbase [Joseph Stilwell | CPC]
  • Walther von Brauchitsch was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of the Cross of Liberty of Finland. ww2dbase [Walther von Brauchitsch | CPC]
  • German torpedo bombers damaged British convoy escort vessel Maline off Port Said, Egypt; Maline beached to prevent sinking but would not be repaired later. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Middle East Air Force launched B-24 bombers to attack Benghazi, Libya; at the same time, B-17 bombers of the same air force struck Tobruk. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Seaplane tender USS Casco arrived at Nazan Bay, Atka Island, US Territory of Alaska in the Aleutian Islands to establish a seaplane base. Meanwhile, US 11th Air Force conducted reconnaissance missions over Attu and Agattu elsewhere in the Aleutian Islands. Finally, cruisers of US Navy Task Force 8 bombarded Kiska. ww2dbase [CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Ninety miles off Accra, British West Africa (now Ghana), USS Ranger launched 72 P-40F fighters for transfer to nearby airfields; they were destined to reinforce the 10th Air Force in India. ww2dbase [Ranger | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS S-43 disembarked RAAF Flight Officer Cecil John Trevelyan Mason on New Ireland for Mason to check in with coast watchers. ww2dbase [S-43 | New Ireland | CPC]
  • While on a reconnaissance mission, a US B-17 bomber spotted a Japanese convoy departing Rabaul, New Britain toward the island of New Guinea. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | Rabaul, New Britain | CPC]
Dutch East Indies Egypt Germany Hawaii Japan New Zealand
  • An Australian cruiser squadron, sailing as US Navy Task Force 44 and under British Royal Navy Rear-Admiral Victor A. C. Crutchley's command, arrived at Wellington, New Zealand. ww2dbase [Wellington | CPC]
  • A He 112 fighter of Romanian Escadrila 51 Vanatoare squadron flew the very first night fighter mission in Romanian history. ww2dbase [He 112 | CPC]
  • The Soviet 66th Naval Rifle Brigade arrived at Stalingrad, Russia and was assigned to the Soviet 64th Army. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | Stalingrad | CPC]
United States
  • Robert Johnson joined the USAAF 61st Fighter Squadron at Bridgeport, Connecticut, United States, flying P-47B Thunderbolt aircraft. ww2dbase [Robert Johnson | Bridgeport, Connecticut | CPC]
  • US destroyer Saufley was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jul 1942
RAF reconnaissance photo showing Köln moored in the Fætten Fjord northeast of Trondheim, Norway, 19 Jul 1942, photo 1 of 3RAF reconnaissance photo showing Köln moored in the Fætten Fjord northeast of Trondheim, Norway, 19 Jul 1942, photo 2 of 3RAF reconnaissance photo showing Köln moored in the Fætten Fjord northeast of Trondheim, Norway, 19 Jul 1942, photo 3 of 3Capt TI Gellibrand and Lt JT Cook with the Australian 24th Infantry Brigade HQ, and Lt ET Pearce use the hood of a Willys MB Jeep to check a map, west of El Alamein, Egypt, 19 Jul 1942
See all photos dated 19 Jul 1942

19 Jul 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943

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