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World War II Database

17 Jul 1941
  • The first elements of the Spanish Volunteer Division arrived at the large training camp at Grafenwöhr in southern Germany. Spanish uniforms were exchanged for German; the only item of clothing retained being the Falangist dark blue shirt, from which the title "Blue Division" (officially the 250th Infantry Division) was derived. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Alfred Rosenberg officially took on the position of Reich Minister for Occupied Eastern Territories. Among his responsibilities were the Germanization of the occupied lands and the exploitation and extermination of Jews. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • After sundown, German bombers attacked Hull, Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom. 160 fires displaced 3,500 people and several factories were damaged. 111 were killed and 108 were seriously injured. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Corvette HMS Narcissus was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Heinz Guderian was awarded Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • German Navy placed an order for four submarines; this order would later yield U-487, U-488, U-489, and U-490. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-449 was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine was U-579 commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Italian Navy introduced a new cipher. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Political Commissars were re-introduced into the Soviet Army and Soviet Navy organizational structures. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Field Marshal Keitel's son Hans-Georg Keitel died from wounds received in combat. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Reinhardt Heydrich ordered the four SS Einsatzgruppen under his command to exterminate Jewish and Roma communities in his sphere of influence. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer USS Ingraham was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • George Marshall approved Leopard Gerow's recommendation to re-activate Douglas MacArthur from the retired list and plans regarding the Philippine Army; Marshall forwarded Gerow's proposals to US Secretary of War Henry Stimson for further review and implementation. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • James Lacey shot down a German He 59 seaplane. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Yasunori Yoshioka was named the chief of staff of Japanese 44th Army, also known as the Kwangtung Defense Army, based in Xinjing, northeastern China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Canada
  • HMCS Grizzly was assigned to Prince Rupert, British Columbia, Canada to serve as a stationary defensive vessel. ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany
  • The Oflag IV-C prisoners of war camp at Colditz Castle in Germany hosted a visit from the Orthodox Bishop of Dresden, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Malta
  • Axis aircraft attacked airfields on Malta. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • The Soviet 3rd NKO Directorate was merged back into the NKVD, becoming NKVD's Special Departments Director (UOO). Viktor Abakumov was named UOO's chief and Solomon Milshtein was named the deputy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Ukraine
  • German Armeegruppe Sud encircled 20 Soviet Army divisions near Uman, Ukraine. Further south, troops of the Romanian 3rd Army reached the Dniester River, captured a row of bunkers on the far bank, and repulsed a series of Soviet counterattacks. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
United States
  • US President Franklin Roosevelt and Secretary of State Cordell Hull met with Japanese Ambassador Kichisaburo Nomura in Washington DC, United States in an attempt to open negotiations bewteen the two countries regarding peace in the Pacific region. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Congress held a hearing on the construction of a new building for the US War Department. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Jul 1941
Knox observing maneuvers at New River Inlet, North Carolina, flanked by Marines, 17 Jul 1941

17 Jul 1941 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years."

James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945