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9 Jul 1940
  • RAF considered this date the official start of their night bombing campaign against Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • British submarine HMS Salmon was lost 60 miles off of Stavanger, Norway; the entire crew of 39 was never heard from again. She was presumed to have hit a naval mine. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The German raider Komet left Bergen, Norway for operations in the Pacific Ocean via the Northern Sea Route in the Arctic Ocean assisted by Russian icebreakers. ww2dbase [Komet | TH]
  • British government implemented rationing on tea: each person was allowed 2 ounces of tea per week. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British House of Commons passed a ¬£1,000,000,000 war credit. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • During the night, 11 British Hampden aircraft (out of 14 dispatched) attacked battleship Tirpitz to little effect. ww2dbase [Tirpitz | CPC]
  • German Luftwaffe aircraft attacked shipping in the English Channel and off the British coast. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | CPC]
  • USS O'Brien arrived at Par√°, Brazil. ww2dbase [O'Brien | CPC]
  • German Nachtjagdgeshchwader 1 wing scored its first kill. ww2dbase [AC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-34 sank Estonian ship Tiiu southwest of Ireland at 1232 hours; the crew of 20 were rescued by a British trawler. In the same general area, at 2119 hours, German submarine U-43 sank British ship Aylesbury; the crew of 35 were rescued by destroyers HMS Harvester and HMS Havelock. ww2dbase [First Happy Time | CPC]
Italy Mediterranean Sea
  • At 1515 hours, 50 miles south of Italy, heavily escorted Italian convoy for Benghazi, Libya ran into an equally powerful British convoy for Malta. British battleship HMS Warspite hit Italian battleship Giulio Cesare at the range of 24 kilometers, making it one of the longest naval gun hits of the war. Although Italian ships withdrew first, Italian aircraft forced the British ships back by 1700 hours. ww2dbase [Warspite | Malta Campaign | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Douglas Bader's No. 242 Squadron RAF, based at RAF Coltishall at Norwich, England, United Kingdom, was declared fully operational. ww2dbase [Douglas Bader | Norwich, England | CPC]
  • HMS Dianthus was launched at Leith, Scotland, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Dianthus | Leith, Scotland | CPC]
  • King George VI made a royal visit to RAF Digby during which he presented a Distinguished Flying Cross to Flying Officer Guy Gibson, the future leader of the Dambusters Squadron. ww2dbase [George VI | Scopwick, England | AC]
  • Flying Officer Guy Gibson, who would later win the Victoria Cross for leading the daring attack on the Ruhr dams in Germany in May 1943, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) after completing 34 operations in five months with No. 3 Squadron RAF. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • US Coast Guard cutter Campbell arrived at Boston, Massachusetts, United States with US Consul to Greenland James K. Penfield, Governor of North Greenland E. Brun, and a group of Danish officials on board. They came to Boston to discuss commerce and trade of Greenland as an independent entity due to the German occupation of Denmark. ww2dbase [Boston, Massachusetts | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • US Marine Corps Captain Kenneth W. Benner was ordered to continue the survey of Midway Atoll with another officer, 8 enlisted Marines, and 2 US Navy corpsmen. He was to relieve Captain Samuel G. Taxis who had been been there since early Jun 1940 on the same mission. ww2dbase [Midway Bases | Midway | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1940
Zara firing during the Battle of Calabria, 9 Jul 1940

9 Jul 1940 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal

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