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30 Mar 1945
  • USS Bailey and the Albay Gulf attack group departed Balayan Bay bound for Legaspi, Albay Gulf, Luzon. ww2dbase [Bailey | DS]
Australia Burma Canada
  • A paper balloon envelope and valve from a Japanese Fu-Go balloon bomb were found near Waterhen Lake, Manitoba, Canada. ww2dbase [Fu-Go | Waterhen Lake, Manitoba | DS]
  • USS Chub rescued three American airmen off Yulikan Bay, Hainan island, China. ww2dbase [Chub | Hainan | CPC]
  • Soviet troops crossed the Hron and Nitra Rivers in Czechoslovakia and crossed into occupied Austria near Koszeg, Hungary. They were now 50 miles from Vienna, Ostmark, Germany. ww2dbase [Battle of Vienna | TH]
  • Soviet troops marched into Danzig, taking 10,000 prisoners of war and capturing 45 submarines. ww2dbase [East Pomeranian Offensive | TH]
  • The 2,804-ton German steamship Jersbek, used as a troop transport, was beached after she struck a mine laid by British aircraft in the Danzig Bay. ww2dbase [Danzig Bay | HM]
  • U-3538, U-3539, U-3540, U-3541, and U-3542, still under construction, were captured by the Soviets at the F. Schichau shipyard in Danzig. ww2dbase [U-3542 | U-3541 | U-3540 | U-3539 | U-3538 | F. Schichau Danzig | CPC]
  • US First Army attacked Paderborn, Germany. Beyond the German front lines, US aircraft harassed retreating German columns, destroying 246 trucks and 241 railway wagons. ww2dbase [Crossing the Rhine | Paderborn, Westfalen-Nord | TH]
  • German Armeegruppe Weichsel (Vistula) evacuated its last Oder River bridgehead from the island of Wollin, Germany. ww2dbase [Wollin, Pommern | TH]
  • Over 1,250 heavy bombers of US 8th Air Force bombed German ports of Hamburg, Bremen, and Wilhelmshaven. Submarines U-96, U-429, and U-3308, as well as schnellboote S-186, S-194, and S-224 were destroyed at Wilhelmshaven. U-72, U-230, U-430, U-870, U-884, and U-886 were destroyed at Bremen. U-2340, U-348, U-350, and U-1167 were destroyed at Hamburg. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | Hamburg | CPC, HM]
  • Commandant of the SS castle of Schlo├č Wewelsburg in B├╝ren, Germany, Siegfried Taubert, abandoned the castle as US 3rd Armored Division approached. ww2dbase [Schlo├č Wewelsburg | B├╝ren, Westfalen-Nord | CPC]
  • Jewish women being led to their deaths at the Ravensbr├╝ck Concentration Camp in Germany fought against their SS guards in an attempt to escape. Nine of them got away, but they were soon captured and were killed with the rest of the group. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Ravensbr├╝ck Concentration Camp | Ravensbr├╝ck, Mark Brandenburg | CPC]
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm M├╝ller was mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht daily radio report. ww2dbase [Friedrich-Wilhelm M├╝ller | CPC]
  • US Eighth Air Force B-24 Liberator bombers attacked Wilhelmshaven, Germany, sinking the already-damaged cruiser K├Âln on even keel. Her turrets remained above water and operational. ww2dbase [K├Âln | Wilhelmshaven, Weser-Ems | HM]
  • Fleet tender K├Ânigin Louise was sunk by USAAF B-24 bombers at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. ww2dbase [F6 | Wilhelmshaven, Weser-Ems | CPC]
  • The USAAF 306th Bomb Group flying from RAF Thurleigh launched twelve B-17 Fortress bombers against a submarine yard within a reinforced concrete structure at Farge near Bremen, Germany. This was the 306th's first use of the Disney Bomb. Twenty B-17s from another Eighth Air Force bomb group also bombed Farge with Disney Bombs. A total of 14 bobmers were damaged on this mission. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | RAF Thurleigh | Disney | Bremen | DS]
  • Stalag IX-A at Ziegenhain, Germany was liberated by the Sixth Armored Division of General George Patton's Third Army. By the time Patton's tanks arrived, the Germans had fled the camp along with all prisoners except for 1,276 US Army sergeants and corporals mostly from the 106th and 28th Infantry Divisions captured in the opening stages of the Battle of the Bulge. They were liberated after 100 days as prisoners of war. ww2dbase [Roddie Edmonds | Ziegenhain, Kurhessen | DS]
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) pounded Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands and its surrounding islets in softening-up strikes. ww2dbase [Yorktown (Essex-class) | Okinawa Campaign | Okinawa | DS]
  • British warships including the battleship HMS King George V, under the command of Vice Admiral Sir Bernard Rawlings, and a carrier force led by HMS Illustrious, commanded by Rear Admiral Sir Philip Vian, participated in an attack on the Sakashima Islands, 180 miles south-west of Okinawa, Japan. ww2dbase [Okinawa Campaign | King George V | Sakashima, Okinawa | AC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Sea Robin detected a group of six Japanese destroyers in the South China Sea just off Hainan, China. She fired 3 and then 6 torpedoes, but all 9 torpedoes missed. She survived 20 minutes of depth charging after the attack. ww2dbase [Sea Robin | South China Sea | CPC]
  • Georgy Zhukov was awarded the Order of Victory for the second time. ww2dbase [Georgy Zhukov | CPC]
  • US aircraft attacked a railway linking Shoka (now Changhua) and Taichu (now Taichung), Taiwan. ww2dbase [Shoka, Taichu | CPC]
  • Tran Trong Kim was recalled from Bangkok, Thailand to Saigon, Cochinchina, French Indochina by the Japanese. ww2dbase [Tran Trong Kim | Bangkok | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • At 1243 hours, British Royal Marine anti-aircraft gunners on the gun platform 12 miles off Felixstowe (Churchill Fort) shot down the last V-1 flying bomb to be fired toward Britain. ww2dbase [Vergeltungswaffe 1 | V-Weapons Campaign | England | CPC, HM]
United States US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 30 Mar 1945
US Army African-American Privates George Cofield and Howard Davis manning an anti-aircraft weapon near a bridge under construction over the Rhine River, 30 Mar 1945High Commissioner Lord Gort and newspaper publisher Gershon Agron in conversation, 30 Mar 1945DShK M1938 heavy machine being used as a tank-mounted weapon by a Soviet soldier in Danzig, late Mar 1945Japanese 120mm gun protuding from a cave opening, Iwo Jima, Japan, circa Mar 1945

30 Mar 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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