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World War II Database

1 Mar 1942
  • Legionaro was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Korvettenkapitän Hellmuth Strobel took command of cruiser Köln. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Kwajalein, Marshall islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Perch was depth charged by two Japanese destroyers 30 miles northwest of Surabaya, Java; her starboard motors were damaged and she took on flood waters. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oiler USS Pecos were sunk off Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean by Japanese carrier aircraft. While en route to rescue survivors of Pecos, which included survivors of USS Langley, destroyer USS Edsall was sunk at 1731 hours by gunfire and aircraft; 147 were killed, 6 survived and were captured. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • ABDA naval command was disbanded after the defeats at the Java Sea region. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Navy 3rd Submarine Fleet was established in Brisbane, Australia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US authorities rounded up 112,000 Americans of Japanese descent and moved them to inland camps well away from the Pacific coast. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Martti Aho was awarded the Mannerheim Cross medal. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the face of defeats in Burma, Archibald Wavell replaced Major General John Smyth with Major General David Cowan and demoted General Thomas Hutton to be the chief of staff of Cowan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for the second time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese warships sank five Dutch ships (Rooseboom, Pariji, Modjokerto, and two others) between Dutch East Indies and Australia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Allied convoy PQ-12 departed Reykjavík, Iceland and convoy QP-8 departed Murmansk, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Arctic Ocean
  • The Soviet trawler RT-19 Komintern, built in 1930, while fishing off the Gusinaia Banka, Berrants Sea, was most probably torpedoed by German submarine U-436 (Kapitänleutnant Günther Seibicke) and sunk, northeast of Cape Teriberskij, Russia. ww2dbase [HM]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The 9,551-ton Norwegian motor tanker Finnanger, since 1941 in British Admiralty service as a Royal Fleet Auxiliary, was torpedoed and shelled by German submarine U-158 (Kapitänleutnant Erwin Rostin) and sank southeast of Cape Race, Newfoundland. Finnanger returned fire and fought a courageous fight, but the crew had to abandon the ship. U-158 shelled the ship until she sank. Nothing was ever heard of the 39 crew on board. ww2dbase [Main Article | HM]
  • The 4,890-ton British steamship Carperby, carrying 2,009 tons of coal and 3,262 tons of coke, was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-588 (Kapitänleutnant Victor Vogel) about 420 miles south of Newfoundland. None of her complement of 40 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | HM]
  • The E14Y floatplane of Japanese submarine I-25 conducted a reconnaissance mission over Hobart, Australia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The first four of No. 75 Squadron RAAF's Kittyhawk fighters arrived at Port Moresby, Australian Papua. Two of them would see combat later on the same day, with Flight Officer Barry Cox and Flight Officer Wilbur Wackett shooting down one Ki-21 bomber flying a reconnaissance mission over Port Moresby. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Black Sea
  • The 3,356-ton Soviet cargo ship (training) Chapaev struck a mine and sank in the Black Sea off Sevastapol, Russia. Between 86 and 120 crew lost their lives. ww2dbase [HM]
Dutch East Indies
  • HMS Encounter, HMS Exeter, and USS Pope were sunk at the Second Battle of the Java Sea; the ships suffered 7, 54, and 1 killed, respectively. Meanwhile, at the Battle of Sunda Strait, Allied cruisers USS Houston and HMAS Perth intercepted a Japanese invasion force but were both sunk as they attacked; four Japanese transports and a minesweepers were sunk, but two of the transports were later refloated. Also on this date, Japanese troops landed on Java and immediately began marching for Batavia, with the Japanese 2nd Division capturing Serang and the 230th Infantry Regiment capturing Kalidjati airfield at Soebang en route. Finally, Japanese air raids at Surabaya damaged destroyer USS Stewart and Dutch destroyer Witte de With. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The 209-ton HMT Rahman, a British Royal Navy Whaler requisitioned in 1940 and used as a minesweeper, was sunk by gunfire at Batavia, Dutch East Indies. In the same action the 5,518-ton British cargo steamer War Sirdar ran aground on a reef northwest of Batavia and was abandoned; she was later salvaged by the Japanese and became the Konan Maru, and ultimately torpedoed by USS Bluegill on 29 Mar 1945. ww2dbase [HM]
  • While at Faßberg, Germany, III./KG 4 wa transferred to the German Luftwaffe XI. Fliegerkorps in preparation for a new assignment. ww2dbase [CPC]
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
  • The 9,260-ton American passenger ship SS President Polk was being used as a troopship when sunk by Japanese aircraft at Canton Island, Gilbert Islands. The ship was later raised and re-entered service. ww2dbase [HM]
  • German submarine U-656 was sunk by a Hudson patrol bomber of US Navy VP-82 squadron 33 miles south of Cape Race, Newfoundland, killing all 45 aboard. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • At the Battle of the Java Sea, slightly damaged cruiser HMS Exeter, destroyer HMS Encounter, and destroyer USS Pope at 0850 hours. At 1245 hours, Nachi fired once again on HMS Exeter by gunfire. She departed the area at the end of the day with 90 Allied prisoners of war on board. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Permit fired three torpedoes at a Japanese destroyer in the Java Sea; all three torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Exeter was sunk during the Second Battle of the Java Sea shortly after 1200 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | AC]
  • Douglas MacArthur requested George Brett to send 3 B-17 Flying Fortress bombers to the Philippine Islands for the evacuation of MacArthur, his family, and his staff. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Construction for Sobibór Concentration Camp in occupied Poland began. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • The 5,417-ton French cargo ship PLM-20 was torpedoed and sunk by the British submarine HMS Unbeaten, five nautical miles east of Mehedia, Tunisia. She had sailed from Sfax in Tunisia in a convoy, on passage from Sfax to Bizerta with a cargo of phosphates. ww2dbase [HM]
United Kingdom
  • No. 97 Squadron RAF was transferred to RAF Woodhall Spa, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The 697-ton steamer Polgarth, owned by Polgarth S.S. Ltd of Liverpool, England, United Kingdom, was on passage from Blyth, Northumberland, England, to Southampton, England with cargo of 865 tons of coal. When two miles off Aldeburgh Light Float, on the Suffolk coast, she struck a mine. After attempts to tow her failed the vessel foundered two hours later. All 16 crew were saved. ww2dbase [HM]
  • The 598-ton small coastal steam tanker Audacity struck a mine soon after exiting the river Humber estuary on the eastern coast of England, United Kingdom. The ship was on passage from Goole bound for London with a cargo of palm oil. The Audacity's captain was killed in the explosion. ww2dbase [HM]
United States
  • Benjamin Kelsey was promoted to the war time rank of colonel. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • The United States Marine Corps established Marine Aircraft Group 22 at Midway Atoll, consisted of Marine Scout-Bomber Squadron 231 and Marine Fighter Squadron 221. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Mar 1942
Men of the Japanese 2nd Division celebrating successful landing, Merak, Java, 1 Mar 1942Map noting Japanese landings on Java, 1 Mar 1942Soviet troops patrolling Pulkovo Heights south of Leningrad, Russia, 1 Mar 1942Soviet 85 mm M1939 (52-K) anti-aircraft guns in Leningrad, Russia, 1 Mar 1942
See all photos dated 1 Mar 1942

1 Mar 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944