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31 Jan 1945
  • Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front established two bridgeheads over the Oder River near K├╝strin, Germany (now Kostrzyn, Poland). ww2dbase [Vistula-Oder Offensive | TH]
  • The Duke of Gloucester became the Governor-General of Australia, an appointment designed to ensure that Australia did not become a dependency of the United States. ww2dbase [AC]
  • American submarine chaser PC-1129 intercepted Japanese Shinyo special attack boats in the Philippine Islands, but she was in turn rammed by one of the boats and was sunk. ww2dbase [Shinyo-class | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Wake Island completed her repairs at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Wake Island | Ulithi | CPC]
Germany Japan
  • Japanese Navy landing ship No. 148 was completed; this vessel was later turned over to the Army and was recommissioned as SB No. 113. ww2dbase [No. 101/103-class | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Sennet arrived at Saipan, Mariana Islands, ending her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Sennet | Saipan | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Boarfish attacked a Japanese convoy three times in the South China Sea, sinking cargo ship Enki Maru (1 of 2 torpedoes hit) and damaging cargo ship Taietsu Maru (1 of 2 torpedoes hit; she would later be finished off by US aircraft). ww2dbase [Boarfish | South China Sea | CPC]
  • While on patrol duty outside Apra Harbor, Guam, USS Bailey was detailed to search for downed airmen. With direction from rescue aircraft, Bailey recovered two Navy airman whose airplane had run out of fuel. ww2dbase [Bailey | DS]
Philippines
  • In the Philippine Islands, elements of the 11th US Airborne Division came ashore at Nasugbu Bay, some 50 miles south of Manila and opposite Bataan at the mouth of Manila Bay. ww2dbase [Philippines Campaign, Phase 2 | AC]
  • Destroyer USS Shaw covered the landings at Nasugbu, Luzon south of Manila. ww2dbase [Philippines Campaign, Phase 2 | Shaw | Nasugbu, Luzon | DS]
  • Casablanca-class escort carrier USS Steamer Bay and her task group departed the Luzon area bound for Ulithi via Leyte. ww2dbase [Steamer Bay | Luzon | DS]
United States
  • The US Navy expanded the piston-jet mix-powered fighter contract with Ryan Aeronautical to 700 examples. ww2dbase [FR Fireball | CPC]
  • [appx date] Fragments of a paper balloon envelope from a Japanese Fu-Go balloon bomb were found near Nogales, Arizona, United States near the Mexican border. ww2dbase [Nogales, Arizona | DS]
  • [appx date] Fragments of a paper balloon envelope from a Japanese Fu-Go balloon bomb were found near Nogales, Arizona, United States near the Mexican border. ww2dbase [Fu-Go | Nogales, Arizona | DS]
Photo(s) dated 31 Jan 1945
Destroyer USS Bailey prepares to bring aboard two Navy fliers whose airplane had run out of fuel 17 miles west of Guam, 31 Jan 1945. The fliers had been in the water over 24 hours.Carrier Franklin off the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 31 Jan 1945 after repairs from a Japanese special aircraft attack.Carrier Franklin off the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 31 Jan 1945 after repairs from a Japanese special aircraft attack.Carrier Franklin off the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, United States, 31 Jan 1945 after repairs from a Japanese special aircraft attack.
See all photos dated 31 Jan 1945

31 Jan 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935


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