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29 Jul 1939

  • Pavel Sukhoi was named the Chief Designer of aircraft factory number 135 in Kharkov, Ukraine. ww2dbase [Pavel Sukhoi | Kharkov | CPC]
24 Oct 1941

Photo(s) dated 24 Oct 1941
Germans entering Kharkov, Ukraine, late Oct 1941View of Kharkov, Ukraine, late Oct 1941
9 May 1942

  • Semyon Timoshenko's 28th Army (Lieutenant-General D. I. Ryabyshev), reinforced to 16 infantry and three cavalry divisions supported by six armouired brigades, launched an offensive in the Volchansk sector near Kharkov, Ukraine, but were checked after pushing out a salient of some 20 miles into the enemy lines. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Vovchansk, Kharkov | AC]
13 May 1942

14 May 1942

  • Newly arrived German aircraft in the Kharkov region in Ukraine overcame Soviet aircraft and halted the northern pincer of the Soviet attack. On the ground, General Ewald von Kleist prepared his German 1st Panzergruppe for a counterattack ordered by Adolf Hitler. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Kharkov | CPC]
15 May 1942

16 May 1942

  • Near Kharkov, Ukraine, the Soviet 28th Army's offensive was halted. To the south, Soviet 6th Guards Cavalry Corps reached Krasnograd, but their support tanks were 15 miles behind the front lines and could not arrive at the front fast enough to maintain the forward momentum. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Krasnograd, Kharkov | CPC]
17 May 1942

  • In Operation Fridericus, German 1st Panzer Army attacked Soviet troops at Izium, Ukraine, breaching the Soviet lines and capturing Barvenkovo. The spearhead of the Soviet offensive continued toward Kharkov, however, despite the actions behind it. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Kharkov | CPC]
18 May 1942

  • 14th and 16th Panzer Divisions of the German 1st Panzer Army destroyed 130 Soviet tanks in combat in Ukraine, forcing Soviet forces to evacuate forward airfields at Izium and Petrovskaia. Semyon Timoshenko requested for permission to fall back from his positions near Kharkov, Ukraine due to this latest German counteroffensive; Joseph Stalin refused to grant his permission, ordering Timoshenko to continue the westward offensive. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Kharkov | TH, CPC]
19 May 1942

  • A surprise German pincer movement threatened to trap a large contingent of Soviet troops at Izium near Kharkov, Ukraine. Joseph Stalin belatedly granted permission for the troops to withdraw. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Izium, Kharkov | CPC]
20 May 1942

  • German 6th Army and 1st Panzer Army captured Protopopovka, Ukraine, further threatening the Soviet troops at Izium with encirclement. The Soviets continued to make break out attempts, but they were frustrated by German aircraft. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Izium, Kharkov | CPC]
21 May 1942

  • German 6th Army and 1st Panzer Army continued to threaten the Soviet troops near Izium, Ukraine with encirclement. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Kharkov | CPC]
22 May 1942

  • In Ukraine, German 14th Division and 16th Panzer Division occupied Chepel and Bayrak, while 3rd Panzer Division and 23rd Panzer Division reached Chervonyi Donets and Krasnaia Gusarovka, closing the gap on the Soviet forces near Izium. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Kharkov | TH, CPC]
23 May 1942

  • German 14th Division and 16th Panzer Division, moving northward, and German 3rd Panzer Division and 23rd Panzer Division, moving southward, linked up, thus completing the encirclement of the Soviet 6th Army and 57th Army at Izium, Ukraine. In the same area, German troops captured Chepel to prevent the Soviet 38th Army from attacking the eastern side of the newly formed encirclement. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Kharkov | CPC]
24 May 1942

25 May 1942

  • Soviet troops trapped at Izium, Ukraine made a major attempt to break the encirclement in failure, and the continued German pressured reduced the Soviet pocket to an area roughly 10 miles wide and 2 miles deep. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Izium, Kharkov | CPC]
26 May 1942

  • Soviet troops in the pocket at Izium, Ukraine captured Lozovenka to the east during their breakout attempt, but overall German pressure caused the pocket to shrink to the size of about 15 square kilometers. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Lozovenka, Kharkov | CPC]
27 May 1942

28 May 1942

  • Semyon Timoshenko ordered all offensives in the Kharkov, Ukraine region to cease, thus effectively conceding the Second Battle of Kharkov and granting victory to the German Unternehmen Fridericus I. When all actions were wrapped up, the Germans would count over 200,000 prisoners of war, 1,200 tanks, and 2,000 artillery pieces captured. ww2dbase [Second Battle of Kharkov | Izium, Kharkov | TH, CPC]
29 May 1942

22 Jun 1942

  • German forces launched Operation Fridericus II near Kharkov, Ukraine in preparation for Unternehmen Blau. A He 111 bomber of 9. Staffel of KG 55 scored a lucky hit with a 1,000-kg bomb on a bridge over the River Oskol at Kupiansk about 100 kilometers (about 50 miles) southeast of Kharkov, causing serious logistics problems for the Soviets. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | Kharkov | CPC]
27 Jun 1942

  • German Bf 109 fighters misidentified and shot down two friendly He 111 bombers of 8. Staffel of KG 55 over Volchansk, Kharkov Oblast, Ukraine. ww2dbase [Volchansk, Kharkov | CPC]
16 Feb 1943

Photo(s) dated 16 Feb 1943
Knocked out and abandoned T-34 medium tanks line the streets of Kharkov, Ukraine, Feb 1943
26 Feb 1943

  • The notorious SS Obergruppenfuhrer Theodor Eicke, formerly Inspector of Concentration Camps and now commanding the infamous Toenkopf Division, was killed when his aircraft was shot down about one kilometer southwest of Artelnoje in Ukraine. ww2dbase [Artelnoje, Kharkov | AC]
28 Feb 1943

Photo(s) dated 28 Feb 1943
German Das Reich Division tank entering the outskirts of Kharkov, Ukraine, Feb-Mar 1943
2 Mar 1943

  • The Soviet 3rd Tank Army was destroyed near Kharkov, Ukraine which had only just been recaptured by the Soviets two weeks prior. ww2dbase [Third Battle of Kharkov | Kharkov | AC]
14 Mar 1943

12 Aug 1943

  • Adolf Hitler ordered the southern portion of the defensive Panther Line to be set up along the Dneiper River in Ukraine, and that the city of Kharkov in Ukraine was to be held at all costs. ww2dbase [Fourth Battle of Kharkov | Kharkov | TH, CPC]
14 Aug 1943

20 Aug 1943

  • Soviet and German tanks engaged in combat in the fields near Kharkov, Ukraine; the Soviets were defeated after losing 184 T-34 tanks. ww2dbase [Fourth Battle of Kharkov | Kharkov | CPC]
21 Aug 1943

22 Aug 1943

23 Aug 1943

  • The Soviet Steppe Front captured Kharkov, Ukraine, ending the Fourth Battle of Kharkov; a German counterattack was attempted but repulsed by the Soviet 5th Guards Tank Army. ww2dbase [Fourth Battle of Kharkov | Kharkov | TH]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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