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21 Oct 1941

29 Mar 1942

  • German submarine U-585 departed Kirkenes, Norway to operate against convoy PQ-13. She would send her last radio message on this day. ww2dbase [Kirkenes, Finnmark | HM]
15 Jun 1944

  • The first of the German summer convoys from Kirkenes, Norway set out on route to Petsamo, Finland with a strong escort and under a heavy smoke screen; it arrived at Petsamo without loss despite attacks from Soviet cutters and aircraft. On the same day, another convoy of ten ships was sighted by Soviet aircraft near Hammerfest, Norway under escort by the 5th MS Flotilla commanded by Commander Erich KlĂĽnder. The escorts drove off the Soviet submarines but in attacks by Il-2 aircraft of Ground Attack Regiment 46, the 7,418-ton freighter Florianopolis was hit. Il-4 torpedo aircraft sank 1,160-ton Dixie with parachute torpedoes. The mines laid by the Soviets on the convoy's route off Kirkenes, Norway were cleared by German minesweepers but Soviet bombers hit and damaged the 1,112–ton Marga Cords outside the port. ww2dbase [Kirkenes, Finnmark | HM]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944