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4 Jan 1944

Photo(s) dated 4 Jan 1944
Gregorio Diamare and the ecclesiastical authorities of Monte Cassino abbey giving German Luftwaffe troops the permission to remove artwork for transfer to Germany, 4 Jan 1944, photo 1 of 2Gregorio Diamare and the ecclesiastical authorities of Monte Cassino abbey giving German Luftwaffe troops the permission to remove artwork for transfer to Germany, 4 Jan 1944, photo 2 of 2
21 Jan 1944

Italy
  • In the mid-morning, German 15th Panzergrenadier Division wiped out the US beachheads along the Rapido River in Italy, forcing the survivors to withdraw back across the river. During the day, German 29th Panzergrenadier Division and 90th Panzergrenadier Division arrived in the region as reinforcement. After dark, US 141st Regiment and 143rd Regiment crossed the river again and established precarious footholds. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Cassino, Lazio | CPC]
27 Jan 1944

Italy
5 Feb 1944

Italy
7 Feb 1944

Italy
8 Feb 1944

Italy
11 Feb 1944

Italy
  • The US II Corps attack toward Monte Cassino, Italy was halted by German troops. Major General Harry Dimoline of Indian 4th Division requested the aerial bombing of the abbey atop Monte Cassino. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Harry Dimoline | Cassino, Lazio | CPC]
12 Feb 1944

Italy
13 Feb 1944

Italy
15 Feb 1944

Italy
  • 142 B-17 Flying Fortress bombers, 47 B-25 Mitchell bombers, and 40 B-26 Marauder bombers dropped 1,150 tons of high explosive and incendiary bombs on the historic Benedictine monastery atop Monte Cassino, Italy. The aerial bombing was augmented by artillery shelling as well. In the evening, a company of 1st Battalion of British Royal Sussex Regiment of Indian 4th Division attacked neraby Point 593, but failed to capture the position. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Cassino, Lazio | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Feb 1944
B-17F Fortress flying over Monte Cassino as smoke rises from the abbey, Feb 15, 1944.
16 Feb 1944

Italy
17 Feb 1944

Italy
  • Indian 4th Division attacked Monte Cassino, Italy, failing to make advances and suffering heavy casualties. In parallel, Maori troops of the New Zealand Division established a small bridgehead across the nearby Rapido River. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Cassino, Lazio | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 17 Feb 1944
Brigadier General Boleslaw Duch, Lieutenant General Oliver Leese, and General Wladyslaw Anders, near Cassino, Italy, 17 Feb 1944
2 Mar 1944

Italy
  • On Mount Trocchio near Cassino, Italy, walking down a path that was supposed to have been cleared, Major-General Howard Kippenberger, the admirable commander of the 2nd New Zealand Division, stepped on one of the vicious little wooden "Schu" mines. One of his feet was blown off and the other had to be amputated. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Cassino, Lazio | AC]
15 Mar 1944

Italy
  • At 0830 hours, the third major Allied attempt to attack Monte Cassino, Italy began with a heavy bombardment that lasted more than three hours. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Cassino, Lazio | TH, CPC]
16 Mar 1944

Italy
17 Mar 1944

Italy
  • New Zealand troops captured the train station at Cassino, Italy. Nearby, Indian Gurkha troops captured Point 435 (nicknamed Hangman's Hill). ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Cassino, Lazio | TH, CPC]
18 Mar 1944

Italy
19 Mar 1944

Italy
  • British and New Zealand troops attacked German positions in the Cassino, Italy area, making very little progress in the face of German 1st Parachute Division. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Cassino, Lazio | CPC]
20 Mar 1944

Italy
22 Mar 1944

Italy
26 Mar 1944

Italy
  • The New Zealand Corps headquarters, currently near Cassino, Italy, was dissolved. Surviving troops were incorporated into British XIII Corps. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Cassino, Lazio | CPC]
11 May 1944

Italy
  • Operation Diadem, the fourth Allied attempt at attacking Cassino, Italy, was launched at 2300 hours with 1,660 artillery pieces firing on German defensive positions. Troops of US Fifth and British Eighth Armies advanced toward German positions behind the artillery barrage. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Cassino, Lazio | TH, CPC]
12 May 1944

Italy
  • Near Cassino, Italy, engineers of Indian 8th Division successfully established a bridge to allow tanks of Canadian 1st Armoured Brigade to cross the Rapido River, while Polish troops engaged in fierce fighting with troops of German 1st Parachute Division at Point 593. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Cassino, Lazio | CPC]
17 May 1944

Italy
  • German troops evacuated Cassino, Italy. Meanwhile, the French penetration of the Gustav Line reached 25 miles. Nearby, Polish troops launched what was to become the final attack on Monte Cassino. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Cassino, Lazio | TH, CPC]
18 May 1944

Italy
  • British 78th Division linked up with the Polish Corps in the Liri River valley 3.2 kilometers west of Cassino, Italy. Later on the same day, Polish troops captured the ruins of the Monte Cassino monastery. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | Cassino, Lazio | TH, CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 May 1944
Polish bugler Master Corporal Emil Czech playing the Hejnał mariacki, announcing the victory at Monte Cassino, Italy, 18 May 1944Polish soldiers inside the ruins of the Monte Cassino monastery, Italy, 18 May 1944
19 May 1944

Italy

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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