×
Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About
     

World War II Database

Nauru

Alliance Allies - Minor Member Nation or Possession
Possessing Power United Kingdom
Entry into WW2 3 Sep 1939
Population in 1939 3,400
Civilian Deaths in WW2 600

Contributor:

ww2dbaseIn 1798, British Captain John Fearn of the whaling ship Hunter became the first westerner to discover the island that he named Pleasant Island. In 1886, Germany took control of the island as per an agreement between Germany and the United Kingdom, and two years later, the newly renamed island of Nawodo became a part of the German New Guinea Protectorate. In 1900, phosphate, used in munitions production among other purposes, was discovered by prospector Albert Ellis. After the defeat in WW1, Germany was stripped of this island, and in 1923 the League of Nations gave Australia a trustee mandate over the island now spelled Nauru. During WW2, Nauru was attacked by both sides of the conflict. In Dec 1940, German auxiliary cruiser Komet shelled Australian mining facilities, oil storage depots, and the ship loading cantilever on Nauru. On 25 Aug 1942, Japanese troops captured Nauru and subsequently built an airfield on the island. American aircraft bombed Nauru for the first time on 25 Mar 1943, and before the end of the year major warships such as battleship USS Alabama would be shelling Japanese positions on the island. About 1,200 native Nauruans, or about a third of the total population, were forcibly deported to Truk in the Caroline Islands as slave laborers; only 737 of the deportees would survive the war. On 13 Sep 1945, Captain Hisayuki Soeda surrendered to Australian Army Brigadier J. R. Stevenson. After the war, Nauru was governed by a United Nations trusteeship until 1968, when an independent republic was declared. Phosphate continued to form the backbone of Nauru's economy until 2006 when this resource was depleted.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Last Major Update: Dec 2013



Nauru in World War II Interactive Map




Did you enjoy this article? Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook
 Reddit
 Twitter

Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds


Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code
 

 

Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
Famous WW2 Quote
"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935