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Firefly

CountryUnited Kingdom
ManufacturerFairey Aviation
Primary RoleHeavy Fighter
Maiden Flight22 December 1941

Contributor:

ww2dbaseThe Firefly carrier-borne fighters were designed by Fairey Aviation's H. E. Chaplin in 1940. In Jun 1940, the British Admiralty ordered 200 of them for the Fleet Air Arm. After the prototype took flight in Dec 1941, the low-wing cantilever monoplane design entered production shortly, but they were not delivered until Mar 1943 and were not used on the front lines until Jul 1944. Most of the Firefly fighters used during WW2 were of the Mk 1 variant. At the end of the war, they flew reconnaissance missions, anti-shipping patrols, and some of them participated in the 1944 attack on the German battleship Tirpitz. After the war, Firefly fighters served with United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Denmark, Thailand, and other forces, participating in conflicts such as the Korean War and the Malayan Emergency. The Thai air force operated them until 1966.

ww2dbaseThe Firefly aircraft were produced between 1941 and 1955, totally 1,702 units; only 700 to 800 of them were produced during WW2.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: Jun 2008

Firefly Timeline

3 Oct 1944 The British Royal Navy's NFIU now received permission to participate in anti V-1 patrols; naval airmen operated from RAF Coltishall in Norfolk, England, United Kingdom to evaluate the Firefly NF.I aircraft against the V-1-carrying Heinkel bombers.
1 Jan 1945 Fairey Firefly Fighters from the No. 1770 Squadron FAA, recently arrived in Ceylon to join the British Pacific Fleet, attacked the Japanese-held oil refineries at Pangkalan Brandan, Sumatra, Dutch East Indies using rocket projectiles (RP).

SPECIFICATIONS

Mk I
MachineryOne Rolls-Royce Griffon IIB liquid-cooled V12 engine rated at 1,730hp
Armament4x20mm Hispano-Suiza HS.404 cannons, 2x450kg bombs or 8x27kg rockets
Crew2
Span13.57 m
Length11.46 m
Height4.14 m
Wing Area31.00 m
Weight, Empty4,254 kg
Weight, Maximum6,359 kg
Speed, Maximum509 km/h
Service Ceiling8,530 m
Range, Normal1,070 km

Mk IV
MachineryOne Rolls-Royce Griffon IIB liquid-cooled V12 engine rated at 1,730hp
Armament4x20mm Hispano-Suiza HS.404 cannons, 2x450kg bombs, 8x27kg rockets
Crew2
Span13.57 m
Length11.46 m
Height4.37 m
Wing Area30.66 m
Weight, Empty4,300 kg
Weight, Loaded6,000 kg
Weight, Maximum6,359 kg
Speed, Maximum618 km/h
Rate of Climb9.70 m/s
Service Ceiling8,530 m
Range, Normal1,070 km

Photographs

Firefly aircraft taking off from HMS Glory, off Korea, 1951




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Firefly Heavy Fighter Photo Gallery
Firefly aircraft taking off from HMS Glory, off Korea, 1951


Famous WW2 Quote
"All that silly talk about the advance of science and such leaves me cold. Give me peace and a retarded science."

Thomas Dodd, late 1945