Home Intro People Events Equipment Places Maps Books Photos Videos Other Reference FAQ About

World War II Database

PZL.23 file photo [4059]

PZL.23 Karaś

ManufacturerPaństwowe Zakłady Lotnicze
Primary RoleLight Bomber
Maiden Flight1 April 1934


ww2dbaseThe all-metal PZL.23 Karaś ("Crucian Carp") light bombers were originally designed by Stanisław Prauss to replace older models employed by the Polish Air Force. The third prototype that flew in 1935, with a raised pilot's seat and lowered engines for better visibility, was accepted and entered production. The first variants, PZL.23A, were fitted with Bristol Pegasus IIM2 radial engines, but these engines soon proved to be unreliable. The production quickly shifted to using Pegasus VIII engines. 40 PZL.23A aircraft were built in 1936 and 210 PZL.23B aircraft were built between late 1936 and Feb 1938. An additional number was produced for export to Bulgaria with Gnome-Rhone 14N-01 engines because the Bristol engines were licensed for use in Poland only; that variant was dubbed PZL.43. Out of the 250 available to the Polish air force by the end of Aug 1939, 23 were lost in accidents and 110 were held in reserve or used by training squadron, making 117 available for combat squadrons when the European War began. The first combat mission for this design was on 2 Sep 1939 when a PZL.23B bomber of the 21st Squadron bombed a factory in Ohlau; it was also the first bombing attack on German territory. On 3 Sep, PZL.23 bombers attacked German columns, briefly disrupting German movement, but ultimately they were intercepted by German fighters and shot down easily due to low speed and lack of armor. At the end of the Polish campaign, 67 were destroyed in combat and about 60 were lost to other reasons. At least 21 PZL.23 bombers were withdrawn to Romania as the Polish retreated through that country; 19 of them were kept by the Romanian air force, and were used against Russia after the launch of Operation Barbarossa.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: Jun 2007


MachineryOne Bristol Pegasus IIM2 9-cylinder radial engine rated at 670hp, license-built by PZL
Armament1x7.92mm nose PWU wz.33 machine gun, 1x7.92mm upper station Vickers F machine gun, 1x7.92mm underbelly Vickers F machine gun, 700kg of bombs
Span13.95 m
Length9.68 m
Height3.30 m
Wing Area26.80 m²
Weight, Empty1,928 kg
Weight, Loaded2,813 kg
Weight, Maximum3,428 kg
Speed, Maximum304 km/h
Speed, Cruising240 km/h
Rate of Climb6.50 m/s
Service Ceiling7,300 m
Range, Normal1,260 km


PZL.23/III prototype, date unknownCockpit of PZL.23 light bomber, date unknown
See all 8 photographs of PZL.23 Karaś Light Bomber

Did you enjoy this article or find this article helpful? If so, please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments


1. We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

2. For inquiries about military records for members of the World War II armed forces, please see our FAQ.

Change View
Desktop View

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
PZL.23 Karaś Light Bomber Photo Gallery
PZL.23/III prototype, date unknownCockpit of PZL.23 light bomber, date unknown
See all 8 photographs of PZL.23 Karaś Light Bomber

Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944

Support Us

Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 a month will go a long way. Thank you!

Or, please support us by purchasing some WW2DB merchandise at TeeSpring, Thank you!