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Aircraft prepared to launch from Shokaku to attack Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 7 Dec 1941, photo 2 of 3

Caption   Aircraft prepared to launch from Shokaku to attack Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, 7 Dec 1941, photo 2 of 3 ww2dbase
More on...   
A6M Zero   Main article  Photos  
Attack on Pearl Harbor   Main article  Photos  Maps  
Shokaku   Main article  Photos  Maps  
Photos in Series See all photos in this series
Photos on Same Day See all photos dated 7 Dec 1941
Added By C. Peter Chen
Added Date 1 Dec 2009

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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
18 Apr 2010 01:21:42 PM

After study of this photograph, the aircraft ready for launch, are aboard Shokaku, during the Battle of Santa Cruz, Oct 1942. Aircraft EI-111 at extreme right, is piloted by Lt. Hideki Shingo, Flight Leader. During the Battle of Santa Cruz, Enterprise was hit and damaged, and had to withdraw the Hornet had to be abandoned. U.S.Aircraft damaged the Shokaku,the Japanese lost (100) one hundred experienced crewmen and pilots.
2. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
2 May 2010 05:33:09 PM

Japanese Naval Pilots could not only work with different squadrons,of different fleet carriers, the pilots were also trained to coordinate and press the attack working with two(2)or more carriers. The Japanese, American and British all had aircraft carriers and all three navies training, were a matter of trial and error inventing and working with new techniques of flight operations, launch and the recover of aircraft, refuel, service and rearm at sea. Training of ships crew, pilots, aircrew and command damage control and firefighting, ammunition storge and handling had to be invented. Japan had to have carriers equal to the Americans from the early 1920's throughout the 1930's. Japan looked at British design and knowledge However, the British design did not meet the Imperial Navy's needs. Japanese carriers had a light flight deck w/ two closed hanger decks beneath. Japanese designers also saved weight were ever possible. Japanese carriers stored fuel for its planes into strengthen support girder's of the hull this was decided to save weight, since extra fuel tanks would need more space and create extra weight.
3. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
30 Oct 2010 07:45:36 PM

"WE HAVE SEEN THE ENEMY, AND THEY ARE US!" Each service the Imperial Japanese Army and the Imperial Japanese Navy rarely worked together. They didn't cooperate and if they did it was at a lower level, in the chain of command, and even then, it was limited. Each service saw themselves as the defender of the Empire IN THE BEGINNING: In 1910 Two Army officers were sent to France to learn to fly. When they returned the Army offered to teach officers from the Navy how to fly. The Navy refused and sent three officers to France and three to the U.S.A. to learn how to fly, with orders to buy and learn how to maintain the machines. In the 1930s each service gained power within the Japanese aircraft industry, each created its own designs and support tools. Army tools and equipment could not be used on Navy planes,and Navy equipment on Army planes Each service established its own technical department and advisers to the aircraft industry. Each wanted more control over its aircraft production and materals. The Army saw that it was responsible to support the land-forces. During the 1930s the Army trained to fight in China and future conflict with the USSR. The Navy focused on protection of its sea lanes and trade routes, and needed both land based and aircraft carriers, for any future war against Western powers and the U.S.A. When the Pacific war started in 1941 Japan failed to develope replacement aircraft fast enough to combat improved Allied designs those aircraft that did, had performance equal to Allied aircraft, but they were few in number and lacked experienced pilots to fly them. Japan faced the biggest industrial power in the world, and was out produced and out manned. * Note This is just a general overview, and does not reflect the position of ww2db in anyway.
4. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
11 Nov 2010 12:05:58 PM

"IN JAPAN,REMEMBER EVERY FOREIGNER IS A SPY" Even before the Pacific War started both the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy were very suspicious of each, and at the same time, keeping an eye on Foreign military attaches. Each service did not share information, or work together. Even aircraft factories were divided in areas that made Army aircraft and the Navy did the same. Each service tried to out bid the other in contracts and material. Kept developments, design and improvements from each other. The design of the Navy's Mitsubishi A6M Zero/Zeke was superior to the Army's Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa/Oscar, and didn't share any technology about the fighter with the Army. Even factories building the two fighters had no standardization as far as hardware, such as screws, nuts and other support equipment. When Japan developed an (IFF) Identification Friend or Foe capability, Army operators couldn't identify Japanese aircraft! even the Navy had its own system.
5. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
18 Nov 2010 06:47:54 PM

File photo shows Zeros warming up waiting for launch, from carrier Shokaku Dec. 7, 1941. Zeros from this unit were part of the first attack wave.They strafed Kaneohe and Bellows airfields. The Japanese strike force was comprised of twenty three warships including six aircraft carriers and over 350 planes.
6. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
25 Apr 2011 08:40:38 PM

Continued from comment #3 LESSONS LEARNED: DO IT THE FRENCH WAY The Japanese Army invited French military instructors to Japan in 1919, to train its army pilots. This training would develop new tactics the army would use in aerial combat, gunnery, aircraft maintenance, reconnaissance, ground school training and bombing. About one year later, the French returned home the Japanese continued and improved its training, with the modernization of its equipment, this also led to the beginings of the Japanese Army's influence within the aircraft industry, to design, build, test and develop its own designs seperate from the Navy. NAVAL IMPROVEMENTS: DO IT THE NAVY WAY The Japanese Navy looked at how the Army trained its pilots with instructors from France, but the Navy felt the French were more land-based. And the navy wasn't going to ask the army for anything. ONE UP ON THE ARMY: To one up on the Army, the Navy requested the British Navy to provide instructors. The Royal Navy arrived in 1921 and started a training program and working with the Japanese and setup its first airbase for both landplanes and seaplanes. Like the French, the British setup ground schools, maintenance schools, and spent more training on torpedo bombing and tactics, aerial tactics, combat flying,reconnaissance and photography the training was more intensive, and the navy continued this type of training after the British returned home. Like the Army, the Navy also worked with the Japanese aircraft industry to design, build test and develop its own aircraft needed for over-water and carrier operations, designs would be seperate from the Army. The Japanese later built and launched its first aircraft carrier, in the 1920s with experiences learned the navy developed its own designs in aircraft carriers, and its naval aviators became the best trained in the world.
7. Commenter identity confirmed Bill says:
2 Jun 2011 03:07:59 PM

SETTING SUN: During the last six months of the Pacific war aircraft production was effected by the B-29 raids over the Empire. Most of Japan's heavy industry was in ruins with shortage of materials and supplies, fuel and oil lack of trained mechanics, pilots and skilled labor. Quality control suffered in airframes and engines production as well, along with the shortage of support equipment. AN INDUSTRY IN RUINS: Aircraft manufacturers couldn't meet the demands for combat aircraft, with its industry in ruins, poor tooling for jigs and fixtures needed for aircraft production were in short supply this led to the interchangeability of parts almost impossible with the result of poor quality control. BUILD THEM NOW, FIX 'EM LATER: Before the war flight testing lasted between 2 to 5 hours per aircraft, depending on what problems were found on production aircraft, this included five takeoffs and landings. During the last months of the war, aircraft received flight tests enroute to operational squadrons or flown to air depots any faults were corrected there. The shortage of fuel meant that aircraft delivered had enough fuel only for such flights. Many training planes received no flight testing at all and any problems, were worked out at the air depots and operational squadrons. LOTSA LUCK! THERE ALL YOURS: At the end of the war, the Allies captured different models of the Zero fighter, during testing it was found out that some had been rebuilt and had mismatched production numbers, one fighter had been rebuilt from eight different aircraft! Before the war, and during the early years one engine out of ten, was pulled off the production line broken down for inspection for quality control, as the war progressed, both engine and airframe production were rushed, short cuts were made and later effected quality control. Before the war, engine tests lasted 7hrs.for Army aircraft the Navy received 9hrs.testing other aircraft engines required more testing such as bombers while training aircraft received less hours engine testing. Japanese aircraft industry produced designs that were either superior or on par with Allied designs. FAR FROM DEFANGED FIGHTERS: In the hands of experienced japanese combat pilots the Zeros, Franks, Oscars, George, Tojo, Tony/Ki-100 and Jack fighters were still deadly.
8. Anonymous says:
24 Mar 2014 01:26:08 PM

wow
9. Anonymous says:
16 Mar 2017 01:20:33 AM

No way. The caption is wrong. Look at the shadows under the wings and the clothing. This is a mid-day photo close to the equator, warm climate, calm seas. And the carrier is in a northerly heading. This is not early AM north of Hawaii in December

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