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World War II Database

13 Dec 1942
  • Kapit√§n zur See Hans Meyer took command of cruiser K√∂ln. ww2dbase [K√∂ln | CPC]
  • Italian troops fought off an attack by British troops north of El Agheila, Libya in a rear guard action. ww2dbase [Second Battle of El Alamein | CPC]
  • American troops captured Buna, New Guinea. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | CPC]
  • "Millions of human beings, most of them Jews, are being gathered up with ruthless efficiency and murdered", reported American journalist Edward R. Murrow. "There are no longer 'concentration camps' - we must speak now only of 'extermination camps'." ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
Japan
  • Irako sailed south from off Mizunoko Lighthouse, Oita, Japan with minelayer Nuwajima in escort. ww2dbase [Irako | Oita | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The British Admiralty announced the loss of the Hunt-class destroyer HMS Penylan (Lieutenant-Commander J. H. Wallace DSC, RN) which had been torpedoed and sunk off Start Point, Devon, England, United Kingdom by German E-Boat S-115 on 3 December 1942, while escorting convoy PW-257. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The Enigma codebooks captured by HMS Petard from the sinking German submarine U-559 arrived at Bletchley Park's Hut 8 and within one hour intercepts of German submarine signals allowed the British Admiralty to instantly pinpoint the location of fifteen U-Boats. ww2dbase [Enigma Code Broken | Bletchley Park | Milton Keynes, England | AC]
United States
  • American survivors of Panamanian steam merchant ship Plaudit, sunk by German submarine U-181 in the Indian Ocean on 8 Nov 1942, were repatriated to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States aboard the American merchant ship Doncaster. ww2dbase [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania | HM]
Photo(s) dated 13 Dec 1942
During a Rest & Relaxation period, United States Army personnel pose for keepsake photographs in front of the Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt, 13 Dec 1942.

13 Dec 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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"You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word. It is victory. Victory at all costs. Victory in spite of all terrors. Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival."

Winston Churchill