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World War II Database

12 Oct 1937
  • Japanese troops captured Gouxian, Shanxi, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Gao Zhihang, flying a stripped down Hawk III fighter, he shot down a Japanese E8N floatplane in the morning and an A5M fighter over Nanjing, China. Three other A5M fighters counterattacked him, but Gao was able to evade, with his returning fire fatally wounding the pilot of one of the three A5M fighters. The pilot would be able to land his aircraft before dying. Gao was denied the score of the third victory of the day as the captured A5M was secretly sent to the Soviet Union for study in a deal struck between Nanjing and Moscow. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Liu Cuigang, flying a modified Hawk III fighter, shared the downing of two E8N seaplanes from seaplane carrier Kamoi over Nanjing, China in the morning. In the afternoon, he engaged in a fierce dogfight with a Japanese A5M fighter, ultimately downing it over a busy city district, which bolstered civilian morale. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Yuan Baokang, flying a stripped-down Hawk III fighter, scored a victory on Lieutenant Nambu's E8N floatplane over Shanghai, China when the two aircraft collided with each other during the dogfight. The Japanese floatplane crashed and exploded, but Yuan was able to crash land near Jiangyin, Jiangsu Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • John Wong, flying a P-26 fighter, shot down a Japanese A5M fighter over China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Hurricane prototype fighter K5083 took its final flight; on the same day, the first production Hurricane fighter took its first flight at Brooklands near Weybridge, Surrey, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Lieutenant-General Sir William Bartholomew was appointed General Officer Commanding, Northern Command with its Headquarters in York, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [AC]

12 Oct 1937 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944